Ded100 Presentation Compile

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  • John has to achieve a state of equilibrium when moving into his ‘new’ family. However the process of adaption is hindered as he is unable to assimilate into the new environment due to the different experiences in both families.
  • Ded100 Presentation Compile

    1. 1. DED100 – Educational Psychology 1<br />Case Study 3<br />
    2. 2. Introduction<br />John<br />Primary 6 <br />Broken family<br />Problem in school<br />
    3. 3. John’s Timeline in Primary School<br />End of Happy Times <br />NOW!<br />Start of Unhappy Times <br />
    4. 4. John with Chinese teacher, Miss Lim<br />
    5. 5. John with Mathematics teacher, Mr Fong<br />
    6. 6. John with English teacher, Ms Lee<br />
    7. 7. John with Friends and Classmates<br />
    8. 8. John with Mother and Mother’s Partner<br />
    9. 9. Broken family<br />Parents divorce<br />Live with mother and stepfather<br />Neglected<br />Addicted to online gaming<br />Corporal punishment<br />Mother and stepfather did not involve John in their holiday plans<br />
    10. 10. Problems in school<br />Teachers did not probe into his problems<br />No counseling in school<br />Rejected by peers<br />Lack of motivation in school<br />
    11. 11. Maslow&apos;s Hierarchy of Needs<br />Maslow has developed a hierarchy of needs of a person.<br />A person’s basic needs must be satisfied before he progresses to the next levels of needs before achieving self-actualization which is reaching one’s full potential at the final stage.<br />
    12. 12. Difficult for John to move to the next stage of human needs (self-actualization). <br />Almost impossible for John to have a good self-esteem, being recognized and approved.<br />John’s psychological needs are badly lacking. <br />As an evidence of:<br /><ul><li> Worn out family relationship between John towards his mother and his stepfather.
    13. 13. Lack of support from teachers and peers.</li></ul>John’s basic needs are adequately met.<br />
    14. 14. Building a good family relationship is one of the crucial aspects for John’s development.<br />John will have a sense of belonging and feel loved<br />Allow John to move onto the next stages of needs till self-fulfillment needs<br />Intimate relationship achieved within the family<br />Positive impact in other areas (improved relationship with friends and teachers)<br />
    15. 15. Bronfenbrenner’s Theory<br />What is Bronfenbrenner’s Theory?<br /><ul><li>Bronfenbrenner’s theory shows how different contexts of children’s lives are interconnected. </li></ul>Microsystem & mesosystem<br /><ul><li>Microsystem this is where he has direct interactions with parents, teachers, peers and others
    16. 16. Mesosystem involves linkages between </li></ul>miccrosystems<br />Parenting Style : <br /><ul><li>Authoritarian</li></ul>Urie <br />Bronfenbrenner<br />
    17. 17. What is motivation?<br /><ul><li>Motivation involves processes that energize, direct and sustain behaviour. </li></ul>Four factors which affect Self Efficacy<br /><ul><li>Past Performance
    18. 18. Modeling
    19. 19. Verbal Persuasion
    20. 20. Psychological State</li></ul>Learned helplessness<br />Recommended Solution?<br />
    21. 21. Jean Piaget’s Theory of Adaption<br />Everyone has existing experiences / schemes<br />When we acquire new experiences our current schemes are inadequate<br />We have to adapt in order to achieve equilibrium<br />Adaptation consists of 2 reciprocal processes<br />Accommodation<br />Assimilation<br />
    22. 22. John<br />
    23. 23. Parents: <br />Recreate previous family environment<br />Proactive role in engaging John<br />Avoid the use of physical punishment<br />Perspective taking<br />Create an inclusive environment for John<br />Unconditional Positive Regard<br />
    24. 24. Counsellor: <br />Prepare John for the possible differences / difficulties faced in the new environment.<br />Provide John professional advice on coping the differences.<br />Mouth piece for John to convey his thoughts to teachers and parents<br />
    25. 25. Erik Erikson’s Theoryof Psychological Development<br />Problem<br />Divorce causes family to break up<br />Motivation, apathy, violence, self-esteem<br />Self-concept and self-esteem<br />Social development<br />
    26. 26. Theory and Finding<br />Stages of crisis<br />Self-concept – cognitive<br />Self-esteem – self-evaluation<br />Social development – ability to interact<br />Solution<br />Help from teachers / parents - Learn from failure<br />Teachers as role model of good social behaviour<br />
    27. 27. John McManamy’s TheoryRelationship with Depression<br />Problem<br />Nobody cares<br />Erect protective barrier<br />New school<br />Mother’s remarriage<br />Sense of apathy<br />
    28. 28. Theory and Finding<br />Apathy – Psychological problem<br />“Nothing matters”<br />Lack of will to go on<br />Inability to care about consequences<br />Cannot do or complete anything<br />No excitement about seeing loved ones<br />Solution<br />Care and attention from parents and teachers<br />Acceptance by peers<br />

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