What we will cover: Overview of scientific research. Planning your research. Finding primary research articles using Science Citation Index and SciFinder Scholar. How to cite sources
Science Research : Types Three main types: Primary, Secondary and TertiaryTertiary Very broad topics. Useful place for finding background information on a topic. Usually contains well-established facts in science. Examples: encyclopedias, textbooks, handbooks. Adapted from Marian Koshland Bioscience and Natural Resources Library: http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/BIOS/bio1bscholcomm.html
Science ResearchSecondary Literature Summaries of primary literature/research. Broader and less current. Helpful because of long bibliographies on a subject. Examples include: books, literature review articles. Adapted from Marian Koshland Bioscience and Natural Resources Library: http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/BIOS/bio1bscholcomm.html
Science ResearchPrimary Literature Write-ups of results of research. Current and specialized. Often analyzes data collected in the field or laboratory. Examples: articles in peer-reviewed journals, dissertations, technical reports, etc Adapted from Marian Koshland Bioscience and Natural Resources Library: http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/BIOS/bio1bscholcomm.html
Research ProcessGather background information or tertiaryresources by reading your textbook, referencebooks or general books on your topic.
Where to find tertiary sources? Use the library catalog POLAR to find books and e-books for background information.
Tertiary Sources Use the bibliographies in tertiary sources to find primary and secondary sources. Identify keywords and phrases when reviewing background information.
What about the Internet?Try Google Scholar! Google Scholar searches the scholarlyliterature of many disciplines and sources, including theses,books, abstracts and articles. When on-campus, it will link tothe library’s resources and to the full-text of articles.
Finding Secondary and Primary Literature: DatabasesUse library databases to find articles fromthe secondary and primary literature.
Boolean SearchingLibrary databases utilize Boolean searching:AND – use to narrow your searchOzone layer and greenhouse gasesOR – use to expand your searchOcean or seaNOT – use to exclude a search termCloning not sheep
Science Citation Index ExpandedThe Topicsearchworks like akeywordsearch,searchestitle, authorandabstract.
Science Citation Index ExpandedMany ways torefine your searchincluding: Web of Science Categories Document Types Research Areas
Secondary Research:Literature ReviewsWhat is a literature review? Literature reviews (also called review articles) survey and synthesize primary research on a particular topic. They are articles authored by researchers and published in scholarly journals They summarize multiple primary research articles They are secondary literature from Marian Koshland Bioscience and Natural Resources Library: http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/BIOS/bio1bscholcomm.html
Secondary Research:Literature ReviewsWhy are literature reviews a good startingpoint for researching a topic? They provide an overview of a particular area of study Their extensive reference lists may be used to locate further relevant articles They may provide ideas for narrowing a too-broad topic from Marian Koshland Bioscience and Natural Resources Library: http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/BIOS/bio1bscholcomm.html
SciFinder ScholarThe main database for finding research in chemistry.
SciFinder ScholarRefine is yetanotheroption fornarrowingyour searchby addinganotherresearchtopic.
ACS Publications ACS Publications are indexed in SciFinder Scholar but you can also search their contents in the ACS interface.
RefWorksKeep track of citations by using RefWorks.
Need further assistance? Contact Kathleen Baril at 419-772-2188 or firstname.lastname@example.org Ask for help at the Reference Desk, Mon- Thurs 8am-12pm, 1pm-4:30pm, 6pm-9pm, Fri 8am-12pm, 1pm-4:30pm, Sun 10am- 3:30pm Good luck!