UNDERSTANDING THE
CLAIM
DEFINITION AND PURPOSE
• A claim is a
statement worded
against the status
quo that is the focus
of an argument.

• A claim...
TYPES OF CLAIMS
• There are three types of claims:
• Claim of Fact
• Claim of Value
• Claim of Policy

• Each type of clai...
CLAIM OF FACT
• Something is, was, or will be.
• Example: Global warming is a threat that must be
addressed.
CLAIM OF VALUE
• Something is good or bad, desirable or undesirable.
• Example: Hunting of animals is a barbaric practice.
CLAIM OF POLICY
• Something should or ought to be done.
• Example: Obamacare should be repealed because is it
adding to th...
ARGUMENTATIVE BURDENS
• Each person in an argument has distinct
responsibilities known as burdens.
• Burden of Proof
• Bur...
BURDEN OF PROOF
• He argues in the favor of the claim.
• providing “good and sufficient” reasons to accept
the claim.

• “...
BURDEN OF PRESUMPTION
•
•
•
•

Providing reason to maintain the status quo.
Reject the claim.
Presented second in an argum...
BURDEN OF REBUTTAL
• The obligation of both side to respond to one
another.
• Silence equals consent. If you don’t respond...
ARGUMENTATIVE BURDENS
(RESPONSIBILITIES OF BOTH SIDES)

• Affirmative side
(agreeing with the claim)

• Burden of proof
• ...
CONCLUSION
• Now that we understand arguing with the use of
claims we can argue in a civil manner and get our
point across...
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Speech 104

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This power point covers the topic claims.

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Speech 104

  1. 1. UNDERSTANDING THE CLAIM
  2. 2. DEFINITION AND PURPOSE • A claim is a statement worded against the status quo that is the focus of an argument. • A claim is not a question. • Your are either for or against the statement. • A claim is against the states quo. • The claim has to be worded against the current policy. • The claim is the focus of the argument. • It is the conclusion the arguer is trying to convince his or her audience to believe.
  3. 3. TYPES OF CLAIMS • There are three types of claims: • Claim of Fact • Claim of Value • Claim of Policy • Each type of claim have a unique purpose and explores a different argumentative topic.
  4. 4. CLAIM OF FACT • Something is, was, or will be. • Example: Global warming is a threat that must be addressed.
  5. 5. CLAIM OF VALUE • Something is good or bad, desirable or undesirable. • Example: Hunting of animals is a barbaric practice.
  6. 6. CLAIM OF POLICY • Something should or ought to be done. • Example: Obamacare should be repealed because is it adding to the U.S. deficit and debt.
  7. 7. ARGUMENTATIVE BURDENS • Each person in an argument has distinct responsibilities known as burdens. • Burden of Proof • Burden of Presumption • Burden of Rebuttal
  8. 8. BURDEN OF PROOF • He argues in the favor of the claim. • providing “good and sufficient” reasons to accept the claim. • “He who asserts, must prove.” - Aristotle
  9. 9. BURDEN OF PRESUMPTION • • • • Providing reason to maintain the status quo. Reject the claim. Presented second in an argument. This side has the obligation to argue for the current system.
  10. 10. BURDEN OF REBUTTAL • The obligation of both side to respond to one another. • Silence equals consent. If you don’t respond you are implying the other side is right.
  11. 11. ARGUMENTATIVE BURDENS (RESPONSIBILITIES OF BOTH SIDES) • Affirmative side (agreeing with the claim) • Burden of proof • Burden of rebuttal • Negative side (disagreeing with the claim) • Burden of presumption • Burden of rebuttal
  12. 12. CONCLUSION • Now that we understand arguing with the use of claims we can argue in a civil manner and get our point across correctly and more efficiently. • Claims have helped society to progress. Claims have empowered people to argue against the states quo and better our world through important arguments in a mannerly excepted fashion. • Once we have stated our claim it is clear and simple what we are arguing about therefore arguments will end with greater and more specific results.

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