English spring 2011

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English spring 2011

  1. 1. Introduction <ul><li>1930’s Engineering Feats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Design of skyscrapers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modern bridges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Harnessing the Colorado River </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Design Styles
  3. 3. Art Deco <ul><li>Highly decorative </li></ul><ul><li>Hard masculine angles </li></ul><ul><li>Modern look of the time </li></ul>
  4. 4. Modern Art <ul><li>Stark simplicity </li></ul><ul><li>Plain lines </li></ul><ul><li>No ornamentation </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on horizontal </li></ul>
  5. 5. Gothic Revival <ul><li>Steep roof angles </li></ul><ul><li>Towers </li></ul><ul><li>Pointed arches </li></ul>
  6. 6. Empire State Building <ul><li>Over 100 stories </li></ul><ul><li>60,000 tons of steel used </li></ul><ul><li>Built in 14 months </li></ul>
  7. 8. Chrysler Building <ul><li>Short-lived tallest building </li></ul><ul><li>Spire clad in stainless steel </li></ul><ul><li>Spire illuminated from within </li></ul>
  8. 10. RCA Victor Building <ul><li>Most notable for its crown </li></ul><ul><li>Designed around the idea of radio waves </li></ul><ul><li>Taken over by General Electric </li></ul>
  9. 11. Rockefeller Center <ul><li>A city within a city </li></ul><ul><li>Christmas Tree tradition </li></ul><ul><li>Skating rink built 1939 </li></ul>
  10. 12. Terminal Tower <ul><li>Now a national landmark </li></ul><ul><li>Tallest building outside of New York until 1964 </li></ul><ul><li>Originally planned to be only fourteen stories </li></ul>
  11. 13. Bridge Technology <ul><li>Suspension bridges popular during this time </li></ul><ul><li>The structure stands because tension is transferred through the bridge and into the earth </li></ul>
  12. 14. George Washington Bridge <ul><li>Crosses the Hudson </li></ul><ul><li>Multilevel suspension bridge </li></ul><ul><li>Cosmetically revised </li></ul><ul><li>First opened in 1931 </li></ul>
  13. 15. Golden Gate Bridge <ul><li>Longest suspension bridge until 1964. </li></ul><ul><li>Orange color the idea of Irving Morrow </li></ul><ul><li>Sirens blare when foggy conditions endanger ships </li></ul><ul><li>18,000 people crossed the bridge on foot the first day open </li></ul>
  14. 17. San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge <ul><li>Segmented bridge </li></ul><ul><li>Includes a tunnel dug out the side of an island </li></ul><ul><li>Obstacles in building included gusty winds, great distance, inaccessibility to bedrock, and shallow water levels </li></ul>
  15. 18. Hoover Dam <ul><li>Prevents flooding </li></ul><ul><li>Aids irrigation </li></ul><ul><li>Produces hydroelectricity </li></ul><ul><li>Over 7 million tourists visit a year </li></ul>

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