Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Respond Project
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.


Saving this for later?

Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime - even offline.

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Respond Project


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

No notes for slide


  • 1. Respond words & vocalsby Melissa DawsWith thanks to Madonna
  • 2. In the beginning,there was the rat.
  • 3. Skinner saw that the rat had no box.
  • 4. And lo, there was a box.SkinnerBox
  • 5. What are you lookin’ at?Rat…… rat...
  • 6. If you give a behaviorist a rat,a lever, and a reinforcer, what will you get?
  • 7. “A behavioralcontingency.”
  • 8. Look around, contingenciesare all around you.They’re everywhere that yougo.You try everything you can toescape the pain of shock,Rudolf knows.
  • 9. If all else fails and you can’tavoid aversive shock andbeing really annoyed.I know a way you can stop thismess.Its called a lever press, andthat’s what it’s for.
  • 10. So come on respond.Press your paw right down on it.Come on respond.Press the lever down now.I know you can do it.
  • 11. All you need is some waterreinforcement.It’s right there under your nose.Move aside, just a bit, youalmost touched it.Please just stand on your toes.
  • 12. I will shape your successiveapproximations to pressing thelever down.If you do it, you will get waternow.That’s the situation.That’s how it’s done.
  • 13. So come on respond.Press your paw right down on it.Come on respond.Press the lever down now.I know you can do it.
  • 14. Water’s given for pressing, notjust for your cleaning andscratching.After you have learned that, youwill learn how to pull the chain,touch the sticker.Then you’ll be a well-trained ratnow.
  • 15. Respond.Press your paw right down on it.Come on respond.Press the lever down now.I know you can do it.
  • 16. Respond…… Water’s in thedipper.
  • 17. Before Behavior AfterRudolf has Rudolf Rudolf has no water presses lever water
  • 18. Respond…… Water’s in thedipper.
  • 19. Force, duration, frequencydescribe responses, not stimuli.Response, behavior, stimulusall of these apply to us.Thinking, rules, such as thatapply to humans, but not rats.
  • 20. When reinforcement’sintermittent, it makes extinctionmore resistant.Greater effort, quicker satiation,but you’ll respond underdeprivation.
  • 21. That’s the way it always goes,when you learn to use your toes.Now you know how to pull thechain.I can’t believe how quick youlearned this game.
  • 22. Don’t just stand there,let’s get to it.Press the lever,there’s nothing to it.Respond…..
  • 23. Before Behavior AfterRudolf has Rudolf Rudolf has shock presses lever no shock
  • 24. Respond….
  • 25. Oooh, you’ve got to just let yourpaw press down the lever.Oooh, you’ve got to press itdown, down now.Oooh, you’ve got to …Respond...