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ALA: UNR Knowledge Center

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Presentation made at the American Library Association 2009 annual conference, on the UNR Knowledge Center and the space utilization study

Presentation made at the American Library Association 2009 annual conference, on the UNR Knowledge Center and the space utilization study


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  • 1. 9/9/2009 Plasmas, Pizzas, Socializing, and Silence:  Creating Library Spaces Tuned to Today’s Users Jeffrey Fleming, AIA, LEED AP Julie Walleisa, AIA, LEED AP Carol Parkhurst, MLS ALA Conference    June 2009 The Building…  (vision) Creating environments  and opportunities  that didn’t  exist previously… University of NV, Reno Knowledge Center 295,000 s.f. $76.5 M construction cost Completed July 2008 The Data… (take‐aways &  conclusions) YOU SAID WHAT…? ALA Conference    June 2009 1
  • 2. 9/9/2009 It is only through  analysis of ‐‐ and reflection upon ‐‐ data and  information that knowledge is created.   The Knowledge Center is  designed to contribute to new advances in various disciplines by  making knowledge creation easier. ‐ from the UNR KC “Vision Statement” OBJECTIVES: DESIGN & PLANNING OBJECTIVES: LIBRARY AMENITIES • Compatible with UNR’s brick tradition • Double the student seating space • Open plan with abundant daylight • Provide space for group study • Easy interior navigation • Full electronic infrastructure • Choice and variety in seating options • Expansion of computer labs • Landmark and Icon for the University • Expanded Special Collections  space • Traditional library amenities… PROJECT GOALS ALA Conference    June 2009 N THE BIG PICTURE ALA Conference    June 2009 2
  • 3. 9/9/2009 1 PLAN ORGANIZATION: Level 1 ALA Conference    June 2009 2 PLAN ORGANIZATION: Level 2 ALA Conference    June 2009 3
  • 4. 9/9/2009 3 PLAN ORGANIZATION: Level 3 ALA Conference    June 2009 4 PLAN ORGANIZATION: Level 4 ALA Conference    June 2009 4
  • 5. 9/9/2009 5 PLAN ORGANIZATION: Level 5 ALA Conference    June 2009 SPACE STUDY ALA Conference    June 2009 5
  • 6. 9/9/2009 The Method The Madness • April 2009 • Open 8 months • Typical week • Hourly observation • 7 days • Sixty different spaces • Staff and student workers • Hard copy forms ALA Conference    June 2009 Data Collection Maps ALA Conference    June 2009 6
  • 7. 9/9/2009 Data Collection Forms ALA Conference    June 2009 Analysis • Categorized 60+ spaces: • Building-wide analysis • Groups • Traditional library • Occupancy as % capacity • Computer labs ALA Conference    June 2009 7
  • 8. 9/9/2009 Group Spaces ALA Conference    June 2009 Group Spaces ALA Conference    June 2009 8
  • 9. 9/9/2009 Group Spaces Occupancy: All Group Spaces 80% 70% 60% 50% 46% 40% 30% 10% 20% 10% 21% 24% 0% Plasma Clusters/Media Alcoves Group Study Multiple Occupants Single Occupant ALA Conference    June 2009 Group Spaces Activities: All Group Spaces 45% 40% 35% 30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% Plasma Clusters/Media Alcoves Group Study ALA Conference    June 2009 9
  • 10. 9/9/2009 Group Spaces ALA Conference    June 2009 Group Spaces Activities: Booths 40% 35% 30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% ALA Conference    June 2009 10
  • 11. 9/9/2009 Group Spaces • Used frequently by individuals • Patrons seeking privacy/room • More use, and more group use, on lower levels • Choosing room by convenience ALA Conference    June 2009 Traditional Library Spaces ALA Conference    June 2009 11
  • 12. 9/9/2009 Traditional Library Spaces Activities: Reading Rooms vs Stack Areas 40% 35% 1% browsing  30% bookstacks 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% Reading Rooms Open Stack Areas ALA Conference    June 2009 Traditional Library Spaces Activities: Open Stack Areas by Building Level 45% 40% Level 5 =  35% Quiet Study 30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% Level 3 Level 4 Level 5 ALA Conference    June 2009 12
  • 13. 9/9/2009 Traditional Library Spaces Occupancy: Average Utilization of Open Stack Areas by Floor, Based on Seating Capacity 30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% Level 3 Level 4 Level 5 ALA Conference    June 2009 Traditional Library Spaces Seating: Reading Rooms vs Open Stack Areas, Based on Seating Type Capacity 50% 45% 40% 35% 30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% Lounge Chair Table Carrel Computer Atrium Edge Reading Rooms Open Stack Areas ALA Conference    June 2009 13
  • 14. 9/9/2009 Traditional Library Spaces • Designated quiet floors: • Floor is being used that way • May minimize use of media alcoves and group rooms • Students are most often reading/studying • Computer stations are heavily used, tables are not ALA Conference    June 2009 Specialized Computer Labs ALA Conference    June 2009 14
  • 15. 9/9/2009 Specialized Computer Labs Occupancy: Computer Labs, Average Amount of Time Occupied by at Least One Person 120% 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% Videoconference Videoconference Production 123 Media Lab 108 Viewing 113 Computer Lab Training Lab 414 DataWorks Lab 114 121 110 111 ALA Conference    June 2009 Specialized Computer Labs Occupancy: Average Utilization of Computer Labs by Seating Capacity 120 100 51% Number of Seats 80 48 60 40 20% 51 20 39% 39% 11 8% 20 11 8% 11 12 7 5 7 0 1 1 Production Media Lab Viewing 113 Computer Lab DataWorks Training Lab 123 108 114 Lab 121 414 Occupied Seats Unoccupied Seats ALA Conference    June 2009 15
  • 16. 9/9/2009 Buildingwide Analysis Activities: Building-wide 30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% ALA Conference    June 2009 Buildingwide Analysis Average % Utilization by Seating Capacity 45% 40% 35% 30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% Whole Bldg Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Level 5 ALA Conference    June 2009 16
  • 17. 9/9/2009 Buildingwide Analysis • What is “other”? • Sleeping • Cell phone use • Computer gaming • Walking through • Waiting in line • Headphone use • Watching movies • White board use • Playing chess • Playing cards • Looking out windows ALA Conference    June 2009 BIGGER THOUGHTS ALA Conference    June 2009 17
  • 18. 9/9/2009 What’s your function? Enclosed space can change functions Active group Quiet reading Teaching ALA Conference    June 2009 What’s your function? • What size, shape and location provides flexibility over time? ALA Conference    June 2009 18
  • 19. 9/9/2009 You’re in my personal space… ≠ ALA Conference    June 2009 You’re in my personal space… ALA Conference    June 2009 19
  • 20. 9/9/2009 You’re in my personal space… ALA Conference    June 2009 You’re in my personal space… ALA Conference    June 2009 20
  • 21. 9/9/2009 You’re in my personal space… ALA Conference    June 2009 You’re in my personal space… • 1 person at 4 seat table = 25% max occupancy • 1 person in group room • Privacy, convenience, technology, spread out • No place for groups to work without disturbing others ALA Conference    June 2009 21
  • 22. 9/9/2009 Book Storage How much area for stacks? • UNR: 22% stacks • 500,000 volumes in stacks • 500,000 volumes in ASRS Automated Storage System + Electronic resources + Decline in circulating volumes = Less stack use 1% browsing  bookstacks ALA Conference    June 2009 If you install it, will they come? • Right technology • Publicize it • Right location • Support it ALA Conference    June 2009 22
  • 23. 9/9/2009 Love the One You’re With • Condense collections • Create people space • Make physical changes • Create more privacy • Repurpose existing rooms ALA Conference    June 2009 Love the One You’re With • Schedule for double duty • Day = reading • Night = groups • Furniture replacement: • Change types • Change use • Change density • Operational/policy changes • Gaming • Cell phones • Scheduling rooms ALA Conference    June 2009 23
  • 24. 9/9/2009 Next Steps Should you do a space study? • Can reveal current patterns • Limited to current conditions • May not be predictive • Surveys • Focus groups ALA Conference    June 2009 Next Steps UNR Knowledge Center: • Schedule some rooms to ensure tutoring • Reducing copy machines when leases expire • May relocate some plasma screens • Building allows flexibility: • Move technology • Change functions ALA Conference    June 2009 24
  • 25. 9/9/2009 Thank you! For more information: Dekker/Perich/Sabatini www.dpsdesign.org juliew@dpsdesign.org jeff@dpsdesign.org ALA Conference    June 2009 25

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