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Day 1 second hand goods

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  • 1. THE CONSUMER PARTNERSHIP (GHANA) consumer education is self-preservation CONSUMER ISSUES IN STANDARDIZATION IN GHANA Second Hand Goods Jean Lukaz MIH MTS ISO-COPOLCO WORKSHOP, ACCRA 15th March, 2012 1
  • 2. THE CONSUMER PARTNERSHIP (GHANA) Second-Hand Goods consumer education is self-preservation • Second-hand goods are those goods that have been in service and are re-entering the market for sale and use – Concerns • Value for Money • Health and Safety • Environmental Impact ISO-COPOLCO WORKSHOP, ACCRA 16th March, 2012 2
  • 3. THE CONSUMER PARTNERSHIP (GHANA) Second Hand Goods consumer education is self-preservation • Second Hand Clothing (SHC): – Sub-Saharan Africa: SHC forms 26% of total imports by value (2003) – Second Hand Clothing (SHC): 90% of Ghanaians buy [Oxfam] • Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE), also known as e-waste is considered fastest growing hazardous waste stream • Used Vehicles • Children’s Toys – baby walkers – cots / cribs – carseats ISO-COPOLCO WORKSHOP, ACCRA 16th March, 2012 3
  • 4. THE CONSUMER PARTNERSHIP (GHANA) consumer education is self-preservation Second Hand Clothing (SHC) ISO-COPOLCO WORKSHOP, ACCRA 16th March, 2012 4
  • 5. THE CONSUMER PARTNERSHIP (GHANA) e-Waste consumer education is self-preservation • UN: 50 million metric tonnes of e-waste generated annually, containing hazardous – Lead – Cadmium – Mercury • Ghana a major destination for e-waste – Greater Accra Region – Western Region – Ashanti Region ISO-COPOLCO WORKSHOP, ACCRA 16th March, 2012 5
  • 6. THE CONSUMER PARTNERSHIP (GHANA) e-Waste consumer education is self-preservation • Children constitute 40% of workers@ Agbogbloshie dumpsite covering an area the size of 11 football fields • One recycling facility with three workers (July 2010) • No legislation in Ghana on e-Waste. ISO-COPOLCO WORKSHOP, ACCRA 16th March, 2012 6
  • 7. THE CONSUMER PARTNERSHIP (GHANA) Used Vehicles: Issues consumer education is self-preservation • Low customs declarations – decreasing the value of the imported car in order to reduce the amount of tax paid • Title washing – Taking a rebuilt or repaired wreck or a flood damaged car and giving it a clean title • Clone vehicles – Vehicle Identification Numbers (VIN) of heavily damaged salvage vehicles; replace the VIN number of vehicles of the same model and description • Fraud› – Stolen vehicles – Rebuilt/Repaired vehicles – “Creative” valuations ISO-COPOLCO WORKSHOP, ACCRA 16th March, 2012 7
  • 8. THE CONSUMER PARTNERSHIP (GHANA) consumer education is self-preservation Bans on Second-Hand Goods • Algeria: vehicles [3+yrs] • Ghana: undergarments, vehicles [10+yrs], mattresses • Kenya: clothing intended for sale, vehicles [3+tons] • South Africa: Clothes (except for Humanitarian reasons), vehicles • Tunisia: vehicles [3+yrs] • Zimbabwe: vehicles [4+yrs] ISO-COPOLCO WORKSHOP, ACCRA 16th March, 2012 8
  • 9. THE CONSUMER PARTNERSHIP (GHANA) consumer education is self-preservation Other Legal Restrictions on SHG • • • • Tanzania: clothes Kenya: Vehicles and Tyres Mozambique: Tyres, Clothes Nigeria: Motor Vehicles ISO-COPOLCO WORKSHOP, ACCRA 16th March, 2012 9
  • 10. THE CONSUMER PARTNERSHIP (GHANA) Why a Standard? consumer education is self-preservation • Unsuspecting consumers, particularly those from developing countries, constrained by limited financial and market surveillance resources are potential recipients of unsafe, non-serviceable products that: – adversely affect consumers health and safety; – are poor in performance; and – have negative impacts on the environment especially those of small island states. ISO-COPOLCO WORKSHOP, ACCRA 16th March, 2012 10
  • 11. THE CONSUMER PARTNERSHIP (GHANA) consumer education is self-preservation Standards for Second hand products ANEC proposed mandate on standardization to the commission in 2001 Consumers International has proposed an ISO standard on second hand goods. COPOLCO (Consumer Policy Committee) has recommended the development of some international guidelines governing the purchase and sale of second hand goods ISO work is starting; it will be monitored by ANEC ISO-COPOLCO WORKSHOP, ACCRA 16th March, 2012 11 www.apsi.org.pt
  • 12. THE CONSUMER PARTNERSHIP (GHANA) consumer education is self-preservation Standards for Second hand products 1st Working Draft of the Standard ISO/WD 20245 ‘Standard for Cross-Border Trade of Second Hand Goods’ ISO-COPOLCO WORKSHOP, ACCRA 16th March, 2012 12
  • 13. THE CONSUMER PARTNERSHIP (GHANA) consumer education is self-preservation Second hand products • Can standards solve the problem? • Safety issues related to second-hand goods are extremely varied and need to be applied across a range of different products, sellers and selling environments. • Priorities should be defined taking injuries to children into account ISO-COPOLCO WORKSHOP, ACCRA 16th March, 2012 13
  • 14. THE CONSUMER PARTNERSHIP (GHANA) Country Standards consumer education is self-preservation • Ghana: Legislative Instrument (LI) 1586- GSA • Kenya: National Standards for Garments, Shoes, Vehicles and Tyres • Tanzania: National Standards for Textiles, Garments and Vehicles ISO-COPOLCO WORKSHOP, ACCRA 16th March, 2012 14
  • 15. THE CONSUMER PARTNERSHIP (GHANA) consumer education is self-preservation Thank You ISO-COPOLCO WORKSHOP, ACCRA 16th March, 2012 15

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