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Bonifaio, bio, works, and contributions.

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  1. 1. Andres Bonifacio y de Castro (Andres Bonifacio)<br />1863 - 1897<br />
  2. 2. Andres Bonifacio<br />Born: November 30, 1863 in Tondo, Manila<br />Father: Santiago Bonifacio, a tailor; served as teniente mayor<br />Mother: Catalina de Castro, a mestiza of Spanish descent; a cigarette factory worker<br />Eldest child<br />Brothers: Ciriaco, Procopio, and Troadio<br />Sisters: Espiridonia and Maxima<br />
  3. 3. Work and Education<br />Educated in Tondo<br />Dropped out of school when he became orphaned at the age of 14<br />Self-educated man<br />Read the following books: La Historia de la Revolucion Francesa, Noli Me Tangere, El Filibusterismo, Les Miserables,Kodigo Penal at Sibil, BuhayngmgaPangunong Estados Unidos<br />
  4. 4. Work and Education<br />Supported himself and his siblings by selling canes and paper fans<br />Worked as a messenger and later on became a sales agent at Fleming and Company;<br />Worked as a warehouseman at Fresell and Company<br />
  5. 5. Married Life<br />First wife: Monica, died of leprosy<br />Second wife:<br />Gregoria de Jesus<br />Married in 1893<br />Roman Catholic rites<br />Before the freemasons<br />Son Andres died of <br />small pox<br />Andres and Gregoria<br />
  6. 6. Kataastaasang, Kagalanggalang, Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan (KKK)<br />
  7. 7. Bonifacio and the Katipunan<br />Bonifaciowas a member of Rizal’s La Liga Filipina<br />Bonifacio formed the Katipunan on July 7, 1892 after Rizal was banished to Dapitan<br />KKK – a secret society whose members were anti-Spanish Filipino who believed that freedom can only be obtained through armed revolution <br />
  8. 8. Three Objectives of the Katipunan<br />Political - working for the separation of the Philippines from Spain. <br />Moral - teaching of good manners, hygiene, good morals, and attacking dogmatism, religious fanaticism, and weakness of character. <br />Civicaim - revolved around the principle of self-help and the defense of the poor and the oppressed.<br />
  9. 9. Bonifacio and the Katipunan<br />Bonifacio used the pseudonym May pag-asa("There is Hope").<br />When membership was extended to females, Bonifacio's wife Gregoria de Jesús was one of the leading members.<br />Bonifaciowas a member of and eventually became the head of the KatipunanSupreme Council.<br />
  10. 10. Bonifacio and the Katipunan<br />Developed close friendship with Emilio Jacinto who served as his adviser and confidant, as well as a member of the Supreme Council<br />Wrote “MgaKatungkulangGagawinngAnakng Z. LL. B.” (The Decalogue)<br />Tagalogwas the language used by the Katipuneros<br />Kalayaan– official organ and newspaper<br />
  11. 11. Bonifacio and the Katipunan<br />August 1896 – Bonifacio reorganized the Katipunan into a de facto Revolutionary Government<br />Friction developed between Magdiwang and Magdalo group in Cavite<br />Emilio Aguinaldo won as president <br />Bonifacio and brother Procopio were arrested and tried and convicted for sedition and treason<br />
  12. 12. Death of Bonifacio<br />Death sentence was reduced to exile but was later reinstated<br />Bonifacio and Procopio were brought to Mt. Tala by Maj. LazaroMakapagal<br />the Bonifacio brothers were shot on May 10, 1897 and buried in a shallow grave marked only by a few twigs and leaves. <br />
  13. 13. Bonifacio as a Hero<br />Andrés Bonifacio, along with José Rizal, is one of only two implied national heroes of the Philippines.<br />implied recognition of being national heroes because they both have national holidays in their honor: Bonifacio Dayon November 30, and Rizal Day on December 30.<br />
  14. 14. Left: Andres Bonifacio Monument in Caloocan City<br />Right: Andres Bonifacio Monument in the City of Manila<br />
  15. 15. Andrés Bonifacio y de Castro<br />Literary Contributions<br />
  16. 16. Poems<br /><ul><li>KatapusangHibikngPilipinas (The Last Appeal of the Philippines)
  17. 17. Pag-ibigsaTinubuangLupa
  18. 18. TapunanngLingap
  19. 19. AngmgaCazadores
  20. 20. HulingPaalamni Dr. Jose Rizal (Salinng Mi Ultimo Adios ni Gat Andres Bonifacio )
  21. 21. The Decalogue</li></li></ul><li>Works and Contributions<br />A moro-moro actor<br />One of the greatest motivational writers and speakers of his generation<br />He also wrote about how the Filipinos were tortured by the Spaniards.<br />
  22. 22. The Decalogue ("Duties of the Sons of the People“)<br />I. Love God with all thine heart. <br />II. Bear always in mind that the love of God is also the love of Country, and this, too, is love of one's fellow-men. <br />III. Engrave in thy heart that the true measure of honor and happiness is to die for the freedom of thy country. <br />IV. All thy good wishes will be crowned with success if thou has serenity, constancy, reason, and faith in all thy acts and endeavor. <br />V. Guard the mandates and aims of the K.K.K. as thou guardestthinehonor. <br />VI. It is the duty of all to deliver, at the risk of their own lives and wealth, anyone whose life is in danger because of some noble cause.<br />
  23. 23. The Decalogue<br />VII. Our responsibility to ourselves and the performance of our duties will be the example set for our countrymen to follow. <br />VIII. Insofar as it is within thy power, share thy means with the poor and the unfortunate. <br />IX. Diligence in the work that gives sustenance to thee is the true basis of love -- love for thine own self, for thine wife and children, for thine brothers and countrymen. <br />X. Punish any scoundrel and traitor and praise all good work. Believe, likewise, that the aims of the K.K.K. are God-given, for the will of the people is also the will of God. <br />
  24. 24. AngDekalogongKatipunan<br />MgaKatungkulangGagawinngAnakng Z. LL. B.<br />IbiginmoangDiyosngbuongpuso.<br />Lagingisaisipnaangtunaynapag-ibigsaDiyos ay angpag-ibigsabayan at sakapwatao.<br />Ikintalmosapusonaangtunaynakarangalan at kaligayahan ay natatamosaiyongpagkamataysapakikilabansangalanngiyongbayan.[1]<br />Anglahatngmabubuti mong hangarin ay makakamtan kung ikaw ay mahinahon, matiyaga, makatwiran, may pag-asasaiyonggawain.<br />Pangalagaangkatuladngiyongkarangalanangmgakautusan at mgahangarinng K.K.K.[2].<br />
  25. 25. MgaKatungkulangGagawinngAnakng Z. LL. B.<br />Katungkulan mong iligtasangbuhaynanasapanganibsapagpupumilitnamatupadangisangmarangalnahangarinkahitmapilitangihandogmoangsarilingbuhay at yaman.<br />Bayaangangatingsarilingpag-uugali at pangingilossapagtupadngatingtungkulin ay maginguliranngiba.<br />Bahaginanmongiyongyamanangbawatdukha at taongkulangpalad[3] saloobngiyongmakakaya.<br />Angpagsusumikap at pagpipilitnakumitangikakabuhay ay nagpapahayagangtunaynapagmamahalsasarili, saasawa, anak, kapatid at kababayan.<br />May parusasabawatsalarin at taksil, at gantimpalasalahatngmabutinggawa. Panaligangangmgapuntahinng K.K.K. ay kaloobngDiyos at anghangarinhinggilsaiyongbayan ay hangarin din ngDiyos.<br />
  26. 26. THE END<br />