Unbroken Chain


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This is a study of my artistic lineage. Tracking teacher to student through history

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Unbroken Chain

  1. 1. S t u d e n t s O f J a m e s C . We r n e rcan trace their training through a direct lineage o f Te a c h e r s , a s f a r b a c k a s t h e 1 4 t h C e n t u r y. The lineage branches out like a family tree. Since many of the artists had more than oneteacher there are several overlaps and ways this can be shown. T he Next Slide Is Just One Branch Of T he A r t i s t i c L i n e a g e To I l l u s t r a t e :
  2. 2. Andrea del Verrocchio (1435-1488), teacher of: Leonardo Da Vinci (1452-1519), teacher of: Jacopo da Pontormo (1494-1556), teacher of: Agnolo Bronzino (1503-1572), teacher of: Allesandro Allori (1535-1607), teacher of: Cristofano Allori (1577-1621), teacher of: Cesar Dandini (1596-1657), teacher of: Vincenzo Dandini (1609-1675), teacher of: Anton Domenico Gabbiani (1652-1726), teacher of: Benedetto Luti (1666-1724), teacher of: Carle van Loo (1705-1765), teacher of: Gabriel-François Doyen (1726-1806), teacher of:Pierre Henri de Valenciennes (1750-1819), teacher of: Louis-Etienne Watelet (1780-1866), teacher of: Paul Delaroche (1797-1859), teacher of: Louis Gallait (1810-1887) teacher of: Charles Hermans, teacher of: Bill Mosby, teacher of: Bill Parks + Ted Smuskiewicz teachers of: James C. Werner
  3. 3. William H Mosby Andrew Loomis Bill ParksTed Smuskiewicz Douglas GravesCharles LazarArt Institute ofChicago(Uncle of James Werner) John Trapp Phd.
  4. 4. O T H E R N O TA B L E S T U D E N T S O F T E D S M U S K I E W I C Z A N D B I L L PA R K SScott Powers Romel de La Torre Dan Gerhartz Scott Burdick
  5. 5. TED SMUSKIEWICZ STUDENT OF WILLIAM MOSBY Long time teacher at the American Academy of Art Author of several instructional books.Teacher of James C. Werner, Scott Tallman-Powers, Don Yang, Scott Burdick, SusanLyon, Alex Ross, Romel De La Torre, Clayton Beck, Nancy Guzik, Rose Frantzen and others.
  6. 6. Other Notable Students of William H Mosby Howard TerpningGil Elvgrin Richard Schmid
  7. 7. WILLIAM H MOSBY STUDENT OF CHARLES HERMANSTeacher of Ted Smuskiewicz, Bill Parks,Richard Schmid, Gil Elvgrin, HowardTerpning and more... William H Mosby was a professor of artat the American Academy of Art in Chicago,a painter, and illustrator.Mosby grew up in Chicago. After War WorldI he went to Europe and enrolled in theBelgian Royal Academy. In Europe helearned classical technique which he latershared with his students at the AmericanAcademy of Art in Chicago.An exceptional painter he exhibited with theArt Institute of Chicago in 1934 and 1936.He also did illustration work for suchcompanies as Mars Candy, Goodrich Tiresand Chrysler. A mural by Mosby is in the StMatthews Episcopal Church in Chicago.
  9. 9. LOUIS GALLAITTEACHER OF CHA RLES HERMA N S STUDENT OF DELAROCHE Born on to March 1810 in Tournai where he firststudied under P.-A. Hennequin. In 1832 hebecame the pupil of M. van Bree in Antwerp,where he exhibited Christ healing the Blind Man(Tournai Cathedral) in 1833. From 1834 to 1841 heworked in Paris where he also trained withScheffer and Delaroche. He exhibited at the Salon1835-8 and six times between 1841 and 1853;Louis-Philippe commissioned nine paintings fromhim for Versailles 1834-42.His celebrated Abdication of Charles V (Tournai),shown at the 1841 Salon, was subsequentlytoured in Belgium and Germany. He returned toBelgium and settled in Brussels in 1841 with aconsiderable reputation as a history painter,though he also painted portraits. He was madechevalier of the order of Leopold and of the Legionof Honour in 1841 and, having declined a baronyin 1862, was made president of the Belgian RoyalAcademy in 1880.In 1872 he exhibited at the Royal Academy inLondon.He died in Brussels on 20 November 1887.
  10. 10. Paul Delaroche[French Academic Painter, 1797-1856]• Also known as: Hippolyte Delaroche• Relationships: Studied under Antoine-Jean Gros andLouis-Etienne Watelet .Delaroches students included Tony Robert-Fleury,Gustave Boulanger, Gerome, Louis Gallait, FrancoisGignoux, Ernest Hebert, Charles Landelle and Jean-François Millet.• Subject matter: Specializes in History Painting.
  11. 11. A N T O I N E - J E A N G RO S S T U D I E D U N D E R J A C Q U E S - L O U I S D AV I D[ F R E N C H N E O C L A S S I C A L / R O M A N T I C PA I N T E R , 1 7 7 1 - 1 8 3 5 ]• Also known as: Baron A.J. Gros• Relationships: Gros manystudents included Charles Muller,Joseph-Nicolas Robert-Fleury,Hippolyte Bellange, ThomasCouture, Paul Delaroche andGeorge P.A. Healy.
  12. 12. JACQUES-LOUIS DAVID [ F R E N C H N E O C L AS S ICA L PA I N T E R , 1748 - 1 8 2 5 ]Relationships: Studied under Joseph Marie Vien.Davids students included Ingres, Antoine-Jean Gros, Jean Baptiste Isabey, VictorSchnetz, Sophie Rude, Louis-Léopold Robert and Francois Gerard.• Subject matter: Specializes in History Painting.
  13. 13. JOSEPH-MARIE VIEN T E AC H E R O F DAV I DVIEN, JOSEPH MARIE, Count, born at Montpellier, June18, 1716, died in Paris, March 2 7, 180 9. French school ;history painter, pupil of Giral and of Natoire in Paris ; wongrand prix in 17 4 3, sj^ent five years in Rome, and after hisreturn became member of the Academy, and adjunctprofessor in 1754, and professor in 1759. With Regnault,David, Vincent, and Suvee, he founded the modernclassical school. In 1775-81 he was director of theAcademy at Rome, in 1781 became rector and in 1788chancellor of the Paris Academy, in 1789 first painter to theking, and in 1795 member of the Institute. Order of St.Michael, 1775. Napoleon made him a senator, count, andcommander of the Legion of Honour.Vein studied with Francois Boucher and Charles-JosephNatoire and Comte de Caylus
  14. 14. COMTE DE CAYLUS Student of Antoine Watteau
  15. 15. FRANÇOIS LEMOYNE (1688 – 4 JUNE 1737)French rococo painter.He was born in Paris. In 1701,when he was 13 years old, heentered the Académie de peintureet de sculpture. He studiedunder Louis Galloche and stayeduntil 1713. In 1711, Lemoyne wonthe Prix de Rome. He was acceptedas a member of the Académie in1718 and was elected as aprofessor in 1733.
  17. 17. CLAUDE GILLOT b. 1673 Langres, France, d. 1722 Paris He learned to paint and etch in academic painter Jean-Baptiste Corneilles Paris studio.French painter, best known asthe masterof Watteau and Lancret. He hadWatteau as an apprenticebetween 1703 and 1708.
  18. 18. LOUIS ETIENNE WA T E L E T T E A C H E R O F PAU L D E L A R O C H E STUDENT OF PIERRE HENRI DE VALENCIENNES Louis Etienne Watelet (1780-1866) Louis Watelet was born inParis in 1780 Watelet was a regularcontributor to the Paris Salon,between 1800 and 1857, and hewon medals in 1810 and 1819.Despite being a Salon favouriteWatelet’s art was imbued with asense of adventure as his worksbroke free of the rigid structure ofthe academies. As Pierre Miquelnotes in his book (The FrenchLandscape 1824-1874, The Schoolof Nature), Watelet began a processof emancipation away from theacademies. Watelet’s work is in thepermanent collections of at leastsixteen European museums, a signof the high esteem in which hiswork is held.
  19. 19. PIERRE-HENRI DE VALENCIENNES ( D E C E M B E R 6 , 1 7 5 0 – F E B R UA RY 1 6 , 1 8 1 9 ) WA S A F R E N C H PA I N T E R .  Valenciennes worked in Rome from 1778 to 1782, where he made a number of landscape studies directly from nature, sometimes painting the same set of trees or house at different times of day.[1] He theorized on this idea in Advice to a Student on Painting, Particularly on Landscape (1800), developing a concept of a "landscape portrait" in which the artist paints a landscape directly while looking upon it, taking care to capture its particular details.[1] Although he spoke of this as a type of painting mainly of interest to "amateurs",[2] as distinguished from the higher art of the academies, he found it of great interest, and of his own works the surviving landscape portraits have been the most noted by later commentators.[1] He in particular urged artists to capture the distinctive details of a scenes architecture, dress, agriculture, and so on, in order to give the landscape a sense of belonging to a specific place; in this he probably influenced other French artists active in Italy who took an anthropological approach to painting rural areas and customs, such as Hubert Robert and Achille-Etna Michallon.[2]
  20. 20. MICHEL CORNEILLE THE ELDERCorneille was born in Orleans. He was one of many who studied with the celebrated master Simon Vouet
  21. 21. SIMON VOUET (1590-1649) Teacher of Michel Corneille the Elder Vouet was born in Paris, and was a pupil of his father, Laurent Vouet. Precocious in talent, he is said to have painted portraits in England at the age of 14. He accompanied the French ambassador to Constantinople 1611 and stayed in Italy 1612–27, becoming president of the Academy of St Luke 1624. Eclectic in style, he was influenced by Caravaggio, Guido Reni, and Paolo Veronese, but shaped and refined these elements successfully into a form of classicism that had a profound influence on 17th-century French art.
  22. 22. GABRIEL FRANÇOIS DOYEN (1726 – 5 JUNE 1806)His passion for art prevailed over his fathers wish, and he became in histwelfth year a pupil of Charles-André van Loo. Making rapid progress, heobtained at twenty the Grand Prix and in 1748 set out for Rome. He studiedthe works of Annibale Carracci, Pietro Berrettini da Cortona, GiulioRomano and Michelangelo, then visitedNaples, Venice, Bologna and otherItalian cities, and in 1755 returned to Paris. At first unappreciated anddisparaged, he resolved by one grand effort to achieve a reputation, and in1758 he exhibited his Death of Virginia. It was completely successful, andprocured him admission to the Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture.Among his greatest works are reckoned the Miracle des Ardents, painted forthe church of St Genevieve at St Roch (1773); the Triumph of Thetis, for thechapel of the Invalides; and the Death of St Louis, for the chapel of theMilitary School. In 1776 he was appointed professor at the Academy. Soonafter the beginning of the French Revolution he accepted the invitationof Catherine II of Russia. and settled at St Petersburg, where he was loadedwith honors and rewards. He died there on 5 June 1806.
  23. 23. C A R L E VA N L O O ( 1 7 0 5 - 1 7 6 5 ) STUDENT OF BENEDETTO LUTICarle Vanloo was born into a family of painters, but eventuallyovershadowed all of his relatives with his versatile artistic talents. Hetrained with an Italian painter and a French sculptor and also madenumerous travels throughout Italy and France. After his father’s death in1712, Vanloo’s education was placed in the hands of his older brother.They moved to Rome two years later where he began formal studies.They then moved on to Paris and worked together on commissions. IN histeenage years, Vanloo won first prize in drawing at the Academie Royaleand also was awarded the Prix de Rome. He lived in Italy until 1733,painting religious and mythological frescoes. He then returned to Parisand painted portraits of the royal family and decorated their apartments atFontainbleau and Versailles. During his lifetime, Vanloo was given the titleof Premier Painter to the King under Louis XV and also became a noble.
  24. 24. FRANÇOIS BOUCHER S E P T E M B E R 1 7 0 3 – 3 0 M AY 1 7 7 0 )Born in Paris, the son of a lace designer Nicolas Boucher, FrançoisBoucher (pronounced frahn-swah bōō-shay) was perhaps the mostcelebrated decorative artist of the 18th century, with most of his workreflecting the Rococo style. At the young age of 17, Boucher wasapprenticed by his father to François Lemoyne. In 1731, he wasadmitted to the Académie de peinture et de sculpture as a historicalpainter, and became a faculty member in 1734. Teacher of:Jacques-Louis David (1748-1825), François-HubertDrouais (1727-1775),Jean-Honore Fragonard (1732-1806) incirca 1749.
  25. 25. CHARLES -JOSEPH NATOIRE (3 MARCH 1700 – 23 AUGUST 1777) French painter in the Rococo manner, a pupilof François Lemoyne and director of the FrenchAcademy in Rome, 1751-1775. Considered duringhis lifetime the equal of François Boucher, heplayed a prominent role in the artistic life of France.He is remembered above all for the series ofthe History of Psyche for Germain Boffrandsoval salon de la Princesse in the Hôtel de Soubise,Paris, and for the tapestry cartoons for the seriesof the History of Don Quixote, woven atthe Beauvais tapestry manufacture, most of whichare at the Château de Compiègne.
  26. 26. BENEDETTO LUTI (1666 – 1724) STUDENT OF ANTON DOMENICO GABBIANILuti was born in Florence. He movedto Rome in 1691 where he was patronizedby Cosimo III de Medici, Grand Duke ofTuscany, an enthusiast for the pastelportrait.Luti was one of the first artists to work inpastels as the final composition as opposed toinitial studies for paintings or frescoes. He alsoworked inoils and painted frescoes forthe Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano.Luti was also a successful art dealer and ran aschool of drawing; among his pupilswere Giovanni Domenico Piastrini, GiovanniPaolo Panini, Jean-Baptiste van Loo,and Charles-André van Loo.
  27. 27. ANTON DOMENICO GABBIANI STUDENT OF DA N D I N I(13 February 1652 - 22 November 1726) was an Italian painter,born in Florence, and active in a late Baroque styleHe first apprenticed with the Medici court portraitpainter Justus Sutterman, then with the Florentine VincenzoDandini; subsequently moved to Rome in 1673 he arrived inRome, where he studied under the Medici-sponsored Accademia Fiorentina, led by Ciro Ferri and ErcoleFerrata. This latter tutelage and his style has led Gabbiani tobe described as one of the ‘’Cortoneschi’’ or followersof Cortona, albeit second-generation. In 1678-9, he traveledto Venice, where he worked in the studio of SebastianoBombelli, returning to his native Florence in 1680, where hewas often patronized by Grand Prince Ferdinando, the son ofthe Grand Duke Cosimo III. He painted the portrait of hispatron surrounded by musicians (c. 1685; Pitti Palace). Healso frescoed the Apotheosis of Cosimo il Vecchio in theceiling of the Sala da Pranzo in the Villa di Poggio a Caiano.Also worked in the church of San Frediano. By 1684, hecompleted an Annunciation [1] for the Pitti Palace. Hecompleted a ‘’St Francis de Sales in Glory’’ (1685) for thechurch of Santi Apostoli. His pupils included GiovannaFratellini, Ignazio Enrico Hugford (also abiographer),Benedetto Luti, Ranieri del Pace, GiovanniBattista and Tommaso Redi.
  28. 28. 1500S AND 1600S A L L O R I & DA N D I N I Alessandro Allori (1535-1607), teacher of: Cristofano Allori (1577-1621), teacher of: Cesar Dandini (1596-1657), teacher of: Vincenzo Dandini (1609-1675), teacher of: Anton Domenico GabbianiAlessandro di Cristofano di Lorenzo del Bronzino Allori(3 May 1535 - 22 September 1607) was an Italian portrait painter of thelate Mannerist Florentineschool.Born in Florence, in 1540, after the death of his father, he was brought upand trained in art by a close friend, often referred to as his uncle, themannerist painter Agnolo Bronzino, whose name he sometimes assumedin his pictures. In some ways, Allori is the last of the line of prominentFlorentine painters, of generally undiluted Tuscan artistic heritage: Andrea Cristofano Alloridel Sarto worked with Fra Bartolomeo (as well as Leonardo daVinci), Pontormo briefly worked under Andrea, and trainedBronzino, whotrained Allori. Subsequent generations in the city would be stronglyinfluenced by the tide of Baroque styles pre-eminent in other parts of Italy.Allori was one of the artists, working under Vasari, included in thedecoration of the Studiolo of Francesco I.He is the father of Cristofano Allori (1577-1621).
  29. 29. JEAN-BAPTISTE CORNEILLEHe learned to paint and etch in academic painter Jean-Baptiste Corneilles Paris studio.Corneille was born in Paris between 1646 and 1649. He was the youngestson of Michel Corneille the Elder of Orléans, and brother of the youngerMichel. He is known as "the younger Corneille". His devoted father washis teacher and painstakingly prepared the youth for his future successesas anhistorical painter. In 1664 he won the second prize and in 1668 thefirst prize of the academy. He then went to study in Rome and, on hisreturn in 1675 was received into the Royal Academy, painting for hisreception-picture the "Punishment of Busiris by Hercules", now one of thenotable canvases in theLouvre. He painted in some of the Paris churchesand in 1679 finished his "Deliverance of St. Peter from Prison" forthe Cathedral of Notre-Dame. With Jacques Vouet he was employed onthe decorations of the Tuileries. In 1692 he was appointed professor in theacademy. He died in Paris on 12 April 1695.
  30. 30. AG N O L O B RO N Z I N O TEACHER OF ALESSANDRO ALLORIBronzino was born in Florence around 1503. According tohis contemporary Vasari, Bronzino was a pupil firstof Raffaellino del Garbo, and then of Pontormo. The latterwas ultimately the primary influence on Bronzinosdeveloping style and the young artist remained devoted tohis eccentric teacher. Indeed, Pontormo is thought to haveintroduced a portrait of Bronzino as a child into one of hisseries on Joseph in Egypt now in the NationalGallery, London.[1]Bronzinos early indebtedness toPontormos instruction can be seen in the arresting littleCapponi Chapel in Santa Felicita, Florence. Towards theend of his life, Bronzino took a prominent part in theactivities of the Florentine Accademia delle Arti del Disegno,of which he was a founding member in 1563. Thepainter Alessandro Allori was his favourite pupil, andBronzino was living in the Allori family house at the time ofhis death in Florence in 1572 (Alessandro was also thefather of Cristofano Allori).[3] Bronzino spent the majority ofhis career in Florence.
  31. 31. P O N TO R M O ( M AY 2 4 , 1 4 9 4 — J A N UA RY 2 , 1 5 5 7 )Student of DaVinciJacopo Carucci was born at Pontorme,near Empoli. Vasari relates how the orphanedboy, "young, melancholy and lonely," wasshuttled around as a young apprentice:Jacopo had not been many months in Florencebefore Bernardo Vettori sent him to staywith Leonardo da Vinci, and then withMariottoAlbertinelli, Piero di Cosimo, and finally, in 1512,with Andrea del Sarto, with whom he did notremain long, for after he had done the cartoonsfor the arch of the Servites, it does not seem thatAndrea bore him any good will, whatever thecause may have been.Pontormo painted in and around Florence, oftensupported by Medici patronage. A foray to Rome,largely to see Michelangelos work, influenced hislater style. Haunted faces and elongated bodiesare characteristic of his work.
  32. 32. GIORGIO VASARI Vasari was born in Arezzo, Tuscany. Recommended at an early age by his cousin Luca Signorelli, he became a pupil of Guglielmo da Marsiglia, a skilful painter of stained glass. Sent to Florence at the age of sixteen by Cardinal Silvio Passerini, he joined the circle of Andrea del Sarto and his pupils Rosso Fiorentino, Jacopo Pontormo where his humanist education was encouraged. He was befriended by Michelangelo whose painting style would influence his own.
  33. 33. L E O N A R D O DA V I N C I ( A P R I L 1 5 , 1 4 5 2 – M AY 2 , 1 5 1 9 ) Leonardo commenced his apprenticeship with Verrocchio in 1466, the year that Verrocchios master, the great sculptor Donatello, died. The painter Uccello whose early experiments with perspective were to influence the development of landscape painting, was a very old man. The painters Piero della Francesca and Fra Filippo Lippi, sculptor Luca della Robbia, and architect and writer Alberti were in their sixties. The successful artists of the next generation were Leonardos teacher Verrocchio, Antonio Pollaiuolo and the portrait sculptor, Mino da Fiesole whose life like busts give the most reliable likenesses of Lorenzo Medicis father Piero and uncle Giovanni
  34. 34. VERROCCHIOVerrocchio was born in Florence in 1435 to Michele diFrancesco Cioni, who worked as a tile and brick makerand, later, as a tax collector. Michele never married, andhad to provide financial support for some members of hisfamily. Micheles fame rose upon his joining the Medicicourt, in which he remained until his workshop movedto Venice.Many believe that Andrea started to work as a goldsmith inthe workshop of Giulio Verrocchi, but this is impossible asGiuliano was born in 1447. It is more likely that he wastrained by Giulianos father Francesco di Luca Verrocchio,who was a rich and successful goldsmith and knew Andreaas a youth. The possibility that he apprenticedwith Donatello remains unconfirmed. His first effortsin painting date probably from the 1460s, when he workedin Pratoalongside Filippo Lippi.
  35. 35. Louis de Boullogne II (1657-1733) and(AKA Bon Boulloge, 1606 or 1609-1674). Louis Boullogne the Elder was one of 14 founders of the French Academy in 1648.
  36. 36. GUIDO RENIBorn in Bologna into a family of musicians,Guido Reni was the son of Daniele Reni andGinevra de’ Pozzi. As a child of nine, he wasapprenticed under the Bolognese studio ofDenis Calvaert. Soon after, he was joined inthat studio by Albani and Domenichino. He mayalso have trained with a painter by the name ofFerrantini. When Reni was about twenty yearsold, the three Calvaert pupils migrated to therising rival studio, named Accademia degliIncamminati (Academy of the "newlyembarked", or progressives), led by LodovicoCarracci. They went on to form the nucleus of aprolific and successful school of Bolognesepainters who followed Annibale Carracci toRome. Like many other Bolognese painters,Renis painting was thematic and eclectic instyle.
  37. 37. DENYS CALVAERTDenis Calvaert or Denys Calvaert (1540-1619)was a Flemishpainter born at Antwerp but livingmostly in Italy where he was known as IlFiammingo (the Fleming). Calvaert was aprofound student of architecture, anatomy,and history, exceedingly accurate in perspectiveand graceful in design. After studying landscape-painting for some time in his native city (theAntwerp "Record of Artists" or "Liggeren" (1556-57), gives his name as Caluwaert), he firststudied under Christiaen van Queecborn.He then went to Bologna, where workedunder Prospero Fontana.
  38. 38. PROSPERO FONTANAFontana was born in Bologna, and became apupil of Innocenzo da Imola. He afterwardsworked for Perin del Vaga in the Palazzo Doriain Genoa. Towards 1550, it is reportedthatMichelangelo introduced him to Pope JuliusIIIas a portrait-painter; and he was pensioned atthe pontifical court. He later joined Vasarisstudio in Florence, and worked in frescoes atthe Palazzo Vecchio (1563-65).
  39. 39. ANDREA DEL SARTOAndrea was born in Gualfonda, closeto Florence, in either 1486 or 1487: he wasone of four children to Agnolo, a tailor (sarto).By 1494 Andrea was apprenticed toa goldsmith, and then to askillful woodcarver and inferior painternamed Gian Barile, with whom he remaineduntil 1498. According to Vasari, he thenapprenticed to Piero di Cosimo, and laterwith Raffaellino del Garbo (Carli).
  40. 40. LOUIS GALLOCHELouis Galloche (24 August 1670,Paris - 21 July 1761) was aFrench painter. A student of Louisde Boullogne, his own studentsincluded FrançoisLemoyne, Charles-JosephNatoire and François Boucher.