• It is important to note that team work is not a
new thing, it has been emphasized for years
now. Collaboration are what educators are
finding that works best.
• There are many different definitions of teams,
one of my personal favorites is multiple people
working together to reach a common goal.
This is a very broad definition that can fit any
area of expertise.
• Interactive teaming is described as a mutual
• by groups to provide a student with the best
educational program possible. I love this
definition because it relates it specifically to
• Strengths to focus on when interactive teaming
are effective, comprehensive, and cohesive
services from collaborative work.
“An educational team is a set of interdependent individuals
with a unique skills and perspectives who interact directly
to achieve their mutual goal of providing students with
effective educational programs and services.”
CHARACTERISTICS OF TEAMS
• There are many different characteristics that help to make a team some of
• Awareness of team membership
• Regulation of interactions of shared norms
• Interdependence of team members
• Unique skills and perspective of team members
• The goal of shared service delivery
• I believe that it is important to note that all of these characteristics are equally
important and without one the whole process will be harder to be successful.
AWARENESS OF TEAM MEMBERSHIP
• As silly as it sounds, members of a
team must be aware that they are
actually part of a team, there are
many times where people may not
understand this aspect. It is also
important for others to realize that
those people are apart of a team.
• An example of this is an IEP team,
they are all there for a certain goal of
a student, but if they don’t understand
their part of the team, it wont be as
successful as it could be if they fully
REGULATIONS OF INTERACTIONS BY
• A team is formed because of a student or
because of a shared norms/values/goals.
• An example of this could include the set
of regulations and expectations, this can
include spoken or unspoken. For
example, arriving on time is an unspoken
norm. However, it is essential to use clear
and direct interaction among team
• When teams are first developed they
need to spend a considerable amount of
time establishing these norms. These are
often called “written ground rules”.
• Note***When a team changes it is likely
that their set of norms may change. ***
INTERDEPENDENCE OF TEAM
• Members of a team are very interdependent because the actions of
one person can affect the entire team. It is extremely important to
know that when you are making a decision.
• Each person has an area of expertise that can extremely help when
it comes to decision making/making the team. This also can lead
into the team roles. The team has certain roles that they need to
follow, and it is important to follow these through. As mentioned
before, one persons actions can affect the entire team.
UNIQUE SKILLS AND PERSPECTIVES OF
• Each team has a unique and diverse
set of skills and abilities. This
basically means that each person on a
team has a certain skill or ability that
can greatly benefit the team. For
example, a special education teacher
can bring forward many different
instruction strategies that can help a
student with a behavioral disorder.
• There are also many different
perspectives that come forward when
there is a team. Each person may
have different or similar perspectives
but it is important to listen and respect
them if you don’t agree.
SHARED GOAL OF EFFECTIVE SERVICE
• Every team must have a mutual goal because that provides them
something to work toward. If you are working towards a goal of a
student with ADHD, then you should probably have a special
education teacher as apart of your team. This will help with the
COMMITMENT TO INDIVIDUAL AND TEAM
• Commitment in my opinion is one of the
most important aspects of a team. It is
what keeps the team going. Each person
will have their own individual roles and
team roles. It is important to follow through
or keep trying. Commitment helps to have
a team be successful. It holds the team
• One aspect that goes hand in hand with
commitment is follow through, it is
important to finish what you start. It would
be hard to have an outcome to a problem if
you don’t finish what you start. It is also
important to take a multi-directional
approach. Not every single aspect that you
try will be successful.
• Communication is the key in any situation and it is
very important to have effective communication in
order to be successful at achieving goals.
• Authority to Decide or Act is essential to complete
as a team and not an individual because you are a
team and there is no “I” in team. No matter the
decision I feel that they should be talked upon with
the team to come to an agreement.
• Reliance on Diverse Talents basically means that
each member has a specific talent that people can
rely on. This is especially important when it comes
to an IEP, there are so many different aspects of
special education that people have expertise in.
• Mutual Support and Trust is very important because
when you are apart of a team you have to be able
to trust and support each other even during
DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES FOR TEAMS
• As many other aspects of life, teams
also go through developmental stages.
It is also known as progress, as they
get the hang of things they go through
• A way to look at teams progress is that
of a lifecycle. They start at an infancy
stage and progress into adulthood. It is
the cycle of teams.
• Understanding these stages will help
people appreciate teams and how they
function, or in other words how they
FORMING AND STORMING
• Forming is the first step for teams. This is when all of the members are
coming together. The members want clear direction from mothers are
they are polite in their efforts to learn about each other and their
purpose for becoming a team.
• Storming is the stage where the team demonstrates that a group can
become a team by resolving issues if leadership, procedures, and
purpose. This is also when members become more confident and
comfortable with each other, this is the start of communicating
effectively. They also tend to challenge leadership and also disagree
with one an other.
NORMING AND PERFORMING
• Norming is the stage where the team members begin to build trust with
one another. They also redefine and establish roles, relationships, and
procedures that will help to solve conflicts. The most important aspect of
this stage is that it develops the teams culture. I believe that this stage is
essential because it builds the trust and trust is what keeps a team
• Performing is the stage when the teams development has leveled off
and the team can now focus on the primary efforts to accomplish the
goal at hand. This is one of the most important stages because
everyone is basically getting ready to start their roles to accomplish the
TRANSFORMING AND ENDING
• Transforming and ending is also the same as the adjourning stage
because this is when the stages or the goal is complete. At this point
in the stage the team is doing closures. It is also important to make
sure that the team doesn’t lose focus just because it is near the end.
RATIONALE FOR AND BENEFITS OF
• Being apart of a team means that you are using
collaboration. The emergent characteristics of
collaboration could become outcomes of a successful
• As any team should have is trust, and with trust comes
more respect and community when working together.
• Every teams wants to establish a high quality of
outcomes. In order to establish this one must realize that
special education is not a one person deal. It requires
many different people in many different aspects of
• As a professional it is important to know that having
professionals meet to plan and discuss implementation
of programs is more effective than any individual
• I also am a firm believer in having parents apart of the
team. This allows the parents to build a relationship with
people in different educational aspects. It will also help
the parents in their home life.
• The more involved/committed people are on the team the better the
results will be for the student. They have a common goal in progress
and are working to achieve the best possible outcome.
• I also think that having people from multiple education aspects will
also help the student to better understand themselves and what they
need. This is also important as the student gets older because then
they become more involved in their IEP process and know what they