Architect in a foreign culture - Mozambique


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Design project Autumn 2009 Bergen School of Architecture

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Architect in a foreign culture - Mozambique

  1. 1. INTEGRAL An architect in a foreign culture project // Integration of the architect in the project and site //Integration of the proj- ect in its culture and ecosystem // Integration of experience with all the senses to perceive space Naeem Searle & Birgitte Juliussen Haug 56
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  3. 3. The course “Architect in a foreign culture” this semester was focusing on Mozambique. In the beginning of the course the 19 students and three teachers travelled for five weeks to South Africa, the Mozambiquan capital, Maupto and finally the Mozambiquan countryside - the village of Chimundo to be exact. The goal of the journey was to investigate whats related to environment, globalization and cultural exchange. Through analysis and discussions with the aid organization AID Global, politicians, local architects and the local community we saw a clear need for a architectonic addition. During 12 intense days, with limited funds, in cooperation with locals, we built a small school. We made use of local tecniques for lieing bricks and tieing straw walls, and used local materials in a new way. Rize bags filled with sand on the Northern wall, bottles built into the wall on the South side to let in light - these were some of the things we did to meet the climatic challenges. The small building consists of one open and one closed room. The open room has flexible light walls of straw, the closed room has massive walls of sand and concrete. A cistern gathers the water from off the corregated steel roof. Back in Norway we presented the project at various firm for a fee, had a charity party and we went to the Copenhagen climate meeting to exibit it. The money we gathered will go to the further development of Irmã Catarinas project in Chimundo. Building the school in Chimundo 58
  4. 4. Chibut o 6 km Developing modern neighbourhood Donated housing Chimundo aprox. 4000 inhab. Traditional neighbourhood 59
  5. 5. Site reflection In between spaces Activity in play of light shadow and rhythm of space Heavy/light 60
  6. 6. The home - a home for whom? Nursery Young entrepreneurs Foreign Sibling Sibling The whole back Local kids + volunteers group group Chimundo community center Childrens home Water and food Learning Nursery Sibling groups Workshops Theory Wood Shoes English Computers Small school When you are and orphan you do not have the Scale and identity security, love and comfort of your own family. In Sierra Leone, where after the civil war that ended in 2002 50% of the population was younger than 15 years old, the children orga- nized to take care of eachother. At a childrens home the orphans can be orga- nized in “sibling groups”, where children of different ages learn to take care and responsi- bility of eachother. Mixed or gender divided groups. Actual siblings are kept together in the same group. 61
  7. 7. Masterplan Active land Add-on possibilities 1 Irmãs house + kids library 2 Living quarters (q.) 3 Living q. babies 4 Kindergarden + kitchen 20 5 Bath for childrens home 16 19 6 Living q. 22 18 7 Living q. + small kitchen 8 Erics house + kids living q. 15 14 17 9 Extended new kitchen 10 Pavillion for 150 eaters 12 13 11 Animals ground 12 Dirt toilets 13-20 School and worshops 10 21 Administration/volunteers 11 21 22 Fields for food 5 9 Vertical surfaces defining active space Shadow is valuable 6 4 7 3 8 2 1 Old movement New potential movement 22 1:1000 In the flat landscape with excessive sunlight of Chimundo vertical elements that offer shadow and the spaces between them define different social and active are- nas. To exploit the terrain we work with densification and zoning. Longsection 1:1000 62
  8. 8. Investigating local materials Translucent, but not enterely Bottlebricks transparent. Makes small shelves in the walls. Play of light. // Translúcido, mas não to- talmente transparente. Faz pequenas prateleiras as paredes. Jogo de luz. Ventiladores Lets light and air through. Play of light. Needs textile on inside to prevent sand to enter with the wind. // Deixa a luz e o ar entrar. Jogo de luz. Necessidades de têxteis no interior para evitar que a areia entra com o vento. Lets air and light through. Straw and Play of light. Natural qualities bamboo - softness, sensuality, trans- formation over time. // Deixa a luz e o ar entrar. Jogo de luz. Qualidades naturais, como maciez, a sensu- alidade, a transformação ao longo do tempo. Solids: Storing of temperature. Adds weight and rhythm in space. Combinations Massive. Contrast to light- of bricks, ness/translucent. sandbags and // rammed earth Armazenamento de tem- peratura. Aumenta o peso eo ritmo no espaço. Denso. Contraste com a leveza / translúcido. Light/temporary: Lightness. Temporality is flex- Ricebangs, ibility. The story of time and strawmats, wear. Potentials in what we have. mosquito net // Leveza. Temporalidade é a flexibilidade. A história do tempo e do desgaste. Poten- ciais em que nós temos. 63
  9. 9. Materials and costs of typical walltypes Caniso 14,6 mtk/sqr meter Considering that you have to change the caniso (straw) every 2-3 years gives the following costs: 10 years - 58 mtk/sqr meter 20 years - 116 mth/sqr meter 30 years - 174 mth/sqr meter 40 years - 232 mth/sqr meter 50 years - 290 mth/sqr meter Bricks x 10 cm - 120 mtk/sqr meter Bricks and ventiladores still need concrete, which is x 15 cm - 140 mtk/sqr meter not in the calculation. Also these kinds of walls will x 20 cm - 180 mtk/sqr meter need repair now and then. Caniso is still a cheaper material for atleast 20 years, not considering the work to rise either walls. Replacement of caniso can be a good trade for the older kids at the childrens home to learn. Ventiladores 280 mtk/sqr meter 64
  10. 10. A d o b e b r i c k s material inspiration Simple mud test on site Dry Correct Wet Moving levels Ilha de Moçambique Lime stone mortar protects and give the house a clear identity Stone + light Adobe bricks Marocco Taipa (rammed earth) Adobe (mud brick building) Hand made bricks with simple tools can yeild up to 200 bricks per day, Machine made produce 3000 per day. Tabique (wattle + daub) (taipa defasqui) 65
  11. 11. Intuitive investigation Printing textures/dark matter/light on fine paper Subtle/contrast/reflection 66
  12. 12. The independent Every night the chicken jump in the mangotrees... Can the elder children find safety and independence equally? be safe from predators in the night. One unit for four kids in two bunkbeds. Too big and too small cannot enter. 67
  13. 13. Sculpting spacial compositions
  14. 14. Night is a time of day Nightscapes from Chimundo Nightscapes//Project model collages. 69
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  19. 19. Wind, sun and shadow exposure 5am 12pm 6pm Eastern wind 7pm 5am Southern wind 74
  20. 20. Adobe blocks // blocos de adobe Sandbags // sacos de arroz com areia Bricks // blocos Wood // madeira Windows // janelas Concrete // concreto Vegetation // vegetação Materials sculpting identity to space Bottlebricks // blocos de frascos 75
  21. 21. Private//public 76
  22. 22. New shadow & fruit trees, e.g. a mango. Bamboo groves, for shadow, cleansing of soil and wood. Banana groves, for fruit and cleansing of soil Sugar cane, mostly for privacy and sound External flow Social zones Social zones Inner cross Plan 1:250 roof ground section 5m 77
  23. 23. Sections 1:500 78