University Centre at Blackburn College
Does having an
cause substance abuse in
Why I chose this topic
o Citizenship coursework in high school
“The biggest thing about addiction is when you realise
you cannot mess around with nothing ever again. I
never understood when people would say it’s a disease.
Like, stop it! It’s not a disease! But I finally realised, it
"My body is a journal in a way. It's like what sailors used
to do, where every tattoo meant something, a specific
time in your life when you make a mark on yourself,
whether you do it yourself with a knife or drugs or with
a professional tattoo artist“
o Family – Primary holding environment
o Peers – Secondary holding environment
o Psychological development
o 1 in 3 adults have taken illicit drugs (12 million
o 2.5 million 16-24 year olds taken illicit drugs in
(Crime Survey for England and Wales, 2012)
o 27% of people reported drinking five days a week
o Further 14% reported drinking every day
o 1971 – 8% single parent families
o 1998 – 24% single parent families
o 2011 – 26% single parent families
o 43% of children in single parent families live in
o 22% of children in couple families live in relative
o Kostelecky (2005) – Relationship with parents
o Eitle (2005) – Deviant peers
To investigate the relationship between having an
underprivileged upbringing and substance abuse in
adulthood using a self-created measure.
Children who had an
upbringing would be at
a higher risk of
misusing substances in
o Two conditions
o 70 participants aged 18-55
o Coping strategy scale
o Self created measures
o High reliability and validity
o Significant relationship
o Deprivation factor (t=10.153, df=44.12; p<0.05)
o Coping factor (t=8.307, df=68; p<0.05)
Where can it help?
o Drugs and alcohol rehabilitation centres
o Social services
Referenceso Boniface, S., & Shelton, N. (2013). How is alcohol consumption affected if we account for under-
reporting? A hypothetical scenario. European Journal of Public Health, 23(3), 1-6. DOI:
o Eitle, D. (2005). The moderating effects of peer substance use on the family structure-adolescent
substance use association: quantity versus quality of parenting. Addictive Behaviors, 30, 963-980.
o Gingerbread. (2012). Statistics, http://www.gingerbread.org.uk/content/365/Statistics, date
o Home Office. (2012). Drug Misuse Declared: Findings from the 2011 to 2012 Crime Survey for
England and Wales (CSEW), https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/drug-misuse-declared-
second-edition, date accessed 10/06/13.
o Kostelecky, K. L. (2005). Parental attachment, academic achievement, life events and their
relationship to alcohol and drug use during adolescence. Journal of Adolescence, 28, 665-669. DOI:
o Muisener, P. P. (1994). Understanding and treating adolescent substance abuse. USA: SAGE
o NHS. (2012). Statistics on Alcohol: England, 2012, https://catalogue.ic.nhs.uk/publications/public-
health/drug-misuse/drug-misu-eng-2011/drug-misu-eng-2011-rep.pdf, date accessed 09/06/13.
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