• A portfolio is a purposeful collection of student work
that exhibits the student's efforts, progress, and
achievements in one or more areas of the
curriculum. The collection must include the
• Student participation in selecting contents.
• Criteria for selection.
• Criteria for judging merits.
• Evidence of a student's self-reflection.
• It should represent a collection of students' best
work or best efforts, student-selected samples of
work experiences related to outcomes being
assessed, and documents according growth and
development toward mastering identified outcomes.
How to Make a Fashion Design
• A portfolio displays the sampling of work done
by a designing student. Having a great
portfolio is very important for starting a
career and getting jobs in these areas. There
are certain guidelines for a fashion portfolio.
• It is important to Get something to hold and
organize the work. This can be a variety of
things. a binder with page inserts works well.
It may be best to spend the money on a nice
large portfolio or presentation folder from a
craft store or office supply store.
• Collect samples of best works, and begin to
organize or group them together by collection.
If there are multiple collections to display, we
can include a few samples of inspiration for
• Including sketches.
These should be large, colored final sketches of
the design. This shows the original intentions
with the design. If there is space, we can even
include small preliminary sketches that show
the development of designs.
• Include fabric swatches.
These are small pieces of fabric that show what
you would make the designs out of, or what
you intend to make the designs out of. They
may be small squares, but have enough of the
fabric to show the texture or pattern well.
Some fabric stores may give free or sell
swatches, or you may have to buy a small
amount of fabric.
Include finished photos
Include finished photos of the fashion design in your
portfolio if you have some. Anything that you actually
make should be photographed while someone is
wearing it. The photo should also be in color and large
enough to show detail.
6 include story board
Put the work in a logical order. Think about the emotions
or feelings that each photo or design evokes when you
look at it. Consider each one and whether they flow in
the order of a sort of story.
Include Theme board
It says about your theme. The direct interpretation of the
inspiration. It can be made by including the pictures which are
related to your theme. It helps to make people understand the
Include mood board
it creates the mood of the theme through pictures which are
indirectly related to your theme. By seeing this, people will get
the actual feel of the theme. It can be expressed through
collash or mood boards
Scanned copy of portfolio
. With the technology of today, many places prefer a digital copy
burnt to disc. If you apply to colleges or jobs far away, the only
source of contact may be through email and over phone. Scan
all images and sketches, and creatively place them in order to
be viewed easily. This can be very simple or get very
Designing and recording a fashion
• A designers job include a variety of
responsibilities such as researching the
market, selecting the colors, fabrics and garment
styling for the line based on fashion directions
from merchandisers consulting with product
engineers on costing factors preparing the
preliminary specification sheet presenting
technical drawings providing suggestions for
linings, interfacings, trims, buttons and other
components and releasing the approved styles
for pattern making
Market research: It is done to understand consumer market
trends, needs and wants. It includes three types of
• Consumer research-Which provides information about
consumer characteristics and consumer behaviour.
-demographics: age, sex, marital status, income, occupation,
-Geographic factors: location
-psychographics factors; buying habits, attitudes, values,
motives, preferences, personality and leisure activities .
• Product research: It provides information about preferred
product design and characteristics
• Market analysis: which provides information about general
market trends. Planning ahead to meet the future needs of
In addition to market research fashion research is
also conducted. It focuses on trends in
silhouettes, design details, colors, fabrics and
• Fashion trend research: Trend research activities
include reading or scanning appropriate trade
publications, European fashion
magazines, popular fashion magazines and
shopping the market
• Color research: When color trends in apparel, accessories are
reviewed overtime, it becomes clear that certain staples colors
appear frequently in the fashion cycle. In apparel black navy white
and beige are considered as staple colors and are seen almost all
seasons. The color forecasting services are used by textile
producers are also used by apparel companies. These services study
color trends in textiles, apparels, home fashions.
• Fabric and trim research: It is focused on different types of fabrics
such as spandex blended with wool or the use of micro fibers for
men’s suit. It might include the trends such as the use of mettalic
fibers of fabrics or the use of chenille yarns in suitings. Resources
for this types of fabrics research include the same trade
publications that designers and merchandisers used for fashion
Creating a design
Design , inspiration and interpretation
Garment specification sheet
Sketch design and select fabrics and trims
Plan the line
• A theme for the new line
Based on market research, design inspirations, and
discussions among the designers and merchandisers, a
theme for the line might be developed. Not every line
will have a theme, but a theme can help sells a group
or a line to retailers and consumers.
• Color inspiration
The design team studies color trend reports gathered
during the research phase and discusses possible
groups of colors for the new line while thinking about a
• Historic inspirations
Some designers theme can be based on and
historical or an ethnic inspiration. Fashion
silhouettes or garments details popular during
historical periods provide a source of design
inspiration. Eg: empire silhouette, retro look.
• Ethnic inspiration
Designers may be inspired by clothing styles of other
cultures. The global environments has increased
interest in products from the far reaches of the
world. Designers seek inspirations from exotic
culture with clothing style, fabrics and accessories
that are unique.
• Fabric, texture and trim inspirations.
Some designers who create apparel for the higher
price zones research a specific period or ethnic
culture for inspirations, designers often rely on
studying new fabric and texture trends. An
intriguing fabric texture or interesting print might
serve as a design foundation for a group. Several
fabrics in prints, plaids, and solid colors, and with
smooth as well as textures surfaces, might be
combined to create an interesting group.
Planning the line
• The design team must begin to develop concrete
ideas for the new season line. Based on the
number of lines a company produces each
year, each apparel company maintains a master
calendar with target due dates for completion of
the remaining stages of the creation and
production of each line. The design team looks at
the due date for the finalisation of a line, and
works backward to determine what date to move
from the research stage to the design stage.
Colour, fabric and style consideration
• During planning meetings, colour and fabrics for the new
season’s line are discussed. A colour story will be developed
based on the colour research conducted before the
planning meeting. Line needs a balance between some
staple colours and some fashion colours. Most garment
styles will be produced in more than one colour. A specific
style may be available in three or four different solid
colours. The varieties of colours available for a style are
called colour ways. Producing the same style in several
colour ways is efficient in terms of development cost since
fewer patterns, spec sheet, prototypes, and cost estimates
need to be prepared than if each style where produced in
only one colour way.
• The production costs of each style in a line are
an important factor for designers to consider
throughout the design stage. Thus many
companies include cost personal as part of a
team during the planning meeting for a new
line. Their role is to provide cost estimates on
the new style in the line as it develops
• At a line review meeting the designer presents the design
sketches to the review team (the merchandiser,
production engineer and tough sample sewing). According
to the time line on the master calendar. Some designer
present the new line as a formal presentation with
rendered drawings, fabrics swatches and an indication of
the design team or inspiration shown on presentation
boards or story boards. The designer might make an oral
presentation to the design team. The review team
discusses and evaluate each of the designs. Out of sixty
design ideas presented for review, perhaps only 30 or 40
sketches will be selected to continue into the design
development stage. Some of these designs will be
dropped at later stages as well. In some companies the
merchandisers may request that all or most of the designs
be developed as prototypes to visualise better the
• The designer often has some specific design
details in mind that need to be covey to the
pattern maker and sample sewer in order to
create a prototype garment. These details as well
as other vital information are conveyed on a
garments specification sheet, also called a
garment spread sheet. It includes the
number, size, style of button, any edge stitching
or top stitching, the spacing between pleat or
tucks. The size of patch pocket, pocketing, lining
fabrics and interfacings are specified.