Social, Moral, and EmotionalDevelopment Dr. Jennifer Irwin EDU 620: Module 3 Chapter 3
Types of Development Now, we continue our discussion of development with module 3. Module 2: Cognitive Language & Literacy Module 3: Moral Social & Emotional
Types of Development Again, please keep in mind these basic principles of development:2. Development proceeds in a somewhat orderly and predictable pattern (although this has been debated)3. Different children develop at different rates4. Periods of relatively rapid growth (spurts) may appear between periods of slower growth (plateaus)5. Developments is continually affected by both nature (heredity) and nurture (environment)
Please note: Important vocabulary from the chapter (which is listed on the overview for this module) will be underlined throughout this presentation. Also, be sure to continue adding information from modules 2 and 3 to your Student Development Study Guide.
Erikson’s Stages ofPsychosocial Development1. Trust vs. Mistrust (0 - 18 months) Infant’s needs need to be satisfied, if not, infant develops mistrust for caregivers & others2. Autonomy vs. Doubt (18 months – 2 years) Child has natural desire to be independent and do things for themselves. If not, child feels powerless, restricted and doubtful of their ability3. Initiative vs. Guilt (3 – 6 years) Child has natural curiosity to seek, explore and understand the world around them. If not, child feels guilty about natural urges to explore, be curious, etc.4. Industry vs. Inferiority (6 – 12 years) Child desires to be successful and industrious, if not, child has feelings of inadequacy
Erikson’s Stages of PsychosocialDevelopment (cont.) 5. Identity vs. Role Confusion (12-18 years) Person is discovering themselves educationally, occupationally, emotionally, socially, and sexually. If not, person is confused about their place or role in society 6. Intimacy vs. Isolation (Young adulthood) Person establishes growth relationships with others, if not, person goes into isolation to escape relationship failures 7. Generativity vs. Self-Absorption (Middle adulthood) Person has interest in guiding others and contributing to the greater good of society. If not, person may feel stagnate & lead to self-absorption. 8. Integrity vs. Despair (Late adulthood) Person reflects on life and accepts life’s accomplishments, failures, and choices. If not, regret leads to despair.
Pause, practice, and apply Who do you know who fits into each of one of Erickson’s stages of psychosocial development? Where do you fit in?
Moral Development For moral development, we will learn about Kohlberg’s stages as well as Piaget’s (yes, he had a theory of moral development too … busy guy!)
First, think about this: How do we learn what is morally right or wrong? Do our morals change over time? If yes, how or why do our morals change?
Piaget’s Theory of MoralDevelopment Heteronomous (Young stage) Rules are automatic and inflexible Autonomous (Older stage; 10+ years) Rules are changeable and situation dependent
Kohlberg’s Stages of MoralReasoning Refer to chapter 3 for a description of each stage, but before you do ask yourself what you would do if you were “Heinz” … This is Kohlberg, not Heinz
The Heinz Dilemma (what Kohlberg used todevelop his theory) A woman was near death from a special kind of cancer. There was one drug that the doctors thought might save her. It was a form of radium that a druggist in the same town had recently discovered. The drug was expensive to make, but the druggist was charging ten times what the drug cost him to produce. He paid $200 for the radium and charged $2,000 for a small dose of the drug. The sick womans husband, Heinz, went to everyone he knew to borrow the money, but he could only get together about $1,000 which is half of what it cost. He told the druggist that his wife was dying and asked him to sell it cheaper or let him pay later. But the druggist said: "No, I discovered the drug and Im going to make money from it." So Heinz got desperate and broke into the mans store to steal the drug for his wife. Should Heinz have broken into the laboratory to steal the drug for his wife? Why or why not?
Pause, practice, and apply In which stage of Kohlberg’s Moral Reasoning are you? In which stage is your best friend? Can you think of a time where you witnessed heteronomous-type thinking/moral development?
Social & Emotional Development Be sure you are familiar with the following terms. Please add the definitions to your Student Development study guide: Types of play (solitary, parallel, associative, cooperative) Self-concept Self-esteem Prosocial behavior Social comparison Marcia’s identity statuses (LOVE this theory! Great for the Real Me! Project)
For more clarification or additionalinformation, review chapter 3, ask aclassmate or contact the instructorAlso, I hope you’re thinkingof some great ideas for yourReal Me! Project!