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Mosque & Minarets
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Mosque & Minarets

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  • 1. M O S Q U E & M I N A R E T S PRESENTED BY:- POOJA RATHOD RUSHITA DANKHARA
  • 2.
    • A sacred building used by Muslims for prayer.
    • The word "mosque" is Arabic for "a place of prostration" or bowing down to Allah.
    • Mosques almost always include
      • A minbar
      • A mihrab
      • Minarets
      • In the Middle East will have domes and arches and inner courtyards.
      • An ablution fountain.
  • 3. Mihrab A mihrab is a niche in the wall which points the worshipers toward Mecca. minbar (the steps on the right) Minbar A minbar is a place from which a religious leader speaks to the people. It looks something like a staircase.
  • 4. Iwan A vaulted hall or space, walled on three sides, with one end entirely open. Iwans open on to a central courtyard, and have been used in both public and residential architecture.
  • 5. Wazir Khan Mosque, Lahore, Pakistan. King Saud Mosque, Jeddah, an Iwan in the central court. The entrance iwan of the Taj Mahal, Agra, India. Central iwan of Qila-i-Kuhna Mosque of Sher Shah Suri
  • 6. Sahn A sahn is surrounded by an arcade from all sides. Huge sahn surrounded by arcades Tunisia flanking domed arcade. Tehran.
  • 7. Domes Domes give a building a spiritual feeling in that they bring one's attention from the ground level (the world of man) to the heavens (the world of God). Domes normally took on the shape of a hemisphere. Mosque in Beirut, Lebanon Mughal architecture
  • 8. Ablution fountain Before prayers, the faithful cleaned their faces, hands, feet, and rinsed their mouths. Symbolic and literal to prepare oneself to meet with God in prayer.
  • 9.  
  • 10. Minaret
    • The minaret is to provide a vantage point from which the call to prayer ( adhan ) is made.
    • Minarets basic form consist of three parts:-
        • a base
        • Shaft
        • a gallery.
    • Minarets may be conical (tapering), square, cylindrical, or polygonal.
  • 11. Tunisia. China Lahore, Pakistan Malaysia Samara India
  • 12.
    • The gallery is a balcony which encircles the upper sections from which the muezzin may give the call to prayer.
    • Stairs circle the shaft in a counter-clockwise fashion, providing necessary structural support to the highly elongated shaft.
  • 13. Horseshoe arches in Cordoba, Spain Pointed arches India Arches