eBooks & Public Librariesgetting books to people as the future shows up a little early
Are eBooks a threat to libraries?• They could be...• It depends on our approach...• The 5 laws still apply.
Raganathan’s 5 Laws of Library Science1. Books are for use.2. Books are for all.3. Every book its reader.4. Save the time of the reader.5. The library is a growing organism. 1931
Michael Gorman 5 New Laws of Librarianship1. Libraries serve humanity.2. Respect all forms by which knowledge is communicated.3. Use technology intelligently to enhance service.4. Protect free access to knowledge.5. Honor the past and create the future. 1995
Jamie LaRue Director, Douglas County Libraries• “We really only need two people in the equation: author and reader. Right now, there are a lot of people in the middle, including libraries.”
Books vs. eBooks• “The content is divorced from the container.” • Jason Griffey
The physical book limitations are inherent to the formatA book can only have one user at a time. Not so with an eBook.Copying a book is an ordeal. Not so with an eBook.A book will eventually wear out. An eBook will not.The First Sale Doctrine applies. With an eBook, it generally doesn’t.
Publishers want eBooks to behave like physical books,so they add artificial limitations called Digital Rights Managements. *a real book would never lick the sidewalk. But these eBooks have no boundaries.
Kindle User Agreement• Use of Digital Content. Upon your download of Digital Content and payment of any applicable fees (including applicable taxes), the Content Provider grants you a non-exclusive right to view, use, and display such Digital Content an unlimited number of times, solely on the Kindle or a Reading Application or as otherwise permitted as part of the Service, solely on the number of Kindles or Other Devices specified in the Kindle Store, and solely for your personal, non- commercial use. Unless otherwise specified, Digital Content is licensed, not sold, to you by the Content Provider. The Content Provider may include additional terms for use within its Digital Content. Those terms will also apply, but this Agreement will govern in the event of a conflict. Some Digital Content, such as Periodicals, may not be available to you through Reading Applications. Limitations. Unless specifically indicated otherwise, you may not sell, rent, lease, distribute, broadcast, sublicense, or otherwise assign any rights to the Digital Content or any portion of it to any third party, and you may not remove or modify any proprietary notices or labels on the Digital Content. In addition, you may not bypass, modify, defeat, or circumvent security features that protect the Digital Content.
Having eBooks in libraries means a fight for user access.
The fight of actually acquiring eBooks to offer• Libraries must negotiate terms and licensing.
ALA Joint Statement on E-content Pricing• “Libraries, like other consumers, should be free to buy any published e- content at competitive prices, to keep these items in their collection, and to loan them to their patrons. Anything less violates basic democratic principles of a free market, freedom of speech, and equitable access.”
Business Modelsand Digital Rights Management
The fight of getting library- held eBooks to the public• Costumer Service: Devices and technical support
Library patrons fallsomewhere on the curve. adoption/innovation curve
The long multi-faceted process of finding andchecking out an ebook.
In the encroaching virtual domainlibraries must be open to physical change.
How to proceed: some suggestionsCreate content, become a publisherBudget for investment in TechnologyAsk for Ownership, discounts, and integration from vendors and publishersLibraries should make sure public interests shape ebook policy not just the interest ofpublishers and vendors.Make use of free ebook contentMake user instruction a priority, host ebook classes and digital petting zoos.