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Geography & early people of greece

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  • 1. Geography & Early People of Greece
  • 2. Geography  Mountains ¾ of Greek mainland  protected and isolated  limited contact between communities  effect: Greece never unites w/ one govt so it helped and hindered the development of city-states 
  • 3. Geography  Natural harbors  no place more than 50 miles from the coast  effect: many make living from the seas
  • 4. Geography Limited arable land  effect: some farming, but Greeks will look for more land  Mild climate  effect: people spend time outside and socialize 
  • 5. Economic Development  Commerce and the spread of Hellenic culture  Shift from barter to money economy (coins)
  • 6. Political Development  Greek cities were designed to promote civic and commercial life  Colonization was prompted by overpopulation and the search for arable land
  • 7. Minoans lived on Crete, traded in Mediterranean region  known for labyrinth palace at Knossos  frescoes show scenes of Minoan life and religion 
  • 8. Minoan fresco
  • 9. Minoan fresco
  • 10. Minoan fresco
  • 11. Mycenaeans  Indo-Europeans from central Asia  intermarried w/ native Hellenes on mainland Greece  set up kingdoms around hilltop fortresses
  • 12. Mycenaeans adopted Minoan customs  said to have fought in legendary Trojan War  Heinrich Schliemann – German archaeologist who discovered Troy 
  • 13. Trojan Horse
  • 14. Dorians invaded Greece from the north  Mycenaeans weakened by infighting  Dorians easily won using iron weapons 
  • 15. Dorians Dorian period known as a “dark age”  refugees fled to Ionia (west coast of Asia Minor)  Ionians gradually come back, reintroduce culture 