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Infont child case


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  • 1. Infant & Child Health Care
  • 2. Licking of toys by toddlers can be dangerus due to intake of heavy elements like lead and murcury. Toys that are made with materials unsafe for children can pose a threat to their health and safety. This was the focal point of the program. Dr. Ravi Malik commented on how a toy can be dangerous to a young baby if it isn’t chosen properly. Some toys that are available in the market are coated with chemicals which are bad for children’s health. Toysshouldalsobeageappropriate. AAJ TAK- 19th June 2010, at 9:00- 9:30pm Excessive TV viewing by children - posing health problems. In this program Dr. Ravi Malik spoke on excessive TV viewing by children. This practice affects children in many ways including setting a bad impression and example on their minds, resulting bad habits. Excessive TV viewing is also bad for health as it leads to loss of appetite, low vision, headache and lethargy. Dr. Malik also suggested precautionsthatcanbefollowedbyparents. DELHI AAJ TAK – 2nd July 2011, at 2:30-3:00pm Diabetes in children - current perspective. A panel discussion on Juvenile Diabetes (Type-I). Dr. Ravi Malik explained geographically distribution and hereditary factors of this form of diabetes, wherein the child is dependent on the injection of insulin. He also touched upon all aspect of juvenile diabetes including the latest insulin pump, rehabilitation of children and related complications of the condition like retinopathy and nephropathy. Dr. Ravi Malik stressed on the utmost importance of early diagnosis of the diseaseanditsmanagement. LOK SABHA T.V- 15th Dec. 2012, at 5:00-6:00pm
  • 3. Unfortunate incident of death of child in carThe program highlighted the fatal results of leaving a child unattended in the car. Dr. Ravi Malik spoke about the recent death of children inside a locked car, where the parents had left them unattended. The temperature inside the car increased leading to hyperthermia and suffocation, which eventually resulted in death. Children should not be left unattended in a locked, car especially during the summer season. NEWS 24- 31st May 2012 at 8:20- 8:50pm Death of children in accidentally locked car due to asphyxia In this program Dr. Ravi Malik spoke on the serious issue of the death of children in a car, in which they were accidentally locked. In such cases the children don’t know how to open the car doors and die of suffocation. The situation precipitated due to the negligence of parents who left the keys in the car. He also cautioned parents to follow certain norms while leaving childrenunattendedin acar. INDIATV - at 11:00-11:30pm Preventions and treatment of Hepatitis B On this program Dr. Ravi Malik spoke on spread the of Hepatitis-B infection. It is a viral infection and spreads through used injections and blood transfusion. It is a preventable disease and all precautions should be taken against this dreadful disease, which if not treated is fatal. 80- 90% children are only symptomatic and 10-20% report symptoms like nausea, loss of appetite, passing yellowish urine and fatigue. Dr. Malik advised that pregnant women should be screened of hepatitis-b infection so that the unborn child does not suffer from this infection. He emphasized that immunization against this diseaseneedstobedone. Delhi Aaj Tak - 16th Feb 2013, at 6:30-
  • 4. Somnambulism or sleep walking in children. In this program Dr. Ravi Malik commented on somnambulism in children, this is a condition wherein there is dissociation between the mind and the body. The individual walks in his sleep and is unaware of his actions. He can strike out against objects and sustain injury, and hence adults need to keep a close watch on the child. Children suffering from this condition should not be taken to hilly areas or near the water bodies without permission of parentsorpropersupervision. News-24 – 11th May 2010, at 1-00- 1:30pm Safe feeding techniques - how to prevent aspiration deaths. This program saw Dr. Ravi Malik educating viewers on how to safely feed babies and children. Choking is a common problem encountered in small children as the food enters the wind pipe instead of food pipe. He emphasised on the need to educate parents and caregivers about the proper position of offering food to babies and young children. NEWS 24- 4th July 2012, at 6:00- 6:30pm Television viewing for children - Do’s and don’ts. On this program Dr. Ravi Malik spoke on the bad effects of some cartoon shows on the children. He narrated an incident where a child lost his life while imitating an act he saw in an animated program. Dr. Malik said that parents should monitor children’s activities while watching TV and allow tell them to watch television only for a limited period of time. They also need to ensure that children watch age appropriate programs and understand the difference between reality and fiction. Children should be encouraged to take part in outdoor sports and creative activities. After two years of age child should not watch more than two hours ofTV. News-24 – 23rd May 2010, at 12:00- 1:00pm
  • 5. Growth and development in children - role of balanced diet and regular monitoring. There is a direct relation between the diet that a child receives and his or her growth and development. This program saw Dr. Ravi Malik offering insight on the growth of children. He focused on facts such as the role of a nutritional diet, containing proteins, and vitamins and minerals such as calcium and iron, and its impact on children’s health. Such a diet facilitates better healthanddevelopmentin childhood. WAMA- 5th July 2010, at 2:00-2:30pm Swimming for small children This program focused on whether children should be encouraged to swim from a young age. Dr. Ravi Malik spoke on the issue of training small children for swimming. He spoke about the improved mental and physical health of young children who received proper training for swimming. The doctor also cautioned that if training was not provided by experts it could provetobefatal. IBN 7- 16th June 2010, at 5:30-6:00pm Kangaroo care given to newborn babies. This program focused on the unique concept of kangaroo care as a way to improve infant health and growth. Dr. Ravi Malik discussed the highly effective kangaroo care method. He informed the public on its benefits and suggested it as one of the best ways to keep the preterm baby warm and to facilitatebettergrowthandbonding. NEWS 24- 27thAug 2010, at 6:00-6:30pm
  • 6. Stress due to exams - how to reduce it. Stress caused due to examinations was highlighted through this program. Dr. Ravi Malik commented on the stress which students suffer before and during examinations. He advised parents and students not to take too much stress as it can lead to physical and psychological effects such as loss of appetite, loss of weight, headache, tension and loss of sleep. In turn these side effects have an impact on theperformanceofthestudents. NEWS 24 – 24th May 2011 at 6:00-6:30pm Stress due to exams leading to psychological problems in children The level of stress experienced by students before and during examinations is a cause for worry for parents, teachers and society in general. In this program Dr. Ravi Malik commented on exam stress, particularly in children appearing for the board exams. Students often complain of headaches, dizziness and abdominal pain which are some of the symptoms of the stress caused due to examinations. Dr. Malik advised students to prepare well in advance and relax during the night, and hours before the exam. This practice will also help improveresults. News - 24 - 28th Feb. 2011, at 10:30- 11:00pm Impact on children of participation in TV shows as child artists. This program focused on the serious issue of child participation in TV Shows. Dr. Ravi Malik spoke on the detrimental effects of children taking an active part in TV shows. He stressed that such an experience, with bright lights and loud sound, can affect their eyesight, hearing and mental faculties, if not monitored appropriately. He advised that small children, who are especially emotionally attached to their mothers, should not be involved in reality shows for television. For older children such an experience can be distracting and make it difficultforthemtofocusontheirstudies. NEWS 24 – 23rd Sep. 2009 at 7:00- 8:00pm
  • 7. Need for balanced diet an essential component of paediatric growth. In this program Dr. Ravi Malik discussed and gave his opinion regarding the need for healthy and balanced diet, and its importance for the growth and development of children. He also cautioned against the consumption of junk food, which is common to the young generation. A healthy body is essential to hold a healthy mind and spirit. IBN 7- 9th Dec. 2009 at 2:00-2:30pm Influence of astrology on career a debate The program highlighted the blind and irrational faith that people place on astrology and its so called impact on career. Dr. Ravi Malik spoke on the topic of astrology and its impact on career choices. He explained that only hard work will pay good results rather than sitting and waiting for fortune to come home as per astrology. He advised viewers to not place blind faith on astrology and instead work hard on any studyorworkoptiontheychoose. News-24 – Encephalitis - An introduction to paediatric disease. Dr. Ravi Malik spoke on the condition of encephalitis, also known as brain fever, which is fatal in children. It is a viral disease that spreads with the bite of mosquito or by respiratory tract infection. In children mortality rate is 30% or above and those who survive suffer from some form of nervous disability. Dr. Malik narrated an incident of the spread of this disease by mosquito bites in the dampatmospherewherelitchis aregrown. India-TV - 22nd June 2011, at 5:00- 5:30pm
  • 8. Adverse effects of excessive exercise on children This program shed light on the damage that an aggressive physical exercise can have on children. Dr. Ravi Malik commented on the adverse effects of excessive physical exercise on growing bones of young children. In this talk he stressed on the fact that children should be encouraged to do age specific physical activity orexerciseonly. INDIA TV- 27th Feb. 2012, at 12:00- 12:30pm Pneumonia in children - one of the leading cause of death in paediatric patients. In this program Dr. Ravi Malik spoke on the silent killer disease in children known as Pneumonia. In India almost every minute an infant dies due to pneumonia, and this is an issue that should not be taken lightly. In case of any fever with cough it is important that parents consult with their doctor and not treat the symptoms themselves. Dr. Malik explained the signs and symptoms of pneumonia and how the disease can be prevented. IBN-7 - 27th Nov. 2009, at 2:00-2:30pm Growth of children - how to monitor and the remedies. On this program Dr. Ravi Malik spoke on the physical and mental growth of children. He stressed on the fact that both are interrelated. Children should take part in outdoor activities and eat a balanced diet which will help in physical growth and also in the development of the mind. He also touched upon some genetic disorders and the normal parameters of newborns like head circumference and chest measurements for detection of diseases in children. SAHARA NCR – 22nd May 2010 at 5:00- 5:30pm
  • 9. Dangers and precautions of childhood swimming. There are many who wrongly believe that if a child is thrown in the deep end of a pool or in the sea, he or she will learn to swim and survive. This program focused on one such episode in Gujarat. Dr. Ravi Malik commented on the dangerous act of throwing children in water in order to teach them to swim. This is a very dangerous practice as infants and young children are not prepared for such an activity and they are suddenly thrown into strong current of water. Sometimes such an action may break the cervical spine leading to instantdeath. INDIA TV- 28th May 2010, at 9:30- 10:00pm Care of new born an education insight to mothers. In this program Dr. Ravi Malik commented on the care of newborn babies. He advised parents and caregivers on the proper ways to care for the newborn by giving them proper feed, burping and bathing them safely. These are some of the most important aspects of caring for the new born. Infants should not be exposed to severe cold or heat as they are very sensitive to temperature change. Cold temperature can lead to hypothermia which can be fatal. In extreme heat infants can develop conditions like loose motion, and vomiting and dehydration. SAHARA NCR- 25th June 2007, at 9:30- 10:00am Conjoint twin surgery This program focused on a difficult and complicated surgery carried out in a hospital in New Delhi. In his talk with the media Dr. Ravi Malik made people aware of the conjoint twin surgery done at the Apollo Hospital. This was a rare and complicated surgery and even though, sadly one of the twins died due to complication and infection. NEWS24 – 6th July 2012, at 3:00- 3:30pm
  • 10. Importance of vaccination The role of immunization cannot be undermined in promoting a healthy childhood and this was the topic for discussion. Dr. Ravi Malik spoke on the importance of vaccination as it gives active immunization against disease like Diptheria, Pertusis, Tetanus, Polio, Measles, Mumps, Rubella, Chickenpox, Hepatitis-B, Hepatitis-A and Typhoid. Immunization protects childhood andpromotesgoodhealthin thelong run. SAHARA NCR – 25th Oct. 2009, at 4:00-4:30pm Childhood diseases During this talk Dr. Ravi Malik discussed common ailments that afflict children, with a special focus on diarrhoea. He made the viewers aware of the difference between diarrhoea in infants and children. Infants below the age of six months can pass 5-6 motions in a day, whereas as in diarrhoea it is a progressive increase in the frequency of motion, for which ORS can be given at home. In some cases teething can also leadtodiarrhoea. SAHARANCR- 11th Oct. 2008, at 12:30- 1:00pm Early childhood diseases In this program Dr. Ravi Malik discussed Pneumonia, which is very common in infancy and childhood, and dangerous for health. It is caused by respiratory tract infection, which, if not treated in time can be fatal. He also emphasized on the importance of immunization for children in order to preventandprotectthemfromdiseases. IBN 7- 25th Nov. 2009, at 2:00-2:30pm
  • 11. Importance of balanced diet in children In this program Dr. Ravi Malik commented on the growth in children and its dependence on the intake of a balanced and nutritional diet containing high protein, vitamins, calcium, iron and other minerals. Such a diet would help increase the height, and healthy growth of children. A balanced diet should include vegetables, cereals, and foods thatcoverall thefoodgroups. WAMA – 23rd March 2009, at 2:00- 2:30pm Loss appetite in children- The focal point of this program was the decreased appetite in children. Dr. Ravi Malik offered his views on the fact that junk food and oily food can bring down appetite. He focused on this problem, which seems to be rising day by day, and also gave children and parents valuable dietary advice that should be followed to facilitate good health. Herpes Simplex Virus Information and knowledge are essential to prevent and manage any condition. In this program Dr. Ravi Malik spoke on HSV (Herpes Simplex Virus) infection which is known to spread by close contact. He warned viewers not to kiss infants and young children as the infection can spread easily throughclosecontactwith aninfectedperson. INDIA- TV at 6:30-7:00pm
  • 12. Congenital anomalies in peaditric patients. This program focused on congenital anomalies. Dr. Ravi Malik spoke about a child’s listening capabilities despite not having an ear lobe. This is a congenital anomaly which can be associated with other anomalies like cleft palate and big jaw. Dr. Malik said that in such cases doctors need to thoroughly investigate for other congenital anomalies like absence of kidney. In the case that was discussed the child can listen, even without the external ear, and through his mouth, which connects the middle and internal ear. Plastic surgery can be helpful in such cases so as to find a solution to the situation and to ensure that the child does not suffer from inferioritycomplex. News-24 – 10th July 2010, at 1:00- 1:30pm School bunking - is it becoming a common practice- an awareness debate Truancy in teenagers A program on teenage behaviour and its implications. Dr. Ravi Malik spoke about the subject of teenagers bunking school. It has been observed that students bunk their classes and visit malls and cinema halls, a behaviour that their parents are unaware of. Dr. Malik guided parents to keep a check on their children by following some effective suggestions. These included checking their bags when they come back from school and also taking regular feedback from teachers about the student’s performance in class. Parents must be vigilant of their children’s after schoolactivitiestoo. News 24 – 22nd July 2010, at 3:00- 4:00pm Clinical problems faced by children on use of heavy metal painted toys Dr. Ravi Malik spoke on the worrying issue of poisoning through toys. He explained that nowadays cheap Chinese toys have flooded the market. These toys are very attractive and bright in colour due to the use of lead, chromium and cadmium. When children are exposed to such materials they are vulnerable to the toxic effects of heavy metals. He advised and warned parents against purchasing such attractive but toxic toys. During his talk Dr. Ravi Malik also interacted with viewers and answeredqueries. News-24 - 18th June 2010 at 3:00- 3:30pm
  • 13. Importance of exercise in childhood With most cities losing out on their green spaces, rise in sedentary lifestyle and with rising incidence of crime, lesser number of children exercise and play everyday. This program focused on the need for exercise in childhood. Dr. Ravi Malik spoke on the many benefits of exercising for children. He also stressed on moderation in exercise, as in all other things in life, and said that an excess of the same can be harmful,andin somecasescanalsoturnfatal. INDIA TV- 3rd March 2010, at 6:30- 7:00pm Age appropriate useof toys to safeguard our childrens Toys should be safe and age appropriate. On this program Dr. Ravi Malik discussed the poisoning caused due to the toxic toys available in market. These toys are dangerous for children’s health as they are coated with toxic colours. Laser guns emit high frequency light, which is bad for the eyes of children. It is vital that parents educate themselves with the need to provide childrenwithsafeandgoodtoys. AAJ TAK- 19th June 2010 at 5:00- 5:30pm Side effects of laser toys. Laser Toys use can be da Exposure to toxic toys can be dangerous for the health of children, and this was focused upon in this program. In his talk Dr. Ravi Malik warned the masses regarding the presence of toxic toys in the market. He spoke of the dangers that these toys pose to children’s health, as they are often coated with toxic chemicals. He recommended that parents choose toys carefully and after duly surveying themarketforthem. DELHI AAJ TAK – 19th June 2010, at 9:30-10:00pm
  • 14. Toxic toys and their bad side effects. The presence of dangerous and toxic toys in the market is alarming, and this was the focus of the program. Dr. Ravi Malik spoke on the use of toys which are attractive but are chemically coloured. These toxic colours are dangerous for the health of children and hence, such toys should not be made available in the market. Dr. Malik warned parents against buying such toys and suggested that they only buy good quality toysthatareageappropriate. Sahara NCR - 16th Jan. 2010, at 7:30- 8:00pm Children health getting effected by adulterated chocolates This program focused on the serious issue of spurious and adulterated chocolates flooding the market. Dr. Ravi Malik commented on the adulteration in chocolates, a product which is largely consumed by children. These spurious chocolates include chemical compounds which are harmful to the consumers health, and pose a threat to the lives of the children who may consume them. Dr. Malik stressed on the need for parents and adults to pay attention to the kind of confectionery they buy and recommended that they only purchasebrandedproducts. News - 24 - 10th Aug. 2010, at 3:00- 3:30pm Malnourishment - an important cause o f m a s s d e a t h i n c h i l d r e n . Malnourishment is a serious condition that affects large sections of the Indian society, particularly children. On this program Dr. Ravi Malik spoke on this crucial issue. During his discussion he explained about low birth weight, which is a condition that affects a large percentage of births in India. Dr. Malik stressed upon the need for breastfeed, which is very important for the newborn. He explained the need to offer children a balanced diet. Protein malnourished children are susceptible to infection. He also highlighted the normal diet, growth and weight of children in various age groups. India TV – 29th April 2013 at 2:30- 3:00pm
  • 15. Swimming for children This program focused on whether children should be encouraged to swim from a young age. Dr. Ravi Malik spoke on the issue of training small children for swimming. He spoke about the improved mental and physical health of young children who received proper training for swimming. The doctor also cautioned that if training was not provided by experts it could provetobefatal. IBN 7- 28thAug. 2010, at 9:00-9:30pm Importance of exercise in childhood With most cities losing out on their green spaces, rise in sedentary lifestyle and with rising incidence of crime, lesser number of children exercise and play everyday. This program focused on the need for exercise in childhood. Dr. Ravi Malik spoke on the many benefits of exercising for children. He also stressed on moderation in exercise, as in all other things in life, and said that an excess of the same can be harmful,andin somecasescanalsoturnfatal. IBN-7, 23rd Jan. 2011, at 5:00-5:15pm Infant health and superstition Dr. Ravi Malik spoke on the impact of superstition on infant health. This discussion was focused on the superstitious practice of public worshipping of a sick child with large head (Hydrocephalous) without any medical care to the new born. Viewers were discouraged from following such superstitious belief, and made aware of the chromosomal abnormality that causes the condition. The condition is often interpreted by the uninformed as Mata or the presence of the feminine divine. NEWS 24- 28th July 2010, at 8:30- 9:00pm
  • 16. Newborn feeding and aspiration deaths On this program Dr. Ravi Malik spoke on the serious issue of aspiration. He explained that newborn up to the age of 6 months should be given only breastfeed, and no water or top feed should be offered. In case top feed is required, then it is best to avoid bottle feeding which is a potential source of infection. The feed can alternatively be given by bowl and spoon. Sometimes when the milk enters the respiratory tract it leads to pneumonia and death. So parents and caregivers should be very careful while feeding the newborn and should assume the properpositionforit. India-TV – 21st Jan. 2013, at 3:30- 4:00pm Asthma in children This program focused on the rising prevalence of asthma in children and its consequences. Dr. Ravi Malik spoke on asthma in children, a condition which causes respiratory distress. He discussed the various precautions and preventive measures that could be taken in case of sudden exposure to cold, and to help identify and avoid an allergen. These conditions are the precipitating factors for an attackofasthma. Sahara NCR- 31st Oct. 2008, at 4:00- 4:30pm