Health Care MilestonesNRSE 6010 It may seem like discussions of health care reform have been a recent phenomenon, but health care has been a topic of conversation in the United States for decades. The first President to address universal health care for the United States was Theodore Roosevelt. Universal health care (and women’s suffrage) were part of his platform in 1912. Following is a quick chronology of health care milestones since Roosevelt.is a quick chronology of health care milestones since Roosevelt.
1929 Baylor Hospital in Dallas provides prepaid health care for local teachers and is considered the first organized health insurance program in the U.S.
1931 First health maintenance organization plan is created in Oklahoma
1934 National health insurance is discussed in Congress
1945 President Truman wants health care overhauled with compulsory coverage and an increased number of physicians and nurses; AMA calls it “socialized medicine.”
1948 Following World War II countries signed Article 25 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which included access to health care for all. The US did not sign Article 25. 1. Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control. 2. Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance. All children, whether born in or out of wedlock, shall enjoy the same social protection.
1949 Health care benefits can be included in collective bargaining agreements
1954 Health care insurance is exempt from taxes
1965 President Johnson signs legislation that creates Medicare and Medicaid
1971 President Nixon wants a minimum level of insurance for all Senator Edward Kennedy works to develop universal single-payer health care plan
1974 Large corporations with self-insured plans exempt from state regulations
1976 President Carter advocates for universal and mandatory coverage of health care
1986 Legislation requiring hospitals to screen and stabilize all ED patients Cobra which allows employees can keep group health care for up to 18 months after loss of a job
1988 Medicare Catastrophic Coverage Act passed The Congressional Budget Office The Medicare Catastrophic Coverage Act of 1988 http://cbo.gov/sites/default/files/cbofiles/ftpdocs/84xx/doc84 30/88doc14.pdf
1993 President Clinton plan would provide universal coverage
1996 Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)
1997 Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP)
2003 President Bush signs legislation that adds prescription drug coverage to Medicare (December 8, 2003) Social Security Legislative Bulletin http://www.ssa.gov/legislation/legis_bulletin_1211 03.html
2008 President Obama promises health care reform
2010 Affordable Care Act signed by President Obama (March 23, 2010) President Obama Explains the Health Care Bill Affordable Care Act Timeline http://www.healthcare.gov/law/timeline/