Uploaded on

 

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
1,660
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1

Actions

Shares
Downloads
14
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Infection Control Inservice Surveillance Prevention Program Control Education Presented By: Eneida Cruz, DNP, RN
  • 2. InfectionElements of Infection – A SOURCE of infection – A TRANSMITTER of infection – A SUSCEPTIBLE HOSTSources of Infection: – Food – Feces – Fomities (furniture, toliets, floors, etc.) – Finger – Contaminated personal protective equipment (ie, gloves)
  • 3. Infection, cont’d Causes of Infection: – Virus – Bacteria – Parasite – Fungi Diseases caused by Infection: – Cold/Flu – Lyme’s Disease – AIDS – Urinary and Kidney Infections – Strep Throat – Pink Eye – Boils
  • 4. Infection Control Overview Infection Control Program – Infection Control Consultant Policies & Procedures – Clinical Manual Policies • C.46.A - C.46.M • Exposure Control Plan • TB Screening • Influenza Program Regulatory – DOHSS – JCAHO – OSHA
  • 5. Infection Control Activities Semi-Annual Infection Control Survey & Risk Assessment Clinical Activities – Patient Education – Pre - Procedure Phone Calls – Post Procedure Phone Calls QA Activities – QA Audit Form – Monthly Hand Hygiene Monitoring Tool Infection Control Report – MR Review
  • 6. Infection Control Activities, cont’d Environmental Services Plan – Environment of Care Survey – Quality Inspection Reports Staff Education – Annual Mandatory Inservice – As needed Logs – Needlestick Injury Log – Blood/Body Fluids Exposure Log
  • 7. Infectious DiseasesTuberculosis (TB) – Spread by tiny germs that can float in the air – Anyone nearby can breathe TB germs into his/her lungs – TB germs can live in your body without making you sick – TB skin test (PPD) done annually
  • 8. Bloodborne Diseases Hepatitis B (HBV) – An illness of the liver caused by infection with the Hepatitis B Virus – Vaccine Series Hepatitis C (HCV) – Similar to HBV – No vaccine available HIV/AIDS – A condition in which the body’s immune system breaks down
  • 9. Needlestick Injuries 800,000 needlesticks estimated annually by OSHA in the U.S. Needlestick injuries occur when staff: – dispose of needles – collect and dispose of materials used during patient care procedures – administer injections – draw blood – handle trash or dirty linens where needles have been inappropriately discarded
  • 10. Needlestick Injuries, cont’d.Prevent Injuries by utilizing – Sharp Disposable System – Needle Devices – Needleless IV Connector – Self-Resheathing NeedleReport all NEEDLESTICK INJURIES – Policy C.46.F – Log – Incident Report – Medical Care
  • 11. Standard PrecautionsHandwashingGlovingMaskingGowningAppropriate device handlingAppropriate handling of laundry
  • 12. Latex AllergyReaction to certain proteins in latex rubberRisk to Health care workers developing latex allergyThe most common reaction is – Irritant Contact Dermatitis • dry, itchy, irritated areas on the skin – Allergic Contact Dermatitis (sometimes called Chemical Sensitivity Dermatitis) • skin rash similar to that of poison ivy
  • 13. Latex Allergy, cont’d.Policy C.54.AClinical Activities – Patient Care • Latex Allergy Signs – Supplies • All medical supplies are latex free unless otherwise documented on package, i.e., Foley Catheters contain latex.
  • 14. Environmental CleaningSurface Disinfectant ClothsRoom Turnover – Posted in each procedure room and in the recovery room – Wipe down all surface areas, stretcher, pillow, B/P cuff, monitors, etc.
  • 15. Medical EquipmentSingle use devices discard after useReusable devices must be cleaned and maintained according to manufacturer’s instructionsCleaning – Enzymatic cleaner – Sponges/pipe cleanersHigh Level Disinfection (HLD) – Test strips – Temperature – Log sheet
  • 16. Infection Control PreventionHandwashing Protect yourself and others