YOU Learning –
the Impact of User Generated Content on Education




Karsten D. Wolf
Didactical Design of Interactive Lear...
cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007
                             2
and   !




          cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007
                                       3
cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007
                             4
really lots of people




                        cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007
                                             ...
really lots of people




171,502,194


                        © Karsten D. Wolf 2007
                                   ...
cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007
                             7
171,503,220 friends!




                       cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007
                                               ...
Blogs
        cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007
                                     9
really lots of people


 measures the „blogosphere“

     „71 million blogs…
some of them have to be good.“
           –Ma...
70M
60M
50M
40M
30M
20M
10M
      2003        2004       2005       2006            2007
      http://www.sifry.com/alerts...
1,250,000/day




  2004             2005          2006               2007
http://www.sifry.com/alerts/archives/000493.htm...
1,731,000   569,000

   474,000                367,000

353,000                                288,000


  283,000        ...
native speakers of language
          Wikipedia article


             articles         ratio
Suomi        109,454        ...
native speakers of language
                  Wikipedia article


                      articles         ratio
       Suom...
statistics*

50% of all edits done by 0.7% of users (615 people)

72% of text written by 1.8% of users (1,500 people)




...
100




cumulative % of content
                          75




                          50




                        ...
actual data
                          100




cumulative % of content
                          75




                   ...
rough estimation
                          100




cumulative % of content
                          75




              ...
100




cumulative % of content
                          75




                                 very few people
        ...
do very much
                              100




    cumulative % of content
                              75




      ...
20% of people are doing 80% of the work




                                    cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007
               ...
I am doing all the work and everyone else is lazy!




                                           cc by Karsten D. Wolf 20...
100

                                                                  equal
                                             ...
equal
                          100




                                                               participation
cumul...
as of February 2007

                  Datasource: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
             Wikipedia:List_of_Wikipedian...
Wikipediholism
             #1     159,825
             #10      79,162
             #30      53,500
# of edits




      ...
Wikipediholism
             #1     159,825
             #10      79,162
             #30      53,500
# of edits




      ...
as of February 2007
# of edits




                                   logarithmic scales




             authors ranked b...
as of February 2007
# of edits




                          Long Tail of Authors




             authors ranked by # of ...
having thousands of people*
      editing an online text
          collaboratively
              for free
accessed by hund...
Wikipedias                   today

  Wiktionaries
                 Wikiquotes            2 years

Wikinews
              ...
thousands of user generated content tools & communities




                                            cc by Karsten D. W...
user generated content

              is here to stay!

but does it change education as we know it?



                   ...
You
vs.
We
      cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007
                                   35
You do it for yourself,
      but all have benefits
You
vs.   We do it together
      to reach goals
We    too large for e...
educational policy               didactics
   & practice                    & design


            user generated content
...
didactics &
  design



              cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007
                                           38
R.I.P.
       Mass adoption of
Constructivism in the Classroom

   Idea born multiple times
   Never received in practice
...
Web 2.0 services   cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007
                                                40
literally thousands of „Web 2.0“ tools




                                     cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007
               ...
cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007
                             42
build
public
entities

           Seymour Papert
             Father of Logo
            Constructionist
                c...
(networked)
apprenticeship
environments:

see how experts
work and solve problems          John Seely Brown
              ...
culture of participation

recreation to become a form of re-creation
(remix, tinkering, sharing) based on productive
inqui...
educational
 research



              cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007
                                           46
What is the role of collaboration and sharing
in successful online learning?
How can we nurture learning communities
and a...
à  not only abundance, but better quality, too



                        vs.

Πthe hive mind is for the most part stupi...
educational
technology



              cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007
                                           49
Does Web 2.0 makes Learning 2.0?




                                   cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007
                       ...
mashup = combing services + adding some usefulness
 re-mix = re-using material in a novel combination

            symbiot...
re-mixes and mashups
   mashup = combing + adding some usefulness
 re-mix = re-using material in a novel combination

symb...
challenges

robust and usable learning environments to
support remixing, re-creating and mashups?

Personal learning envir...
user generated content

  ideas from Sony‘s
  „Little Big Planet“




                         cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007
...
cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007
                       55
cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007
                       56
cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007
                       57
educational policy
   & practice



                     cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007
                                      ...
What is the value of "open" vs. "closed" books / content
Can user generated content improve the learning
of all citizens o...
from content wasteland




                         cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007
                                           ...
to content jungle




                    cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007
                                                 61
open content for open education




                                  cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007
                         ...
open content for open education




                                  cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007
                         ...
controlling the jungle again?




                                cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007
                             ...
cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007
                             65
(Source: Atkins, Brown, Hammond 2007)
                                        cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007
                 ...
sounds like experts
generated content                                             access ≠ education




                 ...
Faculty educational science
                            Didactical design of
             interactive learning environment...
me              T                     T                     T

   tutors
                ST       ST           ST       ST...
www.everlearn.eu   © Prof. Dr. Karsten D. Wolf 2006
                                                  70
www.everlearn.eu   © Prof. Dr. Karsten D. Wolf 2006
                                                  71
www.everlearn.eu   © Prof. Dr. Karsten D. Wolf 2006
                                                  72
www.everlearn.eu   © Prof. Dr. Karsten D. Wolf 2006
                                                  73
www.everlearn.eu   © Prof. Dr. Karsten D. Wolf 2006
                                                  74
before: my average course had 30 pages

today: 250 - 350 pages, ~90% done by students

higher motivation & deeper learning...
hopefully!



             © Karsten D. Wolf 2007
                                      76
© Prof. Dr. Karsten D. Wolf 2005
http://www.karsten-d-wolf.de/


    wolf@uni-bremen.de


                                77
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YOU Learning - the impact of user generated content on education

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Keynote at ITK07 in Finland.
Abstract:

Time Magazine has voted You as the person of the year.In this case, You means all the users of online services such as YouTube, mySpace, Blogger, Wikipedia or Flickr, which provide software services for user generated content. While the first generation of the Web in the early 1990s enabled more people to publish to a potential large audience than the old media, a mass adoption has been hindered by the technical complexity and the sheer costs to do so. Today a next wave of online services allow technical laymen to publish media rich content on the Web for free, and millions of people are creating their own content. But is this content relevant to education?

User generated content has been the focus of progressive education approaches since the 19th century, just to be recently rediscovered and used in the constructivist educational technology movement since the 1970s, probably starting with Seymour Paperts seminal work on Logo. Despite all the work on cognitive tools, collaborative inquiry, writing hypertexts and anchored instruction since then, these approaches have yet to find their way into the educational mainstream.

This presentation focusses on the potential of user generated content on education from three points of view:

(1) Educational policy and practice

Education has always been a matter of power, or as Schleiermacher pointed out, Education is about the question, what the old generation wants from the young generation. Therefore formal education has always been a very top-down approach, not unlikely the "old" mass-media approach with a few senders and mass reception. User generated content breaks with this hierarchical model. New questions emerge, such as effects on power balances, impacts on democracy, formal vs. informal settings, learning culture, privacy, subjectivism, and legal issues.

One of the questions which will be discussed in more detail is the value of "open" vs. "closed" books and other learning content. Can user generated content improve the learning of all citizens? What needs to be taken into account? What impacts can be expected for schools and universities?

(2) Educational technology

The current state of web technology and user interfaces has developed tremendously in the last two years, resulting in a much more interactive and collaborative Web, often labeled as "Web 2.0". Also the use of mobile web access has grown starkly. But most of the applications focus either on information organization and sharing, entertainment, shopping or business applications. What are the potentials for using and combining these new services for education? Are there new ways to support online learning? Will they benefit the creation of open repositiories for learning content?

(3) Pedagogics and Educational research

As stated above, pedagogical theory is quite ready for the next generation of the Web and user generated content. A multitude of questions need to be answered, though. For example, is user generated content dependend on You or on We? More specifically: what is the role of collaboration and sharing to create a culture of online learning? How can we support learning communities? What are the learning impacts of creating learning materials?

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  • fantastic. thanks so much.
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  • Excellent. You've shown your credibility on presentation with this slideshow. This one deserves thumbs up. I'm John, owner of www.freeringtones.ws/ . Perhaps I'll get to see more quality slides from you.

    Best wishes.
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  • The usage of imagery in this display is really efficient. You have done a fantastic job here friend.

    Janie
    http://financejedi.com
    http://healthjedi.com
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  • Good concept about education. Its very impressive.
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  • Wow nice presentation and nice concept.
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YOU Learning - the impact of user generated content on education

  1. 1. YOU Learning – the Impact of User Generated Content on Education Karsten D. Wolf Didactical Design of Interactive Learning Environments interaktiivinen tekniikka koulutuksessa 2007 Thursday, 19.04.2007 cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 1
  2. 2. cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 2
  3. 3. and ! cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 3
  4. 4. cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 4
  5. 5. really lots of people cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 5
  6. 6. really lots of people 171,502,194 © Karsten D. Wolf 2007 6
  7. 7. cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 7
  8. 8. 171,503,220 friends! cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 8
  9. 9. Blogs cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 9
  10. 10. really lots of people measures the „blogosphere“ „71 million blogs… some of them have to be good.“ –Matt © Karsten D. Wolf 2007 10
  11. 11. 70M 60M 50M 40M 30M 20M 10M 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 http://www.sifry.com/alerts/archives/000493.html cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 11
  12. 12. 1,250,000/day 2004 2005 2006 2007 http://www.sifry.com/alerts/archives/000493.html cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 12
  13. 13. 1,731,000 569,000 474,000 367,000 353,000 288,000 283,000 251,000 222,000 221,000 cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 13
  14. 14. native speakers of language Wikipedia article articles ratio Suomi 109,454 48 German 569,000 176 cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 14
  15. 15. native speakers of language Wikipedia article articles ratio Suomi 109,454 48 German 569,000 176 Finnish speaking Wikipedians are nearly four times as productive as the German speaking ones! cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 15
  16. 16. statistics* 50% of all edits done by 0.7% of users (615 people) 72% of text written by 1.8% of users (1,500 people) really old: October 2005 = 1.5 Internet years ≈ 10.5 years ago cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 16
  17. 17. 100 cumulative % of content 75 50 25 0 25 50 75 100 125 % of authors ranked by contribution cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 17
  18. 18. actual data 100 cumulative % of content 75 50 25 0 25 50 75 100 125 % of authors ranked by contribution cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 18
  19. 19. rough estimation 100 cumulative % of content 75 50 25 0 25 50 75 100 125 % of authors ranked by contribution cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 19
  20. 20. 100 cumulative % of content 75 very few people 50 25 0 25 50 75 100 125 % of authors ranked by contribution cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 20
  21. 21. do very much 100 cumulative % of content 75 very few people 50 25 0 25 50 75 100 125 % of authors ranked by contribution cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 21
  22. 22. 20% of people are doing 80% of the work cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 22
  23. 23. I am doing all the work and everyone else is lazy! cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 23
  24. 24. 100 equal participation cumulative % of content 75 50 25 0 25 50 75 100 125 % of authors ranked by contribution cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 24
  25. 25. equal 100 participation cumulative % of content gap 75 50 25 0 25 50 75 100 125 % of authors ranked by contribution cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 25
  26. 26. as of February 2007 Datasource: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Wikipedia:List_of_Wikipedians_by_number_of_edits # of edits authors ranked by # of edits cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 26
  27. 27. Wikipediholism #1 159,825 #10 79,162 #30 53,500 # of edits #50 46,529 #100 36,608 #500 17,305 #1,000 11,101 #2,500 5,300 authors ranked by # of edits cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 27
  28. 28. Wikipediholism #1 159,825 #10 79,162 #30 53,500 # of edits #50 46,529 #100 36,608 10 edits a day #500 17,305 for 3 years #1,000 11,101 #2,500 5,300 authors ranked by # of edits cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 28
  29. 29. as of February 2007 # of edits logarithmic scales authors ranked by # of edits cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 29
  30. 30. as of February 2007 # of edits Long Tail of Authors authors ranked by # of edits cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 30
  31. 31. having thousands of people* editing an online text collaboratively for free accessed by hundred of millions** is a major success… * 63,000 active editors in November 2006 (English) ** 43 million unique visitor in USA in January 2007 source: http://www.comscore.com/press/release.asp?press=1214 cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 31
  32. 32. Wikipedias today Wiktionaries Wikiquotes 2 years Wikinews Wikibooks 5-10 years Wikisources 20-40 years Wikiversities cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 32
  33. 33. thousands of user generated content tools & communities cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 33
  34. 34. user generated content is here to stay! but does it change education as we know it? cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 34
  35. 35. You vs. We cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 35
  36. 36. You do it for yourself, but all have benefits You vs. We do it together to reach goals We too large for each of us cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 36
  37. 37. educational policy didactics & practice & design user generated content educational educational technology research cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 37
  38. 38. didactics & design cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 38
  39. 39. R.I.P. Mass adoption of Constructivism in the Classroom Idea born multiple times Never received in practice cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 39
  40. 40. Web 2.0 services cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 40
  41. 41. literally thousands of „Web 2.0“ tools cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 41
  42. 42. cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 42
  43. 43. build public entities Seymour Papert Father of Logo Constructionist cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 43
  44. 44. (networked) apprenticeship environments: see how experts work and solve problems John Seely Brown Xerox Parc Cognitive Apprenticeship cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 44
  45. 45. culture of participation recreation to become a form of re-creation (remix, tinkering, sharing) based on productive inquiry situated in communities of co-creation learning about ➙ learning to be http://mitworld.mit.edu/video/419/ cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 45
  46. 46. educational research cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 46
  47. 47. What is the role of collaboration and sharing in successful online learning? How can we nurture learning communities and a culture of sharing? What are the learning impacts of creating learning materials by students themselves? How do we influence swarm/hive/collective motivation? cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 47
  48. 48. à not only abundance, but better quality, too vs. Œ the hive mind is for the most part stupid and boring cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 48
  49. 49. educational technology cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 49
  50. 50. Does Web 2.0 makes Learning 2.0? cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 50
  51. 51. mashup = combing services + adding some usefulness re-mix = re-using material in a novel combination symbiotic relationships and rich learning ecosystems Google Maps* *http://googlemapsmania.blogspot.com/ cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 51
  52. 52. re-mixes and mashups mashup = combing + adding some usefulness re-mix = re-using material in a novel combination symbiotic relationships and rich learning ecosystems Google Maps* *http://googlemapsmania.blogspot.com/ cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 52
  53. 53. challenges robust and usable learning environments to support remixing, re-creating and mashups? Personal learning environments helping me to learn, find, collect, organize, collaborate etc. Traditional Learning Management Systems are mostly dead cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 53
  54. 54. user generated content ideas from Sony‘s „Little Big Planet“ cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 54
  55. 55. cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 55
  56. 56. cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 56
  57. 57. cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 57
  58. 58. educational policy & practice cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 58
  59. 59. What is the value of "open" vs. "closed" books / content Can user generated content improve the learning of all citizens or just a few? What impacts can be expected for schools and universities? Will universities be old school and do informal learning settings take over? Does user generated content improve or undermine education? cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 59
  60. 60. from content wasteland cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 60
  61. 61. to content jungle cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 61
  62. 62. open content for open education cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 62
  63. 63. open content for open education cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 63
  64. 64. controlling the jungle again? cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 64
  65. 65. cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 65
  66. 66. (Source: Atkins, Brown, Hammond 2007) cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 66
  67. 67. sounds like experts generated content access ≠ education focus on repurposing (Source: Atkins, Brown, Hammond 2007) cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 67
  68. 68. Faculty educational science Didactical design of interactive learning environments What does it mean to me? 68
  69. 69. me T T T tutors ST ST ST ST ST ST student 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 tutors 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 student 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 students 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 © Prof. Dr. Karsten D. Wolf 2006 69
  70. 70. www.everlearn.eu © Prof. Dr. Karsten D. Wolf 2006 70
  71. 71. www.everlearn.eu © Prof. Dr. Karsten D. Wolf 2006 71
  72. 72. www.everlearn.eu © Prof. Dr. Karsten D. Wolf 2006 72
  73. 73. www.everlearn.eu © Prof. Dr. Karsten D. Wolf 2006 73
  74. 74. www.everlearn.eu © Prof. Dr. Karsten D. Wolf 2006 74
  75. 75. before: my average course had 30 pages today: 250 - 350 pages, ~90% done by students higher motivation & deeper learning much smaller participation gap cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007 75
  76. 76. hopefully! © Karsten D. Wolf 2007 76
  77. 77. © Prof. Dr. Karsten D. Wolf 2005 http://www.karsten-d-wolf.de/ wolf@uni-bremen.de 77

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