He forces the resignation of scandalous officials and restores faith in the office of the President
Coolidge easily wins the Election of 1924 ‘
Did not run for re-election in 1928 surprising the public
Calvin Coolidge, 30 th President of the United States Coolidge brought trust back to the Office of the President but never ran for re-election. Many believe because his son died while Coolidge was in office
“ She was a beautiful girl and talented too. She had the advantages of education and better clothes than girls of her set. She possessed that culture and poise that travel brings. Yet in the one pursuit that stands foremost in the mind of every girl and women-marriage-she was a failure.” – What is this an advertisement for???
Take the role of someone in advertising and create your own creative ad for a 1920’s product
One PowerPoint Slide with a picture , catchy slogan , and brief information about the product
Meals & Snacks: Beverages: Other Products: Planter's Peanuts Hires Root Beer Radio Wheaties (1924) Kool-Aid drink mix Phonograph Kraft cheese 7-UP (1929) Fountain Pens Gold Medal Flour Orange Crush Hallmark Greeting Cards Kellogg's Corn Flakes Coca-Cola Cigarette Lighters Oscar Mayer wieners (1929) Dr. Pepper Dixie Cups Birds-Eye frozen vegetables (1928) Pepsi-Cola Sani-Paper Towels Del Monte canned foods Welch's grape juice Kellogg's Rice “Krispies” (1928) Fruit Smack drink mix Peter Pan peanut butter (1928) Libby's canned tomato soup Green Giant canned peas (1925) THIS LIST CAN BE USED OR YOU CAN CHOOSE Jell-O ice cream powder ANOTHER PRODUCT THAT YOU FIND; IT MUST Cracker Jack BE A PRODUCT THAT WAS CREATED OR Cream Of Wheat POPULAR DURING THE 1920’s.
AMERICAN HEROES AND AMERICAN CULTURE The 1920’s, Great Depression & New Deal
Amelia Earhart – First women to fly across the Atlantic (15 hours from Newfoundland to Ireland)
1927 – Pan American Airways is founded and begin handling airmail deliveries.
“ In the spring of 1927, something bright and alien flashed across the sky. A young Minnesotan who seemed to have nothing to do with his generation did a heroic thing, and for a moment people set down their glasses in country clubs and speakeasies and thought of their old best dreams.”
The judge made prejudice remarks and the two were sentenced to death
Executed in 1927 (electric chair)
“ IN ALL MY LIFE I HAVE NEVER STOLE, NEVER KILLED, NEVER SPILLED BLOOD…WE WERE TRIED DURING A TIME…WHEN THERE WAS HYSTERIA OF RESENTMENT AND HATE AGAINST THE PEOPLE OF OUR PRINCIPLES, AGAINST THE FOREIGNER…I AM SUFFERING BECAUSE I AM A RADICAL; I HAVE SUFFERED BECAUSE I WAS AN ITALIAN AND INDEED I AM AN ITALIAN… ~ BARTOLOMEA VANZETTI
“ The Passion of Sacco and Vanzetti” by Ben Shahn The Characters standing are the President of Harvard University (middle), President of MIT, and a former Massachusetts judge Grant; All known for the prejudice feelings. This case came to symbolize the rift between immigrants and native-born Americans at the time
The trial of Sacco and Vanzetti divided the nation concerning values, rights and immigration.
“ Scarface” Al Capone was the most notorious gangster of the era
Capone becomes “Public Enemy # 1” after the St. Valentine’s Day Massacre
Capone is eventually caught by Eliot Ness for tax evasion (died in prison)
“ In his forty-eight years, Capone had left his mark on the rackets and on Chicago, and more than anyone else he had demonstrated the folly of Prohibition; in the process he also made a fortune. Beyond that, he captured and held the imagination of the American public as few public figures ever do. “
Al Capone His nickname was “Scarface” after he was attacked by a man who was defending his sister. Capone received three cuts from the knife.
Al Smith – Democratic candidate (Irish Catholic, not well known)
Hoover easily wins the election
444 electoral votes, Smith - 87 electoral
Significance Shows that the American public are happy with Republican leadership
Herbert Hoover (Republican) – 30 th President of the United States of America. Hoover is remembered as the President during the start of the Great Depression He calls for “Rugged Individualism” In the style of laissez-faire politics
Stock market prices begin to fall and confidence decreases.
Black Tuesday (Oct. 29, 1929) – Bottom fell out of the market
Shareholders sell their stocks before prices go down even more.
Many suffer huge debts while others lose most of their savings.
Investors lost about $ 30 Billion (same as US spent on WWI)
“ THE BIG BULL MARKET WAS DEAD. BILLIONS OF DOLLARS’ WORTH OF PROFITS – AND PAPER PROFITS – HAD DISAPPEARED. THE GROCER, THE WINDOW CLEANER, AND THE SEAMSTRESS HAD LOST THEIR CAPITAL [SAVINGS]. IN EVERY TOWN THERE WERE FAMILIES WHICH HAD SUDDENLY DROPPED FROM SHOWY AFFLUENCE INTO DEBT… WITH THE BIG BULL MARKET GONE AND PROSPERITY GOING, AMERICANS WERE SOON TO FIND THEMSELVES LIVING IN AN ALTERED WORLD WHICH CALLED FOR NEW ADJUSTMENTS, NEW IDEAS, NEW HABITS OF THOUGHT, AND A NEW ORDER OF VALUES.” ~ FREDERICK LEWIS ALLEN On the 1929 Stock Market Crash…
Great Depression – Period from 1929-1940 in which the economy plummeted and unemployment skyrocketed.
Bank Failure – By 1933, 11,000 of 25,000 banks fail
Businesses fail (90,000 businesses total)
Unemployment rises drastically (25% or 13 million workers)
Economic Depression becomes a worldwide problem.
Warm Up : After reading the excerpt, answer the following question: If you were living during the Great Depression, do you think that you would feel the same way as Senator Huey Long or would you be more optimistic about the future of America? “ This great and grand dream of America, that all men are created free and equal, endowed with the inalienable right of life and liberty and the pursuit of happiness, this great dream of America, this great light, and this great hope, have almost gone out of sight in this day and time, and everybody knows it. There is a mere candle flicker here and yonder to take place of what the great dream of America was supposed to be.” ~ Senator Huey Long of Louisiana
THE IMPACT OF THE GREAT DEPRESSION ON SOCIETY 1920’s, Great Depression & New Deal
With millions unemployed, men looked everywhere for jobs to put food on the tables for their families. The Depression impacts not just those with money in the Stock Market, but even the common worker and family.
Timeline of The Dust Bowl 1931 - Severe drought hits the Midwestern and southern plains. As the crops die, the 'black blizzards" begin. Dust from the over-plowed and over-grazed land begins to blow. 1932 - The number of dust storms increases. Fourteen are reported this year; next year there will be 38. 1934 – (May) Great dust storms spread from the Dust Bowl area. The drought is the worst ever in U.S. history, covering more than 75 percent of the country and affecting 27 states severely. 1934 – (December ) The "Yearbook of Agriculture" for 1934 announces, "Approximately 35 million acres of formerly cultivated land have essentially been destroyed for crop production. . . . 100 million acres now in crops have lost all or most of the topsoil; 125 million acres of land now in crops are rapidly losing topsoil. . . "
“ Rugged Individualism” American people will work hard, hold high moral values, engage in creative problem solving, waste less, and focus on independence
Gov’t should play a limited role
Opposed any welfare programs (no direct aid to the people)
Direct aid = corruption, laziness, and a connection to socialism
Hoover’s response confused and angered many Americans
QUICK RESPONSES Question # 1 – Think back to what you know of America? Is Rugged Individualism consistent with the definition of America? Why or why not? Question # 2 – What is the role of the federal government?
726 ft. high and 1,244 ft. long (tallest in the world)
Provided water supply and flood control throughout the west (still supplies LA and Las Vegas)
Above: Picture of the Colorado River before the Construction of the Dam Below: Diagram of the Hoover Dam
The Hoover Dam, as it was later called, was a $700 million project initiated by Herbert Hoover. It was approved in 1928 and construction began in 1929. The Dam supplies water throughout many Western states and cities, including Los Angeles and Las Vegas
1,000 soldiers (led by Douglas MacArthur and Dwight D. Eisenhower) arrive to remove the Bonus Army
B.A. is gassed (many injured, few die)
The public is stunned by military response (McArthur’s choice, not Hoover’s)
Hoover looks very bad and ensures that the Election of 1932 will go against him
The Bonus Army March Hoover considered many criminals or communists, but allowed them to assemble. Public reaction towards Hoover and the government’s actions were negative. Franklin Roosevelt believed this was the event that won him the election in 1932.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt – 32 nd President of the United States of America Roosevelt was President longer than any other in history (12 years). Roosevelt’s term as President is primarily the reason for the 22 nd Amendment FDR & THE NEW DEAL