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Criminology
Criminology
Criminology
Criminology
Criminology
Criminology
Criminology
Criminology
Criminology
Criminology
Criminology
Criminology
Criminology
Criminology
Criminology
Criminology
Criminology
Criminology
Criminology
Criminology
Criminology
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Criminology
Criminology
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Criminology
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Criminology

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  • 1. APPLYING THE PRINCIPLES OF BEHAVIOR To Criminology Heather Palmitier
  • 2. CRIMINOLOGY IS……the study of why crimes are committed.
  • 3. CRIMINOLOGY ENCOMPASSES:• Those who commit crime• Those who do not commit crime• Those who enforce crime
  • 4. HOWEVER,Committing crime is a behavior,Avoiding aversive conditions is a behavior, andEnforcing the law is a behavior…so let’s analyze that behavior.
  • 5. BehaviorA MUSCLE, GLANDULAR, OR NEURO-ELECTRICALACTIVITY
  • 6. THERE ARE TWO MAIN REASONS PEOPLE COMMIT CRIME…
  • 7. …THEY WANT TO COMMIT CRIMEIn criminology, this is referred to as the Rational Choice theory. A person chooses to commit crime.
  • 8. …THEY FEEL THEY HAVE TO COMMIT CRIME In criminology, this is explained by Learning Theory, Strain Theory, or Labeling Theory. A person feels that they either must commit the crime, or that crime is inevitable.
  • 9. RATIONAL CHOICE THEORY AKAA simple reinforcement contingency
  • 10. Reinforcement ContingencyTHE RESPONSE-CONTINGENT PRESENTATION OF AREINFORCER RESULTING IN AN INCREASEDFREQUENCY OF THAT RESPONSE
  • 11. REINFORCEMENT CONTINGENCY Criminal Crime No Crime Commits Stimuli Stimuli A Crime
  • 12. CONCURRENT CONTINGENCIESThis includes anything that the criminal receives directly from committing the crime.
  • 13. Concurrent ContingenciesMORE THAN ONE CONTINGENCY OFREINFORCEMENT OR PUNISHMENT IS AVAILABLEAT THE SAME TIME
  • 14. REINFORCEMENT CONTINGENCY Criminal No Robs a $1,000 $1,000 Bank
  • 15. SOCIAL LEARNING THEORYA person commits a crime because they see their role models commit crime. AKA IMITATION!
  • 16. ImitationTHE FORM OF THE BEHAVIOR OF THE IMITATOR ISCONTROLLED BY SIMILAR BEHAVIOR OF THEMODEL
  • 17. REINFORCEMENT CONTINGENCY Imitates No Model’s Imitative Imitative Behavior Reinforcers Reinforcers (crime)
  • 18. WHY SOME PEOPLE DO NOT COMMIT CRIME Why do some people not break the law? Because the law is a RULE that GOVERNS our BEHAVIOR!
  • 19. Rule-Governed BehaviorBEHAVIOR UNDER THE CONTROL OF A RULE
  • 20. ANALOG TO AVOIDANCE CONTINGENCY I will be I will not I follow given a be given the speed ticket a ticket limit soon soon
  • 21. Avoidance ContingencyRESPONSE-CONTINGENT PREVENTION OF ANAVERSIVE CONDITION RESULTING IN ANINCREASED FREQUENCY OF THAT RESPONSE
  • 22. Decreasing the Frequency of Crime PUNISHMENT FOR CRIME A person convicted of committing a crime may be punished by theapplication of an aversive condition after a delay.
  • 23. Punishment ContingencyRESPONSE-CONTINGENT PRESENTATION OF ANAVERSIVE CONDITION (NEGATIVE REINFORCER)RESULTING IN A DECREASED FREQUENCY OF THATRESPONSE
  • 24. ANALOG TO A PUNISHMENT CONTINGENCY Will not Will have have aversive Commits aversive condition a crime condition after after delay delay
  • 25. Decreasing the Frequency of Crime PENALTY FOR CRIME A person may also/instead be charged with a penalty for committing a crime.
  • 26. ANALOG TO A PENALTY CONTINGENCY Will not Will lose lose Commits reinforcer reinforcer a crime after after delay delay
  • 27. ENFORCING CRIMEThe people in charge of catching thecriminals are also under rule control. They operate under pay for performance.
  • 28. Pay for PerformancePAY IS CONTINGENT ON SPECIFIC ACHIEVEMENTS
  • 29. ANALOG TO AVOIDANCE OF THE LOSS OF A REINFORCER Will lose Will not opp. for Officer lose opp. large catches for large paycheck criminal paycheck on Friday on Friday
  • 30. CONCLUSIONCriminology involves many behaviorsand can therefore be analyzed using behavior analysis.
  • 31. Music Provided By:FIONA APPLE~ CRIMINAL

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