Cebu Doctors‟             University                                                 Betty Neuman         Mandaue City, Ce...
Cebu Doctors‟             University                                                    Betty Neuman         Mandaue City,...
Cebu Doctors‟                                  Betty Neuman                                                         SYSTEM...
Cebu Doctors‟                Betty Neuman’s SYSTEM MODEL                                        Application to the Clinica...
Cebu Doctors‟             University         Mandaue City, CebuCOLLEGE OF NURSING                                         ...
Cebu Doctors‟                              Sr. Callista Roy                                                    ADAPTATION ...
Cebu Doctors‟              Sr. Callista Roy’s ADAPTATION MODEL                                         Application to the ...
Cebu Doctors‟             University         Mandaue City, CebuCOLLEGE OF NURSINGTHEORETICALFOUNDATION                    ...
Cebu Doctors‟             University                                           Ann Boykin and Savina O. Schoenhofer       ...
Cebu Doctors‟                                 Ann Boykin and Savina O. Schoenhofer’s NURSING             University       ...
Cebu Doctors‟             University         Mandaue City, CebuCOLLEGE OF NURSINGTHEORETICAL                         Madel...
Madeleine Leininger           Cebu Doctors‟             University               CULTURE CARE: DIVERSITY AND UNIVERSALITY ...
Cebu Doctors‟                                    Madeleine Leininger’s CULTURE CARE: DIVERSITY             University     ...
Cebu Doctors‟             University         Mandaue City, CebuCOLLEGE OF NURSINGTHEORETICALFOUNDATION                    ...
Cebu Doctors‟                  Josephine Paterson and Loretta Zderad                                            HUMANISTIC...
Cebu Doctors‟                  Josephine Paterson and Loretta Zderad’s             University         Mandaue City, Cebu  ...
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  1. 1. Cebu Doctors‟ University Betty Neuman Mandaue City, CebuCOLLEGE OF NURSING Sr. Callista RoyTHEORETICALFOUNDATION Ann Boykin and Savina O. Schoenhofer IN NURSING Madeleine Leininger Josephine Paterson and Loretta Zderad “Nursing is where NURSING THEORISTS AND THEIR THEORETICAL people are.” APPLICATION IN THE CLINICAL SETTING
  2. 2. Cebu Doctors‟ University Betty Neuman Mandaue City, CebuCOLLEGE OF NURSINGTHEORETICAL Betty Neuman was born in 1924, in Lowel, Ohio.FOUNDATION A pioneer in the community mental health movement in the late 1960s. IN NURSING The model was published in 1972 as “A Model for Teaching Total Person Approach to Patient Problems” in Nursing Research. It was refined and subsequently published in the first edition of Conceptual Models for Nursing Practice, 1974, and in the second edition in 1980. “Nursing is where NURSING THEORISTS AND THEIR THEORETICAL people are.” APPLICATION IN THE CLINICAL SETTING
  3. 3. Cebu Doctors‟ Betty Neuman SYSTEM MODEL University Mandaue City, CebuCOLLEGE OF NURSING •Developed a model based on the individual‟s relationship to stress, the reaction to it, and reconstitution factors that areTHEORETICAL dynamic in nature.FOUNDATION •Views the client as an open system consisting of a basic structure or central core of energy resources IN NURSING •Nursing interventions focus on retaining or maintaining system stability. These interventions are carried out on three preventive levels: primary, secondary, and tertiary. •Primary Prevention •Secondary Prevention •Tertiary Prevention “Nursing is where NURSING THEORISTS AND THEIR THEORETICAL people are.” APPLICATION IN THE CLINICAL SETTING
  4. 4. Cebu Doctors‟ Betty Neuman’s SYSTEM MODEL Application to the Clinical Setting University Mandaue City, CebuCOLLEGE OF NURSINGTHEORETICAL TO PREVENT STRESSORS, theFOUNDATION nurses are guided by the levels of prevention, according to Betty IN NURSING Neuman‟s System Model. “Nursing is where NURSING THEORISTS AND THEIR THEORETICAL people are.” APPLICATION IN THE CLINICAL SETTING
  5. 5. Cebu Doctors‟ University Mandaue City, CebuCOLLEGE OF NURSING Sr. Callista RoyTHEORETICALFOUNDATION Sr.Callista Roy, a prominent nurse theorist, writer, lecturer, researcher and teacher IN NURSING She organized course content according to a view of person and family as adaptive systems. Goal of nursing to direct nursing education, practice and research Model as a basis of curriculum impetus for growth--Mount St. Mary’s College “Nursing is where NURSING THEORISTS AND THEIR THEORETICAL people are.” APPLICATION IN THE CLINICAL SETTING
  6. 6. Cebu Doctors‟ Sr. Callista Roy ADAPTATION MODEL University Mandaue City, CebuCOLLEGE OF NURSING •Her work focuses on the increasing complexity of personTHEORETICAL and environment self-organization, and on the relationship between and among persons, universe, and what can beFOUNDATION considered a supreme being or God. IN NURSING •Four Adaptive Modes •Physiologic Mode •Self-Concept Mode •Role Function Mode •Interdependence Mode “Nursing is where NURSING THEORISTS AND THEIR THEORETICAL people are.” APPLICATION IN THE CLINICAL SETTING
  7. 7. Cebu Doctors‟ Sr. Callista Roy’s ADAPTATION MODEL Application to the Clinical Setting University Mandaue City, CebuCOLLEGE OF NURSINGTHEORETICAL THE NURSING PROCESS RAM offers guidelines to nurse inFOUNDATION developing the nursing process. IN NURSING •First level assessment •Second level assessment •Diagnosis •Goal setting •Intervention •evaluation “Nursing is where NURSING THEORISTS AND THEIR THEORETICAL people are.” APPLICATION IN THE CLINICAL SETTING
  8. 8. Cebu Doctors‟ University Mandaue City, CebuCOLLEGE OF NURSINGTHEORETICALFOUNDATION Ann Boykin and Savina O. Schoenhofer IN NURSING Anne Boykin grew up in Wisconsin; the second eldest of six ch PhD: Higher Education Vanderbilt University (1981) MN: Adult Nursing Emory University (1972) BSN: Nursing Alverno (1966) “Nursing is where NURSING THEORISTS AND THEIR THEORETICAL people are.” APPLICATION IN THE CLINICAL SETTING
  9. 9. Cebu Doctors‟ University Ann Boykin and Savina O. Schoenhofer Mandaue City, Cebu NURSING AS CARINGCOLLEGE OF NURSING •The most basic premise of the theory is that all humans areTHEORETICAL caring persons, that to be human is to be called to live ones innate caring nature. Developing the full potential ofFOUNDATION expressing caring is an ideal and for practical purposes, is a lifelong process. IN NURSING •The theory is grounded in several key assumptions: •persons are caring by virtue of their humanness •persons live their caring moment to moment •persons are whole or complete in the moment •personhood is living life grounded in caring •personhood is enhanced through participating in nurturing relationships with caring others •nursing is both a discipline and a profession “Nursing is where NURSING THEORISTS AND THEIR THEORETICAL people are.” APPLICATION IN THE CLINICAL SETTING
  10. 10. Cebu Doctors‟ Ann Boykin and Savina O. Schoenhofer’s NURSING University AS CARING Mandaue City, Cebu Application to the Clinical SettingCOLLEGE OF NURSINGTHEORETICAL Smiling of the nurses to their patients.FOUNDATION Talking politely to patients. IN NURSING Speaking quietly at night especially those who are in the night shift. Approaching their patients with heart whelming smiles even though they are already haggard and tired. “Nursing is where NURSING THEORISTS AND THEIR THEORETICAL people are.” APPLICATION IN THE CLINICAL SETTING
  11. 11. Cebu Doctors‟ University Mandaue City, CebuCOLLEGE OF NURSINGTHEORETICAL Madeleine Leininger was born July 13,1925 in Sutton, Nebraska, U.S.)FOUNDATION Her contributions to nursing theory involve the discussion of IN NURSING what it is to care. she developed the concept of transcultural nursing, bringing the role of cultural Madeleine Leininger into the factors in nursing practice discussion of how to best attend to those in need of nursing care. is the founder of the transcultural nursing movement and is one of nursings most prolific writers. “Nursing is where NURSING THEORISTS AND THEIR THEORETICAL people are.” APPLICATION IN THE CLINICAL SETTING
  12. 12. Madeleine Leininger Cebu Doctors‟ University CULTURE CARE: DIVERSITY AND UNIVERSALITY Mandaue City, Cebu THEORYCOLLEGE OF NURSING •Her theory is the only one that “searches for comprehensive and holistic care data relying on socialTHEORETICAL structure, worldview, and multiple factors in a culture in order to get a holistic knowledge about base care.FOUNDATION •Emphasizes that human caring, although a universal IN NURSING phenomenon , varies among cultures in its expressions, processes, and patterns; it is largely culturally derived. •Three Intervention Modes •Culture care preservation and maintenance •Culture care accommodation, negotiation, or both •Culture care restructuring and repatterning “Nursing is where NURSING THEORISTS AND THEIR THEORETICAL people are.” APPLICATION IN THE CLINICAL SETTING
  13. 13. Cebu Doctors‟ Madeleine Leininger’s CULTURE CARE: DIVERSITY University AND UNIVERSALITY THEORY Application to the Clinical Setting Mandaue City, CebuCOLLEGE OF NURSING Culturalogical assessment for comprehensive, holisticTHEORETICAL overview of clients background:FOUNDATION •communication and status language •interpersonal IN NURSING •gender relationships considerations •appearance •sexual orientation •dress •ability/disability •use of space •occupation •foods •age •meal preparation •socioeconomic and related lifeways “Nursing is where NURSING THEORISTS AND THEIR THEORETICAL people are.” APPLICATION IN THE CLINICAL SETTING
  14. 14. Cebu Doctors‟ University Mandaue City, CebuCOLLEGE OF NURSINGTHEORETICALFOUNDATION Dr. Zderad majored in psychiatric nursing, completed at IN NURSING doctorate at Georgetown University in philosophy with dissertation on empathy. Dr. Paterson majored in public health, completed doctor of nursing science degree at Boston University – dissertation in comfort. Josephine Paterson and Loretta Zderad “Nursing is where NURSING THEORISTS AND THEIR THEORETICAL people are.” APPLICATION IN THE CLINICAL SETTING
  15. 15. Cebu Doctors‟ Josephine Paterson and Loretta Zderad HUMANISTIC NURSING THEORY University Mandaue City, CebuCOLLEGE OF NURSING •In humanistic nursing theory the components identified as human are the patient (can refer to theTHEORETICAL person, family, community or humanity); and the nurseFOUNDATION •Nurse has made a decision and dedicated themselves to IN NURSING helping others with their health care needs •Humanistic nursing term exists known as “all-at-once” •Nurses and patients have their own „gestalts‟, or concept of wholeness “Nursing is where NURSING THEORISTS AND THEIR THEORETICAL people are.” APPLICATION IN THE CLINICAL SETTING
  16. 16. Cebu Doctors‟ Josephine Paterson and Loretta Zderad’s University Mandaue City, Cebu HUMANISTIC NURSING THEORY Application to the Clinical SettingCOLLEGE OF NURSINGTHEORETICAL •Encourages reflection, reflection being a learned process that can help enhance the experience of the nurse and prepareFOUNDATION them for similar situations in the clinical environment. IN NURSING •The ability to be with and travel with the patient in the routine of living is often overlooked, but is an essential part of the professional life of a nurse. •Understanding the professional differences between other medical staff and allied health professionals, respect the difference and accept responsibility for challenges of nursing “Nursing is where NURSING THEORISTS AND THEIR THEORETICAL people are.” APPLICATION IN THE CLINICAL SETTING
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