The scope for food and
agriculture policy research in
Central Asia and the Caucasus

          Joachim von Braun
         ...
Overview of the presentation

1. The Problems and Opportunities of Food and
   Agriculture Policy in Central Asia and the
...
Interlinked Challenges for Policy Attention


1. Lack of market and technology driven growth
2. Slow development of the ru...
Challenge 1:
   Lack of market and technology driven growth

• Countries had adopted food self sufficiency as
  strategy t...
Challenge 2: Slow development of the rural non farm
          sector that is linked to agriculture



• Develop rural infr...
Example of IFPRI research:
 Regional income multipliers from agricultural growth

• Asia: 1.6 – 1.9 (i.e. each additional ...
Challenge 3:
        Management of Natural Resources


• Faulty irrigation patterns and maintenance
• Food production incr...
Challenge 4:
     Institutional and Capacity Strengthening
• Flexible decision making needed for a modern
  agriculture (o...
5. Under-nutrition in Central Asia and the
                        Caucasus
Proportion of undernourished population, 2000-...
Overview of the presentation

1. The Problems and Opportunities of Food and
   Agriculture Policy in Central Asia and the
...
Food and Agriculture Policy Research: Potential
Contributions in Central Asia and the Caucasus


1. Development strategy a...
Need for a strategy

 Beyond agriculture; must connect to the whole economy and
                      interests of society...
2. Development Strategies and the Role of Food
               and Agriculture
    FROM          1. Growth linkages between...
2. Research on Natural Resources Policy

      FROM
                      1. Prospects for less favored lands
 Land and Wa...
3. Research on Markets and Trade Policy

     FROM          1. Agricultural price policy in the context of
               ...
4. Assuring Food-Safety and Food Security

    FROM          1. Food –safety regulation for healthy food
                 ...
Overview of the presentation

1. The Problems and Opportunities of Food and
   Agriculture Policy in Central Asia and the
...
Priorities ? Must be few

1.   Regional cooperation in food and agriculture
     (markets, water, science, etc.)
2.   Expl...
The scope for food and agriculture policy research in Central Asia and the Caucasus
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

The scope for food and agriculture policy research in Central Asia and the Caucasus

1,465

Published on

Tashkent, Uzbekistan
April 4th, 2006

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,465
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
28
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The scope for food and agriculture policy research in Central Asia and the Caucasus

  1. 1. The scope for food and agriculture policy research in Central Asia and the Caucasus Joachim von Braun Director General International Food Policy Research Institute Tashkent, Uzbekistan April 4th, 2006
  2. 2. Overview of the presentation 1. The Problems and Opportunities of Food and Agriculture Policy in Central Asia and the Caucasus 2. Food and Agriculture Policy Research: Potential Contributions in Central Asia and the Caucasus 3. Some Priorities for the Next Years
  3. 3. Interlinked Challenges for Policy Attention 1. Lack of market and technology driven growth 2. Slow development of the rural non farm sector linked to agriculture 3. Management of natural resources 4. Institutional and capacity constraints in food system and agriculture 5. Food and nutrition problems of the poor persist
  4. 4. Challenge 1: Lack of market and technology driven growth • Countries had adopted food self sufficiency as strategy to achieve food security • Focus on comparative advantage and high value agriculture an option • Connecting farmers to processors to retailers needs information, cooperation, and organization • Opportunities for regional cooperation in CA and C not yet sufficiently used
  5. 5. Challenge 2: Slow development of the rural non farm sector that is linked to agriculture • Develop rural infrastructure ( but of which kind and where?) • Promote legal and regulatory environment, • Provide training in relevant technical, entrepreneurial and management skills for modernizing the rural economy (incl. on devolution of government to local levels);
  6. 6. Example of IFPRI research: Regional income multipliers from agricultural growth • Asia: 1.6 – 1.9 (i.e. each additional $1 of income generated in agriculture leads to another $ .6 to .9 of income in the local RNFE) • Africa: 1.3 - 1.5 • Latin America: 1.4 – 1.6 And in CAC?
  7. 7. Challenge 3: Management of Natural Resources • Faulty irrigation patterns and maintenance • Food production increase mainly through land area increase • Leaching of fertilizers into the soil
  8. 8. Challenge 4: Institutional and Capacity Strengthening • Flexible decision making needed for a modern agriculture (over regulation?) • Land reform not adequately accompanied by other market reforms • Often little transparency and accountability in food and agriculture systems organizations • The small garden and household plot based agriculture not well serviced
  9. 9. 5. Under-nutrition in Central Asia and the Caucasus Proportion of undernourished population, 2000-02 vs. 1993-95 Uzbekistan + 18% Turkmenistan -4% Tajikistan + 40 % Kyrgyztan - 15 % 2000-2002 Kazakhstan 1993-1995 Georgia -12 % Azerbaijan - 19 % Armenia - 18 % 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Source: FAO 2004
  10. 10. Overview of the presentation 1. The Problems and Opportunities of Food and Agriculture Policy in Central Asia and the Caucasus 2. Food and Agriculture Policy Research: Potential Contributions in Central Asia and the Caucasus 3. Some Priorities for the Next Years
  11. 11. Food and Agriculture Policy Research: Potential Contributions in Central Asia and the Caucasus 1. Development strategy and agriculture 2. Natural resources policy (water, soils, bio- diversity) 3. Market and trade policy and regional cooperation 4. Consumer safety and nutrition policy
  12. 12. Need for a strategy Beyond agriculture; must connect to the whole economy and interests of society Strategy for society and the economy Strategy for the food and agriculture system Strategy for the agriculture research system Strategy for the organizations of agric. research
  13. 13. 2. Development Strategies and the Role of Food and Agriculture FROM 1. Growth linkages between agriculture Growth Linkages and rest of the economy 2. Political economy of food policy 3. Public investment 4. Governance and devolution TO Economy-wide Policy Analysis
  14. 14. 2. Research on Natural Resources Policy FROM 1. Prospects for less favored lands Land and Water 2. Long term implications of environmental problems for food security 3. Lack of tenure over property and poverty 4. Institutional reforms for water allocation TO Institutional Innovations for NR- policy
  15. 15. 3. Research on Markets and Trade Policy FROM 1. Agricultural price policy in the context of technological and institutional changes International 2. Exports of non traditional products Commodities and 3. Regional trade agreements Trade Policy TO Analyses of Domestic and Regional Markets
  16. 16. 4. Assuring Food-Safety and Food Security FROM 1. Food –safety regulation for healthy food systems Subsidies 2. Indirect policies to improve food security: Insuring the income of the poor, protecting assets 3. Innovative approaches to social protection: conditional cash transfer programs TO Safety Nets and Insurance
  17. 17. Overview of the presentation 1. The Problems and Opportunities of Food and Agriculture Policy in Central Asia and the Caucasus 2. Food and Agriculture Policy Research: Potential Contributions in Central Asia and the Caucasus 3. Some Priorities for the Next Years
  18. 18. Priorities ? Must be few 1. Regional cooperation in food and agriculture (markets, water, science, etc.) 2. Exploring the high value agriculture opportunities in (small) farm and processing sectors (incl. livestock) 3. Structural issues: the property rights reforms 4. Genetic resources policies and bio-safety / bio-tech 5. Policy research capacity in CAC: Strengthening organizations of research, and teaching / training in agriculture and food system Must be an outcome of open dialogue among the partners in the region
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×