Metapatterns: Lessons




              David Foley
   Holland & Foley Architecture, LLC
           232 Beech Hill Rd.
   ...
Thank You, Tyler! And Amelia!




                                2
Green Design Not New




                       3
Profligate Design Not New




Conceive the Image • Command the Resources

                                             4
Triumph




 Dominance
             5
Harmony




 Coexistence
               6
4.5 Billion-Year Lesson




   Development Without Growth
                                7
Pattern • Converging Form




                            8
Cells: Borders




Contain Or Die • Exchange Or Die

                                   9
Differentiation




No Difference • No Information

                                 10
Relationship




Orient, Exchange By Difference

                                 11
Differentiate




Indoors/Outdoors • Sleeping/Living

                                     12
Differentiate • Relate




“Trinary:” Figure • Ground • Relationship

                                            13
Mugs • Contain & Relate




   Foot/Table • Handle/Hand • Rim/Lip

                                        14
Border • Relationship • Design




                                 15
Balance • Contain & Relate




       Too Much Interchange
                              16
Balance • Contain & Relate




       Not Enough Interchange
                                17
Balance • Contain & Relate




       Optimal Relationships
                               18
Pattern: Repeating Relationship




        Converges On Solution
                                  19
Patterns • Many Scales




City/Country Fingers   Pools & Streams   Entry Transition

                                    ...
Border • Relationship • Quality




                                  21
Improve “Trinary” • Improve Design




           (Joachim Eble, Architect)

                                       22
Fractals Useful


                                  Same Area •
Articulate
                                   Increased
Th...
Interchange • Fractal Border




                               24
Design Separation & Interchange




                                  25
Design Separation & Interchange




                                  26
Fractals Iterate




Repeating Rules At Finer Scale
                                 27
We Iterate

  Details                    Each
  From                      Detail A
  Wholes                    Whole



In...
Evolution Iterates




Replication • Variation • Selection • Fitness Tests

                                              ...
Design Iterates




            Fitness Tests?
                             30
Fitness Tests


Life-Cycle Finance                    Standards




                     Past Mistakes


                 ...
Goals • Metrics
                                                     Develop reference case
                              ...
Court Feedback




 Collaborate • Simulate • Verify

                                   33
Termite Mounds • Feedback




 Embodied Process: Move Soil Toward Wind, Away From Heat

                                  ...
Termites • Fungi • Symbiosis




     Embodied Process: CO2 Helps Preferred Fungi
   “A Superorganism’s Fuzzy Boundaries” ...
Process Matters




What It Is • IS How It’s Made
                                36
Describing Vs. Generating
                                                                                                ...
Process • Performance




                Sequence •
               Relationships


                               38
Managing Wholes




J. A. Foley et al., Science 309, 570 -574 (2005)   Published by AAAS



Multiple Goals • Cascades • St...
Rice Paddies




  Just For Rice?

                   40
The Power of Duck
                     (Takao Furuno)




Stacking Functions                    Cascade Of Benefits



   P...
Problem Or Opportunity?




                          42
Multiple Niches




Methane Reduced, Diversity Increased

                                       43
Cycles & Time




                44
Design • Throughput • Flow
                    “Waste Systems”




            50%


         Sources & Sinks
            ...
Time-Lapse Movies




Envision Flows
                          See
                      Consequences

                   ...
Time-Lapse Movies




Wasteful + Harmful = Stupid
                              47
Shearing Layers




                                   D4D



How Buildings Learn • Design For Deconstruction
            ...
Where’s the Wealth?




                      49
What’s Wealth? • What’s Waste?




     Sources & Sinks • Where Is “Away?”

                                          50
Possible? • Necessary?




Concentrating Solar • Zinc • CO2 • Hydrocarbons
                                               ...
Channeling Pogo
       “WE ARE
    SURROUNDED BY
   INSURMOUNTABLE
   OPPORTUNITIES”




     Scarcity Or
     Sufficiency?...
Leftover Space?




  Unmet Opportunity?
                       53
Knitting Space Together




• Differentiate/Relate •
   • Create/Repair •
                             54
All Space Positive




      Function &
       Beauty?


                     55
Seeing the Opportunities

  Borders
Relationships
   Flows




                   Feedback
                    Process
   ...
Doing the Work




                 57
Cultivating Reverence

    Science is not about control. It
    is about cultivating a perpetual
    condition of wonder i...
Things Don’t Have To Be Like This




                                    59
Design A Better World




       Thank You
                        60
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BE10 Meta Patterns of Sustainability

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Dave Foley's presentation in the Whole Systems in Action Track at NESEA's Building Energy 2010

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BE10 Meta Patterns of Sustainability

  1. 1. Metapatterns: Lessons David Foley Holland & Foley Architecture, LLC 232 Beech Hill Rd. Northport, Maine 04849 http://www.hollandandfoley.com 1
  2. 2. Thank You, Tyler! And Amelia! 2
  3. 3. Green Design Not New 3
  4. 4. Profligate Design Not New Conceive the Image • Command the Resources 4
  5. 5. Triumph Dominance 5
  6. 6. Harmony Coexistence 6
  7. 7. 4.5 Billion-Year Lesson Development Without Growth 7
  8. 8. Pattern • Converging Form 8
  9. 9. Cells: Borders Contain Or Die • Exchange Or Die 9
  10. 10. Differentiation No Difference • No Information 10
  11. 11. Relationship Orient, Exchange By Difference 11
  12. 12. Differentiate Indoors/Outdoors • Sleeping/Living 12
  13. 13. Differentiate • Relate “Trinary:” Figure • Ground • Relationship 13
  14. 14. Mugs • Contain & Relate Foot/Table • Handle/Hand • Rim/Lip 14
  15. 15. Border • Relationship • Design 15
  16. 16. Balance • Contain & Relate Too Much Interchange 16
  17. 17. Balance • Contain & Relate Not Enough Interchange 17
  18. 18. Balance • Contain & Relate Optimal Relationships 18
  19. 19. Pattern: Repeating Relationship Converges On Solution 19
  20. 20. Patterns • Many Scales City/Country Fingers Pools & Streams Entry Transition 20
  21. 21. Border • Relationship • Quality 21
  22. 22. Improve “Trinary” • Improve Design (Joachim Eble, Architect) 22
  23. 23. Fractals Useful Same Area • Articulate Increased The Edge Border (Koch Diagram) 23
  24. 24. Interchange • Fractal Border 24
  25. 25. Design Separation & Interchange 25
  26. 26. Design Separation & Interchange 26
  27. 27. Fractals Iterate Repeating Rules At Finer Scale 27
  28. 28. We Iterate Details Each From Detail A Wholes Whole Instructions Feedback 28
  29. 29. Evolution Iterates Replication • Variation • Selection • Fitness Tests 29
  30. 30. Design Iterates Fitness Tests? 30
  31. 31. Fitness Tests Life-Cycle Finance Standards Past Mistakes Foresight Core Values Design Unfolds From Goals 31
  32. 32. Goals • Metrics Develop reference case Develop low-energy case Develop Brief Rank order strategies Pre-design Initial strategy selection Set performance goals Low-Energy Case (all strategies) 38.0 35.1 9 cost effective strategies 22.7 22.7 8.7 6.9 kBtu / ft² From “Designing Low Energy 4.1 4.0 2.6 Buildings Using Energy-10”, Douglas 1.5 Balcomb et. al. Heating Cooling Lights Other Total ANNUAL ENERGY USE 32
  33. 33. Court Feedback Collaborate • Simulate • Verify 33
  34. 34. Termite Mounds • Feedback Embodied Process: Move Soil Toward Wind, Away From Heat 34
  35. 35. Termites • Fungi • Symbiosis Embodied Process: CO2 Helps Preferred Fungi “A Superorganism’s Fuzzy Boundaries” • J. Scott Turner 35
  36. 36. Process Matters What It Is • IS How It’s Made 36
  37. 37. Describing Vs. Generating End Result 12 12 B T.O. LOFT T.O. LOFT 1x4 Superfascia On 1x8 Fascia C C D 5/4x6 Corner, B Frieze & Splash Bd.s A 12 6 Siding: Red Cedar T.O. 2ND FLR Clapboards, 4" T.O. 2ND FLR Note: Furr Down Porch Exposure; Pri me & Ceiling 1'- 0" Below Backprime W/ Bottom Of Floor Oil/Alkyd Primer; Nail Joists; Frame W/ 2x6 W/ Stainless Steel KD @ 24" O.C. 5/4x4 Trim Siding Na ils A @ Windows & A 1x4 Superrake Doors (Typ.) On 1x8 Rake F E G Porch Deck: 5/4x6 Port Orford Cedar On 2x8 P T @ 16" O.C. T.O. 1ST FLR T.O. 1ST FLR T.O. DECK T.O. DECK 5/4x6 Splash Board W/ Alum. Drip Cap Porch Posts: 4x4 PT Cased In 1-b y Trim To 5"x5" 1. 2. NORTH ELEVATION • SCALE: 1/4" = 1'-0" EAST ELEVATION • SCALE: 1/4" = 1'-0" Roofing: Standing Seam Metal, e.g. "Galvalume" W/ Factory-Applied Finish, In stalled By Qualified Professional; ALTERNATE: "Iko" Asphalt Roofing Installed Per Mftr.'s Spec.'s; Verify Color W/ Owners 12 12 NOTE: Adjust Lower Rafter Layout So Meeting Point With Upper 12 Rafte rs Is At The Overhang Distance Of The Upper Rafters On 12 The Opposi te Roof Face B T.O. LOFT T.O. LOFT I J C E H H 12 12 6 6 T.O. 2ND FLR T.O. 2ND FLR MDO Panels G E E E E E T.O. 1ST FLR T.O. 1ST FLR T.O. DECK T.O. DECK SOUTH ELEVATION • SCALE: 1/4" = 1'-0" WEST ELEVATION • SCALE: 1/4" = 1'-0" 3. 4. Process 37
  38. 38. Process • Performance Sequence • Relationships 38
  39. 39. Managing Wholes J. A. Foley et al., Science 309, 570 -574 (2005) Published by AAAS Multiple Goals • Cascades • Stacking 39
  40. 40. Rice Paddies Just For Rice? 40
  41. 41. The Power of Duck (Takao Furuno) Stacking Functions Cascade Of Benefits Polyculture: Rice, Ducks, Fish, Fruit,Vegetables 41
  42. 42. Problem Or Opportunity? 42
  43. 43. Multiple Niches Methane Reduced, Diversity Increased 43
  44. 44. Cycles & Time 44
  45. 45. Design • Throughput • Flow “Waste Systems” 50% Sources & Sinks 45
  46. 46. Time-Lapse Movies Envision Flows See Consequences 46
  47. 47. Time-Lapse Movies Wasteful + Harmful = Stupid 47
  48. 48. Shearing Layers D4D How Buildings Learn • Design For Deconstruction 48
  49. 49. Where’s the Wealth? 49
  50. 50. What’s Wealth? • What’s Waste? Sources & Sinks • Where Is “Away?” 50
  51. 51. Possible? • Necessary? Concentrating Solar • Zinc • CO2 • Hydrocarbons 51
  52. 52. Channeling Pogo “WE ARE SURROUNDED BY INSURMOUNTABLE OPPORTUNITIES” Scarcity Or Sufficiency? 52
  53. 53. Leftover Space? Unmet Opportunity? 53
  54. 54. Knitting Space Together • Differentiate/Relate • • Create/Repair • 54
  55. 55. All Space Positive Function & Beauty? 55
  56. 56. Seeing the Opportunities Borders Relationships Flows Feedback Process Cycles 56
  57. 57. Doing the Work 57
  58. 58. Cultivating Reverence Science is not about control. It is about cultivating a perpetual condition of wonder in the face of something that forever grows one step richer and subtler than our latest theory about it. It is about reverence, not mastery. - Richard Powers 58
  59. 59. Things Don’t Have To Be Like This 59
  60. 60. Design A Better World Thank You 60

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