United Nations-designated <br />International Year of Forests - 2011 <br />So! What do forests mean to us?<br />This prese...
Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />2<br />
1900<br />3.18<br />1950<br />1.85<br />1960<br />1.45<br />1970<br />1.17<br />1980<br />0.97<br />1990<br />0.82<br />20...
Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />4<br />Globally, forests cover about one-third of the Earth’s land surface.<br...
Where are the Boreal (Taiga) Forests?<br />The northern boreal forest eco-region accounts for about one third of this plan...
Where are our Temperate Forests ? <br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />6<br />
Where are the Tropical Forests ? <br /><ul><li>Forests cover almost one-third of the earth's land surface are home to abou...
Just under 4 billion hectares
Tropical rainforests are home to over half the world’s species.
3 main regions of tropical rainforest
Centered around the equator. Fifty-seven percent of the world’s forests, including most tropical forests, are located in d...
People<br />More that 1.6 billion people depend to varying degrees on forests for their livelihoods, e.g. <br />fuelwood<b...
What have all those forests got in common?Biological Diversity<br />For biologists, tropical rainforests are some of the r...
Wood - Livelihoods -  Fair Trade<br />Tropical, Temperate&BorealForests<br /><ul><li>are home to fascinating wildlife
are a source of exquisite species of wood
provides livelihoods for millions of people</li></ul>Tropical wood:          Mahogany-Iroko-Rosewood<br />Temperate wood: ...
The Importance of Forests to Society<br />Forests are an integral part of global sustainable development.<br />According t...
The Carbon Footprint of Timber Imports?<br />Ireland imports an estimated 900million EURO worth of timber and wood-based p...
WOOD & Waste In Ireland<br />This piece of Honduran mahogany, was used as a mortar-board. At approx 350 years old it is st...
Should there be a facility where people can dispose of “old-used” wood ?
Who should run such a facility?</li></ul>Thousands of tons of usable wood is discarded annually in Ireland. The skip below...
Forests & The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)<br />Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger<br />Goal 2: Achieve u...
Forest FACTS 2011<br /> <br />The boreal forest is the largest tract of ancient forest left in North America and represent...
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Wood for Life

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Woodwork teachers are in a good position to deliver a message of sustainability to their students.

This powerpoint presentation is a guide to responsible wood procurement for construction studies and woodwork teachers.

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  • Rainforest trees are quite different from trees of the temperate forests. In the rainforest, trees grow to gigantic size, supported by strong, strut-like buttresses at the base of the trunk that help to stabilize them in the shallow forest soils. Huge creepers twine themselves around the trunks of trees.Approximately 1.5 billion tonnes of wood is harvested for fuel annually worldwide
  • TEMPERATE of Four-Season Forests as they are often referred to:Temperate forests grow between the tropics and the polar regions in both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. They have four distinct seasons with a well-defined winter. Temperate forests have a moderate climate.Temperate forests produce seasonal growth, warm &amp; dry summers /cold moist winters, species mix conifers/deciduous etcThey are home to many plant and animal species. Much of the food humans eat is grown in areas where temperate forests have been cleared and farms now exist. If you don’t live in the tropics, chances are a temperate forest once was growing where you are right now. Temperate forests are also where many of our favorite foods first came from. Walnuts, apples, mushrooms, and maple sugar are all foods of the temperate forest.
  • Boreal Forests OverviewIn the uppermost Northern Hemisphere, North America, Europe, and Asia have significant expanses of land. The boreal forests ring the regions immediately south of the Arctic Circle in a vast expanse that easily rivals the rainforest regions of the world. The northern boreal ecoregion accounts for about one third of this planet&apos;s total forest area. This broad circumpolar band runs through most of CaConiferous SpeciesPinaceae- Pine Family   AbiesAbies alba - Silver FirAbies sibrica - Siberian Fir   PiceaPicea abies - Norway SprucePicea sitchensis - Sitka Spruce   PinusPinus contorta - Lodgepole PinePinus ponderosa - Ponderosa PinePinus sylvestris - Scotch Pine   PseudotsugaPseudotsuga menziesii - Douglas Fir   LarixLarix decidua - European LarchLarix gmelinii - Dahurian LarchLarix occidentalis - Western LarchLarix sibirica - Siberian Larch   TsugaTsuga heterophylla - Western HemlockCupressaceae- Cypress FamilyChamaecyparis nootkatensis - Alaska CedarThuja plicata
- Western Red CedarDeciduous SpeciesAceraceae- Maple FamilyAcer platanoides - Norway MapleAcer saccharum - Sugar MapleBetulaceae- Birch FamilyBetula alleghaniensis - Yellow BirchBetula occidentalis - Water BirchBetula pendula - European White BirchBetula populifolia - Gray BirchFagaceae- Oak FamilyQuercus alba - White OakQuercus robur - Common OakQuercus rubra - Northern Red OakUlmaceae- Elm FamilyUlmus americana - American ElmUlmus glabra - Wych ElmSalicaceae- Willow FamilySalix nigra - Black WillowGLOSSARIESTerminology | PictorialSHRUBS, HERBS AND OTHER PLANTS OF THE WORD&apos;S BOREAL FORESTSPlants of Northwestern OntarioTREES | SHRUBS | HERBS | GRAMINOIDSFERNS &amp; FERN-ALLIES | BROPHYTES &amp; LICHENS| Home | Forest Capital of Canada | About Our Website || Ontario&apos;s North (West) Forest | Boreal Forests of the World | North (West) Forest Industry || World Links and Resources | &quot;Forest Finder&quot; Search Engine | Educational Resources || What&apos;s Happening | Contacts | Site Map | nada, Russia and Scandinavia.
  • Other questions:Are we dumping too much ‘useable’ wood?Should there be a facility where people can dispose of “old-used” wood ?Who should run such a facility?Is our consumerism having a positive or negative effect on the world’s forests?What do we need to do in order to continue to use timber and wood-based products on a ‘sustainable’ basis?
  • What are the Millennium Development Goals?Adopted by world leaders in the year 2000 and set to be achieved by 2015, the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) provide concrete, numerical benchmarks for tackling extreme poverty in its many dimensions. 

The MDGs also provide a framework for the entire international community to work together towards a common end – making sure that human development reaches everyone, everywhere. If these goals are achieved, world poverty will be cut by half, tens of millions of lives will be saved, and billions more people will have the opportunity to benefit from the global economy. 

The eight MDGs break down into 21 quantifiable targets that are measured by 60 indicators. The Millennium development Goals were introduced. More on this is available at http://www.undp.org/mdg/basics.shtml
  • OK. Before we go any further let us look at the FACTS.
  • About FSCFSC is an independent, non-governmental, not-for-profit organization established to promote the responsible management of the world’s forests.Established in 1993 as a response to concerns over global deforestation, FSC is a pioneer forum where the global consensus on responsible forest management convenes and through democratic process effects solutions to the pressures facing the world’s forests and forest-dependent communities.Within this forum, voices from the Global North and South, from organizations big and small, assemble to define environmentally appropriate, socially beneficial and economically viable forest management and identify the tools and resources that will effect positive, lasting change.As a multi-stakeholder organization, FSC applies the directive of its membership to develop forest management and chain of custody standards, deliver trademark assurance and provide accreditation services to a global network of committed businesses, organizations and communities.FSC certification provides a credible link between responsible production and consumption of forest products, enabling consumers and businesses to make purchasing decisions that benefit people and the environment as well as providing ongoing business value.FSC is nationally represented in more than 50 countries around the world.
  • What Wood You Choose? All the timber and wood products we buy – from furniture to flooring to paper – started life in a forest somewhere. Trees were cut down, processed and sold to you as a door, a kitchen worktop or maybe a book. But not all wood comes from well-managed forests. So how can you be sure you’re choosing the right wood – wood that’s sustainably produced without causing harm to people or wildlife? Watch this short film to find out… Where does your wood come from? Our campaign to support a responsible timber trade You’d be forgiven for thinking the paper and wood we buy in the UK is all from good, sustainable and legal sources. But it’s not. When you go into a DIY store to buy wood, or you’re in a supermarket choosing toilet paper, you might assume you don’t need to worry about where it’s come from. Sadly, there’s still work to be done by all of us to stop illegal forest goods being sold in UK shops and ending up in our homes. That’s why we’ve launched our What Wood You Choose? campaign – to help you make the right choices. When you buy wood or paper in the UK you could actually be supporting the illegal timber trade, without realising it. This trade seriously threatens forests, people and wildlife in countries like Indonesia and Cameroon. Ask your MP to support the Illegally Logged Timber Bill Read WWF campaigner Nicola’s Cameroon rainforest diary Watch our photo story from the rainforest WWF&apos;s Robin Clegg has gone to Borneo for our What Wood You Choose? campaign Robin spoke to people affected by illegal logging, and found out how sustainable forest management and forest certification schemes like FSC can help create a better, healthier future for the forests and communities there. And also why it matters that we choose responsibly-sourced wood and paper here in the UK. Read Robin&apos;s story from Borneo Campaign success! A new EU law on illegal timber The European Parliament voted in July 2010 to ban the import of illegal timber into the EU. The law has now cleared the final hurdle with a vote by the EU Council on 11 October 2010 which is great news! We expect it to come into force in early 2013. Thanks to all our supporters who helped us lobby for this law which is a really important step forward in the fight against illegal logging. What can you do? Choose FSC We’re all consumers of wood and paper, and the products we choose can make a real difference. The FSC (Forest Stewardship Council) logo on wood and paper products tells you it has been sourced from well-managed forests according to high environmental and social standards. You can find the FSC logo on all sorts of products: furniture, decking, sheds, conservatories, bird boxes, flooring, doors, shelves, wallpaper, writing paper, pencils, toilet tissue… in fact most things made from wood! It can also be found on less obvious items like charcoal. Find out more about forest certification You have the power We know consumer pressure plays a big part in reducing illegal logging. Remember – the consumer is king (or queen). Tell your supermarket, DIY store or stationery shop that you want them to stock legal, sustainable wood and paper. As a consumer you have the power to tackle the illegal timber trade and make a positive difference for forests and the people and wildlife that depend on them. Follow WWF’s What Wood You Choose? campaign as it develops. Keep checking back on this page for more advice and actions you can take that will help tackle the illegal timber trade.
  • Our campaign to support a responsible timber tradeA number of Irish companies are now using FSC-certified fiber in their packaging-see slide.You’d be forgiven for thinking the paper and wood we buy in Ireland is all from good, sustainable and legal sources. But it’s not. When you go into a DIY store to buy wood, or you’re in a supermarket choosing toilet paper, you might assume you don’t need to worry about where it’s come from. Sadly, there’s still work to be done by all of us to stop illegal forest goods being sold in Irish shops and ending up in our homes.&lt;object width=&quot;640&quot; height=&quot;390&quot;&gt;&lt;param name=&quot;movie&quot; value=&quot;http://www.youtube.com/v/51AwOL0He4c&amp;hl=en_GB&amp;feature=player_embedded&amp;version=3&quot;&gt;&lt;/param&gt;&lt;param name=&quot;allowFullScreen&quot; value=&quot;true&quot;&gt;&lt;/param&gt;&lt;param name=&quot;allowScriptAccess&quot; value=&quot;always&quot;&gt;&lt;/param&gt;&lt;embed src=&quot;http://www.youtube.com/v/51AwOL0He4c&amp;hl=en_GB&amp;feature=player_embedded&amp;version=3&quot; type=&quot;application/x-shockwave-flash&quot; allowfullscreen=&quot;true&quot; allowScriptAccess=&quot;always&quot; width=&quot;640&quot; height=&quot;390&quot;&gt;&lt;/embed&gt;&lt;/object&gt;
  • http://www.justforests.org/education-for-sustainable-development-esd
  • Wood for Life

    1. 1. United Nations-designated <br />International Year of Forests - 2011 <br />So! What do forests mean to us?<br />This presentation has been developed by<br />Just Forests <br />in association with<br />T4-Technology Subjects Support Service <br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />1<br />
    2. 2. Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />2<br />
    3. 3. 1900<br />3.18<br />1950<br />1.85<br />1960<br />1.45<br />1970<br />1.17<br />1980<br />0.97<br />1990<br />0.82<br />2000<br />0.64<br />How much forest have we - Globally?<br /><ul><li>In 1900 Ireland had 1% forest cover…</li></ul> …today we have 13% of our land covered in trees…<br />…but we are the largest per-capita consumers of tropical timber in the EU…<br /><ul><li> Globally the ratio of forests per person is shrinking</li></ul>(the numbers expressed in hectares below refer to ‘per person’ globally)<br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />3<br />
    4. 4. Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />4<br />Globally, forests cover about one-third of the Earth’s land surface.<br />Temperate Forests grow between the <br />Tropical Forests andthe <br />Boreal Forestsin the polar regions in both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres<br />
    5. 5. Where are the Boreal (Taiga) Forests?<br />The northern boreal forest eco-region accounts for about one third of this planet's total forest area. <br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />5<br />
    6. 6. Where are our Temperate Forests ? <br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />6<br />
    7. 7. Where are the Tropical Forests ? <br /><ul><li>Forests cover almost one-third of the earth's land surface are home to about 50% of all plant and animal species on the planet-There are 3 main regions of tropical rainforest: in Central and South America, in West and Central Africa, and in Southeast Asia.
    8. 8. Just under 4 billion hectares
    9. 9. Tropical rainforests are home to over half the world’s species.
    10. 10. 3 main regions of tropical rainforest
    11. 11. Centered around the equator. Fifty-seven percent of the world’s forests, including most tropical forests, are located in developing countries. </li></ul>Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />7<br />
    12. 12. People<br />More that 1.6 billion people depend to varying degrees on forests for their livelihoods, e.g. <br />fuelwood<br /> medicinal plants<br />forest foods <br />Oskar Biteye, grandson of family chief Zaire and the group's youngest hunter, returns from the hunt with his day's catch, a forest antelope, in the Okapi Wildlife Reserve outside the town of Epulu, Congo. <br />©Rebecca Blackwell  /  AP<br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />8<br />
    13. 13. What have all those forests got in common?Biological Diversity<br />For biologists, tropical rainforests are some of the richest, most exciting areas on earth! They are home to gigantic trees, colorful birds, millions of brightly hued insects, and a variety of fascinating mammals. <br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />9<br />
    14. 14. Wood - Livelihoods - Fair Trade<br />Tropical, Temperate&BorealForests<br /><ul><li>are home to fascinating wildlife
    15. 15. are a source of exquisite species of wood
    16. 16. provides livelihoods for millions of people</li></ul>Tropical wood: Mahogany-Iroko-Rosewood<br />Temperate wood: Oak-Ash-Beech-Pine<br />Boreal wood: Cedar-Spruce-Larch-Hemlock<br />FAIR Trade: The supply of responsibly harvested African blackwood stands to increase significantly as a result of a 700% increase in the total area of forest in Tanzania certified under the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC).<br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />10<br />
    17. 17. The Importance of Forests to Society<br />Forests are an integral part of global sustainable development.<br />According to World Bank estimates, more than 1.6 billion people depend on forests for their livelihoods. <br />The forest product industry is a source of economic growth and employment, with global forest products traded internationally in the order of $270 billion.<br />To help you with your selection of timber please refer to Just Forests –KNOW Your Wood Guide<br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />11<br />
    18. 18. The Carbon Footprint of Timber Imports?<br />Ireland imports an estimated 900million EURO worth of timber and wood-based products annually. <br />The carbon footprint of this activity (importation) can be enormous.<br />Question: <br />What should or what can we do?<br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />12<br />What is timber’s Carbon Footprint?<br />A carbon Footprint is a measure of how much impact a particular product or component has in relation to global climate change<br />
    19. 19. WOOD & Waste In Ireland<br />This piece of Honduran mahogany, was used as a mortar-board. At approx 350 years old it is still perfectly sound and free of any form of deterioration.<br />Questions:<br /><ul><li>Are we dumping too much ‘useable’ wood?
    20. 20. Should there be a facility where people can dispose of “old-used” wood ?
    21. 21. Who should run such a facility?</li></ul>Thousands of tons of usable wood is discarded annually in Ireland. The skip below contains iroko and ipe, two excellent quality tropical hardwoods from Africa.<br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />13<br />
    22. 22. Forests & The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)<br />Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger<br />Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education<br />Goal 3: Promote gender equality<br />Goal 4: Reduce child mortality<br />Goal 5: Improve maternal health<br />Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria & other diseases<br />Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability<br />Goal 8: Develop a Global Partnership for Development<br />The fight against poverty is the overarching goal of the eight MDGs. Many millions of people use forest and woodland resources to sustain livelihoods and for basis needs , such as fresh water, medicinal plants and food. <br />Questions:<br />How can forests contribute to the MDGs?<br />Is our dependence on tropical timber having an effect on global forests?<br />Should we be using more Irish-grown timber? <br />Thirty-three of the world’s 100 largest cities derive their drinking water from catchments within protected forest areas. Source: WWF<br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />14<br />
    23. 23. Forest FACTS 2011<br /> <br />The boreal forest is the largest tract of ancient forest left in North America and represents 25 percent of the world’s remaining ancient forests. <br />Source: Greenpeace<br /> <br />Thirty-three of the world’s 100 largest cities derive their drinking water from catchments within protected forest areas. <br />Source: WWF<br /> <br />Fifty-seven percent of the world’s forests, including most tropical forests, are located in developing countries. <br />Source: The Nature Conservancy<br /> <br />More that 1.6 billion people depend to varying degrees on forests for their livelihoods, e.g. fuelwood, medicinal plants, and forest foods. <br />Source: World Bank 2004<br /> <br />Forests provide habitats to about two-thirds of all species on earth. <br />Source: World Bank 2004<br /> <br />The Amazon rainforest produces 20 percent of the world’s oxygen. <br />Source: ACEER Foundation<br /> <br />Tropical forests renew the air we breath and moderate our global climate by absorbing about 20 percent of the carbon from emissions. <br />Source: The Nature Conservancy and REUTERS<br /> <br />Forests are home to 300 million people around the world.<br />Source: FAO Forest Resources Assessment<br /> <br />Tropical rainforests are home to over half the world’s species.<br />Source: The Rainforest Council<br /> <br />Australia, Brazil, and Mexico each possess more than 1,000 species of native trees.<br />Source: FAO Forest Resources Assessment<br /> <br />Ten countries account for two-thirds of the global forest cover.<br />Source: FAO Forest Resources Assessment<br /> <br />Globally, forests represent about four billion hectares (3,952 million hectares or about sq km) or 30.3 percent of total land cover.<br />Source: FAO Forest Resources Assessment<br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />15<br />
    24. 24. Conservation by Design!<br />Junior Certificate Materials Technology Wood Project 2011 Design Brief<br />In an effort to raise awareness of the importance of forests and biodiversity the United Nations has dedicated 2011 as the International Year of Forests.<br />Design and make an artefact which celebrates the importance of forests in maintaining biodiversity and in preserving the world’s fragile resources. The design should reflect the interdependence of all life forms. The finished artefact should be inspirational and elegant in its setting. <br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />16<br />
    25. 25. Do you know how your wood was obtained?<br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />17<br />
    26. 26. What can you do?<br />Find out where the wood/plywood in the woodwork room store comes from<br />Support Fair Trade in forest products<br />Insist on FSC-certified timber<br />Don’t waste quality hardwoods<br />Plant a tree or more<br />Use Just Forests KNOW - Your Wood Guide 2011<br />Visit www.justforests.org and keep up-to-date<br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />18<br />
    27. 27. What does ‘FSC-certified’ wood mean?<br />Just Forests supports the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) forest certification programme as the world’s most credible. FSC's mission is to improve the management of the world's forests. <br />When you see the FSC logo (the tree with the tick mark) on products you are helping them to achieve their mission, which means:<br />Local communities are respected<br />Wildlife is protected<br />Fair price paid for wood and other forest products<br />Re-planting of trees takes place<br />Annual inspection carried out <br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />19<br />
    28. 28. What Wood You Choose? <br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />20<br />
    29. 29. WHAT HAVE THEY GOT IN COMMON?<br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />21<br />Do you see the FSC logo?<br />
    30. 30. KNOW – Your Wood Guide checklist<br />Make the best environmental choice when buying or using wood. Start with step 1 - the best option - and work your way through.<br />Step 1:<br />Repair, restore or adapt something you already have. You may need professional help but it could still be cheaper than something new and it's far better for the world's forests. <br />Step 2:<br />Buy secondhand, recycled, reclaimed or waste timber. A better environmental choice than buying new.<br />Step 3:<br />Buy locally produced timber products that are Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) certified. If you can't recycle, buying locally-produced timber products means less fossil fuel is used in transportation. All FSC certified wood carries the FSC logo. <br />Step 4:<br />Buy FSC certified products from farther afield. If there is no timber available from a locally certified forest, the FSC logo is always preferable. <br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />22<br />
    31. 31. The KNOW-WOOD™ Board Project<br />-creating a wood culture in Ireland.<br /><ul><li>With the Know-Wood™ Board you can examine the tactile qualities of the wood and access helpful technical information relating to that particular species .</li></ul>Your information companion: KNOW - Your Wood Guide 2011<br />What is Changing?<br /><ul><li>New EU legislation places responsibility on timber importers to ensure they are NOT supplying illegally-logged timber and wood-based products</li></ul>Available September 2011<br />Available April 2011<br />Piecing it all together<br />Local ACTIONS = Global IMPACTS<br />Education resources by Just Forests<br />http://www.justforests.org/education-for-sustainable-development-esd<br />Please click on speaker for soundtrack<br />23<br />
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