Health Care Milestones


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Health Care Milestones

  1. 1. Health Care MilestonesNRSE 6010  It may seem like discussions of health care reform have been a recent phenomenon, but health care has been a topic of conversation in the United States for decades.  The first President to address universal health care for the United States was Theodore Roosevelt. Universal health care (and women’s suffrage) were part of his platform in 1912. Following is a quick chronology of health care milestones since a quick chronology of health care milestones since Roosevelt.
  2. 2. 1929 Baylor Hospital in Dallas provides prepaid health care for local teachers and is considered the first organized health insurance program in the U.S.
  3. 3. 1931 First health maintenance organization plan is created in Oklahoma
  4. 4. 1934 National health insurance is discussed in Congress
  5. 5. 1945 President Truman wants health care overhauled with compulsory coverage and an increased number of physicians and nurses; AMA calls it “socialized medicine.”
  6. 6. 1948 Following World War II countries signed Article 25 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which included access to health care for all. The US did not sign Article 25. 1. Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control. 2. Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance. All children, whether born in or out of wedlock, shall enjoy the same social protection.
  7. 7. 1949 Health care benefits can be included in collective bargaining agreements
  8. 8. 1954 Health care insurance is exempt from taxes
  9. 9. 1965 President Johnson signs legislation that creates Medicare and Medicaid
  10. 10. 1971 President Nixon wants a minimum level of insurance for all Senator Edward Kennedy works to develop universal single-payer health care plan
  11. 11. 1974 Large corporations with self-insured plans exempt from state regulations
  12. 12. 1976 President Carter advocates for universal and mandatory coverage of health care
  13. 13. 1986 Legislation requiring hospitals to screen and stabilize all ED patients Cobra which allows employees can keep group health care for up to 18 months after loss of a job
  14. 14. 1988 Medicare Catastrophic Coverage Act passed The Congressional Budget Office The Medicare Catastrophic Coverage Act of 1988 30/88doc14.pdf
  15. 15. 1989 Medicare Catastrophic Coverage Act repealed X Medicare Catastrophic Coverage Act
  16. 16. 1993 President Clinton plan would provide universal coverage
  17. 17. 1996 Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)
  18. 18. 1997 Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP)
  19. 19. 2003 President Bush signs legislation that adds prescription drug coverage to Medicare (December 8, 2003) Social Security Legislative Bulletin 03.html
  20. 20. 2008 President Obama promises health care reform
  21. 21. 2010 Affordable Care Act signed by President Obama (March 23, 2010) President Obama Explains the Health Care Bill Affordable Care Act Timeline