Effective Teaching &      Learning     Dr. Jennifer Irwin   EDU 620: Module 10      Chapters 7 & 9
I know what to teach,                now how do I teach it? Have you ever had a teacher who knew  their subject area very...
   In this module, we will explore ideas that    will help you as you plan for instruction,    including:    – Different ...
Think about this …   New teachers usually “teach” the way they    were “taught”    – Do you agree with this statement?   ...
Different Instructional Approaches   What is the best way to teach something?   What are some different ways to teach? ...
Expository Approaches Expository means that students are  “exposed” to learning Examples:    – Lecture    – Mastery lear...
Expository Approaches   Mastery learning:    – Students demonstrate mastery of one topic      before proceeding to the next
Expository Approaches   Direct Instruction:    – Teacher transmits information directly to      students; lessons are goa...
I doWe do        You do
Hands-On Approaches Hands-on approaches have students  actually doing something Examples:    – Discovery Learning    – E...
Hands-On Approaches   Discovery Learning: a constructivist    approach to teaching in which students    are encouraged to...
Hands-On Approaches   Experiential Learning:    “the process whereby    knowledge is created    through the    transforma...
Hands-On Approaches   Authentic Activities:    promoting meaningful    connections between    subject matter and real-   ...
Interactive/Collaborative Approaches Interactive/Collaborative approaches are  ones in which students work together and  ...
Interactive/Collaborative Approaches   Cooperative    Learning:    students    working                                   ...
Interactive/Collaborative Approaches   Reciprocal Teaching: small-group teaching    method based on question generation t...
Let’s reflect …. Which of the 3 general approaches do you  currently use (or would use)? Is one approach more effective ...
Effective use of discussions &               questioning   One of the best teaching methods has to    be the effective us...
Wait Time A very important aspect of questioning …  Wait Time (waiting about 3-5 seconds  after asking a question to get ...
Wait Time   Changes in teacher behavior:    – Comments more fluent    – Discussion more logical    – More higher-level qu...
Wait Time   Changes in student behavior:    –   Longer responses    –   Statements supported with evidence    –   Specula...
Grouping Techniques   So far, we have talked about cooperative    learning and whole/small group discussions …    what is...
The QAIT Model (Slavin, 1987)   “a model of effective instruction that focuses on    elements teachers can directly contr...
What you usually cannot control                    QWhat you                    ACAN control!                    I        ...
Last thoughts …   As you think about these different    methods of instruction, discussions,    questioning, and grouping...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Module 10

859 views
690 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
859
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
53
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Module 10

  1. 1. Effective Teaching & Learning Dr. Jennifer Irwin EDU 620: Module 10 Chapters 7 & 9
  2. 2. I know what to teach, now how do I teach it? Have you ever had a teacher who knew their subject area very well but didn’t know how to teach it to others? When you completed the first Learning Reflection for this class, you were asked “is content knowledge enough”? I hope by now that you know the answer to that question . . . No!
  3. 3.  In this module, we will explore ideas that will help you as you plan for instruction, including: – Different instructional approaches – Effective use of discussions & questioning – Grouping techniques – The QAIT Model
  4. 4. Think about this … New teachers usually “teach” the way they were “taught” – Do you agree with this statement? – For me personally, this was very true. When I first began, my bag of teaching tricks was limited to lectures, worksheets, and tests (how sad!) – Through hands-on experience and having great mentors, I have become a much more effective teacher (I hope!).
  5. 5. Different Instructional Approaches What is the best way to teach something? What are some different ways to teach? Do we need to vary our approaches based on our students or the subject matter? We will take a look at 3 different types of teaching approaches…. I will leave it up to you to decide on the effectiveness of each…..
  6. 6. Expository Approaches Expository means that students are “exposed” to learning Examples: – Lecture – Mastery learning – Direct instruction – I don’t think I need to define lecture, so …
  7. 7. Expository Approaches Mastery learning: – Students demonstrate mastery of one topic before proceeding to the next
  8. 8. Expository Approaches Direct Instruction: – Teacher transmits information directly to students; lessons are goal-oriented and structured by the teacher – To me, this is classic “teaching” – Scaffolding at it’s best! – The “I do, We do, You do” method – How many of you teach this way?
  9. 9. I doWe do You do
  10. 10. Hands-On Approaches Hands-on approaches have students actually doing something Examples: – Discovery Learning – Experiential Learning – Authentic Activities – See the Constructivism module for more info
  11. 11. Hands-On Approaches Discovery Learning: a constructivist approach to teaching in which students are encouraged to discover principles for themselves.
  12. 12. Hands-On Approaches Experiential Learning: “the process whereby knowledge is created through the transformation of experience. Knowledge results from the combination of grasping and transforming experience” (Kolb, 1984)
  13. 13. Hands-On Approaches Authentic Activities: promoting meaningful connections between subject matter and real- world connections – Anything you do that helps students make this connection
  14. 14. Interactive/Collaborative Approaches Interactive/Collaborative approaches are ones in which students work together and utilize collective “brain power” to learn material. Examples: – Cooperative Learning – Reciprocal Teaching
  15. 15. Interactive/Collaborative Approaches Cooperative Learning: students working From our very own together in textbook author, heterogeneous Robert Slavin groupsKeep in mind that students must be taught how to work cooperatively!
  16. 16. Interactive/Collaborative Approaches Reciprocal Teaching: small-group teaching method based on question generation through instruction and modeling (often used when reading material) (Palinscar & Brown, 1984)
  17. 17. Let’s reflect …. Which of the 3 general approaches do you currently use (or would use)? Is one approach more effective than another? Or do you think that there is a time and place for all of these instructional approaches?
  18. 18. Effective use of discussions & questioning One of the best teaching methods has to be the effective use of class discussions and questioning techniques. Whole group v. Small group discussions … – Which is most effective? – Again, is there a time and place for both?
  19. 19. Wait Time A very important aspect of questioning … Wait Time (waiting about 3-5 seconds after asking a question to get a student’s response) This give everyone time to formulate a response to the question, and not just those who process faster! There is much research supportfor the effectiveness of wait time …
  20. 20. Wait Time Changes in teacher behavior: – Comments more fluent – Discussion more logical – More higher-level questions – Higher expectations of studentsSource: Sadker & Sadker Teachers, Schools, & Society
  21. 21. Wait Time Changes in student behavior: – Longer responses – Statements supported with evidence – Speculative thinking increases – More student questions – Fewer failures to respond – More student participation – Fewer discipline problems – Better performance on higher-level thinking skillsSource: Sadker & Sadker Teachers, Schools, & Society
  22. 22. Grouping Techniques So far, we have talked about cooperative learning and whole/small group discussions … what is the best way to group students? – Homogenously (same ability level) – Heterogeneously (different ability levels) – We must be careful, however, to avoid “tracking” (where year after year some kids end up in the bottom groups/classes) … remember what we’ve said about teacher expectations!
  23. 23. The QAIT Model (Slavin, 1987) “a model of effective instruction that focuses on elements teachers can directly control: quality, appropriateness, incentive, and time” (see chapter 9 for more info) This model reminds me of the “Serenity Prayer” – ... grant me the serenity to accept the things I cannot change; courage to change the things I can; and wisdom to know the difference … – More than once, these thoughts have gotten me through a rough day of teaching!!
  24. 24. What you usually cannot control QWhat you ACAN control! I T
  25. 25. Last thoughts … As you think about these different methods of instruction, discussions, questioning, and grouping … I hope that you are seeing two things: 1. Each idea presented here is effective in some way and for some purposes 2. You need to have a variety of ideas in your teaching Bag O’ Tricks!

×