Potential And Limits Of New Media for Learning and Teaching

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Didactical analysis of the potentials and limits of new media. In the first part I analyse what is "new" about "new" media. While this sounds boring and well known, I included thoughts about all the "2.0" hoopla in it.
I also talk a bit about the Darwinian branch of teaching and education, sampling some complexity and ecological approaches (not so much on the slides, though).

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Potential And Limits Of New Media for Learning and Teaching

  1. 1. Potential and limits of new media in learning and teaching from a didactical point of view Karsten D. Wolf Didactical Design of Interactive Learning Environments Winter School 2008 „e-Learning in the Environmental and Geosciences“ Monday, 13.01.2008 cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007
  2. 2. FB 12 Erziehungs- und Bildungswissenschaften Didaktische Gestaltung multimedialer Lernumgebungen http://www.ifeb.uni-bremen.de/wolf wolf@uni-bremen.de http://www.zmml.uni-bremen.de/
  3. 3. © Karsten D. Wolf 2007
  4. 4. © Karsten D. Wolf 2007
  5. 5. © Karsten D. Wolf 2007
  6. 6. © Karsten D. Wolf 2007
  7. 7. © Karsten D. Wolf 2007
  8. 8. © Karsten D. Wolf 2007
  9. 9. © Karsten D. Wolf 2007
  10. 10. © Karsten D. Wolf 2007
  11. 11. getting from standardized teaching…
  12. 12. …to individual learning
  13. 13. …result in huge benefits ca. 98% Percentil Bloom, B.S. (1984). The 2 sigma problem: The search for methods of group instruction as effective as one-to-one tutoring. Educational Researcher, 13, 4-16.
  14. 14. the solution is obvious learning 100 75 50 25 0 usage of media
  15. 15. Really?
  16. 16. didactics as a leverage learning 100 75 50 25 0 didactical improvement
  17. 17. Questions today What is „new“ about New Media? Why is didactics the limiting factor? When does didactics play no role at all? How does new media support „new“ didactics? Are we witnessing a paradigm shift in education? Karsten D. Wolf ©2007
  18. 18. What is „new“ about New Media? ❖ Multimedia ❖ Connectionist ❖ Interactive ❖ Mashed & ❖ Networked Remixed ❖ Constructionist ❖ GISed ❖ Social ❖ Embodied ❖ Mobile ❖ Open © Karsten D. Wolf 2007
  19. 19. Multimedia © Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  20. 20. Multimedia 1658 • Johann Amos Comenius • Orbis sensualium pictus © Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  21. 21. A Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning Richard E. Mayer (2001) © Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  22. 22. Richard E. Mayer (2001) © Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  23. 23. Results • use words AND pictures • place pictures and words nearer • present pictures and words simultaneously • exclude extraneous words, pictures, and sounds • use animation and narration • use conversational style • give people control over pace • include cues about organization and importance • effects are stronger for low-knowledge learners Richard E. Mayer (2001) © Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  24. 24. Interactivity © Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  25. 25. Interactivity inter between © Prof. Dr. Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  26. 26. Interactivity listen listen think think speak speak inter between © Prof. Dr. Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  27. 27. Interactivity time time © Prof. Dr. Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  28. 28. no interactivity time time © Prof. Dr. Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  29. 29. Active watching? Intake Intake Intake time time Intake © Prof. Dr. Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  30. 30. n , o Active watching? t i c a o Intake n - e n ti o r Intake c Intake r a t e n time time i Intake © Prof. Dr. Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  31. 31. Red Hot Chili Peppers Throw Away Your Television • Throw Away Your Television • Time to make this clean decision • It‘s a repeat, of the story told • It‘s a repeat, and it‘s getting old • Re-create your supervision now • Re-invent your intuition now © Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  32. 32. active reading? Intake Intake Intake time time Intake © Prof. Dr. Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  33. 33. Levels of interactivity according to Chris Crawford low high © Prof. Dr. Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  34. 34. my view of my fridge © Prof. Dr. Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  35. 35. my fridge‘s view © Prof. Dr. Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  36. 36. interactive fridge listen listen think think speak speak inter between ??? © Prof. Dr. Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  37. 37. interactivity of my fridge listen = wait for input of switch think = run program (done in hardware) speak = switch on light © Prof. Dr. Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  38. 38. Brain Age 2 (Nintendo DS) cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007
  39. 39. Wii Fitness… cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007
  40. 40. Buzz! The School Quiz cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  41. 41. Network access © Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  42. 42. Constructionist Constructionist © Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  43. 43. attribution: wasta on flickr
  44. 44. //bwr
  45. 45. © Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  46. 46. build public entities Seymour Papert Father of Logo Constructionist cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  47. 47. Social Social © Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  48. 48. Mobile Mobile © Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  49. 49. Connectivist – Connectionist? Connectivist - Connectionist? © Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  50. 50. Connectivism • Learning as a network forming process • Knowledge rests in networks • Trans-individual theory • Knowing what / how / where • formation process of theory, but good model for „new“ media © Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  51. 51. Mashed & ReMixed © Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  52. 52. mashup = combing services + adding some usefulness re-mix = re-using material in a novel combination symbiotic relationships and rich learning ecosystems Google Maps* *http://googlemapsmania.blogspot.com/ cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  53. 53. re-mixes and mashups mashup = combing + adding some usefulness re-mix = re-using material in a novel combination symbiotic relationships and rich learning ecosystems Google Maps* *http://googlemapsmania.blogspot.com/ cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  54. 54. cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  55. 55. GISed © Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  56. 56. © Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  57. 57. Embodied © Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  58. 58. cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007
  59. 59. cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  60. 60. Open © Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  61. 61. cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  62. 62. really lots of people cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  63. 63. Blogs cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  64. 64. really lots of people measures the „blogosphere“ „71 million blogs… some of them have to be good.“ –Matt © Karsten D. Wolf 2007
  65. 65. 70M 60M 50M 40M 30M 20M 10M 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 http://www.sifry.com/alerts/archives/000493.html cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  66. 66. 1,731,000 569,000 474,000 367,000 353,000 288,000 283,000 251,000 222,000 221,000 19.04.2007 Slides: www.slideshare.net/kadewe cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  67. 67. +17% +13% +19% +17% +18% +27% +25% +15% +27% +14% Suomi +22% ca. 6 months later (1.10.2007) Slides: www.slideshare.net/kadewe cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  68. 68. What is „new“ in didactics?
  69. 69. National Research Council How people learn Bransford Brown Cocking
  70. 70. National Research Council How people learn no more drill & practice Bransford Brown Cocking
  71. 71. ∑ Consensus • authentic • motivational complex problems to solve • highly interactive • self-regulated construction • rich learning material • plurality of views and perspectives (Reinmann-Rothmeier / Mandl 1996)
  72. 72. Metaphysical Physical Brent Davis 2004 cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  73. 73. Empirism Structuralism Post- Rationalism Structuralism Complexity Science Religion Ecology Mysticism Brent Davis 2004 cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  74. 74. Mysticism Structuralism Religion Post- educating facilitating Structuralism nurturing mediating fostering mentoring tutoring disciplining modeling emancipating indoctrinating initiating liberating inducting empowering training giving voice guiding pedagogy Rationalism Complexity Science instructing Empirism improvising Ecology informing occasioning edifing structuring directing schooling framing lecturing inculcating conversing participating conditioning listening training minding remediating caring Brent Davis 2004 cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  75. 75. „new“ media and „new“ didactics combined • paradigm shift • open education and open contents • authority shift © Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  76. 76. Wikipedias today Wiktionaries Wikiquotes 1 years Wikinews Wikibooks 2-5 years Wikisources Wikiversities 10-40 years cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  77. 77. open content for open education cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  78. 78. today: well informed patients stomp physicans / M.D.s tomorrow: well informed students stomp teachers? cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  79. 79. user generated content is here to stay! but does it change education as we know it? cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  80. 80. R.I.P. Mass adoption of Constructivism in the Classroom Idea born multiple times Never received in practice cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007
  81. 81. Web 2.0 services cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  82. 82. literally thousands of „Web 2.0“ tools cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  83. 83. (networked) apprenticeship environments: see how experts work and solve problems John Seely Brown Xerox Parc Cognitive Apprenticeship cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  84. 84. culture of participation recreation to become a form of re-creation (remix, tinkering, sharing) based on productive inquiry situated in communities of co-creation learning about ➙ learning to be http://mitworld.mit.edu/video/419/ cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  85. 85. user generated content ideas from Sony‘s „Little Big Planet“ cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  86. 86. cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007
  87. 87. cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007
  88. 88. cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2007
  89. 89. Faculty educational science Didactical design of interactive learning environments What does it mean to me?
  90. 90. me T T T tutors ST ST ST ST ST ST student 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 tutors 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 student 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 students 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 © Prof. Dr. Karsten D. Wolf 2006
  91. 91. me T T T tutors ST ST ST ST ST ST student 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 tutors 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 student 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 students 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 © Prof. Dr. Karsten D. Wolf 2006
  92. 92. www.everlearn.eu © Prof. Dr. Karsten D. Wolf 2006
  93. 93. www.everlearn.eu © Prof. Dr. Karsten D. Wolf 2006
  94. 94. www.everlearn.eu © Prof. Dr. Karsten D. Wolf 2006
  95. 95. www.everlearn.eu © Prof. Dr. Karsten D. Wolf 2006
  96. 96. www.everlearn.eu © Prof. Dr. Karsten D. Wolf 2006
  97. 97. before: my average course had 30 pages today: 250 - 350 pages, ~90% done by students higher motivation & deeper learning much smaller participation gap cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  98. 98. cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  99. 99. cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  100. 100. cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  101. 101. Education is a matter of power Education is about the question, what the old generation wants from the young generation (Schleiermacher) formal education: top-down approach mass- media: top-down approach user generated content: bottom up, informal settings, self-chosen curriculum, certification by projects done cc by Karsten D. Wolf 2008
  102. 102. Answers today „New“ New Media New didactical ideas Self-organization Participation Facilitating Conversing Empowering A 600 pound gorilla is emerging Educational power balances are shifting Karsten D. Wolf ©2007
  103. 103. FB 12 Erziehungs- und Bildungswissenschaften Didaktische Gestaltung multimedialer Lernumgebungen http://www.ifeb.uni-bremen.de/wolf wolf@uni-bremen.de http://www.zmml.uni-bremen.de/

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