Romeo and Juliet
The Context:           Elizabethan Era                   Queen Elizabeth I‟s reign (1558-1603) England‟s “Golden Age” ...
The Family                       of household Men were the undisputed head Women had no rights, could not own property ...
The Playwright:    William Shakespeare              Born in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, on  April 23, 1564 Marri...
Shakespeare                  Began as a „freelance‟ writer, adapting old plays and  collaborating with others Wrote 37 ...
The Problems with        Shakespeare              Some plays have different act and scene divisions  than others, becaus...
The Elizabethan Theatre           The first purpose-built theatre in London, The  Theatre, was built in 1576 Was situat...
The Globe Theatre              New style, smaller than current theatres Held around 500 patrons Playbills around city...
The Globe Theatre               Playgoers relied heavily on playwrights descriptions,  as well as their own imagination...
The Actors                    Child/youth troupes were constant competition Intimacy with audience allowed for soliloqu...
Plays in the Elizabethan                       Era                         be good reads Plays were not considered to W...
Romeo and Juliet                 Believed to be based on a 3rd Century Italian love  story 1562: Arthur Brooke‟s poem T...
So…what are they         saying?            Thee or Thou     You would Hello            Listen Good morrow      Yes...
Terms of Endearment           Gaffer                GrandfatherLusty Wench or Fair   Beautiful young Maiden          ...
Dont fear the language...
Romeo and Juliet: An Introduction
Romeo and Juliet: An Introduction
Romeo and Juliet: An Introduction
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Romeo and Juliet: An Introduction

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Romeo and Juliet: An Introduction

  1. 1. Romeo and Juliet
  2. 2. The Context: Elizabethan Era  Queen Elizabeth I‟s reign (1558-1603) England‟s “Golden Age” Economically stable Peaceful Era of change: religion, science, arts, politics, expansion… Famous for its poetry, music, and literature MOST famous for its theatre
  3. 3. The Family  of household Men were the undisputed head Women had no rights, could not own property or money, but could influence their husband Children were considered property Was not unusual to be married very young Use of wet nurse = lack of parental bond Familial honour was very important The slightest wrong/insult needed to be avenged  Violence  Civil unrest  Death
  4. 4. The Playwright: William Shakespeare  Born in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, on April 23, 1564 Married Ann Hathaway when he was eighteen…and she was twenty-six Believed he became a member of a travelling acting troupe 1592: Good reputation as playwright and actor
  5. 5. Shakespeare  Began as a „freelance‟ writer, adapting old plays and collaborating with others Wrote 37 plays (approximately) Not all were published in his lifetime Not all appeared with his name as the author Retired and returned to Stratford as a wealthy man Died on his birthday (April 23) in 1616
  6. 6. The Problems with Shakespeare  Some plays have different act and scene divisions than others, because the originals had no divisions Some include intended stage directions, some do not Modern editing can sometimes lead to word/meaning change Some words and lines are pure guesswork We, as a class, will come to the pronunciation that we are most comfortable with and can refer to a dictionary as much as we need to!
  7. 7. The Elizabethan Theatre  The first purpose-built theatre in London, The Theatre, was built in 1576 Was situated outside of the city limits, so as to not cause conflict with authorities Moral, political, and medical issues As the theatre craze grew, The Curtain (1577) and The Rose (1587) opened, and the demand for plays increased Shakespeare performed at The Theatre until 1598, when a leasing issue led Shakespeare to open his own theatre: The Globe
  8. 8. The Globe Theatre  New style, smaller than current theatres Held around 500 patrons Playbills around city Took place during daylight, in good weather The flag and the trumpet Admission Seating
  9. 9. The Globe Theatre  Playgoers relied heavily on playwrights descriptions, as well as their own imagination Costumes  modern and lavish The Heavens and the Trap Door Sets  no curtain  no scenery  no lighting  balcony
  10. 10. The Actors  Child/youth troupes were constant competition Intimacy with audience allowed for soliloquys and asides An average theatre had twenty-five actors, half were stakeholders, the rest were part-timers Specialists Plays were written to suit the actors available All male casts, even for shows with love scenes until 1660
  11. 11. Plays in the Elizabethan Era  be good reads Plays were not considered to Written quickly, often by more than one writer Sometimes performed only 10-12 times and then discarded; usually on alternating days Many of Shakespeare‟s plays show conflict between parents and children Genres  History  Tragedy  Comedy/Satire  Pastoral  Morality
  12. 12. Romeo and Juliet  Believed to be based on a 3rd Century Italian love story 1562: Arthur Brooke‟s poem The Tragical Historie of Romeo and Juliet ~1595 Main idea: Two star-crossed lovers whose deaths ultimately unite their feuding families Love story or tragedy? Comedy
  13. 13. So…what are they saying?  Thee or Thou  You would Hello  Listen Good morrow  Yes Anon  Please Aye or Yay  Come here Thou would‟st  Exclamation of surprise Hark!  Good bye/Later Come hither  Hello Prithee  You
  14. 14. Terms of Endearment Gaffer GrandfatherLusty Wench or Fair Beautiful young Maiden womanSweeting A petname for your boyfriend/girlfriendPoppet A child or a small doll
  15. 15. Dont fear the language...

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