<ul><li>It is a  network of computers —or groups of interconnected computers—that consists of millions of private and publ...
<ul><li>Military origins—need for decentralized communication during Cold War </li></ul><ul><li>1962—Department of Defense...
<ul><li>Administration turned over to National Science Foundation </li></ul><ul><li>Opened to businesses in the 1980s </li...
<ul><li>Dial up </li></ul><ul><li>Cable Modem </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) </li></ul><ul><li>T-1 </li><...
<ul><ul><li>Dr. Tim Berners-Lee credited with invention of web. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creation of Hypertext Markup La...
<ul><li>First browser created in 1992 </li></ul><ul><li>Made access to websites easier </li></ul><ul><li>Also made transfe...
<ul><li>A browser is a program capable of interpreting HTML </li></ul><ul><li>Results look like a page of print text, easi...
<ul><li>Top 10 Uses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Email </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Downloading...
<ul><li>A search engine is a tool for finding info on the web. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.googl...
<ul><li>AND  - All the terms joined by &quot;AND&quot; must appear in the pages or documents. Some search engines use + in...
<ul><li>Not everything on the internet is harmless. </li></ul><ul><li>If something sounds too good to be true... </li></ul...
<ul><li>Electronic mail is the sending of messages electronically—no postage! </li></ul><ul><li>Web-based email—facilitate...
<ul><li>Email client—program housed on one computer and accessible only at that computer.  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. Micr...
<ul><li>An email address is much like your mailing address—don’t give it out to just anyone. </li></ul><ul><li>What is Spa...
<ul><li>  Choose a provider: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gmail by Google </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yahoo! Mail </li></ul></ul><...
<ul><li>To line—email receiving message </li></ul><ul><li>Subject line—summary of topic </li></ul><ul><li>CC line—carbon c...
<ul><li>Always use the Subject line—Summary of message </li></ul><ul><li>Visual appearance=tone: Do not type in all CAPS <...
<ul><li>If sending to many people, it is always appropriate to use the BCC function—some of your friends may not want thei...
<ul><li>Time for questions and demonstrations. </li></ul>
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The Internet

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This is an Internet Tutorial given at Linebaugh Library in Murfreesboro.

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  • The Internet

    1. 2. <ul><li>It is a network of computers —or groups of interconnected computers—that consists of millions of private and public, academic, business, and government networks of local to global scope.  </li></ul><ul><li>They are linked by copper wires, fiber-optic cables, wireless connections, and other technologies. </li></ul>
    2. 3. <ul><li>Military origins—need for decentralized communication during Cold War </li></ul><ul><li>1962—Department of Defense created the Advanced Research Project Agency (ARPA). </li></ul><ul><li>ARPANET expanded to universities receiving defense-related funding. </li></ul>
    3. 4. <ul><li>Administration turned over to National Science Foundation </li></ul><ul><li>Opened to businesses in the 1980s </li></ul><ul><li>Internet is still decentralized </li></ul><ul><li>Standards are managed by the Internet Corporation for Assigned names and Numbers (ICANN) </li></ul><ul><li>At Linebaugh: History of the Internet: A Chronology, 1843 to the Present (004.678 H) </li></ul>
    4. 5. <ul><li>Dial up </li></ul><ul><li>Cable Modem </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) </li></ul><ul><li>T-1 </li></ul><ul><li>Local Area Network (LAN) </li></ul>
    5. 6. <ul><ul><li>Dr. Tim Berners-Lee credited with invention of web. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creation of Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) made linking of documents between computers possible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Present websites are examples of linking process, but early linking mainly between text files. </li></ul></ul>
    6. 7. <ul><li>First browser created in 1992 </li></ul><ul><li>Made access to websites easier </li></ul><ul><li>Also made transfer of graphics, audio and video possible. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet Explorer (Microsoft) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mozilla Firefox </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Safari </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chrome </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Opera </li></ul></ul>
    7. 8. <ul><li>A browser is a program capable of interpreting HTML </li></ul><ul><li>Results look like a page of print text, easily readable. </li></ul><ul><li>Uniform Resource Locator (URL) is the “address” used to find a site. Each part of a URL is an instruction for the browser to read: </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.linebaugh.org/linebaugh/kids/schedule.htm </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protocol domain directories document </li></ul></ul>
    8. 9. <ul><li>Top 10 Uses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Email </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Downloading files </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discussion groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interactive games </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Networking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>News and Weather </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Job Hunting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shopping </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Others? </li></ul>
    9. 10. <ul><li>A search engine is a tool for finding info on the web. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.google.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.yahoo.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.ask.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.live.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Search Tips </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Google Search Tips </li></ul></ul>
    10. 11. <ul><li>AND - All the terms joined by &quot;AND&quot; must appear in the pages or documents. Some search engines use + instead. </li></ul><ul><li>OR - At least one of the terms joined by &quot;OR&quot; must appear in the pages or documents. </li></ul><ul><li>NOT - The term or terms following &quot;NOT&quot; must not appear in the pages or documents. Some search engines substitute – for NOT. </li></ul><ul><li>FOLLOWED BY - One of the terms must be directly followed by the other. </li></ul><ul><li>NEAR - One of the terms must be within a specified number of words of the other. </li></ul><ul><li>Quotation Marks - The words between the quotation marks are treated as a phrase, and that exact phrase must be found within the document or file. </li></ul>
    11. 12. <ul><li>Not everything on the internet is harmless. </li></ul><ul><li>If something sounds too good to be true... </li></ul><ul><li>FEMA Guidelines for Children </li></ul><ul><li>Software for blocking sites </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.cyberpatrol.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.netnanny.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We-Blocker (free) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.k9webprotection.com </li></ul></ul>
    12. 13. <ul><li>Electronic mail is the sending of messages electronically—no postage! </li></ul><ul><li>Web-based email—facilitated within a web browser and accessible from any computer with internet connection. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g.: Hotmail, Yahoo!Mail, Gmail, etc. </li></ul></ul>
    13. 14. <ul><li>Email client—program housed on one computer and accessible only at that computer. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. Microsoft Outlook, Mozilla Thunderbird (free) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>You can use a local email client to manage your web-based email accounts, if you have more than one. (For advanced emailers) </li></ul>
    14. 15. <ul><li>An email address is much like your mailing address—don’t give it out to just anyone. </li></ul><ul><li>What is Spam? It is mass distributed, unsolicited junk email. Some is malicious, so never open these messages. </li></ul><ul><li>How to know if it is spam? Did you give this person your email address? </li></ul>
    15. 16. <ul><li>  Choose a provider: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gmail by Google </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yahoo! Mail </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hotmail </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Or use your Internet Service Provider (Comcast, BellSouth, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Follow their process for signing up </li></ul><ul><li>Start emailing! </li></ul>
    16. 17. <ul><li>To line—email receiving message </li></ul><ul><li>Subject line—summary of topic </li></ul><ul><li>CC line—carbon copy; recipient should see information but is not the main target </li></ul><ul><li>BCC—blind carbon copy; recipients see only what is in the To line; used for privacy when bulk emailing </li></ul><ul><li>Body—contains message </li></ul><ul><li>Attachments (optional)—additional files you wish to send that cannot fit in the body. </li></ul>
    17. 18. <ul><li>Always use the Subject line—Summary of message </li></ul><ul><li>Visual appearance=tone: Do not type in all CAPS </li></ul><ul><li>Email is as good as a written letter—use capitalization and punctuation where appropriate. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t forget to sign your name </li></ul>
    18. 19. <ul><li>If sending to many people, it is always appropriate to use the BCC function—some of your friends may not want their address distributed. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t aimlessly forward messages that you think are cute or funny—consider the recipient before forwarding </li></ul>
    19. 20. <ul><li>Time for questions and demonstrations. </li></ul>

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