Knowledge Management 2009 (5)
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Knowledge Management 2009 (5)



Course 5 - First draft

Course 5 - First draft



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Knowledge Management 2009 (5) Knowledge Management 2009 (5) Presentation Transcript

  • Knowledge Management 2009 Course 5 Tim Hoogenboom & Bolke de Bruin
  • Contents of Today
    • Recapitulating last week
    • About Identity
    • Understanding how an identity is constituted and how it is formed
    • Relevance of Identity
    • Assignment
  • Wrapping it up
  • Community
    • In order to structure a practice a social configuration is needed
    • Communities of Practice are constituted under the force of
      • Mutuality of engagement: Constructing and reproducing the relationships (often called memberships) for doing things together.
      • Joint enterprise: shared objective negotiated by its participants to deal with a situation as they experience it.
      • Shared repertoire: Resources for negotiation of meaning that a community has adopted during its existence, and which have become part of its practice
  • Practices create
    • Meaning
    • Social configurations (Communities of Practice)
    • Learning
    • Boundaries
    • Locality
  • Relevancy PBA
    • Practice Based Approach (PBA)
    • Practice situated in middle of structure and agency extremes
      • Structure (Objectivism, functionalism, positivism)
      • Agency (Subjectivism, symbolic interactionism, pragmatism)
    • In search for middle way:
      • Giddens’ structuration theory, Latour’s actor-network theory, Wenger’s practice based approach
      • Think of organizational reconstitutions
  • Identity
  • About Identity
    • Shifting focus from how people engage (practice) to how people become (identity) in order to learn
    • Identity is “the negotiation of meaning of our memberships in social communities […] that constitutes both the individual as the community” (p.145)
    • Identity in social psychology seen as self-image, definition Wenger is broader.
    • Identity is what we are, what we want to be, or what we want to become and does not has to reflect reality
    • (see Goffman on frontstage and backstage)
  • Producing our identity
    • We produce our identity through the duality of
      • Participation
      • Non-participation
    • Designing for marginality and peripherality to affect identity formation
  • Making sense of identity
    • Three distinct modes of belonging to make sense of process of identity formation
  • Identity formation
    • Next to having an identity and identifying yourself with it, your identity is also formed by the ability to negotiate meanings
    • Identity formation is dual process between
      • Identification : Who or what we identity with by creating bonds or distinctions in which we become invested
      • Negotiability : Determines the degree to which we have control over the meanings in which we are invested
  • Identity integrated
  • Social processes shaping ID
    • Identity as negotiated experience : We define who we are by the ways we experience ourselves through participation as well as by the ways we and others reify ourselves
    • Identity as community membership : We define who we are by the familiar and the unfamiliar
    • Identity as learning trajectory : We define who we are by where we have been and where we are going, a “constant becoming”
    • Identity as nexus of multi-membership : We define who we are by the ways we reconcile our various forms of membership into one identity
    • Identity as a relation between the local and the global : We define who we are by negotiating local ways of belonging to broader constellations and of manifesting broader styles and discourses
  • Social processes practice vs ID
    • Practice as…
    • Negotiation of meaning (in terms of participation and reification)
    • Community
    • Shared history of learning
    • Boundary and landscape
    • Constellations
    • Identity as…
    • Negotiated experience of self (in terms of participation and reification)
    • Membership
    • Learning trajectory
    • Nexus of multi-membership
    • Belonging defined globally but experienced locally
  • Relevancy Identity or what do we miss in social software
    • Identity is still seen as static self-image, see social networking sites
    • Social media still consider engaging in relations (which are rather associations) and constructing identity as separate items
    • Where is the social media that helps me in my trajectories, multimembership.
    • What about the ‘fakesters’ on ‘friendster’ … intended or unintended consequence
  • Assignment