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Frau electrònic: prevalença i impacte en les víctimes, a càrrec de Jan van Dijk
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Frau electrònic: prevalença i impacte en les víctimes, a càrrec de Jan van Dijk

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III Jornada de Criminologia. Ciberdelicte i victimització: pornografia i assetjament, que va tenir lloc al Centre d’Estudis Jurídics i Formació Especialitzada el 31 de gener de 2013

III Jornada de Criminologia. Ciberdelicte i victimització: pornografia i assetjament, que va tenir lloc al Centre d’Estudis Jurídics i Formació Especialitzada el 31 de gener de 2013

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  • 1. E-fraud; exploring its prevalence and impact on victims /Prof. Jan Van DijkOpen University of Catalonia, III Seminar onCriminology in Barcelona, 31 January 2013
  • 2. Police recorded crimes per 100.000 (in red) and % victims (inyellow), by countries; sources: ICVS 2000 and UN Crime Survey 2002 or latest data available)
  • 3. The International Crime Victims Survey (ICVS)Standardized surveys on people’s experiences withcrime(minimum of 2000 interviews per country)Conducted in 1989, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2005 and 2010Altogether 80 participating countries; in 2010 in onlyfive EU countriesEU Safety Survey is under preparation
  • 4. World ranking on ICVS victimization rates source: Jan Van Dijk (2008), The World of Crime, Thousand Oaks: SAGE5 februari 2013 4
  • 5. One year prevalence victimization rates (percentages) for four typesof crime in 2010, in twelve countries; results of ICVS-based studies car theft burglary assault bribe‐taking Azerbaijan n.a. o.1 0.9 3.9 Canada 1.4 1.3 3.5 0.6 Denmark 0.8 3.6 4.1 1.0 Estonia 0.4 3.0 3.7 0.5 Georgia 0.1 0.5 0.2 0.2 Germany 0.2 1.2 4.0 0.6 Moldova 0.2 1.6 3.2 7.3 Netherlands 0.5 0.8 5.7 0.2 Sweden 0.5 1.0 4.5 0.1 Switserland 0.2 1.9 5.1 0.2 Tajikistan 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.2 UK 1.5 1.5 4.9 0.0
  • 6. Table 1: Victims of E –fraud. One year prevalence rates for fraud while buyingsomething on the internet (percentages) in countries and main cities. 2005ICVS. Fraud while Fraud shopping while on the shopping internet on the internetUSA 3.3 Lima (Peru) 10.7Poland 3.0 Berlin (Germany) 3.8Germany 2.7 New York (USA) 3.7Bulgaria 2.6 London (England) 3.2United 2.4 Paris (France) 2.7England & 2.2 Copenhagen 1.5Norway 1.5 Edinborough 1.0Denmark 1.4 Madrid (Spain) 1.0New Zealand 1.3 Vienna (Austria) 0.9Sweden 1.2 Hong Kong (SAR 0.9Northern 1.2 Amsterdam 0.9Austria 1.1 Dublin (Ireland) 0.7Scotland 1.0 Stockholm (Sweden) 0.7Spain 0.7 Brussels (Belgium) 0.6Ireland 0.7 Tallinn (Estonia) 0.6Canada 0.7 Belfast (Northern 0.5Estonia 0.6 Athens (Greece) 0.4Portugal 0.5 Oslo (Norway) 0.4Luxembourg 0.5 Reykjavik (Iceland) 0.3Iceland 0.4 Greater 0.3France 0.4 Lisbon (Portugal) 0.2Belgium 0.4 Helsinki (Finland) 0.0Netherlands 0.3 Budapest (Hungary) 0.0Mexico 0.2 Rome (Italy) 0.0Greece 0.1Finland 0.1Italy 0.0Average 1.1 Average 1.5
  • 7. 5 year victimization rate credit card fraud /2010 %% victim of credit or debit card fraud over five years/2010UK 19,1 percent 4100 nGermany 4,6 3500Sweden 5,1 3800Holland 4,1 4700Denmark 4,5 4500
  • 8. Reporting rates cc fraud Last incident reported to police?UK 29 percent 311 nGermany 36 78Sweden 47 72Holland 37 90Denmark 31 89
  • 9. Satisfaction rate cc fraud Satisfied with policeUK 62 percent 73 nGermany 61 28Sweden 71 34Holland 76 34Denmark 59 29
  • 10. Focus group with E fraud victims Victims contacted through TV programme Focus group with 10 victims (gender balanced) Unstructured, starting with tour de table Lasted 2,5 hours
  • 11. Type of frauds2 advance fee scams (Nigerian)2 e bay frauds6 scams by persons met at dating sites (WestAfrica)
  • 12. Some resultsIntegrated narratives on primary victimizationand police response (secondary victimization)Victims have been manipulated veryprofessionallyNot motivated by greed but by lonelinessLoss of trust/loss of self esteemMutual empathy / self help group