Criminology

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Criminology

  1. 1. APPLYING THE PRINCIPLES OF BEHAVIOR To Criminology Heather Palmitier
  2. 2. CRIMINOLOGY IS……the study of why crimes are committed.
  3. 3. CRIMINOLOGY ENCOMPASSES:• Those who commit crime• Those who do not commit crime• Those who enforce crime
  4. 4. HOWEVER,Committing crime is a behavior,Avoiding aversive conditions is a behavior, andEnforcing the law is a behavior…so let’s analyze that behavior.
  5. 5. BehaviorA MUSCLE, GLANDULAR, OR NEURO-ELECTRICALACTIVITY
  6. 6. THERE ARE TWO MAIN REASONS PEOPLE COMMIT CRIME…
  7. 7. …THEY WANT TO COMMIT CRIMEIn criminology, this is referred to as the Rational Choice theory. A person chooses to commit crime.
  8. 8. …THEY FEEL THEY HAVE TO COMMIT CRIME In criminology, this is explained by Learning Theory, Strain Theory, or Labeling Theory. A person feels that they either must commit the crime, or that crime is inevitable.
  9. 9. RATIONAL CHOICE THEORY AKAA simple reinforcement contingency
  10. 10. Reinforcement ContingencyTHE RESPONSE-CONTINGENT PRESENTATION OF AREINFORCER RESULTING IN AN INCREASEDFREQUENCY OF THAT RESPONSE
  11. 11. REINFORCEMENT CONTINGENCY Criminal Crime No Crime Commits Stimuli Stimuli A Crime
  12. 12. CONCURRENT CONTINGENCIESThis includes anything that the criminal receives directly from committing the crime.
  13. 13. Concurrent ContingenciesMORE THAN ONE CONTINGENCY OFREINFORCEMENT OR PUNISHMENT IS AVAILABLEAT THE SAME TIME
  14. 14. REINFORCEMENT CONTINGENCY Criminal No Robs a $1,000 $1,000 Bank
  15. 15. SOCIAL LEARNING THEORYA person commits a crime because they see their role models commit crime. AKA IMITATION!
  16. 16. ImitationTHE FORM OF THE BEHAVIOR OF THE IMITATOR ISCONTROLLED BY SIMILAR BEHAVIOR OF THEMODEL
  17. 17. REINFORCEMENT CONTINGENCY Imitates No Model’s Imitative Imitative Behavior Reinforcers Reinforcers (crime)
  18. 18. WHY SOME PEOPLE DO NOT COMMIT CRIME Why do some people not break the law? Because the law is a RULE that GOVERNS our BEHAVIOR!
  19. 19. Rule-Governed BehaviorBEHAVIOR UNDER THE CONTROL OF A RULE
  20. 20. ANALOG TO AVOIDANCE CONTINGENCY I will be I will not I follow given a be given the speed ticket a ticket limit soon soon
  21. 21. Avoidance ContingencyRESPONSE-CONTINGENT PREVENTION OF ANAVERSIVE CONDITION RESULTING IN ANINCREASED FREQUENCY OF THAT RESPONSE
  22. 22. Decreasing the Frequency of Crime PUNISHMENT FOR CRIME A person convicted of committing a crime may be punished by theapplication of an aversive condition after a delay.
  23. 23. Punishment ContingencyRESPONSE-CONTINGENT PRESENTATION OF ANAVERSIVE CONDITION (NEGATIVE REINFORCER)RESULTING IN A DECREASED FREQUENCY OF THATRESPONSE
  24. 24. ANALOG TO A PUNISHMENT CONTINGENCY Will not Will have have aversive Commits aversive condition a crime condition after after delay delay
  25. 25. Decreasing the Frequency of Crime PENALTY FOR CRIME A person may also/instead be charged with a penalty for committing a crime.
  26. 26. ANALOG TO A PENALTY CONTINGENCY Will not Will lose lose Commits reinforcer reinforcer a crime after after delay delay
  27. 27. ENFORCING CRIMEThe people in charge of catching thecriminals are also under rule control. They operate under pay for performance.
  28. 28. Pay for PerformancePAY IS CONTINGENT ON SPECIFIC ACHIEVEMENTS
  29. 29. ANALOG TO AVOIDANCE OF THE LOSS OF A REINFORCER Will lose Will not opp. for Officer lose opp. large catches for large paycheck criminal paycheck on Friday on Friday
  30. 30. CONCLUSIONCriminology involves many behaviorsand can therefore be analyzed using behavior analysis.
  31. 31. Music Provided By:FIONA APPLE~ CRIMINAL

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