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  • 1. 1 Overview of the South African Nuclear Energy Corporation Who we are Nuclear research for a sustainable future The South African Nuclear Energy Corporation (Necsa) is a stateowned public company, registered in terms of the Companies Act, (Act No. 61 of 1973), registration number 2000/003735/06. Necsa has enjoyed a fascinating and at times controversial history, starting out as the Atomic Energy Board (AEB). The AEB was established in 1948 in terms of an Act of Parliament, with the immediate objective of regulating the uranium industry in South Africa. Provision was also made for supporting research and development after consultation with the CSIR which was engaged in research into radioactivity at the time. By the mid 1950s, the CSIR had made progress with the monitoring of radioactivity and radon gas in the gold mines, the importation of radioisotopes and the application of radioisotopes in research and medical practice. At the same time the enormous potential of the peaceful application of nuclear energy, and its value in the future, was becoming clear. The AEB was already looking into the building of an experimental reactor and the construction of a nuclear power station in Cape Town. Inevitably then, in 1959, it was decided that the country’s nuclear research and development programme would be undertaken by the AEB. Extensive investigations ensued to locate a site for the programme that met the stringent requirements specified by and adopted in the United Kingdom code. Pelindaba, situated some 30 km to the west of Pretoria, proved to be more than satisfactory in all respects and remains today the home of South Africa’s nuclear research and development programme. The South African Fundamental Atomic Research Installation (SAFARI-1) went into operation on 18 March 1965 and the Uranium Enrichment Corporation (UCOR) was established alongside the AEB in 1970 to co-ordinate the development of an enrichment programme. By 1977 South Africa was among several countries in the world with the capacity to enrich uranium and plans for the building of the first nuclear power plant had been finalised. In 1986 the AEB and UCOR were consolidated to form the Atomic Energy Corporation (AEC) and the Vaalputs Waste Disposal Site for low and intermediate-level waste was opened in Namaqualand in the Northern Cape Province. This placed the AEC in the unique position where it was involved in all aspects of the fuel cycle from feedstock production through to waste disposal management. Amidst intense international pressure and against the background of changing national strategic imperatives, the production of highly enriched uranium ceased in November 1989. On 10 July 1991, South Africa acceded to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and went on to sign the International Atomic Energy Agency’s Safeguards Agreement in September 1991. By 1995, South Africa had become the only known country to have produced weapons grade enriched uranium and then verifiably dismantle its programme. In the ensuing years, the organisation’s focus moved to the industrialisation of some of its core and spinoff technologies. In 1999, the AEC restructured under the banner of the South African Nuclear Energy Corporation (Necsa). Today, Necsa’s focus is true to its mandate, namely research and development into the peaceful application of nuclear technologies, with its industrialised operations functioning as wholly owned subsidiaries. What we do In terms of the Nuclear Energy Act, (Act No. 46 of 1999), Article 13, the South African Nuclear Energy Corporation (Necsa) is mandated: • To undertake and promote research and development in the field of nuclear energy and radiation sciences and technology and, subject to the Safeguards Agreement, to make these generally available; • To process source material, special nuclear material and restricted material and to reprocess and enrich source material and nuclear material; and
  • 2. Overview of the South African Nuclear Energy Corporation • To co-operate with any person or institution in matters falling within these functions subject to the approval of the Minister. Necsa is also responsible for managing certain institutional obligations of the Republic, as delegated by the Minister, in terms of international agreements, or in the national or public interest, concerning matters arising from or otherwise involving the use of nuclear energy. These include: • Decommissioning and decontamination of past strategic nuclear facilities; • Management of nuclear waste disposal on a national basis; • Application of radiation technology for medical or scientific purposes; • Operation of the SAFARI-1 nuclear research reactor; • Operation of Necsa’s site at Pelindaba and accompanying services; and • Implementation and execution of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, the Safeguards Agreement, the African Co-operative Agreement, the Treaty of Pelindaba and any other treaty, agreement or protocol. Necsa’s subsidiaries, in turn, are mandated by Necsa Corporate to operate in a self-sustainable manner and to remain competitive in the industries within which they operate. Nuclear research for a sustainable future 2
  • 3. 3 Office of the Chief Executive Officer Necsa is governed by a Board of Directors and managed by a Chief Executive Officer (CEO), appointed by the Minister of Minerals and Energy for a three year, renewable tenure. Necsa’s CEO is supported by an Executive Management Committee (EMC) comprising Heads of Divisions. Towards efficient management and ‘hands-on’ access to key information, the following departments report directly to the CEO: Corporate Planning Implementation Department Nuclear research for a sustainable future The CPI role is to ensure corporate compliance with the planning and reporting requirements as stipulated for Schedule 2 public entities in the Public Finance Management Act (Act No. 1 of 1999) (Section 52). This responsibility requires execution of the following functions: • Co-ordination of the compilation of the annual Necsa Group Corporate Plan which include the following: - Strategic objectives; - Strategic and business initiatives; - Key performance indicators; - Risk management plan; - Fraud prevention plan; - Materiality/significance framework; - Budget for three years; and - Shareholder’s compact; • Contribution to Necsa’s MTEF budget submissions to the shareholder; • Compilation of the Necsa quarterly report and performance review; and • Ad hoc projects related to the above responsibilities. Internal Audit Department The Internal Audit Department was instituted not only to comply with statutory requirements, but as an additional management control for the Necsa Board of Directors and the Chief Executive Officer. Its primary functions concern the on-going evaluation of the activities, risks, controls and governance processes of the Corporation and its Subsidiaries, in order to support the achievement of objectives and the improvement of performance. This is accomplished through a systematic, disciplined approach to: • Continuous investigation of the effectiveness and evaluation of risks associated with the internal controls of Necsa and its Subsidiaries to ensure: - Reliability and integrity of financial and operational information; - Resources are applied effectively, efficiently and economically; - Assets are properly safeguarded; and - Legal and statutory requirements are complied with. • Provision of advice and consultation services to Management to continuously improve the performance of Necsa and its Subsidiaries in achieving strategic and operational objectives, focusing attention on: - The necessity of, opportunities for, and possible ways to improve performance; and - Aligning corporate governance with best practice in accordance with statutory and regulatory requirements. The following audit and consulting services are rendered to the Corporation and its Subsidiaries to achieve the above-mentioned: • Systems and compliance audits of predominantly financialand human resources-related systems; • Performance audits regarding the economy, effectiveness and efficiency of programmes, Divisions, Departments and Subsidiaries; • Information Technology (IT)-related audits; • Corporate governance and ethics-related audits; • Value for Money (VFM) audits and special investigations according to requirements of the Audit Committee and the CEO; and
  • 4. 4 Office of the Chief Executive Officer • Consulting services based on requests by the Audit Committee, the CEO and General Managers regarding improvement in areas of risk management, internal controls, corporate governance and performance. The Internal Audit function, in its operations, is responsible for compliance in terms of the Public Finance Management Act (PFMA), Treasury Regulations and International Standards for the Professional Practice of Internal Auditing. Risk and Knowledge Management Office The responsibility of the Office for Risk and Knowledge Management is as follows: • Establishment and implementation of Enterprise wide Risk Management Framework for Necsa; • Co-ordination and monitoring of risk management activities through the Internal Risk Management Committee; • Provision of assistance to Internal Audit department concerning review of effectiveness of risk management; • Reporting on Necsa corporate risks; • Establishment of a framework for implementation of Knowledge Management; • Integration of Knowledge Management with other business processes; and • Provision of corporate-wide support for implementation of Knowledge Management. Engineering and Technology Integration (ETI) ETI is responsible for: • Preparing, development and maintenance of Necsa’s Safety, Health, Environmental and Quality System (including information security and security); • Corporate cross-divisional projects e.g. security upgrading, infrastructure upgrading, etc.; • Line responsibility for the Uranium and Effluent Processing department to ensure conversion to LEU of the current HEU processes e.g. including projects to ensure enriched uranium recovery from uranium containing materials and uranium inventory optimisation; and • Line responsibility for the Corporate Licensing Department to ensure sufficient competency, capability and capacity for this mission-critical function. Legal Services and Company Secretariat • Custodian of group legal compliance; • The provision of all commercial legal services, including contracts and litigation, to Necsa Corporate and its Subsidiaries; • Ad hoc projects falling within the competency of the department; and Group Company Secretariat; and • Group Company Secretariat (i.e. Necsa Corporate, all Necsa Subsidiaries, and the EMC. Group Communication and Stakeholder Relations The department is responsible for the following: • • • • • • • • • • Internal and external communication; Corporate image and identity; Stakeholder relations; Media relations; Events management; Corporate social investment; Government relations; Public relations; Advertising and promotion; and International relations. The strategic goal of the department is to provide a range of services that adhere to a uniform corporate identity and to establish a positive perspective of Necsa to all stakeholders. Nuclear research for a sustainable future Legal Services is responsible for:
  • 5. 5 People and Organisational Development 1. Purpose The purpose of P & OD is the development and implementation of human resource and organisational development programmes and strategies that will be supportive of Necsa’s strategic imperatives. This is enshrined in our vision and mission as detailed below. 2. Vision of P & OD “To become a strategic partner of our customers through the sustainable provision of excellent people solutions”. 3. Mission of P & OD Nuclear research for a sustainable future “To provide leadership in people related issues that will add value to Necsa’s strategic imperatives through the: • Contribution to the development of skills in science, engineering and technology; • Development and empowerment of Necsa’s human resource base; • Development and execution of employee wellness programs; and • Provision of customer focused people and organisational development solutions”. 4. Strategic Objectives of P & OD In line with our commitment to support Necsa’s strategic objectives, the following are our strategic goals: a) Recruitment and exchange of technical skills to achieve strategic objectives of Necsa through increasing the ratio of technical to non-technical staff throughout Necsa; the development of relevant educational qualifications and skills; on-time delivery of related services; and increasing the numbers of historically disadvantaged scientists and engineers; b) Development and implementation of HR systems, processes, and policies to support Necsa divisions through the various systems, namely, knowledge management ; induction; coaching and mentoring; succession planning; and performance management outputs; c) Contribution to the South African System of Innovation through various education training and development (ETD) initiatives such as collaboration with educational institutions; the South African National Human Asset Research Programme (SANHARP); and internships and leanerships; d) Development and implementation of organisational development interventions to support divisions through processes such as performance and knowledge management; and e) The attainment of Necsa’s strategic goals by ensuring healthy relationships between Necsa, its employees and labour. The formulating, maintaining and revision of appropriate collective bargaining processes, relevant to the changing Necsa by ensuring healthy employer-employee relations.
  • 6. People and Organisational Development Figure 1 below is the P & OD structure to implement the strategy. Figure 1: People and Organisational Development General Manager: People and Organisational Development Employee Relations Snr Manager: Learning and People Development Personal Assistant Snr Manager: HR Services Snr Manager: Employment Equity and Recruitment Snr Manager: Organisational Development Nuclear research for a sustainable future 6
  • 7. 7 Nuclear Services … maintaining an optimally functional and safe working environment for the benefit of employees, the community and generations to come. Background Operating from newly upgraded premises the Consulting Business Unit is fully geared to providing a world class service in engineering, design, project management and specialist nuclear consulting. The Nuclear Services Division of Necsa provides a wide range of services in six major focus areas: 1 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Radioactive Waste management Irradiation services Manufacturing Consulting Analytical Services Training. There are several highly skilled and qualified staff in these areas that are able to provide solutions to common, and not so common, problems across industries ranging from Nuclear, Aerospace, Medical devices to Automotive and Transportation to name but a few. Divisional Structure Personal Assistant General Manager Nuclear Services Functions Finance Nuclear research for a sustainable future Human Resources Marketing SHEQ Specialist Consulting Services Irradiation Services Waste Management Services Analytical Services Manufacturing Services Training & Skills Development Design & Drafting Irradiation of Material Decommissioning & Decontamination (D&D) Radio Analysis Small mechanical components Seminars, short courses Engineering Activation of Material Radiological Surveys Chemical Analysis Pressure vessels and Distillation columns Artisan & Technicians Projects Irradiation of materials for e.g. Medial Isotopes Conditioning, disposal & interim storage of radioactive waste Environmental Monitoring Fabrication, Assembly & Testing Engineers In Training (EIT) Waste Management Radiographic analysis Radiation containers & source recovery Gas Analysis Preparation & Printing Practical Experience Industrial Isotope Tracing Direct medical use Liability assessment & management Environmental siting Irradiation & Post Irradiation Examination (I/PIE) Calibration SHEQ Supervisory & Introductory management
  • 8. Nuclear Services Specific areas of engagement in the immediate past are: Waste Management and related areas • Development of siting plans for nuclear waste repositories for various governments in Asia, Africa and South America; • Providing solutions for managing radioactive sources in countries as diverse as Sudan, Argentina, South Africa, China and Tanzania; • Decontamination of facilities, conditioning of waste (solid and liquid) and predisposal activities associated with final disposal; and • Development of a regulatory Framework for managing nuclear waste for three African and two Asian countries. • Laboratory Management ; • Nuclear Physics; and • Radiation Protection. There are also short courses and seminars which are presented in conjunction with other institutions of learning aimed at specific audiences, specifically those mid level managers who are unable to spend much time away from their office, but who need to have refreshers in some areas of their activities. Irradiation services • Design, development of test, jigs and fixtures for the irradiation of reactor fuel; • Irradiation of target plates for the production of medical isotopes, including radio-pharmaceuticals; • Testing of new fuel for purposes of supplying Generation IV power reactors; • Activation of samples for radio-analysis and determination of trace impurities; and • Sample characterisation. Manufacturing services • Development of specialized valves for Helium Test Facility; • Manufacturing of evaporator for liquid nuclear waste plant; • Manufacture of glove boxes and equipment for handling radioactive materials; • Production of specialized winches for ship-board use; • Development of pressure vessels for specialized applications including diving operations; • Manufacture of large tanks for power industry use; • Manufacture of small pressure vessels using Inconel and stainless steel for various industries, including Petroleum, nuclear and general manufacturing; and • Non-destructive evaluation of products, manufactured and developed items. Analytical services Training services • Environmental Testing (water, soil and air sampling and analysis); • Analysis of radioactive materials (we have licensed laboratories for this specialized area of operations); • Analysis of metals and non-metals for trace elements; and • Radio-analysis of activated samples. Wide range of both theoretical and practical training in our own workshops is provided. Specifically focused on the trades are: Consulting services • Welding, electrical, fitting, turning and millwright artisan training; and • Mechanical Inspection. Other courses with much wider applicability are: • Nuclear Reactor Operator Theory; • Radioactive Waste management (decontamination, preconditioning, disposal); • Quality-Basic, Total quality management (TQM), “20 Keys”; • Project Management; With the specialized skills set available within Nuclear service a broad scope of work is possible. • Advice on managing licensing of nuclear facilities; • Development and implementation of project plans for siting of radioactive waste facilities; • Development of mechanical, civil and electrical projects; • Design services, drafting services in Nuclear, Aerospace, automotive and other industries; and • Calibration of radiation detectors. Nuclear research for a sustainable future 8
  • 9. 9 Research and Development The hub for research, development and innovation, generating new knowledge and technologies that will deliver tangible benefits for the Corporation, the country and the African continent. Nuclear research for a sustainable future Background The Research and Development (R&D) division was established on 1 April 2007 to consolidate and expand Necsa’s research and technology development activities and outputs. Its role is to take the lead in delivering on a key component of the Corporation’s mandate under the Nuclear Energy Act, namely to undertake and promote research and development in the field of nuclear energy and radiation sciences and technology. In addition to this, the R&D division is investigating the re-establishment of components of the nuclear fuel cycle in South Africa, as foreseen in the Nuclear Energy Policy. Mission The mission of the division is to: • Implement a focussed and balanced portfolio of programmes relating to the nuclear fuel cycle as well as applications of nuclear and radiation science and technology; • Expand the human capital base and research infrastructure required to generate and exploit new intellectual property by means of research, development and innovation; • Participate in collaborative research and specialised skills development programmes with local and international higher education and research institutions; and • Leverage, in the national interest, the technical co-operation and skills exchange programmes of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the AFRA co-operative agreement on nuclear science and technology in Africa. Divisional Structure The Research and Development division consists of four departments, i.e. Applied Chemistry, Radiation Science, Nuclear Fuel Cycle, and Nuclear Technology Co-operation and Resource Mobilisation. It also operates an intellectual property management office on behalf of the Necsa Group. Research and Development SHEQ Nuclear Technology Co-op & Resource Mobilisation Intellectual Property Radiation Science Applied Chemistry Nuclear Fuel Cycle
  • 10. Research and Development Functional Overview Applied Chemistry department This department undertakes research and technology demonstration activities in the areas of radiochemistry, nuclear waste, plasma technology, uranium chemistry and fluorine chemistry. The first of these is aimed at the development of radioisotopes, radiopharmaceuticals and radiolabelled compounds for use in human health, industry and research, much of which is channelled through the Necsa subsidiary NTP Radioisotopes (Pty) Ltd. Expertise and processes in the field of radioactive waste treatment are developed in support of the existing nuclear industry and in view of the planned expanded use of nuclear energy in South Africa. The Applied Chemistry Department also houses most of Necsa’s expertise in uranium chemistry, a critical component for success in the nuclear fuel cycle. Fluorine chemical R&D programmes are focussed on both the front end of the nuclear fuel cycle and the Fluorochemical Expansion Initiative, a government-supported programme linked to the beneficiation of local mineral resources (fluorspar in this case). High temperature plasma processes are used for the preparation of a variety of ceramic and metallic compounds for the nuclear industry as well as non-nuclear applications. A nuclear materials development and characterisation programme has been initiated. R&D is performed in laboratories that are specially equipped for the handling of radioactive materials. Radiation Science department The Radiation and Reactor Theory section performs R&D in the field of reactor physics and renders specialised calculational services. The latter are required for the licensing and safe operation of nuclear facilities at Necsa and in support of SAFARI-1 operation and utilisation. The section houses high level expertise in nuclear criticality, neutronics, shielding and source term calculations, as well as the development of computer code systems based on this, for example, the widely used OSCAR system. Other sections within the department are responsible for the establishment and operation of neutron beam-line and accelerator facilities for collaborative research with South African and international universities and research institutions. These include a unique combination of neutron and X-ray radiography and tomography, neutron and X-ray diffraction, small angle neutron scattering, small linear accelerators and other complementary instrumentation. Applications of these experimental capabilities include the following: geophysical studies of porous rocks, non-destructive characterisation of unique archaeological artefacts, magnetic studies on metallic systems, chemical phase determination in powder samples, and characterisation of nanostructured materials. The RS and AC departments are involved in numerous collaborative programmes with research institutes and universities, and many post-graduate students make use of Necsa facilities in their research projects. Nuclear Fuel Cycle department Tasked with the consolidation and expansion of Necsa’s skills base relating to the fuel cycle, the department performs feasibility studies and technology demonstration programmes relating to the re-establishment of viable nuclear fuel cycle activities in South Africa. The focus is on building a thorough understanding of scenarios and options regarding the various components of the fuel cycle, with specific reference to advice towards decision-making on re-entering the fuel cycle on an industrial scale. This will be followed by the establishment of selected fuel cycle operations in collaboration with appropriate local and international partners. In addition to this, skills transfer and technology development initiatives are undertaken in order to build the future human capital base and capacity for research and development and the establishment of components of the nuclear fuel cycle in South Africa on an industrial scale. Nuclear Technology Co-operation and Resource Mobilisation The department acts as the national co-ordinator and facilitator of technical co-operation between South African institutions, the IAEA and member states of the AFRA agreement on the use of nuclear science and technology in Africa. It also facilitates the establishment of collaborative research and development activities and access to South African and international research funding instruments in support of Necsa’s R&D programmes. Nuclear research for a sustainable future 10
  • 11. 11 Finance and Information Management … ensuring the efficient and effective allocation and application of financial and information resources. Strategic Overview The division: Is accountable for the efficient financial performance and allocation of financial resources of Necsa, ensuring the effective, balanced and consistent application of these resources to facilitate excellent service both internally and externally. Nuclear research for a sustainable future Aligns itself to Necsa’s vision, mission and embraces its values to fulfil Necsa’s strategy. Implements sound budgetary controls and procedures through comprehensive, accurate and transparent budgets that establish the basis for financial control and provide timely financial information. Adopts and implements accounting policies within a strong control environment to ensure sound risk management as well as good corporate governance and compliance with the requirements of the Public Finance Management Act, South African Statements of Generally Accepted Accounting Practice, Companies Act and other relevant legislation and provides support and an oversight role to the Necsa Group. Continuously strives for excellence in financial reporting and management information on a timely basis to the Board of Directors, Executive Management Committee, divisions and other relevant stakeholders, e.g. Government bodies, customers, suppliers and employees. Is responsible for ensuring that Necsa’s IT systems provide relevant and reliable information, in real time, to assist management in the decision making process. Provides a professional and distinguished procurement and provisioning service in terms of quality, value for money, in optimal time resulting in total optimal cost of ownership and embracing the spirit of Broad Based Black Economic Empowerment (BBBEE). Functional Overview What we do? • Advisory and assistance on an annual basis the preparation of the budget in accordance with the Medium Term Expenditure Framework as well as other funding requests; • Production of annual financial statements and management reporting; • Risk management, development and maintenance of financial policies & procedures and financial advisory services to the Necsa group; • Provides financial support to business units and support units in terms of management reporting, compliance to the regulatory environment and governance; • Provides an effective and efficient credit management service; • Provide infrastructure, systems and support services in the following areas of specialisation: Information Technology (IT), Electronic communications, Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system and Office Automation to Necsa and subsidiaries; and • Provides a cost-effective and efficient procurement and provisioning service. Who we do it for? Stakeholders such as: • Department of Energy and National Treasury; • Board of Directors and Executive Management Committee; • Customers, suppliers and employees; • Group related entities; and • Divisions.
  • 12. Finance and Information Management How do we do it? (special techniques, technologies, equipment etc) • Strict adherence to all applicable legislation as well as the implementation and monitoring of effective, efficient, relevant and reliable internal controls. • Implementation of accounting policies in terms of South African Statements of Generally Accepted Accounting Practice; • Ensuring availability of facilities, information networks, ERP system, communication networks and other infrastructure and equipment; • Systems and Information Managements structure is optimised to deliver services in line with the Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) set of best practice processes; • Implementation and monitoring policies and procedures; and • Procurement and provisioning department provides services and innovative methods that integrate quality solutions to meet customers’ needs. Through reducing transaction costs, improving efficiency, increasing contract compliance, reducing cycle times thereby creating strategic value. What value do we add to Necsa? • Ensuring compliance to the financial regulatory environment within which the Necsa group operates, applicable policies and procedures as well as excellence in financial reporting; • Information and Communication Technology as well as Office Automation is a pervasive aspect of any organization and therefore a key enabler of business processes and strategy; • We ensure that the software quality and data integrity of the ERP system are relevant and reliable to users; • Ensuring that optimal resources are available at the right time and place by maximizing the sources of revenues; and • Procuring goods and services at good quality and price and embracing the spirit of BBBEE. Finance and Information Management Personal Assistant Business and Support Units Group Structures and Governance Management Information System and Information Management Procurement and Provisioning Corporate Accounting Services Financial Systems Management Reporting Customer Services Central Procurement Business Units Subsidiaries Costing Infrastructure Services Central Provisioning Software Development Project Manufacturing and Plant Support Support Units Electronic Communication and office Automation Nuclear research for a sustainable future 12
  • 13. 13 Risk and Infrastructure Management Provision of nuclear safeguards for South Africa and security for the site, protection of employees and entrenching of Safety and Health as prescribed in the Occupational Health and Safety Act. Maintaining the operation of the site and providing adequate resources for Necsa, its subsidiaries and tenants. Background Nuclear research for a sustainable future The functions of the Risk and Infrastructure Management division are directly mandated under Sections 1 (13, 14, 33 and 34) of the Nuclear Energy Act, (Act No. 46 of 1999) and include: • Implementation of the Safeguards Agreement on behalf of government; • Implementation of the SHEQ system, including provision of Medical and Emergency services for Necsa , its subsidiaries and contractors; • Security Services for Necsa, its subsidiaries and tenants; • Provision of maintenance services for all Necsa divisions and subsidiaries; • Management of Necsa property and support for all occupants; and • Provision of utilities such as steam and compressed air. Nuclear Safeguards Management The department is responsible for the efficient implementation of the Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement (INFCIRC/394) between the Republic of South Africa and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) as well as the Additional Protocol to the Agreement. The department is also responsible for matters related to nuclear material and equipment safeguards including: • Monitoring of compliance with regard to non-proliferation in the country’s nuclear facilities; • Ensuring the continued capability to attend to the country’s nuclear responsibility as required by law and other international non-proliferation obligations; • Implementing and maintaining a State System of Accounting and Control of nuclear material; • Carrying out inspections to quantify and qualify accuracy of declarations made by the South Africa to the IAEA; and • Monitoring against the diversion of significant quantities of fissile nuclear material from monitored peaceful nuclear activities. Divisional Structure GM: Risk and Infrastructure Personal Assistant Human Resources Finance SHEQ Snr Manager Maintenance Snr Manager Security Services Snr Manager Nuclear Safeguards Acting Manager Property Services Manager Utility Services Manager
  • 14. Risk and Infrastructure Management Safety, Health, Environment and Quality Department (SHEQ) The Safety, Health, Environment and Quality department (SHEQ) is responsible for the following services to Necsa (including subsidiaries) and to external companies on contract: • Development and review of relevant SHEQ policies, procedures, guidelines, instructions, processes and systems requiring specialist expertise e.g. radiation and chemical protection; medical surveillance; workplace monitoring; emergency planning; corporate environmental management; waste management; and Behaviour Based Safety Process, to ensure regulatory compliance; • Development and implementation of quality management systems for products and services in compliance with ISO 9001 or other standards; • Emergency Control Centre (including national emergency team and IAEA contact point for ENA conventions); • Liaison with Compensation Commissioner and Compensation Commissioner assessments; • Personnel monitoring (e.g. whole body counter, TLDs); • Evaluation, registration and records of occupationally exposed persons (DOME system); • Primary Health Care, Clinics and Wellness Programme; • HIRA, OREP, and WASPs and liaison with AIAs; • Event investigations and injury reporting to government departments; • Certification of electrical installations; and • SHEQ support to line management, with implementation of the SHEQ systems. Emergency and Medical Services are also rendered to the community in the Hartbeespoort area. Security Services Security Services is responsible for security of the entire Necsa site, including the premises of subsidiaries and tenants as well as houses which are outside the main fences: • Physical Security and manning of Necsa site, access control of personnel e.g. searching, issuing of permits; • Monitoring of all security systems within the Necsa Control Centre; • Communication with all relevant security stakeholders in the event of an incident; and • Information classification control and electronic information security management. Maintenance Services This division renders the following cost effective maintenance services to clients within Necsa and, where possible, to other clients: • Measuring of electrical power and recovery of cost; • Special maintenance and specialised instrumentation and electronic equipment; • Managing electrical utility substations; • Access control systems , radio communication systems and telephone network system; • Maintenance and services on all mobile equipment e.g. trucks, tractors, forklifts, busses, motor cycles; • Small maintenance tasks on AVIS fleet vehicles; and • Recruitment of civil engineering services and hiring of earth moving equipment. Property and Support Services • Letting out of space to Necsa departments and private companies thereby increasing income; • Maintaining Necsa’s assets to retain the value thereof; • Keeping maintenance costs as low as possible to decrease Necsa’s nett fund requirements; • Utilisation of external contractors for all painting, building, excavations, carpentry, locksmith and other civil related matters; and • Maintenance of infrastructure and updates of infrastructure documentation of all Necsa property in South Africa; and • Management of all contractors providing service to Necsa. Utilities Services The division is responsible for the production, distribution and cost recovery of the following utilities at Necsa • Processing water received from Rand Water supply and distributing it to the Necsa site via pipelines; • Processing and purifying water from the Crocodile River and distributing it for use; • Distributing compressed air, produced in compressor-plants and at Beva, and distributing it to relevant sites via pipelines; • Distributing nitrogen, sourced in bulk from Afrox, and providing it to relevant plants via bulk storage tanks; • Distribute demineralised water produced via pipelines on the relevant sites; • Distribute Chiller water produced at Beva H4 plant from Chiller plants and distributed on Beva site via lagged pipelines; • Distribute Soft water via pipelines; • Operation of two Sewage plants, Pelindaba East & Pelindaba West; • Electricity is sourced from Eskom in bulk via two Eskom substations (Lomond substation in Pelindaba East and Safari substation in Pelindaba West); • Electricity distributed on Necsa site via an 11 000 Volt cable network and stepped down to typical 400 volts at building substations; • Electricity consumption is measure and recovered from identified users on Necsa site; • Managing electrical utility substations, and ensure maintenance is done; and • Doing Energy management to ensure efficient utilisation of electrical energy and to ensure compliance to Eskom energy saving requirements. Nuclear research for a sustainable future 14
  • 15. 15 NTP Radioisotopes (Pty) Ltd Origins Nuclear research for a sustainable future NTP Radioisotopes, based at the Pelindaba nuclear facility, originated from within the strategically realigned Necsa organisation in the early 1990s and operated as a financially ringfenced commercial division until incorporation as a limited liability company, NTP Radioisotopes (Pty) Ltd, in October 2003. NTP has shown consistent growth in revenue, profitability, product portfolio, personnel strength and markets since its inception as a commercial division of Necsa. Originally supplying only the domestic market with its range of radioisotope and related products and continuing to meet the vast majority of domestic needs for isotope related medical and industrial products, NTP now is a global player, being amongst the world’s top three radiochemical producers and enjoying a reputation built on consistent, reliable service and product quality excellence. NTP has a 100% shareholding in subsidiary companies AEC Amersham (Pty) Ltd and Cyclotope (Pty) Ltd. AEC Amersham is the exclusive distributor in Africa of NTP’s radiopharmaceutical products as well as a range of life science research and other products, whilst Cyclotope markets the radiopharmaceuticals, such as FDG for PET, produced by NTP’s cyclotron operations. AEC Amersham in turn holds the entire shareholding in Pharmatopes (Pty) Ltd, a radiopharmacy that dispenses compounded unit doses of PET and SPECT radiopharmaceuticals produced by NTP. During 2008 NTP established, with a BEE partner, a joint venture logistics and freight forwarding company, NTP Logistics (Pty) Ltd, in which NTP Radioisotopes has a 51% shareholding. Other acquisitions and joint venture opportunities are actively being pursued as part of NTP’s ambitious growth plans. Status The NTP group employs about 250 personnel, has annual revenues in excess of R420 million (2008-09), exports its products to nearly 60 countries on five continents and maintains world-class quality (ISO 9001:2000), safety and regulatory compliance systems and performance. NTP is a world leader in the production and supply of radiochemicals, in particular I-131 and Molybdenum-99 the latter being the most important isotope for devices used in the practice of diagnostic nuclear medicine. With a world radiochemical market share approaching 25%, the products supplied by NTP allow for the performance of an estimated 8 to 10 million nuclear medical diagnostic scans every year. NTP’s products are used also in numerous therapeutic modalities including those for the treatment of thyroid disease and radioimmunotherapy agents used to treat recalcitrant lymphoma. The elevated status that NTP now enjoys amongst the world’s foremost users and suppliers of isotopes is reflected in the stature of its principal customers and of its strategic partners and associates, who rank amongst the world’s leading pharmaceutical producers and their suppliers. NTP is also a leading provider of neutron irradiation services using the SAFARI-1 reactor. Important irradiations performed for globally distributed customers include silicon ingots (neutron transmutation doping to create semiconducting material), TeO2 targets for activation I–131 production, samarium, iridium and others according to customer requirements and specifications. Radiopharmaceuticals produced by NTP and marketed by AEC Amersham include the NovaTec-P Tc-99m generator, FDG (fluorodeoxyglucose) for PET (positron emission tomography) studies, a range of labelling (cold) kits, and I-131 capsules for diagnostic and therapeutic applications. The industrial market is served, directly by NTP in South Africa and internationally via distributor Gammatec NDT Supplies (Pty) Ltd, by the provision of NTP’s sealed radioactive sources (mainly Ir-192, Co-60 and Cs-137 and associated containers) and tritium light sources for emergency lighting signage. Competitive Edge NTP has a strategically-important relationship with its parent organisation, Necsa, through the provision by the latter of
  • 16. NTP Radioisotopes (Pty) Ltd irradiation services (using the SAFARI-1 reactor), research and development support, waste management resources, irradiation targets, security, utilities and facilities, all of which are critical to NTP’s business operations and for which NTP pays marketrelated prices. Radioactive Sealed Sources: Iridium-192, Caesium-137, Cobalt-60 and others. Radiation Technology Products and Services: Radioluminescent light sources and finished products, Radioisotope source containers and Isotope transport logistics. Aside from its support for production operations from Necsa, NTP has control over the mission-critical logistics component of its business. NTP has designed, produced and licensed a range of transport containers and has links and relationships with carriers that allow it to export products to anywhere on the globe with a consistency and reliability that is unmatched. NTP’s control over all aspects and inputs of its production and distribution, together with dependable and extensive back-up supply agreements with other suppliers of critical isotopes, in particular IRE of Belgium, make it unique amongst global isotope and radiochemical producers and provide an important competitive edge to the company. The largest contribution to NTP sales is attributable to radiochemicals that are sold in bulk to large users throughout the globe but especially in the US and Europe. These strategic raw materials are essential for the manufacture of a host of medical diagnostic and therapeutic products (radiopharmaceuticals), as well as for various applications in pharmaceutical development and biotechnology. Radioactive sources manufactured by NTP include Iridium-192, which is used extensively for the non-destructive testing (NDT) of welds, process vessel walls and piping. Other sources are Cobalt-60 and Caesium-137 for use in process control applications. NTP also manufactures a range of radioluminescent light sources and associated finished products, such as signage, and markets these products via distributors in South Africa and international markets. Amongst the irradiation services performed by NTP are neutron transmutation doping (NTD) of large, single crystal silicon ingots destined for use in the semiconductor industry and the production (using neutron irradiation) of speciality, high value isotopes for various international clients. NTP manufactures a comprehensive range of radiopharmaceuticals comprising the NovaTec-P generator, labelling kits, Iodine-131 diagnostic and therapeutic products and FDG for PET imaging. Product Portfolio NTP produces a range of radiochemicals, radiopharmaceuticals and industrial products that fall into the following five broad categories and that service needs in the domestic and international healthcare, life sciences and industrial markets. These are: Radiopharmaceuticals: NovaTec-P Tecnetium-99m Generator, Labelling (cold) Kits, Iodine-131 Capsules and Solutions, Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG). Irradiation Services: Neutron Transmutation Doping of Silicon, Neutron Irradiation Services per customer requirements. Radiochemicals: Molybdenum-99, Iodine-131, Phosphorous-32, Phosphorous-33, Sulphur-35. Nuclear research for a sustainable future 16
  • 17. 17 Pelchem (Pty) Ltd Pelchem (Pty) Ltd is a fluorochemicals business and a 100% subsidiary of the South African Nuclear Energy Corporation Ltd (Necsa). Strategic Overview Pelchem’s purpose is to operate, maintain and grow the portfolio of fluorochemical businesses of Necsa, and to play a leading role in the South African Fluorochemical Expansion Initiative (FEI). Group Structure Pelchem (Pty) Ltd Board of Directors Nuclear research for a sustainable future Pelchem Operating Activites Acids & Salts Plant Affiliate Companies Linde Electronics South Africa (Pty) Ltd (49.9% Shareholding) Subsidiary Companies Fluoro Pack (Pty) Ltd (90% Shareholding) NF3 Contract Fluorochem (Pty) Ltd (Dormant) F2 Plant Fluuoropharm (Pty) Ltd (Dormant) XeF2 Plant Kabelo & Sibiza Plant
  • 18. 18 Pelchem (Pty) Ltd Business South Africa holds the second largest fluorspar reserves in the world outside China, and is an important international supplier of fluorspar to hydrogen fluoride producers. Pelchem is the only company in South Africa that beneficiates a small percentage of locally mined fluorspar into higher value fluorochemical products and is expected to play a leading role in the South African Fluorochemical Expansion Initiative (FEI), a priority project of the Department of Trade and Industry’s chemical sector development strategy to increase beneficiation of South African minerals and to counter the trade deficit in chemical products. Pelchem manufactures and markets hydrogen fluoride, hydrofluoric acid, fluoride salts, fluorine gas, speciality fluoridecontaining gases and fluoro organic monomer to the local South African industry and to selected international customers. Pelchem products are used in the Petroleum, Pharmaceutical, Glass, Electricity, Metallurgical, Mining, Polymer, Agrochemical, Electronics, Construction, Aluminium and Detergent industries. Pelchem has attracted over two hundred million rand in foreign direct investment into the country since 2001 for the building of specialty fluorochemical plants at its Pelindaba premises. These include the fluoro organic monomer plant, built in association with its German partner, and the nitrogen trifluoride plant owned by BOC/Linde. Pelchem is committed to fluorochemical excellence by maintaining its high standard of safe delivery of products, and through the provision of technical and safety support to its customers. Credibility • Member of the Chemical and Allied Industries Association of South Africa; • Signatory to the Responsible Care initiative; • Signatory to USA and European Technical Committees on hydrofluoric acid storage, safety and transport study groups; • Member of the South African Compressed Gas Association; and • Associate member of the International Compressed Gas Association. Consumer Products Inspired by the Fluorine Molecule As consumers our daily lives are affected by products which are manufactured from fluoride chemicals. The vast array includes high octane fuel, anaesthetics, metered dose inhalers, electrical insulators, foam insulation materials and packaging materials, special alloys, cell phones, diamonds, domestic and industrial refrigeration, non-stick cookware, plastic components in automotive applications, electrical cable insulation, beverage cans, pesticides and herbicides in agriculture, microchips for domestic appliances and computers, memory chips in computers, i-pods, flash memory sticks, liquid crystal displays on electronic components, cement, designer stainless steel kitchen ware, stainless steel automotive components, soaps and washing powders, fluoride dental treatment. Nuclear research for a sustainable future Pelchem’s subsidiary (Fluouro Pack) modifies the surface properties and characteristics of polyolefins by surface fluorination. This allows a wide application of these plastics where paint adhesion and contents permeation is normally a problem.