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Counselling Technique
Counselling Technique
Counselling Technique
Counselling Technique
Counselling Technique
Counselling Technique
Counselling Technique
Counselling Technique
Counselling Technique
Counselling Technique
Counselling Technique
Counselling Technique
Counselling Technique
Counselling Technique
Counselling Technique
Counselling Technique
Counselling Technique
Counselling Technique
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Counselling Technique

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  • 1. COUNSELLING TECHNIQUE PRESEENTED BY Jyoti Srivastava
  • 2. INTRODUCTION• Counseling Is Considered To Be The Most Intimate & Vital Part Of The Guidance Programe.Counseling Is As Old As Society Itself.In Every Day Life,we Find,counseling Goes On At Many Levels In A Family Setup,in Other Words, There Is No Limit To The Problems On Which Counseling Can Be Offered To The Type Of Person who Can Render This Help.
  • 3. CONT…• Professional Counseling,in Its Present Form,is A Recent Development,• College & Universities, Industries An Business Establishment Are Becoming Increasingly Interested In Counseling & Its Potential For Improving Interpersonal Relationships.
  • 4. QUALITIES OF A COUNSELLORINTERPERSONAL RELTIONSHIP FRIENDLY NATURE GETS ALONG WITH OTHERS SYMPATHETI UNDERSTANDING SINCERITY TACTFULNESS RESPECT CLIENTS ABILITIES & NEEDS ATTENTIVE LISTENER
  • 5. CONT…PERSONAL ADJUSTMENT SHOWS MATURED BEHAVIOUR MAINTAIN EMOTIONAL STABILITY AWARE ABOUT ONE’S LIMITATION MENTALLY SOUND & HEALTHY HIGHLY CULTURED SOCIAL INTERESTS ABILITY TO WORK WITH PEOPLE
  • 6. CONT…• HEALTH & PERSONAL APPEARANCE – PLEASING VOICE – PLEASING APPEARANCE• LEADERSHIP – ABILITY TO STIMULATE & LEAD OTHERS – REINFORCE IMPORTANT INFORMATION
  • 7. CONT…• PHILOSOPHY OF LIFE – GOOD CHARACTER – POSITIVE PHILOSOPHY OF LIFE – FAITH IN HUMAN VALUES & NATURE• FAITH IN THE SPIRITUAL QUALITY OF THE WORLD• HAD A HIGH SENE OF MORALITY
  • 8. MEDIA OF COUNSELLING REGIONAL CENTRES STUDY CENTRES FACE-TO-FACE CONTACT INTERVIEW LETTERS RADIO TELIVISION BROADCAST TELECONFERENCE
  • 9. STEPS• G- GREET THE CLIENTS• A- ASK CLIENTS ABOUT THEMSELVES• T- TELL CLIENTSOR GIVE THE INFORMATION OF COPING MECHANISMS• H- HELP THE CLIENT TO CHOOSE A METHOD• E- EXPLAIN HOW TO USE A METHOD• R- RETURN FOR FOLLOW-UP
  • 10. TECHNIQUE OF COUNSELLING1. PRESCRIPTIVE TECHNIQUE - THIS TECHNIQUE IS USED WHEN INDIVIDUAL IS HAVING HEALTH PROBLM2. NON – DIRECTIVE COUNSELLING - CLIENT COMES TO COUNSELOR BECAUE HE NEEDS HELP,DURING THE INTERVIEW COUNSELOR DOES NOT HELPS THE COUNSELEE TO EXPRESS HIS FEELING & CLARIFY THEM3. DIRECTIVE COUNSELING
  • 11. NON DIRECTIVE COUNSELING CATHARSIS – RELASE OF TENSION SELF UNDERSTANDING & INSIGHT  GRADUAL EXPLORATION OF ATTITUDES  DEVELOPING CONSCIOUS AWARENESS OF PATTERNS OF ACTIONS & MOTIVES  DEVELOPING OF INSIGHT INTO WHOLE
  • 12. CONT… RE-ORIENTED PROCESS & ACTION TO IMPLEMENT THEM  CHANGING PERCEPTION OF FACTORS INVOLVED  INSTITUTION OF NEW COURSE OF ACTION- ONE CALCULATED TO SELF ADJUSTMENT IMPELLED FROM WITHIN.
  • 13. DIRECTIVE COUNSELING• 1ST STEP- COLLECTING DATA FOR CLINICAL ANALYSIS – COUNSELOR COLECTS ALL INFORMATION ABOUT COUNSELEE FROM RECORDS AND OBSERVATON.• 2nd STEP- CLINICAL SYNTHESIS – ORGANIZING RELATIVE & SIGNIFICANT DATA COLLECTED, COUNSELOR STUDIES THE INFORMATION & FINDOUT THE AREA OF PROBLEM.
  • 14. CONT…• 3RD STEP- CLINICAL DIAGNOSIS – INTERPRETATION OF DATA THE COUNSELOR & COUNSELEE BOTH TOGRTHER SEARCH THE CAUSE OF PROBLEM & FINDS OUT STRENGTH & WEAKNESS OF INDIVIDUAL.• 4TH STEP- PROGNOSIS – ESTIMATING EFFECT OF COUNSELING (A CLINICAL PROGNOSIS) COUNSELOR PREDICTS WHAT WILL HAPPEN IF THE PRESENT PROBLEM CONTINUES.
  • 15. CONT…• 5TH STEP-SETTING UP OF PLAN OF ACTION.• 6TH STEP- RECORDING DATA – CLINICAL BASIS FOR CONTINUED COUNSELING & GUIDANCE.• 7TH STEP- FOLLOW UP & EVALUATION – COUNSELE COMES & TELL THE COUNSELOR ABOUT HE PROGNOSIS & WHETHER SATISFIED OR NOT.
  • 16. PHASES OF COUNSELLING• PHASE –1 : EATABLISHING RELATIONSHIP• PHASE-2 : ASSESSMENT• PHASE-3 : SETTING GOAL• PHASE-4 : INTERVENTION• PHASE-5 : TERMINATION & FOLLOW- UP
  • 17. RECENT DEVELOPMENT IN COUNSELLING METHODS• TREATING FEARS THROUGH EXPERIENCE AS WELL IMAGINATION• COPING MODEL RATHER THAN MASTERY MODELS• SELF CONTROL RATHER THAN EXTERNAL CONTROL

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