History torture must be stopped


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History torture must be stopped

  1. 1. Kai Hondo 2010/04/28 Torture Must be Stopped Prevention of torture is a one of rights that covered by Human Right and nobody must not violate this right. Since Human Right was established by United Nation on December 10, 1948, the right covers more than 30 basic rights and freedoms and all human can reserve these rights without any discrimination. However, by the report of International Committee of the Red Cross and Amnesty International, it is revealed that one of the Human Right, prevention of torture is violated by U.S. army (1). In Guantanamo bay detention camp, U.S. army commonly tortures suspect of terrorists to investigate location of terrorist’s safe house and their target. Someone may say torture is needed to get information but, through the human’s history, it is clear that torture does not give correct information. However, this human right is still violated especially during war, and we need to accuse the violation to save innocent people. The history of torture is very long. Before century, technique of torturing was already established and it was used as investigating suspects. Before nineteen century, torture is very common way for investigation of suspect and people thought information from torture is important. Although after nineteen century, many laws about fair investigation were made, torture is still continued underground and mainly during war in Viet Nam and Afghanistan (2) (3), prisoners of war got hard torture. Actually, the information from torture is not meaningful because sometimes people make lie to prevent suffer. In 1757, Robert-François Damiens, criminal of attempting to assassination of Louis XV of France, got torture to find his accomplice. However, he did not have any accomplice so he made lie to finish the torture and then an innocent man was also tortured hardly. By the example of Robert-François Damiens’s story, it is clear that torture does not give correct information and information from torture is not meaningful. Amnesty International found that Prevention of Torture is commonly violated in Guantanamo Bay Naval Base (4). In the Base, many suspects of terrorist arrested from Afghanistan war in 2001 and most of them did not get trial and both U.S. laws and Cuba laws do not reaches in the base. Also, in the base soldiers torture those suspects to get information about their terrorist group and their target. However, this illegal
  2. 2. investigation makes a lot of mistakes. In 2004, three Pakistani British men were released from the Guantanamo Bay Naval Base, even they were completely innocent and there was no evidence to show that they are terrorists but they were treated as member of terrorist and they torture for 2 years (5). To prevent these tragedies, Guantanamo Bay Naval Base must stop torture and give suspects Human Right. (Picture 2&3): Suspect of terrorist commonly gets tortured. To stop the illegal acts in Guantanamo Bay Naval Base, Amnesty International reveals actual conditions of the base and many people get shocked. Also, despite the Bush Administration, the Obama Administration states that the Guantanamo Bay Naval Base will be closed. Now, procedure of closing the base is making slow progress but the problem of torture will be reduced. (Picture 1): Amnesty International protests the detentions using a mock cell and prison outfits
  3. 3. I think torture is not an effective way to get information because people make lie to prevent suffer and reliability of the information is quite low. Also, in Guantanamo Bay Naval Base, suspects are not treated as human and everyone live there with fear and suffer and I do not see any Human Right there. I realized importance of Human Right through the study of the Guantanamo Bay Naval Base and I realized that many people watch whole world to protect our Human Right. (1) Amnesty International, Torture in Guantanamo http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/05/25/AR2005052501838. html (2) U.S. military, Torture in Iraq War http://mindprod.com/politics/iraqtortures.html (3) U.S. military, Torture in Viet Nam War http://www.historiansagainstwar.org/resources/torture/luce.html (4) U.S. admit torture http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/northamerica/usa/barackobama/4239480/ US-admits-Guantanamo-torture.html (5) Three innocent men http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2004/aug/04/afghanistan.usa (Picture 1): http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/40/Amnesty-gitmo-cell-miami-3.jpg (Picture 2): http://www.puppetgov.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/01/guantanamo.jpg (Picture 3): http://images.watoday.com.au/2009/01/10/344700/torture-two-420×0.jpg