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Fulbright presentation - Randy Bush


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  • Thanks to Butler Community College for the opportunity of this sabbatical
  • Transcript

    • 1. Lessons from the German Fulbright Experience How Butler Can Benefit from Involvement in International Education
    • 2. German-American Fulbright Programs  German-American Fulbright Commission established in 1952 – celebrated its 60th anniversary  The largest of 52 bilateral programs with 700 German & American participants in 30 programs annually  The International Education Administrators Seminar included 20 participants from around the USA with a variety of institutions and diversity of professional roles  To apply for Fulbright programs see
    • 3. Higher Education in Germany  2-track system for high school graduates    “Arbitur” exam for universities Technical training for others 3-tiered system of universities & technical schools   Applied Sciences Universities   Traditional Research Universities Vocational -Technical Institutes Degree Structure  Bachelor degree = 3 years  Master degree = 2 years  Doctoral (PhD) = 3-5 years
    • 4. Lessons on Higher Ed Structure  American community colleges are like bridges between the technical-cooperative education training and the applied sciences universities in Germany  Germans recognizes the value of workforce training more than Americans; every person is trained for their job in Germany from retail to auto tech to teacher to computer science to academic  Germany has relatively few private universities compared to the USA
    • 5. Leadership of University & Faculty  Germans emphasize “self-administration” – a democratic, bottom-up process for selecting leaders  University Leadership is “elected” from the faculty by faculty, staff and students – Faculty Council elects Dean, Executive Committee elects Chancellor, for example  Deans, Vice-Presidents & Chancellors serve a 4-year term and then stand for reelection and return to the faculty when finished
    • 6. Faculty Workload  Faculty in Applied Science universities must have 5 years experience working in industry or private sector and a doctorate in their teaching field  Teaching load is 18 hours per week; research and publication are not expected, except in Traditional Research universities  Faculty are “civil servants” with tenure after two years and are paid by the state; 80% or more are fulltime, few are adjuncts who generally teach one class
    • 7. Lessons on Leadership & Faculty  Contrast between German “self-administration” and American “professional administration” where administrators may originate from the faculty but tend to become career administrators with much different hiring process  American administrative style is more “topdown”(hierarchical) in contrast to German “bottom-up” (democratic) approach  American institutions increasingly employ part-time adjuncts rather than full-time faculty; ratios are almost reversed with 20% full-time/tenured in the US, compared 80% in Germany
    • 8. Students, Student Services & Student Life  Nearly all German students are 18-26 years old, very few non-traditional students (only 5% have children)  Among Germans, 46% go to universities and 47% go to vocational-technical institutes; few do not attend postsecondary schools  German students pay no tuition, only nominal fees ($500 per year); students receive housing and transit subsidies from the state ($600 per month for up to 10 semesters)  German students focus entirely on their major subject; no general education; most get some work experience in 3rd year
    • 9. Student Services  German institutions provide fewer student services and spend 40% less per student than American institutions  German culture sees 18 year olds as “adults” and encourages them to be independent  Student Services are provided through a Nat’l Assoc. of Student Affairs; 2/3 of funding comes from revenues for dining and residential halls, 1/3 from student fees & state  Students Services are understaffed and recognized as an area that needs further development in Germany
    • 10. Student Life  Student Life in Germany revolves around academics and student government; with a few other student clubs  There are no university sports programs  There are no college health services due to universal health care  Most students get job training through cooperative ed  International students are more than 10 percent at most universities in Germany (compared to 3.5% in USA)
    • 11. Lessons on Students, Student Service & Student Life  In Germany higher education is a “common good” which is fully funded by the state with little cost to the student, whereas in the USA higher education is more of an “individual good” which is increasingly funded by the student through tuition with declining contributions by the state.  German students focus on academics and complete bachelor degrees in 3 years compared to American students who average 6 years for bachelor degrees, but must take general education reqs and have a broader student life experience  American colleges provide many more student services, but Germany students get more work experience
    • 12. How Butler can Benefit from Involvement with International Education  Butler has a well-established international student program, but international enrollment is declining  Butler Faculty and Student Services staff show strong support for the International Program in a Fall survey  Butler faculty, staff and international students have very positive experiences interacting with each other  Faculty, staff & international students support increased funding for the International Program
    • 13. Faculty & Staff Perceptions of Benefits of International Students
    • 14. International Student Perceptions on their Experiences at Butler
    • 15. Faculty & Staff Perceptions of Interactions with International Students
    • 16. Faculty & Staff Perceptions on Funding for International Student Program
    • 17. International Student Perceptions on Areas for Improvements
    • 18. Benefits of International Education Final Proposals  Recognize the revenue generated by the international student program and commit a portion to reinvestment  Invest in recruiting more international students  Establish a scholarship program for international students that rewards academic excellence  Expand efforts to develop study abroad opportunities for Butler students and faculty  Support professional development for international education  Emphasize “internationalization” across the college
    • 19. Fulbright Seminar tours Berlin
    • 20. The Berlin Wall
    • 21. Brandenburg Gate
    • 22. The Reichstag
    • 23. Randy with Reiner Rohr Fulbright Chief of American Programs
    • 24. Former Auto Plant now a Campus of HTW in Berlin
    • 25. Visit to HTW Campus overlooking Spree River
    • 26. Humboldt University in Berlin
    • 27. The Pergamom Museum in Berlin
    • 28. Europa University Viadrina in Frankfurt on Oder
    • 29. Fisherman on the Oder River
    • 30. Student Union at Collegia Polonicum across the Oder in Poland
    • 31. Oktoberfest in Berlin
    • 32. German Chancellor Angela Merkel newly re-elected
    • 33. Design Students at Darmstadt Applied Sciences University
    • 34. Inn at Strasbourg, France
    • 35. Notre Dame Cathedral in Strasbourg
    • 36. Berlin Hauptbahnhof
    • 37. Castle enroute to Prague
    • 38. Wenceslas Square in Prague
    • 39. Powder Tower in Prague
    • 40. Prague Castle
    • 41. UFO Bridge in Bratislava
    • 42. Bratislava Castle
    • 43. Comenius University in Bratislava
    • 44. Inside the Blue Church in Bratislava
    • 45. The Great Synagogue in Pest
    • 46. Synagogue Ceiling
    • 47. The Hungarian Parliament
    • 48. On the Danube in Budapest
    • 49. Self-Reflections on the Train to Berlin
    • 50. Train Station in Bratislava