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Cultural Presentation for International Student Orientation at NCKU
 

Cultural Presentation for International Student Orientation at NCKU

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  • Image of Old People
  • I live with 2 South American’s who are often late to meet up. So, I know many cultures have different times. Can we go around and have a few people share what on-time means in your country/culture?
  • Students interacting with the professorProfessors interacting with studentsStudents interacting with students
  • First 3 from printed out Kolb articleLast from Yamazaki 2005
  • Categories into which salient features of the cultures are grouped (Hofstede 2001) Calculating scores on each dimension for cultures enabling ranking among them
  • Degree to which members of a society strive to avoid ambiguity by relying on established social norms, rituals, and bureaucratic practices.
  • Uncertainty reducing mechanisms – planning, rules, rituals
  • Avoiding CONFONTATION
  • Relationship between Professor (superior) and Student (subordinate) Senior and Junior studentWhere this may be a challengeClassroom discussion
  • Uncertainty reducing mechanisms – planning, rules, rituals
  • Uncertainty reducing mechanisms – planning, rules, rituals
  • Linear vs. Circular Relationships
  • Result of Individualism/Collectivism. Western culture tells people to seek personal gains. Liberty and the discovery of the truth is most important.
  • Calculated mean score for each society on each cultural dimension, able to group societies in clusters based on the similarities and dissimilarities in the societal level scores Empirical validity tested through discriminate analysis
  • If you are a native English speaker don’t mistake others for understanding you 100% of the timeIf you are not a native English speaker take this unique opportunity to improve you English listening and speaking
  • These cultural dimensions effect the way we think, act and feel. Something that may seem so obvious to you may be very difficult for others. This is not because you are any more intelligent but rather that your upbringing in a specific culture may place an emphasis on this thing where other cultures prefer to focus on other issues.
  • These cultural dimensions effect the way we think, act and feel. Something that may seem so obvious to you may be very difficult for others. This is not because you are any more intelligent but rather that your upbringing in a specific culture may place an emphasis on this thing where other cultures prefer to focus on other issues.

Cultural Presentation for International Student Orientation at NCKU Cultural Presentation for International Student Orientation at NCKU Presentation Transcript

  • Disclaimer
    Generalizations do not apply to everyone
    But we should not be blind to variations
    Very real differences exist betweencultures
  • Culture is…
    Shared…
    Values
    Beliefs
    Identities
    Interpretations
    Generations of
    common experience
    resulting in …
  • Washing Time
  • Punctuality
  • Definition of Beauty
  • Cultural differences
    and
    YOU
    at
  • YOU in the Student Body
    YOU with professors one-on-one
    YOU with group mates
    YOU with other students one-on-one
  • " Culture is more often a source of conflict than of synergy. Cultural differences are a nuisance at best and often a disaster."     Prof. GeertHofstede, Emeritus Professor, Maastricht University.
  • Our Student Body
  • Cultural Factor
  • Defining Culture
    Shared motives, values, beliefs, identities, and interpretations or meanings of significant events that result from common experience of members of collectives that are transmitted across generations.
    (House et al., 2004)
  • Cultural Research
    GeertHofstede
    Culture’s Consequences: Comparing Values, Behaviors, Institutions and Organizations Across Nations(Revised 2005)
    IBM employees in 40 countries
    Robert J. House
    Culture, Leadership, and Organizations: The GLOBE Study of 62 Societies (2004)
  • Cultural Dimensions
    Characteristics of a culture, including customs and practices, that set it apart from other cultures.
  • Hofstede’sContinuous Cultural Dimensions
    Power distance
    Uncertainty avoidance
    Individualism – collectivism
    Masculinity – femininity
    Long vs. short term orientations
  • GLOBE Cultural Dimensions
    Uncertainty avoidance
    Power distance
    Institutional collectivism
    In-group collectivism
    Gender egalitarianism
    Assertiveness
    Future orientation
    Performance orientation
    Humane orientation
  • Uncertainty Avoidance (UA)
    Degree of avoiding ambiguity by relying on established social norms, rituals, and bureaucratic practices.
    “I do it this way because that’s how it’s always been done.”
    1
  • Uncertainty Avoidance
    Uncertainty is…
    “tolerated”
    Informal interactions
    Informal norms
    Weak desire for rules
    Low ----------------------------------------------------High
    • Bolivia (3.35)
    • Taiwan (4.34)
    • U.S. (4.16)
    • Germany (5.16)
    Uncertainty is…
    “a threat”
    Formal interactions
    Policies & procedures
    Strong desire for rules
  • Giving Opinion / Tell the Truth
  • Power Distance
    Degree society expects and agrees that power should be concentrated at high levels
    “Authority, power differences and status privileges are accepted and endorsed”
    2
  • Power Distance
    Power is…
    “shared”
    Information is shared
    Seen as corruption
    High upward social mobility
    Power is…
    “concentrated”
    Info is localized
    Seen as providing order
    Limited upward social mobility
    Low ----------------------------------------------------High
    • Taiwan (5.18)
    • Bolivia (4.15)
    • U.S. (4.88)
    • Thailand (5.63)
  • Institutional Collectivism
    Degree to which collective distribution of resources and collective actions are encouraged and rewarded
    3
  • In-Group Collectivism
    Degree to which individuals express pride, loyalty, and cohesivenessin their organizations or families.
    4
  • Individualism vs. Collectivism
    Individualism is…
    “SELF”
    Independent of groups
    Individual goals
    Communication is indirect
    Collectivism is…
    “GROUP”
    Interdependent
    Group goals
    Communication is direct
    • Taiwan (4.59)
    • Germany (3.56)
    • U.S. (4.20)
    • South Korea (5.20)
  • Way of Life
    Individualist vs. Collectivist Society
  • At a Party
  • Contacts & Contacts
  • Effective Leaders
    Individualistic culture
    Leaders are independent, strong willed and forceful
    Focused on task accomplishment
    Effective leaders are autonomous
    Collectivist culture
    Leaders are interdependent, collaborative and modest
    Focused on group relationship management
    Effective leaders are nurturing
  • Opinion of Self
  • Gender Egalitarianism
    Degree to which a society minimizes gender role differences while promoting gender equality.
    5
  • Assertiveness
    Degree to which individuals in societies are assertive (self-confident), confrontational, and aggressive in social relationships.
    6
  • Handling of Issues
  • Future Orientation
    Degree to which individuals in societies engage in future-oriented behaviors such as planning, investing in the future, and delaying individual or collective gratification (pleasure).
    7
  • Performance Orientation
    Degree to which a society encourages and rewards group members for performance improvement and excellence.
    8
  • Humane Orientation
    Degree to which individuals in societies encourage and reward individuals for being fair, altruistic (unselfish), friendly, generous, caring and kind to others.
    9
  • Grouping the World
  • GLOBE - Cultural Clusters
    GLOBE - 10 cultural clusters
    Coherent and convenient statistical summary of intercultural similarities and dissimilarities
    House et al. (2004)
  • Australia
    Canada
    England
    South Africa
    U.S.
    Poland
    Russia
    Bolivia
    El Salvador
    Mexico
    India
    Indonesia
    Malaysia
    Philippines
    Thailand
    South Korea
    Taiwan
    Vietnam
  • FINALLY.
  • Tips to success
    Linguistic Intelligence
    Spatial Intelligence
    Intrapersonal Intelligence
    Interpersonal Intelligence
  • 1. Linguistic Intelligence
    Take an interest in classmates language and culture
    Learn key words
  • 2. Spatial Intelligence
    Understand the proper behavior of others culture
    Learn, Demonstrate and Adapt
  • 3. Intrapersonal Intelligence
    Know your own unique cultural style
  • 4. Interpersonal Intelligence
    Interact with other cultures
    Recognize the dos and don'ts of cultures
    Ask questions
  • Where to find out more
    The Geography of Thought
    Richard E. Nisbett
    www.kwintessential.co.uk
    Country profiles
  • My Final Thoughts
    Culture effects theway we think, act and feel
  • My Final Thoughts
    What’s obvious to you
    may be very difficult to others
    What your upbringing emphasized
    other’s culture may not emphasize
    Your culture may prefers one issue
    other’sculturepreferotherissues
  • My Final Thoughts
    Cultural differences may be misunderstood as lacking intelligence don’t be fooled…
    be culturally intelligent
  • CULTURAL DIFFERENCES
    Yang Liu
    www.yangliudesign.com
  • Showing your Emotions
  • ?
  • Chronological Line-up
    English Alphabetical Order by Country
    A to Z
    Within Country – Sort by birth date
    Month & Day
    I from the U.S.
    My birthday is December 05
  • Small Group Discussions
    In your country what is “On time”?
    In your culture do you live with you family, extended family after school, marriage, etc.?
    In your culture are there any unique clothing items that you wear? What do they mean?
    How important is work? Socialization?
    How close/far is a comfortable distance when talking with someone?