Week 14
Cyberculture 2
       Jude Yew
   jyew@umich.edu
My University.com, My Government.com
Is the Internet Really a Blessing for
Democracy?

Cass R. Sunstein,
Felix Frankfurter...
SI 182 (Winter 09)
       (Pre-req for Informatics concentration)
Building Applications for Information Environments
     ...
Final review session
     Session 1
     Friday, 6 - 8.30pm
     260, Dennison


     Session II
     Monday, 6 - 8.30pm
 ...
•   What is ‘Cyberculture’?

•   Some definitions

•   Why ‘Cyberculture’?

•   Impact of ‘Cyberculture’?
Recap Definitions of
  ‘Cyberculture’
Techno-social tethering
Impact of cyberculture

• Changes in technologies
• Identity (link to last week’s lecture on
  privacy)
• New forms of soc...
Chronology of Computer-Mediated
      Communication (CMC) Tech

Phase 1: Making the virtual
UseNet - Bulletin Board System...
Phase 1: Making the virtual
UseNet
Phase 1: Making the virtual
Bulletin Board Systems
Phase 1: Making the virtual
MUDs
Chronology of Computer-Mediated
      Communication (CMC) Tech

Phase 1: Making the virtual
UseNet - Bulletin Board System...
Convergence in Phase III?
• Changing technologies tend to move in
  particular trajectories over time
• Recurrent themes surfaced by these
  technol...
So what are the wider implications of these
          changing technologies?
Identity
The online persona
“The Internet lets people have relationships they
         could not have any other way”
“The illusion of opportunity”?
“What you lose with text is the dynamic of
behavior ... Nonverbal communication is what
                   counts.”
“The world would be a
 better place without
  you.” - “Josh Evans”
Lifecasting
• The use of technology can mask our
  identities as well as heighten them.
• There are profound implications and
  possib...
“online communities are like the crowd outside the
   building with the guy on the ledge ... They can
         enable suic...
Does the use of technology result in new
forms of sociality or does it just replicate our
          existing social relati...
The strength of weak ties
                   - Granovetter, 1973
Six degrees of seperation
                                 - Milgram, 1967




• Gives rise to the small world phenomena -...
Networked Individualism
                        - Barry Wellman et al, 2001




The “intimate stranger” phenomenon
“Most youth use online networks to extend the
 friendships that they navigate in the familiar
contexts of school, religiou...
• The structure of online social relations is
  determined by the properties and dynamics
  of networks
• Networked social...
The Daily Me
                            - Nicholas Negroponte, 1995




Emerging technologies and the growing power of
  ...
Personalized information filtering
Collaborative Filtering
“... the sheer volume of options, and the power to
customize, are sharply diminishing the social role of the
           ge...
P2P Democracy -
  Cyberbalkanization?




“The Political Blogosphere and the 2004 U.S.
       Election: Divided They Blog”...
Narrowcasting
• The power to filter information allows us
  to cope with the information overload that
  the Internet brings.
• However, ...
Summing up Cyberculture

• Study of cyberculture still an emergent field
• Complex relationship between technology
  and ou...
Are we able to exist seamlessly between the real
              and virtual worlds?
Filippo Minelli's Contradictions
(Flickr, Paint on wall, Phnom Penh-Cambodia. 2007)
(Myspace, Paint on wall, Phnom Penh-Cambodia. 2007)
Cyberculture Lecture2.Key
Cyberculture Lecture2.Key
Cyberculture Lecture2.Key
Cyberculture Lecture2.Key
Cyberculture Lecture2.Key
Cyberculture Lecture2.Key
Cyberculture Lecture2.Key
Cyberculture Lecture2.Key
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Cyberculture Lecture2.Key

  1. 1. Week 14 Cyberculture 2 Jude Yew jyew@umich.edu
  2. 2. My University.com, My Government.com Is the Internet Really a Blessing for Democracy? Cass R. Sunstein, Felix Frankfurter Professor of Law, Harvard Law School 18th Annual University of Michigan Senate’s Davis, Markert, Nickerson Lecture on Academic and Intellectual Freedom Thursday, December 4, 2008, 4:00 p.m. Honigman Auditorium, 100 Hutchins Hall, UM Law School.  
  3. 3. SI 182 (Winter 09) (Pre-req for Informatics concentration) Building Applications for Information Environments Prof. Paul Resnick
  4. 4. Final review session Session 1 Friday, 6 - 8.30pm 260, Dennison Session II Monday, 6 - 8.30pm 260, Dennison
  5. 5. • What is ‘Cyberculture’? • Some definitions • Why ‘Cyberculture’? • Impact of ‘Cyberculture’?
  6. 6. Recap Definitions of ‘Cyberculture’
  7. 7. Techno-social tethering
  8. 8. Impact of cyberculture • Changes in technologies • Identity (link to last week’s lecture on privacy) • New forms of sociability • The Daily Me • P2P democracy
  9. 9. Chronology of Computer-Mediated Communication (CMC) Tech Phase 1: Making the virtual UseNet - Bulletin Board Systems (BBS) - Multi-User Dungeons (MUDs) Phase 1I: Moving the real into the virtual IM - email - videoconferencing - groupware Phase III: Integrating the virtual and the real SMS - Ubiquitous mobile computing - location awareness - mobile broadband
  10. 10. Phase 1: Making the virtual UseNet
  11. 11. Phase 1: Making the virtual Bulletin Board Systems
  12. 12. Phase 1: Making the virtual MUDs
  13. 13. Chronology of Computer-Mediated Communication (CMC) Tech Phase 1: Making the virtual UseNet - Bulletin Board Systems (BBS) - Multi-User Dungeons (MUDs) Phase 1I: Moving the real into the virtual IM - email - videoconferencing - groupware Phase III: Integrating the virtual and the real SMS - Ubiquitous mobile computing - location awareness - mobile broadband
  14. 14. Convergence in Phase III?
  15. 15. • Changing technologies tend to move in particular trajectories over time • Recurrent themes surfaced by these technologies - virtuality, cybernetics • These changing technologies greatly impact the ways in which we relate, communicate, and socialize with each other - shapes culture?
  16. 16. So what are the wider implications of these changing technologies?
  17. 17. Identity
  18. 18. The online persona
  19. 19. “The Internet lets people have relationships they could not have any other way”
  20. 20. “The illusion of opportunity”?
  21. 21. “What you lose with text is the dynamic of behavior ... Nonverbal communication is what counts.”
  22. 22. “The world would be a better place without you.” - “Josh Evans”
  23. 23. Lifecasting
  24. 24. • The use of technology can mask our identities as well as heighten them. • There are profound implications and possibilities with the ability to manipulate and present one’s identity online.
  25. 25. “online communities are like the crowd outside the building with the guy on the ledge ... They can enable suicide or help prevent it.”
  26. 26. Does the use of technology result in new forms of sociality or does it just replicate our existing social relations?
  27. 27. The strength of weak ties - Granovetter, 1973
  28. 28. Six degrees of seperation - Milgram, 1967 • Gives rise to the small world phenomena - Friend of a friend (FOAF)
  29. 29. Networked Individualism - Barry Wellman et al, 2001 The “intimate stranger” phenomenon
  30. 30. “Most youth use online networks to extend the friendships that they navigate in the familiar contexts of school, religious organizations, sports, and other local activities. ”
  31. 31. • The structure of online social relations is determined by the properties and dynamics of networks • Networked sociality can both result in new forms of online relationships or extend existing ones - dependent on technologies used and the context of that use.
  32. 32. The Daily Me - Nicholas Negroponte, 1995 Emerging technologies and the growing power of consumers to filter what they see
  33. 33. Personalized information filtering
  34. 34. Collaborative Filtering
  35. 35. “... the sheer volume of options, and the power to customize, are sharply diminishing the social role of the general interest intermediary.” - Sunstein, 2000
  36. 36. P2P Democracy - Cyberbalkanization? “The Political Blogosphere and the 2004 U.S. Election: Divided They Blog” - Adamic & Glance, 2005
  37. 37. Narrowcasting
  38. 38. • The power to filter information allows us to cope with the information overload that the Internet brings. • However, this power has drawbacks as well - creates an information space that is maybe too homogenous.
  39. 39. Summing up Cyberculture • Study of cyberculture still an emergent field • Complex relationship between technology and our use of it. • Changing cultural landscape as a result of this complex relationship
  40. 40. Are we able to exist seamlessly between the real and virtual worlds?
  41. 41. Filippo Minelli's Contradictions
  42. 42. (Flickr, Paint on wall, Phnom Penh-Cambodia. 2007)
  43. 43. (Myspace, Paint on wall, Phnom Penh-Cambodia. 2007)
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