Elements of the Fine Arts• Subject - provides the answer to the question: What is the painting or piece of sculpture about? Caryatids of the Erechtheum in Athens gargoyles at Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris
Elements of the Fine Arts• Subject Henry Moore’s “Family Group” William Zorach’s “Spirit of the Dance”In painting, subject is no problem if the artist has painted realistically.
Elements of the Fine Arts• Medium - refers to the materials which an artist uses. - fresco - tempera - oil - Water color
Elements of the Fine Arts • Medium (Fresco) - The most noble and monumental, is adapted to large wall surfaces. - The most exacting because it must be done quickly while the plaster is wet, Giotto & once applied cannot be changed. in the Arena Chapel in PaduaPiero della Francesca in the Church of San Francesco in Arezzo Raphael’s “Stanze” in the Vatican Michelangelo in the Sistine Chapel
Elements of the Fine Arts• Medium(Tempera) - Tempera painting, requires the meticulous skill of a craftsman. The color is applied with tiny strokes of pointed brushes & dries immediately. Simone Martini’s “Annunciation”
Elements of the Fine Arts• Medium(Oil) - is the most popular Van Dyck’s portrait medium today because the pigment come ready-mixed in tubes. It dries slowly, so that if the artist is dissatisfied he can repaint his errors or scrape all off for a fresh start. Van Gogh’s “Starry Night
Elements of the Fine Arts• Medium(Water color) - True water color did not reveal itself until the mid-19th century. Since the artist must work rapidly & cannot change anything, there is a freshness & spontaneity in water color not felt in oil. Winslow Homer’s “Sloop Bermuda” John Marin’s “Boat Off Deer Isle”
Elements of the Fine Arts• Medium(Materials used in sculpture)
Elements of the Fine Arts• Line The shape of a work of art is defined by line. The line of a painting or sculpture tell us what the work is about.3 kinds of line:- Horizontal- Vertical- Diagonal George Inness’ “Lackawanna Valley” Diego Rodriguez de Silva Velasquez’
Elements of the Fine Arts• Color - is the decorative element in painting. Jacopo Tintoretto’s “Last Supper” Raphael’s “Madonna of the Chair”
Elements of the Fine Arts• Texture - refers to the way two objects feel to the touch. “Portrait of George Giesze” by Hans Holbein To the painter, texture is an illusion.He must make an object look the way it would feel if we could touch it.
Elements of the Fine Arts• Volume - refers to solidity or thickness. Van Gogh’s “Bedroom at Arles Pablo Ruiz Picasso’s “Seated Acrobat” To the painter, volume is an illusion, because the surface of the canvass is flat.
Elements of the Fine Arts• Perspective - To get depth or distance, an artist uses perspective, both linear & aerial. Raphael’s “School of Athens” Leonardo Da Vinci’s “Last Supper” Andrea Mantegna’s “Pieta”
Elements of the Fine Arts• Form - applies to the over-all design of a work of art. Sandro Botticelli’s “Birth of Venus” Raphael’s“ Sistine Madonna” Michaelangelo’s “Holy Trinity” Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec’s “Circus”
Elements of the Fine Arts• Style - is the result of an artist’s temperament, outlook in life, and training.
Elements of the Fine Arts• Style o o n i g el rec i glia e lan El G M od ic hM It is this spirit of the times which determines the style of a period. The Germans call it Zeitgeist.
Elements of Music Basic Elements of music include rhythm, melody, dynamics, harmony, texture, form, color, and style.
Elements of Music• Rhythm - the most basic element of music is rhythm, the over-all movement or swing. Meters means measure and refers to the number of beats in a rhythmic unit, or measure. Tempo refers to speed , whether the music moves fast or slowly.
Elements of Music• Melody - by melody we mean an orderly succession of tones, or musical sounds. - the smallest melodic unit is the motif, which expands into a phrase.
Elements of Music• Dynamics - the term dynamics refers to a force or percussive effects: degrees of loud and soft.
Elements of Music• Harmony - the simultaneous sounding of two or more tones results in harmony. Tonality- interrelationship of keys. Polytonality - using several keys simultaneously. Atonality- having no key feeling.
Elements of Music• Texture - the term texture refers to the number of tones we are asked to apprehend simultaneously.
Elements of Music• Form - the form or structure is as necessary to a work of music as a blueprint to an architect or a pattern to a dressmaker.
Elements of Music• Color - in music, color is the result of the difference in timbre (quality of tone) in the various instruments and voices. The strings violin, viola, cello, and bass. The woodwinds flute, piccolo, oboe, clarinet, and bassoon.
Elements of Music• Color The brasses trumpet, trombone, and tuba. The percussion instruments drums, cymbals, triangle.
Elements of Music• Style - each composer has his personal idiom, which differentiates his work from that of others, and he also reflects the style of the period in which he lives.
Elements of Literature Results from the communication of thoughts and feelings through consciously organized language.
Elements of Literature Inspiration comes to the writer of great literature in tree channels: Through the SENSES Through the INTELLECT Through the EMOTIONS
Elements of Literature• Poetry - (from the Greek poiesis - ποίησις - with a broad meaning of a "making", seen also in such terms as "hemopoiesis"; narrowly, the making of poetry) is a form of literary art which uses theaesthetic qualities of language to evoke meaningsin addition to, or in place of, the prosaic ostensiblemeaning. - Most concentrated form of writing.
Elements of Literature• Poetry Guiding principle in judging POETRY - Words are not actually informative but also evocative in that they call up the same response in us which inspired the poet, in short they make us share his experience. - We must dig deeply if we would penetrate the depths the poet has sounded. - When we speak of poetic rhythm we mean not the conventional meters but the entire thought and emotional flow of the poem.
Elements of Literature• Poetry Guiding principle in judging POETRY - In good poetry there must be a synthesis of content and design: that is balance between what is said and how it is said. - The poetic mind expresses itself in images or, as Aristotle called them, METAPHORS, which clarify his experience.
Elements of Literature• Poetry Divisions of POETRY oetry - Ve r -E p ic P se Fa b le - El e g - Lyric Po y etry Poetry - Prose - Speculat - Dramatic Poetry ive Poetry
Elements of Literature• Poetry - Epic Poetry This genre is often defined as lengthy poems concerning events of a heroic or important nature to the culture of the time. It recounts, in a continuous narrative, the life and works of a heroic or mythological or group of persons.
Elements of Literature• Poetry - Epic Poetry Examples of epic poems are:
Elements of Literature• Poetry - Epic Poetry Examples of epic poems are:
Elements of Literature• Poetry - Lyric Poetry A genre that, unlike epic and dramatic poetry, does not attempt to tell a story but instead is of a more personal nature. Poems in this genre tend to be shorter, melodic, and contemplative. Rather than depicting characters and actions, it portrays the poets own feelings, states of mind, and perceptions. Notable poets in this genre include John Donne, Gerard Manley Hopkins, and Antonio Machado.
Elements of Literature• Poetry - Dramatic Poetry Drama written in verse to be spoken or sung, and appears in varying, sometimes related forms in many cultures. Greek tragedy in verse dates to the 6th century B.C., and may have been an influence on the development of Sanskrit drama, just as Indian drama in turn appears to have influenced the development of the bianwen verse dramas in China, forerunners of Chinese Opera.
Elements of Literature• Poetry - Dramatic Poetry Examples of dramatic poetry in Persian literature: Nizamis’ Khosrow and Shirin
Elements of Literature• Poetry - Elegy • A mournful, melancholy or plaintive poem, especially a lament for the dead or a funeral song. • The term "elegy," which originally denoted a type of poetic meter (elegiac meter), commonly describes a poem of mourning. • May also reflect something that seems to the author to be strange or mysterious. •The elegy, as a reflection on a death, on a sorrow more generally, or on something mysterious, may be classified as a form of lyric poetry.
Elements of Literature• Poetry - Verse Fable The fable is an ancient literary genre, often (though not invariably) set in verse. It is a succinct story that features anthropomorphized animals, plants, inanimate objects, or forces of nature that illustrate a moral lesson (a "moral"). Verse fables have used a variety of meter and rhyme patterns.
Elements of Literature• Poetry - Prose Poetry is a hybrid genre that shows attributes of both prose and poetry. It may be indistinguishable from the micro-story (a.k.a. the "short short story", "flash fiction"). While some examples of earlier prose strike modern readers as poetic, prose poetry is commonly regarded as having originated in 19th-century France, where its practitioners included Aloysius Bertrand, Charles Baudelaire, Arthur Rimbaud and Stéphane Mallarmé.
Elements of Literature• Poetry - Prose Poetry Since the late 1980s especially, prose poetry has gained increasing popularity, with entire journals, such as The Prose Poem: An International Journal, Contemporary Haibun Online and Modern Haibun & Tanka Prose devoted to that genre.
Elements of Literature• Poetry - Speculative Poetry also known as fantastic poetry, (of which weird or macabre poetry is a major subclassification), is a poetic genre which deals thematically with subjects which are beyond reality, whether via extrapolation as in science fiction or via weird and horrific themes as in horror fiction. Such poetry appears regularly in modern science fiction and horror fiction magazines. Edgar Allan Poe is sometimes seen as the "father of speculative poetry".
Elements of Literature• Novel - is a book of long narrative in literary prose. The genre has historical roots both in the fields of the medieval and early modern romance and in the tradition of the novella. The latter supplied the present generic term in the late 18th century.
Elements of Literature• Short Stories Elements of the Short Story The short story as an art form developed in early 19th Century.
Elements of Literature• Short Stories Granville Hicks says that a good short story is “an attempt to make the reader share in a unique moment of insight.”
Elements of Literature• Essay Elements of the Essay The inventor of the essay was a sixteenth century Frenchman by the name of Montaigne. Why do Essayist write?
Elements of Literature• Essay What they write may be purely: - Entertaining like James Ramsey Ullman’s “Victory on Everest” - Provocative like Helen Keller’s “Three days to see”
Elements of Literature• Essay - Informative like Stewart Edward White’s “On making Camp” - Didactic like Howard Pease’s “Letter to a Fan”
Elements of Literature OTHER LANGUAGES AND TRANSLATION If you have some knowledge of the original language, by all means put your knowledge to work by reading portion to the original. The translator may keep the literal meaning as close as he can and ignore the poetic beauties, or he may make a poetic translation which is often far from literal.
Judging the Work of Art“ What makes any work of art great?” While it is true that much that was created in the past has been tried in the balance, found wanting, and discarded, leaving only the best of past ages, this answer does not help in assessing modern works.
Judging the Work of Art• Sincerity Are the artist’s intentions perfectly honest? or Is he striving for effect either by sentimentality or sensation?
Judging the Work of Art Bartolome Esteban Murillo’s Madame LeBrun’s portrait paintings of “Virgin and child” Of herself and her daughter
Judging the Work of Art Jean Chardin’s “The blessings” Honore Daumiers “ The Laundress”
Judging the Work of Art Rodin’s “The Kiss” Chagall’s “Birthday Gift”
Judging the Work of Art Michelangelos “Pieta”Bernini’s “Ecstasy of Saint Theresa”
Judging the Work of Art• Universality Does the work of art have only momentary value? or Does it embody universal truths which are permanent?
Judging the Work of Art Peter Paul Rubens’ “The garden of Venus”
Judging the Work of Art Jean-Francois Millet’s Eugene Delacroix’s “Man with a Hoe” “Liberty leading the People”
Judging the Work of Art Violations of fundamental truth W.H. Auden’s poem “Musee des Beaux Arts” and Brueghel’s painting “The fall of Icarus”
Judging the Work of Art• Magnitude There are few masterpieces which transcend all others in scope and monumentality. Don’t think that you must plumb their depths at your first contact.
Judging the Work of Art Goethe’s Faust Dante’s Divine comedy Michelangelo’s Frescoes in the Sistine Chapel
Judging the Work of Art• Craftmanship Does the artist understand his craft and his workmanship sound? Has hequestions arise chiefly inof taste? These gone beyond the limit s judging modern works. We are living in a very prolific period, prolific because there is a very wide interest in and demand for the arts.
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