What is Assistive Technology? Assistive Technology (AT) is any device or method that allows someone greater independence Can include things like wheelchairs and hearing aids Does not have to be “high technology” – may not even use a computer/electronics Pencil grips can greatly increase legibility Use of a joystick instead of a traditional mouse can offer better mobility ("Touchscreens and tablet," ) Accessibility software AACs (Augmentative and alternative communication) (“Assistive technology,”)
Different Beneficial ATs Individualized Education Programs (IEPs)(“Individualized education programs,” 2011) Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AACs) (“Assistive technology,”) Hearing Assistive Technology (HATs) ("Hearing assistive technology," 2012) All ATs can also be used with all students and should increase the teacher’s ability to cater to different learning styles ("What is assistive," 2012)
IEPs IEPs are Individualized Education Programs Useful for working with students with a number of disabilities Not limited to special classroom settings Teachers should work WITH parents and counselors to create the best program and specific strategies A team should evaluate the student and create a CEP (comprehensive evaluation report) to advise program Annual updates are useful for evaluation Student’s COMFORT and DIGNITY come first(“Individualized education programs,” 2011)
AACs Can include pictures, photographs, text-to-speech programs, or any sort of device or method for a person to communicate in a “nontraditional” manner (“Assistive technology,”) AACs may not necessarily be developed by teachers, but they need to know how to use them Autistic children use notebooks of pictograms in order to communicate Teachers can also use notebooks to ask students to do things
HATs Can include things from hearing aids to FM systems One-to-one communicators would allow students to hear the teacher by requiring teacher to speak into a microphone that transmits into a listening device Could also potentially help ADD/ADHD students by “tuning into” just the teacher ("Hearing assistive technology," 2012)
Areas in Education to Use AT Organization Flow-charts, webbing, color coding Note-taking Sending class notes/powepoints via email Writing Thesaurus programs, spell checkers, word processor versus handwiting Academic Productivity Internet communications, library references, multimedia tools Access to references/general education materials E-books, text-to-speech Cognitive Assistance Tutorials, drill and practice, problem solving (Behrmann & Jerome, 2002)
Help with Studying Guided practice Routine is paramount Sequential information (First we…, Second we…, etc.) Supervised breaks may prove beneficial Post-its and flags help organization, call attention to material Handheld PDAs, iPads, etc., can engage students and help those with motor skill disability ("Assistive technology ideas," )
What else can we do? Unique ideas are constantly being pioneered, such as printers that use special paper to turn graphs into a braille graph ("Ramp up to," 2000) Utilize the TAM technology fan developed by the Council for Exceptional Children to brainstorm different methods of using AT (National Center for Technology Innovation and Center for Implementing Technology in Education, 2006) Keep a positive attitude!!
References Assistive technology. (n.d.) Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Assistive_technology Assistive technology ideas for studying and organization. (n.d.). Retrieved from http:// www.education.com/reference/article/assistive-technology-studying Behrmann, M., & Jerome, M. (2002). Assistive technology for students with mild disabilities. Retrieved from http://www.ericdigests.org/2003-1/assistive.htm Georgia project for assistive technology. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.gpat.org/ Georgia-Project-for-Assistive-Technology/Pages/default.aspx Hearing assistive technology. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.asha.org/public/hearing/ treatment/assist_tech.htm Individualized education programs (ieps). (2011). Retrieved from http://kidshealth.org/ parent/positive/learning/iep.html# National Center for Technology Innovation and Center for Implementing Technology in Education. (2006). Help for young learners: how to use at?. Retrieved from http://www.ldonline.org/article/8088 Ramp up to access: Assistive technology. (2000, March 23). Retrieved from http:// uts.cc.utexas.edu/~wilbur/access/assistive.html Touchscreens and tablet pcs. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://abilitynet.wetpaint.com/page/ Touchscreens+and+Tablet+PCs What is assistive technology and how is it used in schools?. (2012, March 15). Retrieved from http://www.sc.edu/scatp/cdrom/atused.html
A particular slide catching your eye?
Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.