What kind of activities did we do that helped you learn about Mesopotamia?
Knowledge Assessment (2L)
1) Where is the Middle East? What are some of the countries it includes?
2) What are the major religions of the region?
3) What resources does the region have? What resources are in short supply?
Middle East Map (3R)
Label the following countries on your map and identify the capital with a star
1) Bahrain 2) Egypt 3) Iran 4) Iraq 5) Israel 6) Jordan 7) Kuwait 8) Lebanon 9) Oman 10) Qatar 11) Saudi Arabia 12) Sudan 13) Syria 14) United Arab Emirates 15) Yemen
Shade each country a different color
The Early Israelites (5R)
Israelites build a kingdom in Canaan (1000 B.C.) along the Mediterranean Sea
Monotheism – Belief in one god
Recorded history and beliefs in Hebrew Bible
Were herders and traders from Mesopotamia
Instructed to go to Canaan by Abraham
Abraham – The patriarch
Jacob – Abraham’s grandson
12 tribes of Israel
Lived in Canaan for 100 years until drought forced them to Egypt
Israelites In Egypt
Egyptian pharaoh enslaved
-Moses leads the Israelites out
of Egypt in the Exodus
-Moses receives the Ten Commandments from God which helped shape moral law
Bob Marley - Exodus
So we gonna walk - all right! - through the roads of creation: We the generation (tell me why!) (trod through great tribulation) trod through great tribulation. Exodus, all right! movement of jah people! Oh, yeah! o-oo, yeah! all right! Exodus: movement of jah people! oh, yeah! Yeah-yeah-yeah, well! Uh! open your eyes and look within: Are you satisfied (with the life you're living)? uh! We know where were going, uh! We know where were from. Were leaving Babylon, Were going to our father land.
2, 3, 4: exodus: movement of jah people! oh, yeah! (movement of jah people!) send us another brother Moses! (movement of jah people!) from across the red sea! (movement of jah people!) send us another brother Moses! (movement of jah people!) from across the red sea! Movement of jah people!
The Promised Land
Why? Because of the covenant with God
If they followed laws, Israelites will be returned to Canaan
40 years - return to Canaan led by Joshua
But…land occupied by the Canaanites
Israelites fight, seize land, and divide between 12 tribes
Canaanites pushed to coast / Israelites build walled towns
Write your Initials
Write a word in the chapter (no more than 6 letters)
Translate this phrase:
=A =E =I =O =U The Phoenician Alphabet *Note: The Phoenicians read and write from right to left!!
Vocabulary Chapter 3.1 (7R)
Answer these three questions. As we cover the material try and make a connection with what you learn and your own ideas.
1) How would I feel if I were forced to leave my home, friends, and family?
2) What difference can a good leader make to a team or group?
3) What rules or guidelines of society are important to you?
The Kingdom of Israel (9R)
Philistines were the powerful force in Canaan, many Israelites assimilated with their culture
To save religion King Saul united the 12 tribes
Soon after King David drives out the Philistines and creates an empire with capital of Jerusalem
King Solomon takes over and completes Temple
With the death of Solomon the tribes split up and create the kingdom of Israel and Judah
Many Israelites forget religion, prophets tried to restore God’s laws
Assyrians conquer Israel
Egyptians, then Chaldeans conquer Judah
Many Jews forced to leave and go to Babylon, but return under Persian rule
Romans take over Judah (63 B.C)
Zealots start rebellions…but lose
The result? Jews scatter and find homes elsewhere but keep hope alive
Kingdom of Israel Kingdom of Judah Assyrians Egyptians Chaldeans Romans Persians Israelite Organizer
Amazing Acrostic (8L)
With your assigned word, 1) use each letters to form a related word and 2) describe the relation in a sentence….ex-
R ecord keeper
1) Scribes held honored positions in society
2) They copied the signs of cuneiform script
3) A scribe is also known as a record keeper….etc…
Your Word = Israelites
The First Christians (11R)
Jews wait for messiah to bring them back home
Jesus begins preaching-what about? (344) Jesus' Message
Disagreement between Jesus as the messiah, or Jesus as a deceiver
Leads to the Crucifixion and claim of resurrection Jesus Crucifixion
Those who accepted Jesus became Christians
Apostles Peter and Paul spread the word of Christianity…how?
Peace and order allowed safe travel
Well paved roads
Common language of Latin or Greek
Reached out to poor and powerless
Appealed to emotions and promised happiness after death
Allowed chance to be part of caring group
Roman Persecution A.D. 64
Government expected emperor to be honored as a god…Christians refused
Also refused to serve in the army or hold public office and they criticized Roman festivals and games Entertainment Rome Style
Martyrs-people willing to die instead of giving up beliefs
Accused of starting great fire…religion outlawed Rome Burns
A.D. Constantine orders the Edict of Milan…gives religious freedom and makes Christianity legal
A.D. 392 Theodosius makes Christianity Rome’s official religion and others are outlawed
New Testament (4 accounts of Jesus’ life, teachings, and resurrection)
W.I.O. (10 L)
By reviewing your notes, information about Peter and Paul (pg 348), and the two textbook maps (pg 352 &361)…..
How did Christianity spread? What factors contributed to the rapid expansion of the new religion?
What do we know about religion of Islam?
What do we know about the Muslim people?
What did the religion and people originate from?
Islam Outlines (12 & 13)
As a group create an outline for your assigned section
When complete, you will be reassigned to a new group and share your outlines with the others
Everyone must have a completed outline by the end of class
Mostly desert, some mountains
Tribes with sheikh
Villages near oases
Makkah (Mecca)- largest, richest and holiest city
Kaaba- low square building holding the great stone from heaven
Muhammad (A.D. 570) born in Makkah
Visited by angels and told to preach Islam(A.D. 610)
Islam= surrender to will of Allah
Allah= Arabic word for God
Returns to Makkah and urges the destruction of statues of false gods
Preached that all people were equal and that the rich should share goods
Claimed God would reward the good and punish the bad
Experienced great poverty and hardships
Father died before his birth, raised by grandfather
Muhammad given to tribe of nomads
Mother and grandfather die when he was young
Taken care of by his uncle
Goes on trading journeys
-Married and had children
-Becomes a wealthy merchant
-Would go to the mountains to reflect about the problems of Makkah
-In hills when angel said “you are the messenger of God”
Poor were attracted to message
Wealthy did not like message
Harassed him; beat and tortured his followers
Muhammad and his followers leave Makkah (A.D. 622) to go to Yathrib
Known as Hijrah
Became first year in Muslim calendar
Renamed city Madinah
He becomes prophet and ruler
Applies God’s laws to ruling people
Builds army, conquers Makkah and makes it holy city
One God holds all, created all, and determines right and wrong
Muhammad is prophet, but not divine
Quran – holy book of messages received from Allah
Instructs Muslims how to live
Expected to fulfill the Five Pillars of Islam (chart on pg 378)
Sunna – name given to customs based on Muhammad’s words and deeds
According to Haddad, how many people worldwide are Muslim?
What religion do Muslims practice?
What are some countries in which Islam has a presence?
What is "jihad"?
Explain the differences between Sunni Muslims and Shiite Muslims.
Spread of Islam (17 R)
Sufis- group that spread Islam by preaching and teaching
Sunnis- Muslim group that accepts descendants of the Umayyads as rightful rulers of Muslims
Shiites- Muslim group that accepts only the descendents of Muhammad’s son-in-law Ali as rightful ruler of Muslims
Muslim Ways of Life
Very successful traders
Spread Arabic language
Rulers distributed coins
Helped cities grow to become important centers of government, learning, and the arts
Most lived in villages and farmed land
1) Top- Government leaders, landowners, traders
2) Middle- artisans, farmers, workers
3) Bottom- enslaved people
Mathematics and science
Arabic numerals (0-9)
Astrolabe-study the stars, measure the earth
Considered founders of chemistry
The Arabian Nights
Historians-Study effect of geography and climate on people
Art and Buildings
Not allowed to show images of Muhammad
Designs of flowers, leaves, and stars
Crumple and Toss Review
Create 3 “quiz questions” from Middle East Notes
Crumple and toss
find piece of paper
Study all notes given so far!!!
Great Efforts=Great Rewards
Putting it all together directions
You need 3 colored pencils & 1 pen/pencil
Use your pen/pencil to construct chart
Use 1 color for Muslim information, 1 for Israelite information, and 1 for Christian information
4 columns (red line-red line)
16 rows (2 lines each)
Fill 1 st column in order with:
1-Blank, 2-Symbol, 3-Religion, 4-Number, 5-Size Rank, 6-Major Concentration, 7-Sacred Text, 8-Religious Leaders, 9- House of Worship, 10- Day of Worship, 11- Church and State, 12- Date Founded, 13- Place Founded, 14- Founder, 15- Original Language, 16-Major Splits
Fill 1 st row in order with: Muslims, Israelites, Christians
Putting it all together (19 R) Europe, N. & S. America, rapid growth in Africa Israel, Europe, USA Middle East, Southeast Asia Major concentration 1st 12th 2nd Size Rank 2 billion 14 million 1.3 billion Number Christianity Judaism Islam Religion Symbol Christians Israelites (Jews) Muslims
Separate Separate Integrated Church and state Sunday Saturday Friday Main day of Worship Church Synagogue Mosque House of Worship Priests, Ministers Rabbis Various Religious leaders Bible Torah Quran Sacred text Christians Jews Muslims
Orthodox/ Protestant Reform/ Orthodox Sunni/Shiite Major splits Latin/Greek Hebrew Arabic Original language Jesus Abraham Muhammad Founder Palestine Palestine Saudi Arabia Place founded A.D. 33 around 1800 B.C. A.D. 622 Date Founded Christians Jews Muslims
Comparison Question (18L)
What are some similarities of the three groups? Explain.
What are some differences of the three groups? Explain.
How does knowledge of these people and religions help you in your day to day life?