Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
  • Like
The scope for food and agriculture policy research in Central Asia and the Caucasus
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Now you can save presentations on your phone or tablet

Available for both IPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

The scope for food and agriculture policy research in Central Asia and the Caucasus

  • 1,355 views
Published

Tashkent, Uzbekistan …

Tashkent, Uzbekistan
April 4th, 2006

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
1,355
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
27
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. The scope for food and agriculture policy research in Central Asia and the Caucasus Joachim von Braun Director General International Food Policy Research Institute Tashkent, Uzbekistan April 4th, 2006
  • 2. Overview of the presentation 1. The Problems and Opportunities of Food and Agriculture Policy in Central Asia and the Caucasus 2. Food and Agriculture Policy Research: Potential Contributions in Central Asia and the Caucasus 3. Some Priorities for the Next Years
  • 3. Interlinked Challenges for Policy Attention 1. Lack of market and technology driven growth 2. Slow development of the rural non farm sector linked to agriculture 3. Management of natural resources 4. Institutional and capacity constraints in food system and agriculture 5. Food and nutrition problems of the poor persist
  • 4. Challenge 1: Lack of market and technology driven growth • Countries had adopted food self sufficiency as strategy to achieve food security • Focus on comparative advantage and high value agriculture an option • Connecting farmers to processors to retailers needs information, cooperation, and organization • Opportunities for regional cooperation in CA and C not yet sufficiently used
  • 5. Challenge 2: Slow development of the rural non farm sector that is linked to agriculture • Develop rural infrastructure ( but of which kind and where?) • Promote legal and regulatory environment, • Provide training in relevant technical, entrepreneurial and management skills for modernizing the rural economy (incl. on devolution of government to local levels);
  • 6. Example of IFPRI research: Regional income multipliers from agricultural growth • Asia: 1.6 – 1.9 (i.e. each additional $1 of income generated in agriculture leads to another $ .6 to .9 of income in the local RNFE) • Africa: 1.3 - 1.5 • Latin America: 1.4 – 1.6 And in CAC?
  • 7. Challenge 3: Management of Natural Resources • Faulty irrigation patterns and maintenance • Food production increase mainly through land area increase • Leaching of fertilizers into the soil
  • 8. Challenge 4: Institutional and Capacity Strengthening • Flexible decision making needed for a modern agriculture (over regulation?) • Land reform not adequately accompanied by other market reforms • Often little transparency and accountability in food and agriculture systems organizations • The small garden and household plot based agriculture not well serviced
  • 9. 5. Under-nutrition in Central Asia and the Caucasus Proportion of undernourished population, 2000-02 vs. 1993-95 Uzbekistan + 18% Turkmenistan -4% Tajikistan + 40 % Kyrgyztan - 15 % 2000-2002 Kazakhstan 1993-1995 Georgia -12 % Azerbaijan - 19 % Armenia - 18 % 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Source: FAO 2004
  • 10. Overview of the presentation 1. The Problems and Opportunities of Food and Agriculture Policy in Central Asia and the Caucasus 2. Food and Agriculture Policy Research: Potential Contributions in Central Asia and the Caucasus 3. Some Priorities for the Next Years
  • 11. Food and Agriculture Policy Research: Potential Contributions in Central Asia and the Caucasus 1. Development strategy and agriculture 2. Natural resources policy (water, soils, bio- diversity) 3. Market and trade policy and regional cooperation 4. Consumer safety and nutrition policy
  • 12. Need for a strategy Beyond agriculture; must connect to the whole economy and interests of society Strategy for society and the economy Strategy for the food and agriculture system Strategy for the agriculture research system Strategy for the organizations of agric. research
  • 13. 2. Development Strategies and the Role of Food and Agriculture FROM 1. Growth linkages between agriculture Growth Linkages and rest of the economy 2. Political economy of food policy 3. Public investment 4. Governance and devolution TO Economy-wide Policy Analysis
  • 14. 2. Research on Natural Resources Policy FROM 1. Prospects for less favored lands Land and Water 2. Long term implications of environmental problems for food security 3. Lack of tenure over property and poverty 4. Institutional reforms for water allocation TO Institutional Innovations for NR- policy
  • 15. 3. Research on Markets and Trade Policy FROM 1. Agricultural price policy in the context of technological and institutional changes International 2. Exports of non traditional products Commodities and 3. Regional trade agreements Trade Policy TO Analyses of Domestic and Regional Markets
  • 16. 4. Assuring Food-Safety and Food Security FROM 1. Food –safety regulation for healthy food systems Subsidies 2. Indirect policies to improve food security: Insuring the income of the poor, protecting assets 3. Innovative approaches to social protection: conditional cash transfer programs TO Safety Nets and Insurance
  • 17. Overview of the presentation 1. The Problems and Opportunities of Food and Agriculture Policy in Central Asia and the Caucasus 2. Food and Agriculture Policy Research: Potential Contributions in Central Asia and the Caucasus 3. Some Priorities for the Next Years
  • 18. Priorities ? Must be few 1. Regional cooperation in food and agriculture (markets, water, science, etc.) 2. Exploring the high value agriculture opportunities in (small) farm and processing sectors (incl. livestock) 3. Structural issues: the property rights reforms 4. Genetic resources policies and bio-safety / bio-tech 5. Policy research capacity in CAC: Strengthening organizations of research, and teaching / training in agriculture and food system Must be an outcome of open dialogue among the partners in the region