Kathleen BarilCollections and E-Resources Librarian
What we will cover: How to begin research and construct a research strategy. Identifying keywords and phrases. How to find scientific articles in science databases. Research options available online for finding scholarly scientific articles.
Science Research Three main types: Primary, Secondary and TertiaryTertiary Very broad topics. Useful place for finding background information on a topic. Usually contains well-established facts in science. Examples: encyclopedias, textbooks, handbooks. Adapted from Marian Koshland Bioscience and Natural Resources Library: http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/BIOS/bio1bscholcomm.html
Science ResearchSecondary Literature Summaries of primary literature/research. Broader and less current. Helpful because of long bibliographies on a subject. Examples include: books, literature review articles. Adapted from Marian Koshland Bioscience and Natural Resources Library: http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/BIOS/bio1bscholcomm.html
Science ResearchPrimary Literature Write-ups of results of research. Current and specialized. Often analyzes data collected in the field or laboratory. Examples: articles in peer-reviewed journals, dissertations, technical reports, etc Adapted from Marian Koshland Bioscience and Natural Resources Library: http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/BIOS/bio1bscholcomm.html
Starting Research Start BIG! To get some background information, read reference and general books and textbooks. Narrow your search by exploring general databases. Finally explore specific subject-based science databases.
What about the Internet? Google ScholarSearches the scholarly literature of manydisciplines and sources, includingtheses, books, abstracts and articles.When on-campus, will link to the library’sresources and to the full-text of articles.
Tertiary and Secondary Research Where do I look for this research? Books, encyclopedias and reference books can be found using the library catalog.
Find Books: Library catalogStart your search using the Basic Keyword Search.
Library Catalog: PolarKeyword Search•Looks in several locations (usuallysubject, article title, abstracts or contents)•Does not require an exact match•Generates comparatively large number of hits(not precise)•Good if you are not familiar with terminology•Look for the same or similar words whichkeep appearing
LIBRARY CATALOG: POLARSubject Search•Looks in one place – subject•Usually requires an exact matchbetween your term and a pre-set list ofterms•Precise (motion pictures -- review)•Can be used after keyword search hasidentified specific subjects
Find Books: POLARUse subject headings to find similar books on your topic andto identify keywords and terms for your topic.
Find Books: OhioLINKOhioLINK our library consortium also has a large variety of materials. Deliveries every day. Allow 3-5 days for delivery. Can be renewed 3 times.
Secondary and Primary Research Where do I look for this research?Library databasescontain articles coveringprimary and secondaryresearch.
Scholarly vs. Popular Periodicals Magazines or Popular Periodicals • Glossy pages and lots of pictures • Edited by magazine editors • Articles usually written by staff journalists • Short articles • Targeted to general audiencesScholarly Journals/Periodicals• Peer-reviewed• Longer• Citations/Bibliography• Written by scholars, experts in the field of study• Targeted to scholars, students in a particular field of study
Finding Articles: General Database Academic Search Complete
Lots of ways to limit your results, do not forget the Scholarly(Peer Reviewed) Journals limiter!
Finding Articles: General DatabaseBoolean OperatorsAND – use to narrow your search,Ozone layer and greenhouse gasesOR – use to expand your search,Ocean or seaNOT – use to exclude a search termCloning not sheep
Finding Articles: General Database Some articles are available full-text in PDF or HTML format. Use the Find It! button for those that are not.
Finding Articles: General Database Article unavailable in library’s resources, request through Interlibrary Loan.
Finding Articles: Subject Databases What is a literature review? Literature reviews (also called review articles) survey and synthesize primary research on a particular topic. They are articles authored by researchers and published in scholarly journals They summarize multiple primary research articles They are secondary literature from Marian Koshland Bioscience and Natural Resources Library: http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/BIOS/bio1bscholcomm.html
Finding Articles: Literature ReviewsWhy are literature reviews a good starting pointfor researching a topic? They provide an overview of a particular area of study Their extensive reference lists may be used to locate further relevant articles They may provide ideas for narrowing a too-broad topic from Marian Koshland Bioscience and Natural Resources Library: http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/BIOS/bio1bscholcomm.html
Finding Articles: Subject DatabasesScopus: Covers a wide variety of science topics. Can limit to certain subject areas.
Finding Articles: Subject DatabasesScopus:Find related articles by looking at the references cited in anarticle or by finding other articles that cite an article you areinterested in.
Finding Articles: Subject DatabasesScience Citation Index Expanded
Finding Articles: Subject DatabasesMany ways to refineyour search including: Web of Science Categories Document Types Research Areas
Finding Articles: Subject DatabasesUse SciFinderScholar to findarticlespertaining tochemistry.You must set upan account toget started.
Review Start big by looking at primary literature: books and reference books for background information. Look for keywords in subject headings. Use the thesaurus to locate subject headings. Look for literature reviews in the secondary literature for overviews on your topic. Use the bibliographies at the end of articles to find more information on your topic.
Need further assistance? More help always available. Contact the Reference Desk at 419-772-2185. Contact the Reference Desk via email at firstname.lastname@example.org. Contact me directly email@example.com or 419-772-2188 to set up an appointment. Reference Desk hours:Monday-Thursday 8AM-12PM, 1PM-4:30PM, 6PM-9PMFriday 8AM-4:30PMSunday 10AM-3:30PM