APPLYING THE PRINCIPLES OF BEHAVIOR To Criminology Heather Palmitier
CRIMINOLOGY IS……the study of why crimes are committed.
CRIMINOLOGY ENCOMPASSES:• Those who commit crime• Those who do not commit crime• Those who enforce crime
HOWEVER,Committing crime is a behavior,Avoiding aversive conditions is a behavior, andEnforcing the law is a behavior…so let’s analyze that behavior.
BehaviorA MUSCLE, GLANDULAR, OR NEURO-ELECTRICALACTIVITY
THERE ARE TWO MAIN REASONS PEOPLE COMMIT CRIME…
…THEY WANT TO COMMIT CRIMEIn criminology, this is referred to as the Rational Choice theory. A person chooses to commit crime.
…THEY FEEL THEY HAVE TO COMMIT CRIME In criminology, this is explained by Learning Theory, Strain Theory, or Labeling Theory. A person feels that they either must commit the crime, or that crime is inevitable.
RATIONAL CHOICE THEORY AKAA simple reinforcement contingency
Reinforcement ContingencyTHE RESPONSE-CONTINGENT PRESENTATION OF AREINFORCER RESULTING IN AN INCREASEDFREQUENCY OF THAT RESPONSE
REINFORCEMENT CONTINGENCY Criminal Crime No Crime Commits Stimuli Stimuli A Crime
CONCURRENT CONTINGENCIESThis includes anything that the criminal receives directly from committing the crime.
Concurrent ContingenciesMORE THAN ONE CONTINGENCY OFREINFORCEMENT OR PUNISHMENT IS AVAILABLEAT THE SAME TIME
REINFORCEMENT CONTINGENCY Criminal No Robs a $1,000 $1,000 Bank
SOCIAL LEARNING THEORYA person commits a crime because they see their role models commit crime. AKA IMITATION!
ImitationTHE FORM OF THE BEHAVIOR OF THE IMITATOR ISCONTROLLED BY SIMILAR BEHAVIOR OF THEMODEL