Andf newsletter no.2


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Asian Network on Debris flow........Newsletter no. 2

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Andf newsletter no.2

  1. 1. ASIAN NETWORK ON DEBRIS FLOW (ANDF) NEWSLETTER No. 2 – December 2011 Compiled and sent out by editor Aaron Guo and co-editors Kaesorn Jumpa and Winai Wangpimool Please send your contributions/ information for next issue(s) of ANDF Newsletter to & Tick Tock By Joanna Fuchs I’m writing this in a state of shock, Watching the clock—tick tock, tick tock, Advancing, approaching, relentlessly, A brand new year; Oh, can it be? The calendar says the same thing, too; Time races, vanishes for me; Boo hoo! No, wait! If time flies, I’m having fun! A year of fun! It’s gone! It’s done!New year, same goal - Joe King I now embrace the blur of time, Because it simply means that I’mLet our New Years resolution be this: we Too busy with pleasure, joy, delightwill be there for one another as fellow To mourn the passing days’ swift flight.members of humanity, in the finest So I’m wishing you fast, happy days,sense of the word. - Göran Persson Pleasuring you in myriad ways,You are invited to the festival of this Filled with happiness and cheer,world and your life is blessed.- Vern Oh Happy, Happy Bright New Year!McLellan This issue:What the New Year brings to you willdepend a great deal on what you bring New Year Rhymes…p.1to the New Year. - Rabindranath Tagore Work Report - A Summary…p.2 A Notice of 2012 International Debris FlowIn our work and in our living, we must Workshop…p.3recognize that difference is a reason for Academic activities in 2011 and 2012…p.4celebration and growth, rather than a Flood in Thailand and Mudflow in Kashmir...p.5reason for destruction. - Audre Lorde Hazard Events in Asia…p.6 Debris Flow Control System Introduction…p.7
  2. 2. Work Statement — A Summary Work Report — A SummaryThe ANDF shall be a non-governmental, non-political, non-profit institution at all times,free from racial, gender, or national prejudice. The objectives of the ANDF shall be: To strengthen the exchange and cooperation between debris flow scientists in Asia To disseminate the scientific knowledge of debris flow in Asia To promote the debris flow research and hazards mitigation technology in AsiaWhat we have done - A report The preparation group established in 2010 will continue to work with the secretariat toThe 2012 International Debris Flow serve as a catalyst to bring together a wideWorkshop, August 11-12, 2012, is under range of private entities into a regionalsmooth preparing. partnership for action. The partnership will encompass private business, both large andThe 8th Seminar on Mountain Disasters and small, multi-regional and local organizations. ItEnvironmental Protection across Taiwan aims to improve the debris flow knowledge, tostrait and actives for Celebrating the 15th advance monitoring and control ofAnniversary of DPRC, NCKU, Taiwan, China debris flow hazards.were held to strengthen the communicationand exchange in Asia.We helped announce the 5th InternationalC o n f e r e n c e on Debris-Flow HazardsMitigation: Mechanics, Prediction andAssessment June 14-17, 2011 University ofPadua, Italy; more than 20 ANDF membersattended the conference.We published newsletters in this June andDecember. The manuscripts submitted forthe 2010 International Debris Flow Workshopwere peer reviewed and published on the Mission of ANDFJournal of Mountain Sciences (Volume 8 To promote Asian cooperation, ANDF may:Number 4, 2011). Organize international seminars,We publicized ANDF and got support from workshops and conferences;more than 80 scientists in Asia. Furthermore, Promote research and technical traininga cooperative relationship with ICIMOD, programmes;WASER, WASWAC, and other global and Publish newsletters and otherlocal organizations has been built. publications;Meanwhile, ANDF members gave advice to Collaborate with other organizations withthe government, and contributed to the similar objectives; andnational hazards mitigation in each country. Others
  3. 3. 2012 International Debris Flow Workshop, August 11-12, 2012 - A NoticeIntroduction 2012 International Debris FlowWorkshop will be held in Chengdu, on 11-12 August 2012. The workshop will providea forum for debris-flow researchers toexchange ideas on how to cope with debris-flow hazards using the most advanced,state-of-the-art methodologies in mechanicsas well as in hazard prediction and riskassessment. How to strengthen theinternational cooperation of debris-flowresearch and mitigation is the other focus ofthis workshop. Topic of this workshop This is the second International DebrisFlow Workshop, with the first one that took All abstracts and reports submitted to theplace in 2010 in Chengdu. This series of workshop are expected to address timelyworkshop will be held every two years. issues on disaster caused by debris flows, debris avalanches, mudflows, lahars, hyperManuscripts concentrated flows, debris floods, and the like. How to strengthen the international Authors can send their manuscripts to cooperation of debris-flow research andthe secretariat before 31 May 2012. The mitigation is another focus of this workshop.manuscripts in accord with the workshop Topics of interest in technical sessionstopics will be recommended to Journal ofMountain Sciences (SCI expanded), include, but are not limited to:International Journal of Sediment Research 1. Formation mechanics of debris flows(SCI expanded), and Frontiers of Earth 2. Numerical modeling of debris flowScience in China. The peer-review and final 3. Debris-flow experimentsdecision will be conducted by related 4. Assessment of debris-flow hazards andeditorial office independently. risk 5. Flied observations and measurements of debris flows 6. Debris-flow monitoring and alert systems 7. Structural and non-structural debris-flow countermeasures 8. Relationship between debris flow, human activity and eco-environment 9. International cooperation mechanism of debris-flow research and mitigation.
  4. 4. Academic Activities in 2011 and 2012 Conferences/Meetings/Workshops in 2011 CL-CGS Seminar on Geo-hazards February 20- 25, 2011, Xi`an, China The 14th Asian Regional Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, May 23-27, 2011, Hong Kong, China The 5th International Conference on Debris-Flow Hazards Mitigation, June 14-17, 2011, University of Padua, ItalyUpcoming: The 8th Seminar on Mountain Disasters and Environmental Protection across Taiwan strait,Academic Activities in 2012 July 27-30, 2011, Urumqi, China International Symposium on Sediment DisastersInterpraevent 2012 – 12th Congress, April under the Influence of Climate Change and23-26, 2012, Grenoble, France Tectonic Activity (2nd), September 15-16, 2011, Hokkaido University, Japan2012 International Debris Flow Workshop, 5th International Conference on FloodAugust 11-12, 2012, Chengdu, China Management (ICFM5), September 27-29, 2011,International Symposium on Earthquake- Tokyo, Japaninduced Landslides, November 7-9, 2012, G 1 : T he 2n d I n t e r national Workshop onKiryu, Japan Multimodal Sediment Disaster – Asian Cloud Network on Disaster Research2nd International Conference on G2:2011 International Symposium on Natural Disaster Prevention – Coping with Extreme FloodMountain Environment and Development, and Sediment-related DisastersICMED, Chengdu, October 15-19, 2012, G3:The 7th Taiwan-Japan Joint Seminar onChengdu, China Natural Hazard Mitigation in 2011 – Typhoon MORAKO & 311Earthquake in Japan —— Actives for Celebrating a 15th Anniversary of DPRC, NCKU, Taiwan, China
  5. 5. Debris-Flow Hazard Events in Asia in 2010 and 2011 By 19 September 2010, at least 63 people had been killed from flooding and landslides innorthern India. Typhoon Megi triggered deadly Taiwan landslides, killing three people and leaving sixmore missing on 23 October, 2010. The Low Pressure Area (LPA) which prevailed since January 31, 2011 to February 4,2011 brought widespread rains over Visayas and Mindanao and landslides in some placesin Philippines, over 20 people were dead, 66 were injured. At least three people had been killed and 21 more were missing after a landslide struckhomes and destroyed mining tunnels in Philippines on 22, April, 2011. 16 people were buried by the Malaysia Orphanage Landslide in on 21, May, 2011. At least 15 people were killed on 1 July 2011 after hours of steady downpours triggered amudslide at Batali Hill in Chittagong, in southeastern Bangladesh. Landslides and debris flow triggered by monsoon rains on 15, July, 2011 in Nepal, killedsix people, and buried 10 others. The landslide caused by torrential rain crashed into a South Korean mountain resort eastof Seoul early on 27 July 2011, destroying four buildings and killing at least six people. Typhoon Muifa affected in Regions I, III, IV-A, VI and NCR of Philippines, causing floodsand landslides. By 28, July, 2011, 84 people died and 53 were injured, thousands ofhouses were damaged and more than one million people were affected. The village in Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan was hit by mud flood on 30 July 2011, 466 dead,756 injured and resultantly 129 households got completely destroyed. Mud flow hit Leh, Kashmir on 6th August, 2011. At least 193 died and 200 people werereported missing and thousands more were rendered homeless. Seven were killed in a landslide in Cameron Highlands, Pahang State, Malaysia on 7August 2011. At least five people were killed and 30 others were missing because of alandslide triggered by heavy rain on the Indonesian Island of Nias on 30 November 2011. Thailands devastating flood had caused floods in 15 provinces. It affected over onemillion people and caused more than 700 death. Typhoon Washi (Sendong), with winds gusting up to 90km/h (56 mph), hit Philippines,late on 16 December, brought heavy rain. More than 1700 people were killed. … ….
  6. 6. Largest Flood in Thailand Since 1942 We all remember the catastrophic in Pakistan in 2010. Some places in South Asia and Southeast Asia are badly affected by the over flooding of the rivers during the monsoon every year. Since 25 July 2011, the impact of Tropical Storm Nock-Ten, and heavy monsoon had triggered heavy rainfall over Thailand, caused floods, storms, landslides. DonmueangFlooded areas covered 56 of 77 provinces of Airport was floodthe country, affecting more than 4 million to circa 1 m orp e o p l e , b o t h d i r e c t l y a n d ind ir ect l y . more. The cost ofCommunication and transportation were renovation alone istotally ruined, the agriculture and water approx. US$ were badly affected. Total fatalitieswere 823 deaths and 3 missing, with a totaldamage of up to US$45 billion. (31 Dec ’11)Thailand may have to suffer the disaster such Thai residentsas floods and landslides again and again in make their waythe coming years since it is only at the very through floodedbeginning of the era when the effect from the streets in Pathumclimate change has come to affect Thani & Bangkok.humans rather hardly and quickly.Catastrophic Mud Flow in KashmirLeh, the largest town in Ladakh region ofJammu and Kashmir is on a plateau at around3,500 meters above the mean sea level. Thisarea is a high altitude cold desert thatsparsely receives rainfall (in the month ofAugust the average rainfall is about 15.4 mm)and heavy downpour, in particular, is a rareoccurrence. The highest rainfall ever recordedduring 24 hours period has been 51.3 mm on22 August 1933.A cloudburst occurred on 6th August 2010 and was followed by heavy downpour for just one andone-half hours leading to flash flood and mud slides over the region. Many buildings weredestroyed including hospitals and bus terminals. All communication systems including radio stationtransmitter, telephone exchange and mobile-phone towers were fully destroyed. The village ofChoglamsar on the outskirts of Leh was badly affected.At least 193 people (including 5 foreign tourists) were reported to have died. Two hundred peoplewere reportedly missing and thousands more were rendered homeless.
  7. 7. Debris Flow Control System Introduction A Debris Flow Control Systemcontains geotechnical and/orecological engineering measures, andmonitoring and/or alarming measures.It should be built based on thepractical situation of the debris flowwatershed including fundamentalcharacteristics, the occurrenceconditions, activity patterns,developing trend, hazard level ofdebris flows, and the correspondinggeological hazards, terrain conditions,with the aims of controlling debrisflows and/or reducing their hazards,repairing and/or improving theecological environment of thewatershed. The geotechnical engineering is themost effective measure to controldebris flows. It should contains thestabilization works (check dams), thebarrier facilities (sand-sediment dams)and the guide projects (drainagecanals).
  8. 8. We would like to thank all of our supporters and workshop participants for making this network under smooth preparation. We hope this organization will contribute substantially in Asian Debris Flow study area! December 2011 Upcoming Events/Important Tips Planning for Second International Debris Flow Workshop in 11-12, August 2012 in Chengdu, China and the formal establishment of the Asian Network on Debris Flow is undergoing. Topics, agendas, ideas and network operation suggestions are welcome. Please send your contribution to the Secretariat. Manuscripts are welcomed to send to the secretariat before 31st May, 2012. The Manuscripts in accord with the workshop topics will be recommended to Journal of Mountain Sciences (SCI expanded), International Journal of Sediment Research (SCI expanded), and Frontiers of Earth Science in China. We also welcome the information about local natural hazards, new study progress, results and technology. NOTESΔ ANDF Newsletter is a biannual publication of the Asian Network on Debris Flow (DF) dedicated to the study of its nature and how to avoid its effect and dissemination of DF knowledge widely. It welcomes articles related to every aspect of debris flow from countries in Asia as well as other continents. Scientists interested in Debris Flow are invited/encouraged to send your articles to Aaron Guo atΔ ANDF Newsletter is a FREE digital/online newsletter. Anyone interested in obtaining it may subscribe to Aaron Guo with your name, address, profession, institution and nationality. Kindly inform your colleagues about this newsletter and invite them to contribute articles and subscribe.Newsletter Editor: Aaron Guo Chair of ANDF Preparatory Group: Chack-Fan LeeCo-editors: Rongzhi Tan, Kaesorn Advisor: Samran Sombatpanit Jumpa and Winai Wangpimool Secretary-general: Peng CuiGraphic: IMHE, Chengdu, China & Secretary: Aaron Guo (Guo Xiaojun) Address: Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, LDD-DWR, Bangkok, Thailand CAS, #9, Block 4, Renminnanlu Rd., Chengdu, P.R.China E-mail: