Cultural Presentation for International Student Orientation at NCKU

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  • Image of Old People
  • I live with 2 South American’s who are often late to meet up. So, I know many cultures have different times. Can we go around and have a few people share what on-time means in your country/culture?
  • Students interacting with the professorProfessors interacting with studentsStudents interacting with students
  • First 3 from printed out Kolb articleLast from Yamazaki 2005
  • Categories into which salient features of the cultures are grouped (Hofstede 2001) Calculating scores on each dimension for cultures enabling ranking among them
  • Degree to which members of a society strive to avoid ambiguity by relying on established social norms, rituals, and bureaucratic practices.
  • Uncertainty reducing mechanisms – planning, rules, rituals
  • Avoiding CONFONTATION
  • Relationship between Professor (superior) and Student (subordinate) Senior and Junior studentWhere this may be a challengeClassroom discussion
  • Uncertainty reducing mechanisms – planning, rules, rituals
  • Uncertainty reducing mechanisms – planning, rules, rituals
  • Linear vs. Circular Relationships
  • Result of Individualism/Collectivism. Western culture tells people to seek personal gains. Liberty and the discovery of the truth is most important.
  • Calculated mean score for each society on each cultural dimension, able to group societies in clusters based on the similarities and dissimilarities in the societal level scores Empirical validity tested through discriminate analysis
  • If you are a native English speaker don’t mistake others for understanding you 100% of the timeIf you are not a native English speaker take this unique opportunity to improve you English listening and speaking
  • These cultural dimensions effect the way we think, act and feel. Something that may seem so obvious to you may be very difficult for others. This is not because you are any more intelligent but rather that your upbringing in a specific culture may place an emphasis on this thing where other cultures prefer to focus on other issues.
  • These cultural dimensions effect the way we think, act and feel. Something that may seem so obvious to you may be very difficult for others. This is not because you are any more intelligent but rather that your upbringing in a specific culture may place an emphasis on this thing where other cultures prefer to focus on other issues.
  • Cultural Presentation for International Student Orientation at NCKU

    1. 1.
    2. 2. Disclaimer<br />Generalizations do not apply to everyone<br />But we should not be blind to variations<br />Very real differences exist betweencultures<br />
    3. 3. Culture is…<br />Shared…<br />Values<br />Beliefs<br />Identities <br />Interpretations<br />Generations of <br />common experience<br />resulting in …<br />
    4. 4. Washing Time<br />
    5. 5. Punctuality <br />
    6. 6. Definition of Beauty<br />
    7. 7. Cultural differences<br />and<br />YOU<br />at<br />
    8. 8. YOU in the Student Body<br />YOU with professors one-on-one<br />YOU with group mates<br />YOU with other students one-on-one<br />
    9. 9. &quot; Culture is more often a source of conflict than of synergy. Cultural differences are a nuisance at best and often a disaster.&quot;     Prof. GeertHofstede, Emeritus Professor, Maastricht University.<br />
    10. 10. Our Student Body<br />
    11. 11.
    12. 12. Cultural Factor<br />
    13. 13. Defining Culture <br />Shared motives, values, beliefs, identities, and interpretations or meanings of significant events that result from common experience of members of collectives that are transmitted across generations.<br /> (House et al., 2004)<br />
    14. 14. Cultural Research<br />GeertHofstede<br />Culture’s Consequences: Comparing Values, Behaviors, Institutions and Organizations Across Nations(Revised 2005)<br />IBM employees in 40 countries<br />Robert J. House <br />Culture, Leadership, and Organizations: The GLOBE Study of 62 Societies (2004)<br />
    15. 15. Cultural Dimensions<br />Characteristics of a culture, including customs and practices, that set it apart from other cultures.<br />
    16. 16. Hofstede’sContinuous Cultural Dimensions<br />Power distance<br />Uncertainty avoidance<br />Individualism – collectivism<br />Masculinity – femininity<br />Long vs. short term orientations<br />
    17. 17. GLOBE Cultural Dimensions<br />Uncertainty avoidance<br />Power distance<br />Institutional collectivism<br />In-group collectivism<br />Gender egalitarianism<br />Assertiveness<br />Future orientation<br />Performance orientation<br />Humane orientation<br />
    18. 18. Uncertainty Avoidance (UA)<br />Degree of avoiding ambiguity by relying on established social norms, rituals, and bureaucratic practices. <br />“I do it this way because that’s how it’s always been done.”<br />1<br />
    19. 19. Uncertainty Avoidance<br />Uncertainty is…<br /> “tolerated” <br />Informal interactions<br />Informal norms<br />Weak desire for rules <br />Low ----------------------------------------------------High<br /><ul><li> Bolivia (3.35)
    20. 20. Taiwan (4.34)
    21. 21. U.S. (4.16)
    22. 22. Germany (5.16)</li></ul>Uncertainty is…<br />“a threat”<br />Formal interactions<br />Policies & procedures<br />Strong desire for rules <br />
    23. 23. Giving Opinion / Tell the Truth<br />
    24. 24. Power Distance<br />Degree society expects and agrees that power should be concentrated at high levels<br />“Authority, power differences and status privileges are accepted and endorsed”<br />2<br />
    25. 25. Power Distance<br />Power is…<br /> “shared” <br />Information is shared<br />Seen as corruption<br />High upward social mobility <br />Power is…<br />“concentrated”<br />Info is localized<br />Seen as providing order<br />Limited upward social mobility<br />Low ----------------------------------------------------High<br /><ul><li> Taiwan (5.18)
    26. 26. Bolivia (4.15)
    27. 27. U.S. (4.88)
    28. 28. Thailand (5.63)</li></li></ul><li>Institutional Collectivism<br />Degree to which collective distribution of resources and collective actions are encouraged and rewarded<br />3<br />
    29. 29. In-Group Collectivism<br />Degree to which individuals express pride, loyalty, and cohesivenessin their organizations or families. <br />4<br />
    30. 30. Individualism vs. Collectivism<br />Individualism is…<br /> “SELF” <br />Independent of groups<br />Individual goals<br />Communication is indirect<br />Collectivism is…<br />“GROUP”<br />Interdependent<br />Group goals<br />Communication is direct<br /><ul><li> Taiwan (4.59)
    31. 31. Germany (3.56)
    32. 32. U.S. (4.20)
    33. 33. South Korea (5.20)</li></li></ul><li>Way of Life<br />Individualist vs. Collectivist Society<br />
    34. 34. At a Party<br />
    35. 35. Contacts & Contacts<br />
    36. 36. Effective Leaders<br />Individualistic culture<br />Leaders are independent, strong willed and forceful<br />Focused on task accomplishment<br />Effective leaders are autonomous<br />Collectivist culture<br />Leaders are interdependent, collaborative and modest<br />Focused on group relationship management<br />Effective leaders are nurturing<br />
    37. 37. Opinion of Self<br />
    38. 38. Gender Egalitarianism<br />Degree to which a society minimizes gender role differences while promoting gender equality. <br />5<br />
    39. 39. Assertiveness<br />Degree to which individuals in societies are assertive (self-confident), confrontational, and aggressive in social relationships.<br />6<br />
    40. 40. Handling of Issues<br />
    41. 41. Future Orientation<br />Degree to which individuals in societies engage in future-oriented behaviors such as planning, investing in the future, and delaying individual or collective gratification (pleasure).<br />7<br />
    42. 42. Performance Orientation<br />Degree to which a society encourages and rewards group members for performance improvement and excellence. <br />8<br />
    43. 43. Humane Orientation<br />Degree to which individuals in societies encourage and reward individuals for being fair, altruistic (unselfish), friendly, generous, caring and kind to others. <br />9<br />
    44. 44. Grouping the World<br />
    45. 45. GLOBE - Cultural Clusters<br />GLOBE - 10 cultural clusters<br />Coherent and convenient statistical summary of intercultural similarities and dissimilarities <br /> House et al. (2004)<br />
    46. 46.
    47. 47.
    48. 48. Australia<br />Canada<br />England<br />South Africa<br />U.S. <br />Poland<br />Russia<br />Bolivia<br />El Salvador<br />Mexico<br />India<br />Indonesia<br />Malaysia<br />Philippines<br />Thailand<br />South Korea<br />Taiwan<br />Vietnam<br />
    49. 49. FINALLY.<br />
    50. 50. Tips to success<br />Linguistic Intelligence<br />Spatial Intelligence<br />Intrapersonal Intelligence<br />Interpersonal Intelligence<br />
    51. 51. 1. Linguistic Intelligence<br />Take an interest in classmates language and culture<br />Learn key words <br />
    52. 52. 2. Spatial Intelligence<br />Understand the proper behavior of others culture <br />Learn, Demonstrate and Adapt<br />
    53. 53. 3. Intrapersonal Intelligence<br />Know your own unique cultural style <br />
    54. 54. 4. Interpersonal Intelligence<br />Interact with other cultures<br />Recognize the dos and don&apos;ts of cultures<br />Ask questions<br />
    55. 55. Where to find out more<br />The Geography of Thought <br />Richard E. Nisbett<br />www.kwintessential.co.uk<br />Country profiles<br />
    56. 56. My Final Thoughts<br />Culture effects theway we think, act and feel<br />
    57. 57. My Final Thoughts<br />What’s obvious to you<br /> may be very difficult to others<br />What your upbringing emphasized <br />other’s culture may not emphasize<br />Your culture may prefers one issue <br /> other’sculturepreferotherissues<br />
    58. 58. My Final Thoughts<br />Cultural differences may be misunderstood as lacking intelligence don’t be fooled…<br />be culturally intelligent<br />
    59. 59. CULTURAL DIFFERENCES<br />Yang Liu<br />www.yangliudesign.com<br />
    60. 60. Showing your Emotions<br />
    61. 61. ?<br />
    62. 62. Chronological Line-up<br />English Alphabetical Order by Country<br />A to Z<br />Within Country – Sort by birth date<br />Month & Day<br />I from the U.S. <br />My birthday is December 05<br />
    63. 63. Small Group Discussions<br />In your country what is “On time”?<br />In your culture do you live with you family, extended family after school, marriage, etc.?<br />In your culture are there any unique clothing items that you wear? What do they mean?<br />How important is work? Socialization?<br />How close/far is a comfortable distance when talking with someone? <br />

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