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Biology 2011 riley 2013

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  • 1. Biology 2011: Environmental Issues Kathleen Baril Librarian
  • 2. What we will cover: Types of scientific literature How to evaluate websites Main databases to use for environmental topics
  • 3. Science Research Three Main Types:  Tertiary  Secondary  Primary
  • 4. Science Research - Tertiary  Very broad topics.  Useful place for finding background information on a topic.  Usually contains well-established facts in science.  Examples: encyclopedias, textbooks, handbooks. Adapted from Marian Koshland Bioscience and Natural Resources Library: http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/BIOS/bio1bscholcomm.html
  • 5. Science Research - Secondary  Summaries  Broader of primary literature/research. and less current.  Helpful because of long bibliographies on a subject.  Examples include: books, literature review articles. Adapted from Marian Koshland Bioscience and Natural Resources Library: http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/BIOS/bio1bscholcomm.html
  • 6. Science Research - Primary  Write-ups of results of research.  Current and specialized.  Often analyzes data collected in the field or laboratory.  Examples: articles in peer-reviewed journals, dissertations, technical reports, etc Adapted from Marian Koshland Bioscience and Natural Resources Library: http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/BIOS/bio1bscholcomm.html
  • 7. Evaluating Online Sources  What? is the page/site about  Who? created and maintains this site  Where? Is the information coming from  Why? Is the information presented on the web  When? Was the page created or last updated  How? Accurate or credible is the page From the University of Wisconsin Library, worksheet for evaluating web sites
  • 8. Evaluating Online Sources Use the domains from the URLs to determine whether the web source will have useful and authoritative information. .edu = educational institution .org = organization or association .gov = government site .com = commercial site .museum = museum .net = personal or other site
  • 9. Tertiary Information Find this information in the library catalog: POLAR.
  • 10. Scholarly versus Popular Periodicals Magazines or Popular Periodicals • Glossy pages and lots of pictures • Edited by magazine editors • Articles usually written by staff journalists • Short articles • Targeted to general audiences Scholarly Journals/Periodicals • Peer-reviewed • Longer • Citations/Bibliography • Written by scholars, experts in the field of study • Targeted to scholars, students in a particular field of study
  • 11. Secondary and Primary Information: Databases Environment Complete and Greenfile
  • 12. Environment Complete and GreenFile Use limiters to refine results.
  • 13. Environment Complete and GreenFile: Literature Review – Secondary Research To find literature reviews, combine your search term with literature reviews. Literature reviews often cite primary research and provide good overviews of topics.
  • 14. Environment Complete and GreenFile: Primary Research Look for clues in the citation, look for data tables and scan the abstract for a description of the methods or materials used, hypotheses, etc.
  • 15. Environment Complete and GreenFile: Primary Research When looking at the full –text article for primary research look for components such as:  Methods or Materials and Methods  Results  Discussion  Conclusions  References
  • 16. Environment Complete and GreenFile Results Page: Look for full-text PDF or HTML article at the bottom of the citation.
  • 17. Environment Complete and GreenFile Click on the Find It @ ONU link if there is not a PDF or HTML full text article available.
  • 18. Environment Complete and GreenFile After clicking on the Find It @ ONU link, click the link provided to access the full-text article.
  • 19. Environment Complete and GreenFile If the article is not available, request it through Interlibrary Loan. The article should be delivered electronically in 2-3 days.
  • 20. Science Citation Index Expanded
  • 21. Science Citation Index Expanded : Refine Results Refine Results using :    Web of Science Categories Document Types Research Areas
  • 22. Science Citation Index Expanded Results Click on the abstract link to read a summary of the article. Viewing Abstract
  • 23. Science Citation Index Expanded Results Click on the LS icon to connect to full-text articles.
  • 24. Citing Sources Refworks Use RefWorks to keep track of citations, store full-text articles and create bibliographies.
  • 25. Review  Use the library catalog and internet to find background information.  Internet - - evaluate sources carefully.  Primary sources - - look for clues like data tables, article laid out with methods/materials, results, discussion and references.
  • 26. Need Further Assistance?  Contact the Reference Desk at 419-772-2185.  Contact the Reference Desk via email at reference@onu.edu.  Contact me directly k-baril@onu.edu or 419-772-2188 to set up an appointment.  Reference Desk hours: Monday-Thursday 8AM-12PM, 1PM-4:30PM, 6PM-9PM Friday 8AM-4:30PM

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