Learning Reflection . . . One of the first things that we will do is to explore your thoughts on educational psychology and learning in general. At our first class meeting, we will get you started on completing your first Learning Reflection. We will think about questions like these:
Learning Reflection . . . What is learning? How do you know when it happens? How do you measure it? What are some characteristics of effective teachers? Ineffective teachers? Is content knowledge enough? (In other words, would someone who knows everything there is to know about chemistry make a good teacher?) Are teachers born or made? What is educational psychology? Why should we study it?
Being an “Intentional” Teacher Robert Slavin, our textbook author, has coined the phrase “intentional teaching”, which is worthy of our attention. Intentionality: Doing an activity or lesson for a reason. Involves critical thinking and asking guiding/planning questions.
Being an “Intentional” Teacher Intentional teachers ask themselves: What am I trying to accomplish? What are my students’ needs and experiences? What approaches/resources are available to challenge all of my students? How will I know if my students learned or if they need modifications?
One more question: Are these the same thing? What the teacher is teaching What the students are learning
Let’s practice what we’vecovered so far & pretend… You are a fourth grade teacher teaching alesson on state capitals. What questions would you ask yourselfbefore you write your lesson plan? What kinds of decisions would you need tomake?
What is “educational psychology?” Educational psychology is the study of learners, learning, and teaching. the accumulated knowledge, wisdom, and theories that teachers possess to solve their problems & challenges in teaching.
Why study educational psychology? Good teaching = RESEARCH + Common Sense/Practice Effects of research on education: Affects state legislatures Curriculum writing Professional development School structures
What research methods are used ineducational psychology? Please review chapter 1 for more in-depth information on the following research methods: Core methods used in collecting educational psychology data… Experiments Correlational studies Descriptive studies Action Research
ExperimentsExperiment – a carefully regulatedprocedure in which one or more of thefactors believed to influence the behaviorbeing studied is manipulated and all otherfactors are held constant. Experimental group Control group Peer Tutoring Nothing, no change
Correlational & Descriptive Studies Correlational Study – a study that describes the relationship(s) of variables as they naturally occur. Descriptive Studies – study that identifies and gathers detailed information about something of interest (e.g. surveys, interviews, questionnaires)
Action Research Method used by most teachers Action Research – research carried out by teachers and/or administrators to solve a specific classroom or school problem or improve teaching or other educational strategies.
Any questions? Please see chapter 1 for more information or ask a classmate or the instructor. Here’s to a great semester!