What kind of activities would you like to do that will help you learn about Mesopotamia? (Ex: drawing, reading stories, working in groups…) List 3 activities
You said…and we will…
Most of the classes wanted to:
To help you we will:
Mesopotamia “ The Cradle of Civilization”
R.A.P. (4 L)
Use pgs. 17-18 in your textbook.
1. What attributes make a society a civilization?
2. Describe how civilizations developed over time.
Page 5 (R)
Read pages 18-21 and answer the following questions:
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement:
“ With the rise of cities came a need for government.”
List your reasons and thought processes for each. Agree Disagree
Page 6 (L)
Study the picture on page 18: What does it illustrate about life at that time?
Why were there different class distinctions in Sumer?
Mesopotamian Class Notes (7 R)
Where was it?
- "The land between the rivers“
- located between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
- Modern day Iraq
What was Mesopotamia like?
- once dominated by floods, but today is mostly desert
- The fertile land along the rivers produced many different types of crops
Sumerians (4000-2300 B.C.E)
-settled in the south
-short, stocky, black haired
-First people to develop an
advanced civilization in
-lived in city-states
-independent state made up of a city, surrounding land, and villages under separate rule
ex: “Ur” one of the most rich and influential city-states
-poor travel and communication
-as a result, city-states were at war often
How did the city-states grow and thrive?
The first time people could control their environment by:
a) building dams
b) using irrigation
c) build walls
d) use river for transportation
e) establish a government to
create and enforce laws
Control = Farming = Food = Population = Law
Sumerians lived to please the gods
Gods (over 3,000) were incredibly powerful and given human characteristics or behavior
Priests and priestesses were powerful
Women and Children in Society Page 9 (R)
Women had very few rights
a) Buy and sell property, run businesses
Rent/ sell children
Divorce wife by saying, “You are not my wife!”
3) Children’s roles in society
a) Support their parents
b) Obey older siblings
a) Ruled the city-states
- “The Epic of Gilgamesh”
b) Kingship is hereditary
Supreme over other kings, lordly in appearance, he is the hero, born of Uruk, the goring wild bull. He walks out in front, the leader, and walks at the rear, trusted by his companions. Mighty net, protector of his people, raging flood-wave who destroys even walls of stone! Offspring of Lugalbanda, Gilgamesh is strong to perfection…Gilgamesh is awesome to perfection. It was he who opened the mountain passes, who dug wells on the flank of the mountain. It was he who crossed the ocean, the vast seas, to the rising sun, who explored the world regions, seeking life.
-excerpt from The Epic of Gilgamesh
Primary Source Analysis (8 L)
What was the author's message or purpose for writing this?
Entertainment, message about life and death
What can we tell about the era by reading this source?
Environment, beliefs, literacy
How is this passage different from the first?
Shows a human side to a god-like man
Class Notes (11 R) Education
Rich kids could go to school, poor kids stayed home and farmed
Schools called “Tablet Houses”
Learned cuneiform (writing)
Writing developed to keep track of business deals
Graduates became scribes
is one of the earliest known forms of written expression
written on clay tablets, on which symbols were drawn
Write a short sentence using cuneiform:
EX: On this I was by the and I saw
a which was eating .
Page 10 (left)
Founded city of Akkad
Created the worlds first empire
Empire stretched past Tigris and Euphrates
Akkadian became common language
Considered founder of military tradition
Page 13 (right)
King of Babylon
Empire confined between Tigris and Euphrates
Carried out advanced political reforms
built and restored temples, city walls, public buildings, and canals for irrigation
Sargon & Hammurabi
Both improved their city-state
Both created empires
When they died empires collapsed
Worshiped same gods
Venn Diagram page 12(L) Similarities
How many different political groups controlled Mesopotamia during this time period?
Why do you think these groups wanted to control Mesopotamia?
Which civilization was most successful in ruling Mesopotamia?
How might the dramatic changes in political leadership have affected the daily lives of the people who lived in Mesopotamia?
Mind map 18 (L) (Use Half Page)
Mesopotamian Contributions (19R)
1) First civilization
2) First to write down laws
3) First form of writing – Cuneiform
8) Number system based on 60 – 60 min, hour, second, minute, 360 degree circle