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  1. 1. PrimatesStephanie DiPietrantonio, Milan Genovese,and Justin HalimSection 2Group 3
  2. 2. Prosimians  Pro= Before  Simian= Apes  classic image that comes to mind  More primitive than simians  Found in small groups; not very social  Relies more on sense of smellStephanie DiPietrantonio
  3. 3. Appearance  Long snout  Wet nose  Tooth combs  Eyes glow in the dark and can see in the dark  See in black-and-whiteStephanie DiPietrantonio
  4. 4. Strepsirrhines Includes monkeys, apes, and humans Very social animals Found in large family units Characterized by complex hierarchies Relies more on sense of sightStephanie DiPietrantonio
  5. 5. Appearances  Can’t see in the dark  Dry nose  See in color  Fleshy upper lip  No tooth combs or grooming clawsStephanie DiPietrantonio
  6. 6. Justin Halim Evolution of Primates  Primates evolved from the species Purgatorius.  Primates then evolved into two separate groups, the Strepsirrhiniand the Haplorhini. Purgatoriu s
  7. 7. Justin Halim Evolution of Primates Purgatorius g Primates Strepsirrhini Haplorhini
  8. 8. Justin Halim Primates - Strepsirrhini Strepsirrhini is divided into two groups: 1. Lemuriformes: aye-ayes, lemurs (sportive, woolly, dwarf, etc.) 2. Lorisiformes: lorises, galagos, etc. .jpg nder-loris.jpg pg Lemurs Aye-aye Loris Galagos
  9. 9. Justin Halim Primates - Haplorhini Haplorhini is divided into two groups: 1. Tarsiiformes: Tarsiers 2. Simiiformes: Old World Monkeys, New World Monkeys, and apes Old World Tarsier New World Monkeys Monkey
  10. 10. Justin Halim Haplorhini - Simiiformes Simiiformes include New World Monkeys and the group Catarrhini. New World Monkeys are small monkeys with flat noses. They include:  Marmosets & Tamarins  Capuchins monkey-picture.jpg  Owl Monkeys Capuchin //BrownSpiderMonkey.jpg  Howler & Spider Monkeys Spider Monkey
  11. 11. Justin Halim Haplorhini - Catarrhini The group Catarrhini includes the Old World Monkeys and the group Hominoidea. Old World Monkeys are different from New World due to different shapes of noses, and are mostly larger. Old World Monkeys include:  Baboons  Mandrills & Drills  Macaques /Mandril.jpg Macaques Mandrill
  12. 12. Justin Halim Catarrhini - Hominoidea Hominoidea is separated into the “lesser apes” and the “greater apes.”  “Lesser apes” – the gibbons  “Greater apes” (order of evolution) – orangutans, gorillas, chimpanzees, bonobos, and humans _groom.jpg Gibbons Orangutans Gorilla Chimpanzees
  13. 13. Spread of Disease• Urbanization and habitat destruction has lead to increased contact between humans and wildlife• Cross species disease transfers have occurred as humans move to what was forest Milan Genovese
  14. 14. Disease in Primates• Some primate diseases that have crossed species include: -Nipah Virus - Ebola - HIV human-hand-and-monkey-hand-mixed-breed-between-chimpanzee-and-bonobo--20-years-old.jpg Milan Genovese
  15. 15. Nipah Virus HIV Ebola Milan Genovese
  16. 16. Simian Hemorrhagic Fever Virus• Other Diseases, such as Simian Hemorrhagic Fever, may be exclusive to certain species• SHFV often mirrors Ebola• Simian Hemorrhagic Fever Virus is almost always fatal Milan Genovese
  17. 17. SimianHemo • Other Diseases, suchrrhagic Fever as SimianVirus Hemorrhagic Fever, may be exclusive to certain species • SHFV often mimics Ebola • Simian Hemorrhagic Fever Virus is almost always fatal Milan Genovese
  18. 18. InformationalReferences Lemur disease ecology: Linking health, ecosystem viability & conservation in Madagascar | Duke University Center for International Studies. (2008, October 21). Duke University Center for International Studies. Retrieved November 21, 2011, from http://ducis. ecology-linking-health-ecosystem-viability- and-conservation-in-madagascar/
  19. 19. Image Citations[Forest in Trouble] Retrieved November 21, 2011, from: http://www.[Monkey Hand and Human Hand] Retrieved November 21, 2011, from; 00135/5570122-handshake-between-human-hand-and-monkey- hand-mixed-breed-between-chimpanzee-and-bonobo--20-years- old.jpgGoldsmith, C. HIV Under Electron Microscope . Retrieved November 27, 2011, from; budding-Color.jpg
  20. 20. Image CitationsGoldsmith, C. Ebola Virus Viron. Retrieved November 27, 2011, from; on.jpg