Photoshop Workshop 1 - Fall 2012


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PBL Publications Committee, Photoshop Workshop #1, Fall 2012. By Jeff and Stephanie.

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Photoshop Workshop 1 - Fall 2012

  1. 1. Publications Committee Fall 2012 1P h ot osh op Wor k sh op By: Jef f Zhan & St ephani e Cheng
  2. 2. To-Do’s for Today:• About Photoshop• Examples• Basics of Photoshop• Quick Tips• Review / Applications of TechniquesTo-Dos
  3. 3. What is Photoshop?• Photoshop is a Worldwide Leading Digital Imaging Editing SoftwareAbout Photoshop
  4. 4. The Power of Photoshop is like THIS!
  5. 5. Make art that issimple and clean!
  6. 6. And beautiful.
  7. 7. Who uses Photoshop?• Photoshop is Used by millions of Graphic Artists, Web Developers, and Journalists• It is gaining popularity in: – Marketing/Advertising – Public Relations – Business Management – Software Programming – News Editing – SEO/ConsultingAbout Photoshop
  8. 8. Why use Photoshop?• To Express Yourself• Retouch & Edit photos• Restore Old Images• Enhance a Portfolio + Resume• Exceed certain job requirements• Complement your skillset• Do freelance work for money (• Share work with family & friendsAbout Photoshop
  9. 9. To-Do’s for Today:• About Photoshop• Examples• Basics of Photoshop• Quick Tips• Review / Applications of Techniques• AssignmentTo-Dos
  10. 10. What is it used for?3 Important Things:1. Image Editing 1. Cropping 2. Color Adjustment 3. Applying Filters 4. Brightness/Contrast 5. Blur/Burn/Dodge 6. Hue/Saturation 7. Noise Reduction 8. Sharpen/Soften 9. Gamma Correction 10. “Healing” an image Retouching a photoExamples
  11. 11. Photoshop offers many different auto-effectsExamples
  12. 12. Make Instagram Effects!
  13. 13. (continued)2. Photo Manipulation: Application of image editing techniques to photographs to create an illustion/deception. 1. Creativity 2. Effects + Filters 3. Brushes 4. Layering 5. Use of Text 6. Masking/Opacity 7. Combining Images 8. Stock Images 9. Image Blending 10. Applying TexturesExamples
  14. 14. Merging Different Image
  15. 15. Use of Creativity!
  16. 16. Adding Effects to People
  17. 17. Layering/Opacity/Colors
  18. 18. Text effects are very useful and common.
  19. 19. Application of Photoshop + Indesign for covers.
  20. 20. Examples
  21. 21. (continued)3. Vector Drawing: Using clean, defined lines & shapes to create artwork (like the circles on this powerpoint) 1. Pen Tool 2. Shape Tool Curves by “Pen Tool” Shapes combine “Shape Tool” and “Pen Tool”Examples
  22. 22. More Complicated Vector Art
  23. 23. In Application. Used for clean design in advertisements,logos, and flyers.
  24. 24. To-Do’s for Today:• About Photoshop• Examples• Basics of Photoshop• Quick Tips• Review / Applications of Techniques• AssignmentTo-Dos
  25. 25. Basics of Photoshop Cropping, Curves, Saturation, Blend Mode, Text, FiltersBasics of Photoshop
  26. 26. Ultimate Goal:Teach the essentials – whatPublications Committeebelieves you will need to use increating amazing compositions!We will teach you to usecommon tools, fix commonmistakes, and start you offusing good practices!Basics of Photoshop
  27. 27. Goals for Tutorial:1. Learn Basic Tools: 1. Move, Selection, Eraser, Crop, Clone, Text, Layers2. Learn Photo Effects: 1. Brightness, Saturation, Color Balance, Levels & Curves, Blur, Layer Effects, Lighting3. Basic Photo Manipulation: 1. Put two images together 2. Change overall composition, lightingBasics of Photoshop
  28. 28. In the End…You will know how to: 1. Apply Image Filters/Effects 2. Work with Backgrounds and People 3. Change the Lighting according to a situation 4. Best Practices for Correcting Edges and Color 5. Know the Basics of Photoshop Tools & Layers!Basics of Photoshop
  29. 29. Using This Background… And Jessica Alba... We will make….Basics of Photoshop
  30. 30. Basics of Photoshop
  31. 31. Creating a New Doc1. Name your file2. Set Width & Height to 2560x1600 pixels.3. Resolution set to default 72 pixels/inch a. More pixels/inch increases quality for the same width/height4. Set Mode to RGB a. In contrast to what others say about starting with CMYK (Color mode for print), starting with RGB gives you more flexibility and access to photo manipulation tools. Convert to For Newsletter, use: CMYK at the vey end. •Height: 8.5 in, Width: 11 in5. Set Background Contents to •Resolution: 300 pixels/inch White •Color Mode: RGB (ImageModeCMYK at very end)Basics of Photoshop
  32. 32. Your Workspace in Photoshop (in CS6): Toolbar Workspace Layers
  33. 33. Your Workspace in Photoshop (in CS5): Toolbar Workspace Layers
  34. 34. Layers1. Photoshop works in layers2. Allows for easier editing and photo manipulation3. Layers above are always on top of the layer below Change opacity of a layer here. Click here to create new layer (0% hides layer, reveals bottom layer) on top of selected layer. Windows: (Ctrl + Shift + N) Macs: (Cmd + Shift + N)Basics of Photoshop
  35. 35. 1 3 2 1. File  Open…  PBL_Winter_Night.jpg 2. Duplicate the Background 1. Drag “Background” to “New Layer” (Auto-duplicates) 3. Turn Background Layer Off (we have a copy to work with now)Basics of Photoshop
  36. 36. 1. Select “Background copy” Layer2. In Layers Panel, on bottom (looks like a half moon), click “Create new fill or Adjustment Layer” 1. One of 3 Important Photo Manipulation places you will need to know Other 2: Filter & Layer EffectsBasics of Photoshop
  37. 37. Alternative:1.Image Adjustments 1. Same thing, but unlike the previous method, this method affects your image directly. In other words, instead of creating adjustment layers, you permanently alter your image. Harder to undo later on.Basics of Photoshop
  38. 38. 1 1. Adjust Brightness to -35, Contrast to 30 1. Brightness changes Lightness of Pixels 2. Contrast changes “Flatness” of Pixels. Left = More Flat, Right = More Intensity for Darker ColorsBasics of Photoshop
  39. 39. Let’s Cool this Photo2 Options!1.Image  Adjustments  ColorBalance… THE BAD: Only Cools/Applies filters to certain colors, unlike the next option (applies to whole image). Ex: Moving “Yellows” to “Blues” only affect “Yellow” tonesBasics of Photoshop
  40. 40. Let’s Cool this PhotoWe will use THIS option2. I m a g e  A This option allows Photoshop to d auto-correct the entire image for j warming or cooling. u Alternatively, you can choose s another color filter. t mBasics of Photoshop e
  41. 41. 5Saturation 4Notice the Intense Blue Lightthat really stands out.1.Select “Background copy” Layeragain2.Create adjustment Layer  3Hue/Saturation… 13.Move Hue/Saturation Layerabove Photo Filter (to prevent thelayer from cooling our saturation) 24.Click Hand Icon 1. This allows you to saturate only the colors you want, instead of using the Saturation bar and saturating the entire image 5. Hide Properties Window for nowBasics of Photoshop
  42. 42. 11. Click and Hold on the Blue Color2. Drag Left to Saturate the Blue BEFORE Color a Bit Basics of Photoshop
  43. 43. 1. Reselect “Background Copy” Layer BlurBlur, vs. BlurGaussian Blur…2. Filter  Blur  Gaussian Blur… Gaussian Blur gives you more power to 1. We will put focus on Jessica Alba, and blur the affect a blur and its intensity. background Blur is Photoshop’s automatic filter. No options, less powerful. Use Gaussian. Basics of Photoshop
  44. 44. 1. Background is good for now! Let’s open Jessica Alba. File  Open…  PBL_Jessica_Alba.jpg2. Press Ctrl + A, to copy the whole image, then Ctrl + C to copy Basics of Photoshop
  45. 45. 1. Go back to PBL_Winter_Night document. Select “Background copy” Layer, and press Ctrl + V to paste Jessica2. Notice Layer is under the adjustment effects! Move Alba above them. Basics of Photoshop
  46. 46. 11. Right-Click the Image, click Free Transform. While holding Shift (keeps proportion), scale/move Jessica to somewhere like the picture above. Press Enter to confirm transformation. *You will use Free Transform a lot! Basics of Photoshop
  47. 47. Selection 2 11. Erase area around Alba: 1 Pick the Quick Selection 3 tool (4th icon in toolbar. If not there, hold icon and choose Quick Selection)2. Choose a Brush 65px and 100% Hardness, and brush the background around Alba3. Do not worry if it cuts into Jessica! We will fix this! Quick Selection uses Photoshop’s algorithm to cleverly select areas with lots of color, to select the area only YOU need. What it does: Erases backgrounds from Basics of Photoshop objects!
  48. 48. Selection 1 21. Select “Subtract from Selection” at top2. Start brushing the selection areas that cut into Alba. Remember, we want to remove the background, not Alba, so make the selection only the background!3. If you make a mistake, press Ctrl + Z to undo. OR, click “Add to selection” at top Basics of Photoshop
  49. 49. Three Techniquesfor Cleaner EdgesBasics of Photoshop
  50. 50. Technique 1: Refine Mask… 11. With selection highlighted, before you press Delete (only works before), select Refine Edge… at top2. Set Smooth to 10, and Feather to 2px, click OK (smooth smooths selection, 2 feather gradually fades in selection) 3. Hit Delete on keyboard to delete selection 3 4. Press Ctrl + D to 4 deselect 5. Much cleaner edge! But still not clean! Basics of Photoshop
  51. 51. Technique 1: Refine Mask…1. Refine Mask does not get rid 2 of everything. Lines have 3 been left. Click the Eraser Tool halfway down toolbar2. Set eraser to around 80px 13. Erase the line areas by brushing over area. If you hold Shift and brush down, you will brush in a straight path up/down. Holding Shift while brushing, moving objects, or free transforming either keeps the brush/move path straight, or makes transforming images Basics of Photoshop proportional (free transform)
  52. 52. Technique 2: Layer Matting…1. With Jessica Alba layer still selected, click Layer  Matting  Defringe…2. Choose a value around 3px. Basics of Photoshop
  53. 53. Technique 3: Contracting Selection 11. While holding Ctrl, click the Thumbnail of the Jessica Layer. This selects the pixels around Jessica.2. Click Select  Modify  Contract…, and Contract by 3px3. Your selection now caves in 3px. Click Select  Inverse to get the Background (*inverse selection can come pretty handy!)4. Press Delete. Then Ctrl + D to deselect selection Basics of Photoshop
  54. 54. Technique 3: Contracting SelectionResult:Cleaner Edges, Blends with BackgroundBasics of Photoshop
  55. 55. REMINDERS FOR CLEANINGSELECTION: 1. First, select Area to Remove (e.g. Background) • E.g. Use Quick Selection Tool 1. Use Refine Mask… to smooth/feather deletion selection 2. Erase leftovers/Use Layer Matting or Contract SelectionBasics of Photoshop
  56. 56. 1 21. Click Move (or press V key) and move Alba bottom-left corner2. We will clean her arm next, with the Clone Stamp tool Basics of Photoshop
  57. 57. Clone Stamp 31. Zoom into her arm with Ctrl + (plus key). With a mouse, this is also Ctrl + (scroll up)2. Choose the Clone Stamp tool3. Make the brush reasonable 2 1 (60px)4. Hold Alt and click at the indicated spot. This picks up the pattern we 4 will clone from, onto the pink blur5. Click and Brush over the pink blur 5 edge and into the pink blur to “clone” our alt+click area onto the blur. Continue brushing. Basics of Photoshop
  58. 58. Clone Stamp1. You may need to Alt+Click a new area often, to copy patches from new areas2. Copy close to the pink blur (patch area) but not too close, to get similar colors/the same coat pattern Basics of Photoshop
  59. 59. Under Image  Adjustments, • Brightness  -35 • Photo Filters…  Cooling Filter (80)  40%
  60. 60. 1. Right click the Jessica Alba Layer, and choose Blending Options…2. Go to Outer Glow and set Opacity to 8% and Size to 60px for subtle light effect *Like Image  Adjustments, you will use Blending Options frequently You can create text drop shadows, glows, change opacity, shadows, etc.
  61. 61. 1. Click Filter  Render  Lighting Effects to change Jessica’s lighting to fit the background.2. Scale/move dots to something like above (light from diagonal angle) to make Jessica feel like a part of the picture. Hit Enter to accept.
  62. 62. Group/Merge 3Now, let’s play with the image as a whole, instead ofin layers. We will have a merged image, still keeping 2the layers.1.First, Create a Group 1. Good for organizing layers2.Select your 4 layers (including adjustment layers), 1holding Ctrl and clicking the layers. Alternatively,click the top layer (Jessica) and hold Shift and clickbottom (Background copy)3.Drag these layers into Group 14.Drag Group 1 to New Layer at bottom to duplicategroup. Then Hide the original layer5.On Group 1 copy, right click  Merge Group 4 Basics of Photoshop
  63. 63. You get this: One merged layer! We can work with the overall composition now. Our working layers are now hidden.Basics of Photoshop
  64. 64. 1. Change Image  Adjustments  Color Balance…  Cyan Bar to -27 1. This pulls the red tint of the background to a more bluish tint2. Go to Filter  Render  Lens Flare3. Choose 100% Brightness and 105mm Prime for a bright lens flare. Place it near the lamppost in the background
  65. 65. Cropping 2We are almost done! 11.Click the Crop tool2.Set the crop to be 7in.x 5in. and drag the cropselection / image to the7x5 frame you want.3.Press Enter to finalizethe crop! …And Voila! Done!Basics of Photoshop
  66. 66. What you learned: Move Tool: Moves selection/layer Quick Selection: Selects hard to select areas - Good for Backgrounds Crop Tool: Crops image & canvas to any size Clone Stamp Tool: Clone an area, and paste Eraser Tool: Erase an area Zoom: Like Ctrl+(plus) or Ctrl+(scroll up) Self-Explanatory Rectangular Marquee Tool: Normal selection Brush Tool: Create brush strokes according to Foreground color Text Tool: Create text, change font, etc. Foreground/Background Color: Foreground is left (here it is purple), Background is right (here it is black)Basics of Photoshop
  67. 67. What you learned:Three Ways to Clean Edges:1.Refine Mask2.Layer  Matting…3.Select  Modify  Contract…Three Ways alter Photos:1.Image  Adjustments2.Right-click layer  Blending Options…3.FilterBasics of Photoshop
  68. 68. What you learned:Image  Adjustments:•Brightness/Contrast•Hue/Saturation•*Levels/Curves•Color Balance•Photo FilterFilter:•Gaussian Blur•Lighting Effects Blending Options:•Lens Flare •Outer GlowBasics of Photoshop
  69. 69. To-Do’s for Today:• About Photoshop• Examples• Basics of Photoshop• Quick Tips• Review / Applications of Techniques• AssignmentTo-Dos
  70. 70. To-Do’s for Today:• About Photoshop• Examples• Basics of Photoshop• Quick Tips• Review / Applications of Techniques• AssignmentTo-Dos
  71. 71. To-Do’s for Today:• About Photoshop• Examples• Basics of Photoshop• Quick Tips• Review / Applications of Techniques• AssignmentTo-Dos
  72. 72. Good Resources•• Vector Art: –• Photo Manipulation Ideas: – – Landscapes: – Cool Filters/Effects: of Photoshop
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