8 15 광복절맞이(2012)

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2012년 광복절을 맞이해 자라나는 세대가 광복의 의미를 이해하고 우리 역사를 배울 수 있도록 로스앤젤레스에서 차세대 교육을 위해 영어로 설명한 동영상입니다.
행사 주최: 미주3.1여성동지회
작성자: 정연진 바른역사 정의연대 대표

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8 15 광복절맞이(2012)

  1. 1. “8.15 & Its Meaning to Us” 광복절 맞이 태극기 교실 미주 3.1여성동지회 국민서관 <유관순> 2001 홍자경 그림
  2. 2. Historical Background• 20th century- Age of Imperialism• Superpowers v. colonies• Korea – Joseon dynasty (lasted 500+ years) exposed to superpowers’ aggression• Japan became Westernized since 1853, tried to become the superpower in Asia• Japan took away Korea’s diplomatic rights (을사늑약 1905), finally annexed Korea 1910
  3. 3. 1905 Protectorate Treaty 을사늑약
  4. 4. Three special envoys sent to Hague PeaceConference by Emperor Kojong 헤이그특사 1907
  5. 5. 1910-1945 Annexation & Liberation
  6. 6. Meaning of Kwangbok Jeol 광복절• Day of Korea’s Liberation from Japanese colonial rule• Literal Meaning-“Kwang (광Light) Bok(복 recovery, regain)”• The darkest chapter in Korean history-- life, liberty, rights to self- determination, pursuit for happiness, all taken away from Korean people
  7. 7. Japanese Colonial Rule 일제의 식민통치• Japanese occupation – severely affecting Korean people’s lives• Plundering, seizure, exploitation of – Land & Natural resources – People: Forced mobilization through conscription/deception• Repression of cultural & national identity – Korean history damaged, distorted – Korean names, Korean language were forbidden – Japanese emperor worship was forced
  8. 8. Exploitation of agricultural products 일제의 식량수탈
  9. 9. Exploitation of forest 일제의 산림수탈
  10. 10. Forced mobilization/ slave labor 일제의 인력수탈, 강제동원
  11. 11. Cultural RepressionForced Unity - National & Cultural Identity Destroyed
  12. 12. Students pledging allegiance to Japan’s Emperor 신사참배
  13. 13. Classroom duringJapanese colonial Rule
  14. 14. Reaction of Common people Righteous Armies - 의병 organized military action
  15. 15. Students in Action• Role of Students in Independence Movement- Catalyst for major protest – 2.8 Tokyo Students‟ Declaration, 1919 – March First Movement - 3.1운동, 1919 – June 10th Protest -6.10 만세사건, 1926 – 1929 Gwangju Student Movement 광주학생운동
  16. 16. Feb. 8 Declaration
  17. 17. About 600 Students Studying in Tokyo Organized a Patriotic Society and declared Independence of Korea
  18. 18. About 40 students arrested
  19. 19. Reading ofDeclaration ofIndependence Pagoda Park Seoul Mar. 1, 1919
  20. 20. Declaration ofIndependence 독립선언서 Declaring universal principles of man’sequality, peace, right to self preservation
  21. 21. Students leading the march
  22. 22. After reading the declaration people came out to street and rally
  23. 23. Mothers, grand mothers,grand fathers also joined
  24. 24. vonluntary, peaceful, non-violence nation-wide movement
  25. 25. Manseh Crowd in Seoul
  26. 26. Manseh Crowd –performance in Taejeon, Korea, 2009
  27. 27. Massive Participation 3.1 Movement Statistics March- April 1919 •Nation-wide uprising against Japanese colonial rule, more than 2 millions participatedDeath Toll Injured Arrested Houses Total /Churches Participants burnt 7,509 15,961 46,948 715 houses 2,023,098 47 churches
  28. 28. Yoo Kwansoon, student martyr Kwansun, convincinghome village people to take action
  29. 29. Kwansoon in court trialconfronting Japanese judges
  30. 30. Brutal Suppression - Japanese soldiers executing patriots
  31. 31. Patriots arrested & tortured
  32. 32. Korean provisionary government 대한민국 임시정부 1919
  33. 33. Korean Provisional Government Initial Cabinet members, Ahn Changho, 1919임시정부 국무원 (1919년 10월 11일). 앞줄왼쪽부터 신익희, 안창호, 현순. 뒷줄 김철, 윤현진, 최창식, 이춘숙.
  34. 34. Korean provisionary government 1919 - 1948
  35. 35. Raising Fund for Korean ProvisionalGovernment - Bond funds from theU.S. – back bone of prov. government
  36. 36. Continued Struggle for Independence 광복군 창설, 1940
  37. 37. Korean Independence Army 광복군
  38. 38. Independence movement leaders heroesKim Gu, the Visionary Leader Ahn Changho, Riverside , California Yoon Bong-gil
  39. 39. Independence Movement – unknown activists
  40. 40. Independence Movement Women Activists Yoon Heesoon 윤희순 Wives’ Song for Righteous Army Nam Jahyun, activist in Manchuria
  41. 41. Forced Mobilization by Japan• For Japan’s Invasions – Sino-Japanese (China-Japan) War (1937) – Pacific War during WWII (1941)• More than 6.5 million Korean people forcibly taken for war efforts – Military draft 징병 – Forced laborer for mines, factories, etc 징용 – Sexual slaves for Japanese soldiers 일본군’위안부’
  42. 42. Students under military training • Student soldiers in 1940’s
  43. 43. forced labor 강제징용 Writings of forced laborers on mine’s wall
  44. 44. „Taken Away‟ 끌려감 1995 by Kim Sun Duk
  45. 45. The Day of Abduction“끌려가던 날” 김순덕
  46. 46. Victims of Japanese Military SexualSlavery in protest – Has the matter solved?
  47. 47. Japan surrendered, 8.15.1945 - The Day of Liberation
  48. 48. Remembering & Reinventing “8-15 Spirit”Korea was liberated as Japan lost the war. True, but • Why do we have to celebrate?• Why common people‟s efforts to make change is important• Has Korea been truly liberated?• How to reconcile with Japan• Future destiny of Korean People and US
  49. 49. “Encounter” 만남 byKim Sun Duk김순덕, victim of sex slavery What did shetry to envision for Korea’s future?
  50. 50. Why Taegukgi is important to us? Presented by 정연진 Jean Chung Historical Justice Now/ Action for One Korea justice815@gmail.com. 213.923.0828
  51. 51. Story of Yoo Kwansoon

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